Roberto del Rosario, a Filipino is claiming the right for the invention
of the Sing-Along-System (SAS) that eventually led to the development
of Karaoke, a Japanese term for "singing without accompaniment". Among
del Rosario's other inventions were the Trebel Voice Color Code (VCC),
the piano tuner's guide, the piano keyboard stressing device, the voice
color tape, and the one-man-band (OMB). The OMB was later developed
as the Sing-Along-System (SAS).
Inventor of Incubator
Fe del Mundo, the first Asian to have entered the prestigious Harvard
University's School of Medicine, is also credited for her studies that
led to the invention of incubator and jaundice relieving device. Del
Mundo, an International Pediatric Association (IPA) awardee, is an alumna
of the University of the Philippines (UP) College of Medicine. Since
1941, she has contributed more than 100 articles to medical journals
in the U.S., Philippines and India. In 1966, she received the Elizabeth
Blackwell Award, for her "outstanding service to mankind". In 1977,
she was bestowed the Ramon Magsaysay Award for outstanding public service.
For more than three decades now, Daniel Dingel has been claiming that
his car can run with water as fuel. An article from the Philippine Daily
Inquirer said that Dingle built his engine as early as 1969. Dingel
built a car reactor that uses electricity from a 12-volt car battery
to split the ordinary tap water into hydrogen and oxygen components.
The hydrogen can then be used to power the car engine.
Dingel said that a number of foreign car companies
have expressed interest in his invention. The officials of the Department
of Science and Technology (DOST) have dismissed Dingel's water-powered
car as a hoax. In return, Dingel accused them of conspiring with oil
producing countries. Dingel, however, was the not the only man on earth
who is testing water as an alternative fuel. American inventors Rudolf
Gunnerman and Stanley Meyer and the researchers of the U.S. Department
of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory have been pursuing
Moon Buggy Inventor
Filipinos consider Eduardo San Juan as the inventor of the Lunar Rover,
or more popularly known as the Moon Buggy. The Moon Buggy was the car
used by Neil Armstrong and other astronauts when they first explored
the moon in 1969. Eduardo San Juan, a graduate of Mapua Institute of
Technology (MIT), worked for Lockheed Corporation and conceptualized
the design of the Moon Buggy that the Apollo astronauts used while in
the moon. As a NASA engineer, San Juan reportedly used his Filipino
ingenuity to build a vehicle that would run outside the Earth's atmosphere.
He constructed his model using homemade materials. In 1978, San Juan
received one of the Ten Outstanding Men (TOM) awards in science and
San Juan, however, was not listed as the inventor
of the Moon Buggy in American scientific journals. It said the vehicle
was designed and constructed by a group of space engineers. In Poland,
the Moon Buggy is attributed to a Polish inventor. Worse, the National
Academy of Science and Technology (NAST) does not recognize Flores in
its roster of outstanding Filipino scientists.
On June 25, 2002, the provincial government of Cavite awarded Edward
Caro a plaque of recognition for his 42 years of service at the National
Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in the United States where
he helped launch the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission or the Explorer.
Caro, 70 and a native of Cavite retired from NASA in 2001. In return,
NASA during the same year conferred Caro the Distinguished Science medal,
reportedly the highest honor it gives to its employees. (Source: Philippine
Fluorescent Lamp Inventor
Many Filipinos acknowledge Agapito Flores as the inventor of the fluorescent
lamp, which is the most widely used source of lighting in the world
today. The fluorescent lamp reportedly got its name from Flores. Written
articles about Flores said he was born in Bantayan Island in Cebu. The
fluorescent lamp, however, was not invented in a particular year. It
was the product of 79 years of the development of the lighting method
that began with the invention of the electric light bulb by Thomas Edison.
