|District of Andhra Pradesh|
Clockwise from Top Left: Buddha Statue in Nagavali River at Srikakulam, Arasavilli Temple, Palasa Railway station, Srikurmam Temple, Eastern Ghats at Palkonda, Salihundam Buddhist Remains
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
|• Total||5,837 km2(2,254 sq mi)|
|Elevation||10 m (30 ft)|
|• Density||403/km2 (1,040/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Srikakulam District, formerly known as Chicacole, is the extreme northeastern district of Andhra Pradesh, situated within the geographic co-ordinates of 18°-20’ and 19°-10’ N and 83°-50’ and 84°-50’ E. The district is skirted to a distance by Kandivalasagedda, Vamsadhara and Bahuda at certain stretches of their courses white a line of heights of the great Eastern Ghats run from North East. Vizianagaram District flanks in the south and west while Odisha bounds it on the north and Bay of Bengal on the East. It is the third least populous district of Andhra Pradesh (out of 23), after Vizianagaram and Nizamabad.
The district derived its name from Srikakulam its headquarters town.
srikakulam famous temples Arasavalli Suryanarayanaswamy, Sreekurmam Kurmanadha Devalayam & Sri Mukhalingam Sri Mmukhalingeswara Alayam
Srikakulam District was carved out in 1950 by bifurcating it from Visakhapatnam District, it remained unaffected in its territorial jurisdiction for quite some time. But in November, 1969 the district lost 63 Villages from Saluru Taluk and 44 Villages from Bobbili Taluk on account of their transfer to the then newly constituted Gajapathinagaram Taluk of Visakhapatnam District. Again in May, 1979, the district had undergone major territorial changes on account of the formation of new District with headquarters at Vizianagaram which involved transfer of Salur, Bobbili, Parvathipuram and Cheepurupalli Taluks to the new District.Srikakulam's culture is a blend of traditional festivals, food, music and theatres.
Srikakulam district occupies an area of 5,837 square kilometres (2,254 sq mi), comparatively equivalent to Australia's Melville Island. Srikakulam district can be divided into two main distinct natural divisions. A portion of Srikakulam district is plain terrain with intense agriculture and another portion of the district is rocky and hilly terrain covered with forests. Some extent of Mahendragiri hills also covers Srikakulam district. Most of the forest area of the plain terrain has been damaged by intense agriculture. Kotthuru,Hiramandalam, Pathapatnam, Kalingadal reservoir and some other areas are still covered with dense forests.
Srikakulam is located 100 km (62 mi) north of Visakhapatnam. It has a population of 2,537,593 of which 10.98% is urban as of 2001.
Srikakulam district has the longest coast line about 193 km (120 mi) in the state of Andhra Pradesh. It is bordered by Odisha on the north, Vizianagaram district on the west and south, Bay of Bengal on the east.
The Nagavali and Vamsadhara are the major rivers in Srikakulam district. These two river basins together constitute about 5% of the area. The Mahendratanaya and Bahuda rivers are two minor river basins in the district. Others are Benjigedda, Peddagedda, Kandivalasa gedda.
- Major irrigation projects: VamsadharaProject, Narayanapuram Anicut, Thotapalli Regulator and
- Medium irrigation projects: Pydigam Project, Onigadda are providing a total ayacut of 69,373 acres (280.74 km2).
Irrigation water societies
(Telugu = Neeti Sanghalu): The societies are major and minor:
- In the major category for Vamsadhara project 54 water societies are present and other 44 major societies to a total of 100 major
- Minor societies are 402
- Through the 38 Mandals in the Srikakulam district these societies are distributed under the channel name and for each society there are Pradesika Societies about 6-8 will be elected among the farmers. In the Srikakulam district about 75,000 farmer voters are participating in these Irrigation water society elections.