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Summary:The ITER project (International Thermonuclear Experimental Research) aims at mastering the fusion reaction which are the energy source of the stars. The goal is to confine a ionized gas or plasma with a magnetic field and to heat it during a time long enough to ignate an atomic fusion reaction between deuterium and tritium. ITER belongs to the class of Tokamak devices where the shape of the confinement magnetic field lines are toroidal.
In France, the Fédération nationale de Recherche Fusion par Confinement Magnétique – ITER provides the framework for the collaborative effort between the Universities, the CNRS, the CEA, the INRIA. The goal of the MOSITER project is to enhance the collaboration between, the Toulouse groups involved in research on ITER, namely the IMT (math.), the LAPLACE (plasma physics), the LCAR (quantum physics) and the IRIT (Computer Science). It concerns the numerical modeling of various aspects of ITER and the search for efficient algorithms allowing breakthroughs in computing efficiency compared to the stateoftheart. Three lines of actions have been defined: Action 1: Beyond stateoftheart numerical methods for the plasma and the neutrals injector:In the current stateoftheart, specialized codes for the various locations (the core, the edge, the divertor, etc. ) are available and a lot of effort is put in the coupling of these codes one to each other. However, the results often depend on the coupling strategies and lack robustness. In a decade or two from now, the available computer power will allow global simulations of the full device and our goal is to prepare the numerical algorithms which will be needed to face this challenge. The core of this project consists of the socalled AsymptoticPreserving methods which allow simulations over a large range of scales with the same model and numerical method. These methods represent a breakthrough with respect to the stateofthe art. They will be developed specifically to handle the various challenges related to the simulation of the ITER plasma and of its neutral particle source.
