Revised proposal to encode the Osmanya Script in the SMP of the UCS

Osmanya alphabet

Saldanada Majeerteen

The Majeerteen Sultanates


Somali Rulers

The Majeerteen Sultanates


The Majeerteen, Majerteen or Macherten ("Muhammad Harti Amaleh Abdi Muhammad Abdirahman Jaberti.") is a Somali sub-clan. They form part of the Harti clan, which is in turn part of the Darod clan and primarily inhabit the region of Puntland in the northeast of Somalia.

The sultanate of the Majerteens played an important role before the colonialism of Italy. The clan has produced two presidents and two prime ministers since 1960, also a Sultan and a King (Boqor). They held many other government posts in the 1960s and early 1970s and continue to play a key role in Puntland.


Majeerteen members are found in their traditional territories such as the northern regions of Bari, Nugaal, Mudug. The Majerteens also have the southern port of Kismayo as their traditional territory.

Sub-Clan Majeerteen

  • Ali Suleeyman (Omar Ali, Biedyahan Ali, Awlyahan Ali, Adan Ali and Ismail Ali)
  • Mohamud Suleyman( Osman Mahmud, Omar Mahmud and Isse Mahamud .
  • Siwaaqroon (Abokor,Aadan and Mahamed)
  • Reer Mohamoud
  • Ismael Yonis
  • Reer Cumar
  • Idigfacle
  • Wabbeeneeye
  • Ali Jibraahiil
  • Guddoon Waaq
  • Amaanle
  • Filkucaag
  • Gumasoor
  • Makame
  • Odaa-Qoyan
  • Reer-Waa-Rag
  • Hamarti-Waaq
  • Daanweyne
  • Tabale

     Majeerteen Sultanates

    Farther east on the Majeerteen (Bari) coast, by the middle of the nineteenth century two tiny kingdoms emerged that would play a significant political role on the Somali Peninsula prior to colonization. These were the Majeerteen Sultanate of Boqor Ismaan Mahamuud, and that of his kinsman Sultan Yuusuf Ali Keenadiid of Hobyo (Obbia). The Majeerteen Sultanate originated in the mideighteenth century, but only came into its own in the nineteenth century with the reign of the resourceful Boqor Ismaan Mahamuud. Ismaan Mahamuud's kingdom benefited from British subsidies (for protecting the British naval crews that were shipwrecked periodically on the Somali coast) and from a liberal trade policy that facilitated a flourishing commerce in livestock, ostrich feathers, and gum arabic. While acknowledging a vague vassalage to the British, the sultan kept his desert kingdom free until well after 1800.

    Boqor Ismaan Mahamuud's sultanate was nearly destroyed in the middle of the nineteenth century by a power struggle between him and his young, ambitious cousin, Keenadiid. Nearly five years of destructive civil war passed before Boqor Ismaan Mahamuud managed to stave off the challenge of the young upstart, who was finally driven into exile in Arabia. A decade later, in the 1870s, Keenadiid returned from Arabia with a score of Hadhrami musketeers and a band of devoted lieutenants. With their help, he carved out the small kingdom of Hobyo after conquering the local Hawiye clans. Both kingdoms, however, were gradually absorbed by the extension into southern Somalia of Italian colonial rule in the last quarter of the nineteenth century.

  • The Majerteen is a Somali clan, part of the Harti group of the Darod clan.

    The Majerteen primarily inhabit the province of Puntland in the North East of Somalia, along with southwestern Somalia, the city of Kismayo, and the Ogaden area in Ethiopia. The Majerteen have played a key role in the history of Somalia. The sultanate of the Majerteens played an important role before the colonisation by the Italians. The clan has produced two Presidents and two Prime ministers since 1960, also a Sultan. They held many other government posts in the sixties and early seventies. Siad Barre considered the Majerteen a major oppositional power to his government. Haji Awale Liban the creator of the Somali flag was a Majerteen. Also a Majerteen was Osman Yusuf Kenadeed, the inventor of the first Somali script. Today the clan plays a key role in Puntland. The related Harti clans Dhulbahante and Warsengeli inhabit the Sool and Sanaag regions, respectively.

    Sub-clans of the Majerteen

    Clan-lineage-structures of Majeerteen

    • Wabeeneeye
      • Ali Wabeeneeye
      • Ahmed Wabeeneeye
    • Noleys
      • Mohamed Nooleys
        • Saleebaan
          • Ali Saleebaan
            • Ismail Ali
            • Awlayahan Ali
            • Omar Ali
            • Bicidyahan Ali
            • Aden Ali
            • Said Ali
          • Ugaar Saleebean
          • Ismail Saleebean
          • Mahmoud Saleebaan
              • Omar Mahmoud
                • Reer Khalaf
                • Reer Xirsi
                • Reer Mahad
                                  + Magan Mahad
              • Cisman Mahmoud
              • Ciise Mahmoud
        • Reer Cumar
          • Cumar Umad Nabi
          • Toljecel Hassan Talareer
        • Mahamed (Umad Nabi)
          • Reer Bicidyahan
        • Reer Mahmoud
        • Jibraahiil
          • Ali Jibraahiila
            • Ali Abdi
          • Nuh Jibrahiil
        • Xuseen Talorer
          • Siwaaqroon
            • Abokor
            • Aadan
            • Mahamed
        • Maxamed Talorer
          • Wadalmoge
            • Maxamed Muse
            • Idiris Muse
      • Musse Noleys (Idigfale)
        • Said(Islaan-soor)
          • Salah Said
          • Mohamed Said
          • Ahmed Said
          • Abdi Said
        • Omar (Iidyabare)
          • Hassan Omar
      • Abdalle Noleys (Danweyne)
    • Amaanle
    • Guddoonwaaq
    • Filkucaag
    • Hamarti-Waaq
    • Tabale

    MUNIIRA'S VERSION OF Clan-lineage-structures of Majeerteen

    Prominent figures

    Boqor Osman Mohamoud - Majerteen sultan until 1930.

    Prominent Majeerteen figures

    Haji Ali Majertein

    Yusuf Ali Keenadiid - Founder of the Sultanate of Hobyo (central Somalia), 1860-1924.

    Prime Minister M. Ali Sharmake & J. F. Kennedy 1963 Later
    Became President of Somalia in 1967