||Dr. Jose P. Rizal
The Philippines' national hero. Born in Calamba,
Laguna, on June 19, 1861. Published his masterpiece Noli Me Tangere in Berlin(Germany) in
1887 and his second novel El Filibusterismo in Ghent(Belgium) in 1891. His two novels
stirred the conscience of his people. He contributed various literary works to La Solidaridad.
For his leadership in the reform movement and for his incendiary novels, Rizal was arrested and
later killed by musketry in Bagumbayan, Manila, on December 30, 1896. His execution was the last
straw for other Filipinos who called for a bloody revolution against Spain.
He founded the secret society, Katipunan, on July 7, 1892,
to fight Spain. He was also president of the Tagalog republic from August 24, 1896 to May 10, 1897.
Born in Tondo, Manila, on November 30, 1863. He grew up in the slums and never knew the benefits
of a prosperous life. He married Gregoria de Jesus in 1892. He was killed on May 10, 1897, near
Mount Buntis, Maragondon, Cavite.
||General Gregorio del Pilar|
Hero of Tirad Pass. Born on November 14, 1875, in
Bulacan, Bulacan. Died on December 2, 1899, in the battle of Tirad Pass, to enable Aguinaldo to
escape from the Americans. One of the youngest and bravest generals ever produced by the
||General Emilio Aguinaldo
He officially proclaimed the Philippine independence
in Malolos, Bulacan, on January 23, 1899, with him as the first president. It was the first
republic in Asia. Born in Kawit, Cavite, on March 22, 1869. Died at the Veterans Memorial Hospital,
Quezon City, on February 6, 1964.
Sublime paralytic and the brain of the revolution.
Born in Talaga, Tanauan, Batangas, on June 22, 1864. He joined La Liga Filipina in 1892 and
Aguinaldo's revolutionary government from June 1898 to May 1899. He was captured by the American
forces in December 1899 and deported to Guam in January 1901. He died in Manila on May 13, 1903.
||Father Mariano Gomez
||Father Jose Burgos
Three intellectuals who crusaded for reform.
Killed by garrote in Bagumbayan, Manila on February 17, 1872, for allegedly instigating the
Brains of the Katipunan. Born in Trozo, Manila, on
December 15, 1875. He joined the Katipunan in 1894 and became Bonifacio's trusted friend and
adviser. He wrote the Kartilya ng Katipunan, the primer of the Katipunan which embodied
the teachings of the organization. He founded and edited the Katipunan newspaper, Kalayaan,
whose first issue came out in January 1896. Died on April 16, 1899. He was one of the heroic
figures in Philippine history.
||General Antonio Luna
The greatest general of the revolution. Younger brother
of Juan Luna, the famous painter. Editor of La Independencia, whose first issue came out
on September 3, 1898. Born in Binondo, Manila, on October 29, 1866. He was one of the propagandists
in Spain who were working for political reforms in the Philippines. He contributed articles to
La Solidaridad. He was assassinated in Cabanatuan City, on June 5, 1899.
The 13 martyrs of Cavite, who were executed by a
firing squad on September 12, 1896. They were: 1)Maximo Inocencio; 2)Jose Lallana; 3)Eugenio
Cabezas; 4)Maximo Gregorio; 5)Hugo Perez; 6)Severino Lapidario; 7)Alfonso de Ocampo;
8)Francisco Osorio; 9)Antonio de San Agustin; 10)Luis Aguado; 11)Agapito Conchu; 12)Victoriano
Luciano; and 13)Feliciano Cabuco.
B etter known as Tandang Sora. Born in Banlat, Kalookan
City, on January 6, 1812. She helped the Katipuneros under the leadership of Andres Bonifacio
by providing them food, shelter, and other material goods. She is recognized as the Grand Woman
of the revolution and the Mother of Balintawak. She died on March 12, 1919.
Founder and first editor of the newspaper La Solidaridad,
which became the vehicle of expression for Filipino propaganda in Spain. Together wtih Jose Rizal
and Marcelo H. Del Pilar, he undertook propaganda campaigns in Spain. Born in Jaro, Iloilo, on
December 18, 1856. He died on January 20, 1896, in Barcelona, Spain.
First Filipino cannon-maker. He forged the cannons
which Rajah Sulayman used in defending the Muslim Kingdom of Manila against the Spanish invaders.
Born in one of the islands in Southern Philippines in 1483. He died in 1576.