Among the other inventors who claimed credit for developing
the fluorescent lamp were French physicist A. E. Becquerel (1867), Nikola
Tesla, Albert Hall (1927), Mark Winsor and Edmund Germer. French inventor
Andre Claude was recognized for developing the fluorescent tubular lighting
systems. Yet, he was not officially recognized as the inventor of fluorescent
lamp. It was reported that the General Electric and Westinghouse obtained
Claude's patent rights and developed the fluorescent lamp that we know
According to Filipino scientists, fluorescent lamp
was not named after Flores. The term fluorescence first cropped up as
early as 1852 when English mathematician-physicist George Gabriel Stokes
discovered a luminous material called "fluorspar", which he coined with
"escence". The National Academy of Science and Technology also dismissed
Flores being the inventor of fluorescent lamp as a myth. "No scientific
report, no valid statement, no rigorous documents can be used to credit
Flores for the discovery of the fluorescent lamp. We have tried to correct
this misconception, but the media (for one) and our textbooks (for another)
keep using the Flores example," a Filipino scientist wrote in her column
at the Philippine Daily Inquirer.
The fluorescent lamps were introduced into the U.S.
market in 1938. Still, Filipinos recognize Agapito Flores as the inventor
of the product that illuminated the world.
Gregorio Zara of Lipa City and a graduate of the Massachusetts Institute
of Technology invented the videophone and developed the Zara Effect
or Electrical Kinetic Resistance.
He Discovered Erythromycin
A Filipino scientist reportedly discovered erythromycin in 1949. He
was Dr. Abelardo Aguilar who died in 1993 without being recognized and
rewarded for his discovery. Reports said Aguilar discovered the antibiotic
from the Aspergillus species of fungi in 1949 and sent samples to Indiana-based
pharmaceutical firm Eli Lilly Co. The drug firm allegedly registered
the propriety name Iloson for the antibiotic in honor of Iloilo province
where Aguilar discovered it. In 1952, Eli Lilly Co. began the commercial
distribution of Iloson, which was sold as an alternative to penicillin.
Erythromycin, the generic name of Iloson, was reportedly the first successful
macrolide antibiotic introduced in the US.
Diosdado Banatao, a native of Iguig, Cagayan and an electrical engineering
graduate from Mapua Institute of Technology in Manila is credited for
eight major contributions to the Information Technology. Banatao is
most known for introducing the first single-chip graphical user interface
accelerator that made computers work a lot faster and for helping develop
the Ethernet controller chip that made Internet possible. In 1989, he
pioneered the local bus concept for personal computers and in the following
year developed the First Windows accelerator chip. Intel is now using
the chips and technologies developed by Banatao. He now runs his own
semiconductor company, Mostron and Chips & Technology, which is
based in California's Silicon Valley. (Source: Filipinas Magazine)
Modular Housing Inventor
Edgardo Vazquez won a World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
gold medal in 1995 for developing a modular housing system. Such a system
called Vazbuilt is reportedly capable of building within weeks a house
with prefabricated materials that can withstand typhoons and earthquakes.
Ironically, Vasquez is not getting enough support from the Philippine
government to propagate his technology, which could help provide shelter
to some five million Filipino families without their own homes. Vazquez
is the national president of the Filipino Inventors Society.
Inventor of Fuel Products
In 1996, Rudy Lantano Sr., a scientist from the Philippine Department
of Science and Technology (DOST), won the World Intellectual Property
Organization (WIPO) gold medal for developing Super Bunker Formula-L,
a revolutionary fuel half-composed of water. The mix burns faster and
emits pollutants, 95 percent less than those released to the air by
traditional fuel products. The inventor said his invention is a result
of blending new ingredients and additives with ordinary oil products
through agitation and mixing, which is a very safe process. The initial
plan was to commercially produce two million liters of Alco-Diesel,
two million liters of Lan-Gas and an unlimited quantity of Super Bunker
Formula-L each day for customers in Luzon.
