Lyme Disease

Lyme Disease

Short (4 minutes) video about Lyme disease- click here.

Dr. Horowitz Lyme Video- click here.

What Is Lyme Disease?

Lyme disease, caused by various strains of Borrelia bacteria, is most often transmitted to animals and humans by the bite of an infected tick.  In January 2014, a study by a team of international scientists determined it was possible to sexually transmit Lyme disease from person to person.  Congenital Lyme (mother to baby) has also been documented over the years.  

Current tests and testing methods for Lyme disease 
Can miss 75% or more of people who are infected.

Additionally, blood tests are only capable of detecting the body's response to one strain of Borrelia (burgdorferi). Over 300 strains of Borrelia have been reported to date.

Important- Treat the patient not the test!  

The sooner treatment is initiated the better! 

Lyme Disease Spirochetes

The Lyme disease bacterium (spirochete) can migrate from the point of infection within hours, spreading to many parts of the body and producing mild to severe symptoms.  

Some patients may experience no symptoms at first, some may have an array of mild to disabling symptoms that change from hour to hour or week to week.  Unlike in much colder climates, Florida residents are at risk of coming in contact with infected ticks year round.

The early Lyme disease rash (EM), which occurs in less than 10 percent of children and less than 20% of adults may gradually expand around the bite site over a period of several days or may remain the same size with additional rashes appearing.  Rash colors vary from solid red and pink to a purplish color.  A rash indicates you have Lyme disease and you should be treated immediately- no "wait and see" delays.

The center of the rash associated with early Lyme disease, if one appears, may clear as the spirochetes disperse, or the rash may remain solid until it disappears on its own, treated or not.  The rash may be warm to touch and slightly itchy, but is usually not painful.  Some patients develop multiple rashes on various parts of their body.  In dark skinned individuals the rash may appear to be more like a bruise.  

Rash Photos- Click Here 

Patients with Lyme disease may experience fatigue, chills, fever, headache, muscle aches, joint pain, and swollen lymph nodes.  They may have no obvious symptoms as the disease disseminates through their body, or while the spirochetes hide in protected niches (bladder, brain, joints, tendons, eyes, etc.).  

Symptoms can come and go and change from day to day. 

Symptoms of Lyme disease may not be noticeable or pronounced, however, a hidden infection can suddenly produce symptoms months to years after a person has been infected, especially during times of stress such as after child birth, after an auto accident, following the death of a loved one or if a person is experiencing other illnesses or stressors in their life.  

Symptoms associated with Lyme disease HERE and HERE.

Labs and Testing Information HERE.

Treatment Information HERE.

Lyme disease is often misdiagnosed as other maladies or syndromes (see articles below). When tests are negative and symptoms vary, doctors sometimes consider the patient has no physical illness at all.  They may assume the patient developed an "all in the head" syndrome.  

This is sometimes referred to as MUS (multiple unexplained symptoms) or your symptoms are said to be caused by various viruses because they just don't know.  Often people are falsely told their symptoms are all caused by a mental illness.  

When this occurs the disease organisms are left to progress unchecked and can result in severe chronic illness, disability and even death. 

Some doctors still prescribe one dose of doxycycline (antibiotic) to treat a tick bite or to treat Lyme disease.  This has been proven in multiple studies to be ineffective and dangerous.  Please see additional treatment information at this site >>

Some people are coinfected (Lyme and other organisms from one bite).  Please see the link on the menu to your left- "Tick Borne Diseases"- for more information.  

Dr. Willy Burgdorfer- “5-10% of ticks that are carrying Lyme disease have a systemic infection and have the disease in their saliva and can transmit it as soon as they bite. There is no safety window.” 

Biofilms Study

This is the first study that demonstrates the presence of Borrelia biofilm in human infected skin tissues.  Thank you Dr. Eva Sapi.  Link Here
1Department of Biology and Environmental Science, University of New Haven, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
*Corresponding author: Eva Sapi; 300 Boston Post Road, West Haven CT 06516, USA; Phone: +1-203-479-4552, E-mail: esapi@newhaven.ed
1Department of Biology and Environmental Science, University of New Haven, West Haven, CT 0651Link Here
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Watch Live Spirochetes Turn Into L-Forms

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Important to Remember

1.)  Lyme disease can affect anyone at any age who is exposed to ticks, various insects and other infected humans (sexual transmission).

2.)  Tests currently on the market and favored by insurance companies are unreliable and should be removed from the market.  A negative test can not rule out Lyme disease, however, it is often used as an excuse by insurers to deny treatment when a test is negative.

3.)  Current treatment protocols promoted by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA), again preferred by insurers due to their cost savings, are inadequate to cure Lyme disease in all but a few early cases.  There are no tests to determine a cure has been reached and testing after even minimal treatment is highly unreliable.

4.)  Inadequate treatment can lead to ongoing illness, chronic symptoms, future misdiagnosis, additional late severe symptoms affecting all parts of the body and to permanent disability and death.

5.)  If you are told to "wait and see" if you get a rash, or  to "wait and see" if symptoms appear after being bitten by a tick, either insist on being treated or find another doctor and get treated immediately.  See- for additional information.


It's Lyme Time You Knew!

When to Suspect Lyme Disease

Advanced Topics in Lyme Disease


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Treat The Bite!

Everyone Agrees- the sooner treatment begins after a bite by an infected tick the better!  Ticks live in the dirt and consume blood from a number of wild and domesticated animals that can carry and transmit multiple disease causing organisms.  Ticks are known to be infected with pathogens that can spread throughout the body quickly and cause a variety of mild to life-threatening symptoms.  Waiting to see if the infections spread through your body, or if you get a rash, or if you get sick before treating does NOT make sense.  Forget the old "wait and see" approach!  Get it Right!  Treat The Bite! 

Important-  Less than 50% of adults get a rash after a tick bite and many do not notice any early symptoms.  Less than 10% of children get a rash.  Less than half of the people with reported cases of Lyme disease recall being bitten by a tick.  A tick does not have to be attached for more than 24, 48 or 72 hours to transmit Lyme and other diseases.   

Treating A Tick Bite

One Page Printable Document 
To Take To Your Local Doctor


Full Set of Lyme Disease Treatment Guidelines




Sixteenth Edition 

Dr. Joseph Burrascano, Jr. Guidelines 


Additional Information

Once tick borne disease organisms are entrenched in your body it is more costly to both your health and your wallet to get rid of them, if you can.  An ounce of prevention in this case can be worth a pound of cure!  

Save your money!  Forget the test!  Never depend on Lyme tests performed within a month of a tick bite!  Nearly everyone will test negative for Lyme disease within the first 1-4 weeks after being bitten by an infected tick (barring prior exposure).  It takes weeks for your body to produce enough antibodies to the Lyme bacterium to get a positive test result using the current tests and testing methods, if you ever get a positive test at all.  


Tests for Lyme disease miss 75% (or more) of people who are infected! Tests for Lyme disease are only designed to detect a reaction to one strain. There are over 300 known strains! 

The CDC states for every case of Lyme disease reported, at least ten are missed. Depending on unreliable tests to establish a "reported case" of Lyme disease allows even more cases to go undiagnosed, untreated and unreported and results in more people suffering with chronic Lyme disease.

According to a 1998 scientific study, treatment for early Lyme disease averaged $161 per patient. A patient with longstanding (chronic) Lyme disease spends an average of $61,243 per year, each year, with most insurers refusing to pay Lyme-related bills.  Can you really afford to "wait and see"?  No, of course not!

Treatment Guidelines 




Sixteenth Edition 

Lyme & Tick Borne Diseases

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