TPACK 2011‎ > ‎

TPACK SCIENCE

QUESTIONS:

- How can a science lesson be made more student-centered?
- What strategies can be used to help students be more engaged?
- How can technology play a role as an important tool in the learning process?

SESSION GOALS:

By the end of this session you will be able to:
- Understand how TPACK strategies can be used in the science classroom
-  Identify the key components of the 5Es instructional model
- Select appropriate digital tools for each stage of the 5E instructional model
 

PEDAGOGICAL KNOWLEDGE
A valuable pedagogical approach is the 5E Instructional Model.

The five phases of the Learning Cycle as proposed by the National Science Education Standards can be integrated into the '5E' Instructional model as follows:


PEDAGOGICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE

ENGAGE
Students become engaged in the process of scientific inquiry. The teacher can ask questions to find out what students already know, or think they know, about the topic and concepts to be covered. These questions typically start with "how" instead of with "why.”
Students decide what makes questions scientifically testable. Students gain a common set of experiences upon which to begin building their understanding.
Non-Digital Tools
Hands-On Labs:

Student Example:
Task: To use the PhET simulation to explain how DC Circuits work: AC/DC Not the Band!

EXPLAIN
Students acquire opportunities to connect their previous experiences with current learning and to make conceptual sense of the main ideas of the topic being studied. This stage also allows for the introduction of formal language, scientific terms, and content information that might make students’ previous experiences easier to describe. 
The teacher acts as a facilitator that explains concepts and addresses misconceptions.
Online Tutorials 

Hippocampus: Biology, Physics, Environmental Science
Chemistry Tutorials 

Teaching Example: 
Screencast to explain Video Analysis Technology with LoggerPro using ScreenCastle

ELABORATE
Students apply or extend previously introduced concepts and experiences to new situations.
Students apply their knowledge to real world applications.
Project-Based Learning 

Exemplary Projects for Project-Based Learning (PBL)
Scitable
How Stuff Works
Problem-Based Learning in Biology: 20 Case Examples

Project Example:
Digital tools: Class wiki, social bookmarking

Student Example:

EVALUATE
Students, with their teachers, review and assess what they have learned and how they have learned it. 
Students can write a reflection or be given a summative assessment to demonstrate what they know and can do.
Digital and Non-Digital Resources


Student Examples:

CONTENT, PEDAGOGICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE
Putting it all together with the 4 major content areas:

Biology: Osmosis
Chemistry: Solubility
Environmental Science: Water Cycle
Physics: Refraction

ADDITIONAL LINKS:

Reverse Learning:
The Flipped Classroom