Natural Gas Vehicle
The Department of Energy (DOE) has developed a vehicle that runs on
natural gas, whose rich deposits remain untapped under the Philippine
seabed. The project's main objective is to look into the potential of
natural gas as an alternative fuel to conventional petrol and diesel
for the transport sector. The natural gas vehicle (NVG) has been road-tested
in Isabela where an existing natural gas supply from the PNOC Gas Plant
is located. Test runs have also been made in Cagayan, Ifugao and Mountain
Province. The test vehicle used was the Isuzu Hi-Lander 4JA-1, direct
injected diesel engine. The use of natural gas as a fuel is cheaper.
On a gallon-equivalent basis, natural gas costs an average of 15 to
40 percent less than gasoline and diesel. There are over one million
NVGs in the world today, according to the International Association
for Natural Gas Vehicles.
Lamp Fixing Invention
A Filipino inventor has developed a technology, which could revive a
busted lamp (pundido) and give it more years of functional life than
those of new ones. Acclaimed by the Filipino Inventors Society as timely
and revolutionary, the Nutec system can prolong the life of fluorescent
lamps up to seven years. Nutec was developed by New World Technology,
headed by president Eric Ngo and chosen as the "Product of the Year"
at the Worldbex 2000 Building and Construction Exposition held at the
Manila Hotel. Engineer Benjamin S. Santos, national president of the
Inventors Society, called Nutec a timely invention.
The Department of Science and Technology claimed that it has developed
"Tubig Talino", an iodine-rich drinking water that treats micronutrient
deficiencies responsible for goiter, mental and physical retardation,
and birth defects. "Tubig Talino" is actually a mixture of 20 liters
of water and 15 ml of "Water Plus + I2". Consumption of five glasses
a day of this iodine fortification in drinking water is expected to
provide 120 micrograms of iodine, which meets 100 percent of the recommended
dietary allowance (RDA) of a male adult.
In 2000, Rolando dela Cruz developed an ingenuous formula that could
easily remove deeply grown moles or warts from the skin without leaving
marks or hurting the patient. His formula was extracted from cashew
nut (Annacardium occidentale), which is common in the Philippines. The
formula won for dela Cruz a gold medal in International Invention, Innovation,
Industrial Design and Technology Exhibition in Kuala Lumpur in September
2000. In March 1997, dela Cruz established RCC Amazing Touch International
Inc., which runs clinics engaged "in a non-surgical removal of warts,
moles and other skin growths, giving the skin renewed energy and vitality
without painful and costly surgery."
Feminine Hygiene Product Inventor
Dr. Virgilio Malang won a gold medal for his invention "Psidium Guajava
Effervescing Gynecological Insert", a silver medal for his "Patient
Side-Turning Hospital Bed", and three bonze medals for his inventions
"external vaginal cleanser", "light refracting earpick", and "broom's
way of hanging" at the Seoul International Fair in held South Korea
in December 2002. There were 385 inventions from 30 countries that joined
Who Developed Patis?
Contrary to popular belief, there was no fish sauce or Patis yet during
the Spanish occupation. Patis began to become a part of most Filipinos'
diet only after the Japanese occupation. Here is an account of how an
enterprising lady discovered the fermentation of Patis. Immediately
after the war, the family of Ruperta David or Aling Tentay started a
dried fish business. One day, Aling Tentay stored in jars some salted
fish that turned into fragments even before they dried. While in jars,
the fish fragments turned into a liquid substance that tasted like our
Patis today. Thus the beginning of the thriving Patis business of Aling
Tentay, which was officially registered in 1949 and is known today as
Tentay Food and Sauces Inc. (Source: Philippine Daily Inquirer)
A Showcase of Ingenuity
Nothing perhaps has been associated with Filipino technology as much
as the country's pride - jeepney. The word "jeep" evolved from the military
designation, general-purpose or G.P., of a light vehicle first used
by the Americans in World War II. Developed by the U.S. Army Quartermaster
Corps, this vehicle was powered by a four-cylinder engine and was classified
as a quarter-ton truck in carrying capacity. It had served as a command
vehicle, reconnaissance car, and ammunition carrier.
