The Philippine National Anthem was composed by Julian Felipe, a Filipino music teacher and composer of Cavite. He completed it on June 11, 1898, and showed it to General Aguinaldo, who right away liked it because of its inspiring melody. The following day the music band of San Francisco de Malabon performed it for the first time during the unfolding of the Filipino flag at Kawit during the Independence Day ceremony.For more than a year the anthem remained without words. Towards the end of August of 1899, a young poet-soldier named Jose Palma wrote the poem entitled Filipinas. This poem expressed in elegant Spanish verses the devoted patriotism and fighting spirit of the Filipino people. It became the words of the anthem and today the anthem is sung in Pilipino, its official lyrics interpreted by Felipe de Leon, from the original Spanish lyrics in the early 1900s. There are also English translations, thought by many to be inaccurate, due to the fact that some English versions were translated from the Tagalog version, and other English versions were translated from the original Spanish. One version was translated by Camilo Osias and A. L. Lane.
Composed by Julian Felipe on June 12, 1898
Bayang magiliw, perlas ng silanganan.
Sa dagat at bundok, sa simoy at
Ang kislap ng watawat mo'y
Lupa ng araw, ng lualhati't pagsinta,
> Land of the morning
Land dear and holy,
Ever within thy skies and through
Thy banner dear to all hearts
Beautiful land of love, O land of
Patria de amores!
En tu azul cielo, en tus auras,
Tu pabellon, que en las lides
Tierra de dichas, de sol y de amores,
On June 12, Independence Day, 1996, Executive Order No. 343 was issued. This
Executive Order approves Panunumpa ng Katapatan sa Watawat as the official pledge
of allegiance to the Philippine National Flag. This pledge is recited after
both the National Anthem and the Patriotic Pledge (Panatang Makabayan) at flag
ceremonies. Below is the pledge in Filipino and the English translation.
ng Katapatan sa Watawat ng Pilipinas
of Allegiance to the Philippine flag