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The ancient site at Dholavira, considered one amongst the five metropolis of the Harrapan civilization is the most important archeological sites dating back to 2500 B. C. and seven layers of civilizations have come and gone.  It is located on a sparsely populated and rarely visited island of Khadir in Kutch. The island is surrounded by the salt water of the Great Rann of Kutch and before the monsoons arrive it is another beautiful scene to drive across the white salt plains.


The ancient settlement is embraced by two monsoon channels, namely, the Mansar in the north and Manhar in the south. The ruins, including the cemetery covers an area of about 100 hectares half of which is appropriated by the articulately fortified settlement of the Harappans alone.

The salient components of the full-grown cityscape consist a Citadel, a Middle Town and a Lower Town, two Stadia, an Annexe, a series of reservoirs all set within an enormous fortification running on all four sides. Interestingly, inside the city, too, there was an intricate system of fortifications. The city was, perhaps, configured like a large parallelogram boldly outlined by massive walls with their longer axis being from the east to west.