The American soldiers brought these vehicles to the
Philippines in the 1940s. After the war, these vehicles were left by
the Americans and converted by the Filipinos into public utility vehicles.
Employing artistic and indigenous designs, the Filipinos came up with
a longer, well-decorated, techni-colored and sleeker vehicle, which
they later called jeepney. From the standard military jeep, the body
was extended to accommodate between 20 to 30 passengers. Modern jeepneys
now sport very colorful and intricate paintings, fancy adornments, and
metallic decors reflective of Filipino sentiments, values, and culture.
The town of Las Pinas has been recognized as the jeepney-producing center
in the country. Today, public utility jeepneys or PUJs serve as the
primary means of transportation in most provinces. For this, the Philippines
came to be known as the "land of the jeepneys".
Other Noted Scientists
Among the other noted Filipino inventors and scientists are Benjamin
Almeda who was acknowledged for his food-processing machine; Teodula
Afrika for nata de coco; Ramon Agpoon for dragon fire stove; Adriano
Alfonso for cultured cement; Laurelio Anasco for "dormitron"; Arturo
Baluyot for Philippine-made airplane; Guillermo Barredo for Maharlika
water heater; Pelagio Bautista for hydrosil; Dr. George Camara for experiments
on teleophthalmology; Carlos Casas, stand-alone amplifier called Voca
CDX 1001 Superamp; Gonzalo Catan Jr. for green charcoal; Roberto Celis
for multipurpose portable survival kit; Rolando Cruz for emergency water
Ernesto Darang for shake-and-serve nurser; Armen Dator
for magic street sweeper; Maria Carlita Rex Doran for ampalaya solution
against HIV; Jaime Escolano for fiber-processing machine; Pepito Fajicular
for multipurpose routing machine; Leonardo Gasendo for salt evaporator;
Ramon Gustilo for artificial bone replacement systems; Oscar Ibarra
for studies on algorithm and computing; Samuel Ignacio for early warning
device for vehicles; Marc Loinaz for one-chip video camera; Jacinto
Ledesma for rocking dental chair; Cipriano Lim for safety switch box;
Dr. E. V. Macalalag Jr. for universalurinary stone solvent;
Antonio Madrid for charcoal furnace; Felix Maramba
for coconut oil-fueled power generator; Jose Navato for digital fever
detector; Maria Ylagan Orosa for developing banana catsup and pineapple
vinegar; Francisco Quisumbing for Quink pen ink; Jose Rodriguez for
research on leprosy; Felipe Santillan for rotary dryer; Cornelio Seno
for "Pressure Fuild Machine"; Manuel Silos for siloscope; Juanito Simon
for Tribotech; Camilo Tabalba for telephone electronic; Ned Teves for
endotracheal tube cardiac monitor; Juan Urbano for fountain pen; Carmen
Velasquez for research on Philippine fish species; and Dr. Gregorio
Zara for TV-telephone.
The Council on Philippine Affairs (Copa) has blamed the government for
driving Filipino inventors away from the country. At least four cases
were cited for this, namely:
Ben Santos, the inventor of the "zero oil waste
recycling" was subjected to interrogation by the Economic Intelligence
and Investigation Bureau (EIIB) for alleged economic sabotage.
Rudy Arambulo, the inventor of multi-shock bullet, has failed to
convince the national police and the military to purchase his product.
Johnson Fong, who has re-engineered carbonless
paper, had to export his product first, re-label it and bring it
back to the Philippines as an import in order to be accepted in
Roberto del Rosario, the inventor of sing-along
system, had to fight for his right over the karaoke system which
most Filipinos think was a Japanese invention. The Philippines was
reportedly the second largest market of karaoke, yet del Rosario
did not receive his due share.
"This is our colonial mentality at work. This reflects
how little faith we have in ourselves. We are indeed our own worst enemies.
Others may shoot themselves in the foot. We like to chop our own heads
in the most unusual way possible," a Copa official said. (Source: Philippine