Researcher, historian, bibliographer, propagandist,
diplomat, physician, folklorist, and an outstanding reformist. Born in Baliwag, Bulacan, on
March 23, 1863. While in Spain, he joined the propaganda movement and became one of the initiators
of La Solidaridad, later becoming its managing editor. Died in HongKong on May 23, 1918.
||Gregoria de Jesus
One of the brave and patriotic women who played a heroic
role in the Philippine revolution. Born in Kalookan City, on May 9, 1875. Wife of Andres Bonifacio
and Lakambini of the Katipunan. She actually fought alongside her husband during the revolution,
aside from being the custodian of the Katipunan documents. She organized the Katipunan's Women
Chapter. She died on March 15, 1943.
||Fernando Ma. Guerrero|
Musician, journalist, politician, and lawyer. Considered
the greatest lyric poet in Spanish. Born in Ermita, Manila, on May 30, 1873. When the revolution
broke out, General Antonio Luna invited him to join the editorial staff of La Independencia,
the organ of the revolution. Thus, he fought for the Filipino cause with his pen. Died in Manila June 12, 1929.
Outstanding diplomat of the Philippine revolution.
Born in Taal, Batangas, on May 26, 1859. Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo appointed him as Minister
Plenipotentiary to the peace conference in Washington and Paris. Died on September 29, 1941, at
the Manila Doctor's Hospital.
A genius of the brush and a patriot of the highest
order. Creator of the world-famous painting, SPOLARIUM, which was awarded the gold medal in the
Exposicion Nacional de Bellas Artes in Madrid in 1884. It is also known as the greatest painting
of all times. Born in Badoc, Ilocos, Norte, on October 23, 1857. He was closely associated with
the Reform Movement, together with Rizal, Lopez-Jaena, Ponce, etc. He died in Hongkong on December
Orator, statesman, scholar, educator, and writer.
Born in Tondo, Manila, on October 24, 1874. He was involved in the propaganda campaign against
the Spaniards. He cofounded with Gen. Antonio Luna the revolutionary newspaper, La Independencia.
Later, he also founded El Nuevo Dia, Cebu's first daily. Died in Manila on May 24, 1939.
||Marcelo H. Del Pilar
Political analyst of the Filipino colony in Spain.
Born in Kupang, Bulacan, Bulacan, on August 30, 1850. In 1882, he founded the nationalistic
newspaper, Diariong Tagalog. In December 1889, he became the editor of La Solidaridad
and became the moving spirit behind the propaganda movement. Died on July 4, 1896.
Statesman, poet, writer, and peacemaker. Born in Manila
on February 27, 1858. He was the negotiator/mediator of the Pact of Biak-na-Bato. He helped
prepare the Malolos constitution. Died on April 26, 1911.
First poetess of the Philippines. Born in Vigan, Ilocos
Sur, on April 19, 1849. Her poems were given international recognition at the Exposicion in
Madrid in 1887 and in Paris in 1889. Died on October 4, 1884.
The unconquerable hero of the revolution. Born
in Batac, Ilocos Norte, on October 20, 1866. Known as Viborra, he was a gentle public school
teacher who became a dashing revolutionary general. Died in the jungles of Sierra Madre on
July 31, 1945.
||Isabelo delos Reyes
Last of the propagandists. Gifted son of Leona
Florentino, first poetess of the Philippines. Born in Vigan, Ilocos Sur, on July 7, 1864. He
aroused the hostility of the friars and government officials when he openly criticized the evils
of the Spanish rule and he advocated reforms. He was the founder of the first Philippine labor
union, as well as the first independent Filipino Catholic church. Died on October 9, 1938.
Poet and soldier. Born in Tondo, Manila, on June 3,
1876. Younger brother of Dr. Rafael Palma. He was a staff member of La Independencia.
He wrote Filipinas, a patriotic poem in Spanish, which became the lyrics of the
Philippine National Anthem. Died in Manila, on February 12, 1903.
One of the most illustrious ancient
Filipinos. Chief of Tondo, when Legazpi came to Manila in 1571. He became a Christian
and took the name of Carlos, after the king of Spain. He made the blood compact with Goiti.
He fought alongside the Spaniards against the Chinese pirate, Limahong. Died in 1575.
The last rajah of Manila, noted for his daring and
bravery. Nephew of Rajah Lakandola. Of all of the early rulers of Manila, he was feared most by
the Spaniards. He was killed on June 3, 1571, in the Battle of Bangkusay.
