All About Depression Information & Treatment.
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Depression is an issue that affects millions. Not only is it a prevalent issue, but also one that is frequently misunderstood. While it's not fully known why this disorder occurs, experts think that it is related to naturally occurring chemicals in the brain. Other factors may come into play as well. Genetics can sometimes be a cause, as can things like stress, trauma, physical and psychological disorders, and even one's individual personality. Sometimes, there is no one cause, but rather a combination of various causes.
So, how do you know if you or a loved one are suffering from this problem? There are a multitude of symptoms to look for. Sadness, despair and a lack of energy are commonly described by sufferers. While everyone may experience these feelings at one time or another, some people experience them for an extended period of time with no relief. This is usually the first sign that a depressive disorder may be to blame. The problem can be mild to moderate, in which case the sufferer is able to go about their everyday lives with little or no interruption. Or, the problem may be more severe and lead to interruptions in normal lifestyle and even thoughts of suicide.
The very first thing you should do if you suspect that this is a problem for you or a loved one is seek help immediately. Some people feel uncomfortable talking about their feelings. However, anyone who thinks they might be depressed shouldn't feel guilty or ashamed about this problem. Try talking to a trusted family doctor first, who may either treat the problem themselves or refer you to a psychologist or psychiatrist for further evaluation and treatment. During the initial consultation, you will be asked about your symptoms so that a diagnosis can be made. Once a diagnosis is made, treatment options will be discussed.
There are various treatments for depression that may be suggested. For mild to moderate depression, cognitive behavioral therapy may be recommended. In some cases, medication may be prescribed. The most common type of medication for depressed individuals are called antidepressants. Examples include medications such as Prozac, Paxil, Zoloft, Effexor and Celexa. Antidepressants are not to be confused with antianxiety medications. Antidepressants work by interacting with brain chemistry and encouraging normal function. It usually takes at least four to six weeks for results to occur. During this time, you may want to work with a mental health specialist who can help you learn coping mechanisms and discover the root of the problem.