Cousin and fiancee of Jose Rizal. She was the
Maria Clara in Rizal's Noli Me Tangere.
||Marcela Mariño Agoncillo
Maker of the first Philippine flag. Born in Taal,
Batangas, on June 24, 1859. Married to Felipe Agoncillo. She labored to make the Filipino flag in
Hong Kong with the help of Delfina Herbosa de Natividad, a niece of Rizal. Died on May 30, 1946 in
One of the founders of La Solidaridad.
||Jose Ma. Panganiban|
Avenger of Filipino honor. Born in Mambulao, Camarines
Norte, on February 1, 1863. A good friend and co-worker of Rizal. He was Bicolandia's greatest
contribution to the historic campaign for reforms, more popularly called the Propaganda Movement.
He wrote articles for La Solidaridad, under the pen names Jomapa and J.M.P. Died in
Barcelona, Spain, on August 19, 1890.
He led the revolt of the Ilocanos in opposition
to the tribute and abuses of the Spanish officials. Born in Aringay, La Union, on December 16,
1730. The revolt started in Vigan, Ilocos Sur. He was killed by Miguel Vicos, a Spanish mestizo
who bore grievances against Diego Silang.
||Maria Josefa Gabriela Silang
After the death of Diego Silang on May 28, 1763, the fight was carried
on by his wife, MARIA JOSEFA GABRIELA SILANG, and his uncle, Nicolas Cariño. She too lost her
life for freedom's sake on September 30, 1763.
(c. 16th century)
Chief of Mactan who led the first successful
Filipino armed resistance against Spanish aggression. He fought and killed Magellan in a battle
in Mactan, on April 27, 1521.
More popularly known as Balagtas, he is considered the
prince of Tagalog poets. Born in Panginay, Bigaa, Bulacan, on April 2, 1788. He wrote Florante
at Laura, a masterpiece of local versification, upholding moral and social values; it served
as the basic foundation of the Philippine literature. Died in Orion, Bataan, on February 20, 1862.
||Epifanio delos Santos
Lawyer, journalist, historian, philosopher,
bibliographer, biographer, painter, poet, musician, literary critic, antique collector, and
librarian. Born in Malabon, Rizal, on April 7, 1871. Died on April 28, 1928, in Manila.
(c. Mid-18th century)
He led the longest revolt in Bohol against the
Spaniards. The immediate cause of the revolt was the refusal of a Jesuit priest to give a
Christian burial to Dagohoy's brother. The Spaniards needed 85 years before they were able to
suppress the rebellion. It was only in 1829 that they finally succeeded in bringing to end the
revolt started by Dagohoy.
The first woman in Panay to fight in the Philippine
revolution. Known as the Visayan Joan of Arc. Born in Pototan, Iloilo, on November 4, 1871. Died
in August 1947.
Mother of Biak-na-Bato. Born in San Miguel, Bulacan,
on November 18, 1848. Even though women-members of the Katipunan were exempted from the pact, she
participated in Sanduguan(blood compact). She fought fearlessly in 12 bloody battles of
the revolution in Bulacan, including the famous Battle of Biak-na-Bato. Later, she became known as
The Mother of the Philippine Red Cross. Died on June 28, 1928.
Katipunan member who later married Artemio Ricarte. She
commuted from Cavite to Manila to buy saltpeter, lead, and copper which where used to make
ammunitions. She also carried secret messages about the planned offensives against the Spanish posts.
Composer of the Philippine National Anthem. Born in Cavite
City on January 28, 1861. A dedicated music teacher and composer, he was appointed by Aguinaldo as
Director of the National Band of the Philippine Republic. Died in Manila on October 2, 1941.
Daughter of a Katipunan leader in Cavite, who was one
of the Trece Martirez, executed by the Spanish officials in 1896. Born in Trozo, Manila, on
July 18, 1875. She joined the Katipunan in July 1893, one of the first women to have done so. She
also kept important documents of the Katipunan. Died on October 25, 1950.
||General Francisco Makabulos
Leader of the revolt in Tarlac. Born in La Paz,
Tarlac, on September 17, 1871. He was the first patriot in Tarlac, who joined the Katipunan.
General Aguinaldo appointed him as one of the brigadier generals of the Central Luzon area. He
established the Central Executive Committee, which had a constitution called the Constitution of
Makabulos. Died in La Paz, Tarlac, on April 30, 1922.
|Father Jacinto Zamora|