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* Professor Sir Walter Alexander Raleigh (an Alig)

  Professor Sir Walter Alexander Raleigh



Professor Sir Walter Alexander Raleigh (5 September 1861 – 13 May 1922) was a Scottish scholar, poet and author. He was born in London, the fifth child and only son of a local Congregationalist minister. Raleigh was educated at the City of London School, Edinburgh Academy, University College London, and King's College, Cambridge [1].


He was Professor of English Literature at the Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental College in Aligarh (1885-87), 
Professor of Modern Literature at the University College Liverpool (1890-1900), Regius Professor of English Language and Literature at Glasgow University (1900-1904), and Chair of English Literature at Oxford University and Fellow of Merton College, Oxford (1904-22). Raleigh was knighted in 1911 [2].  

On the outbreak of World War I he turned to the war as his primary subject. In 1915 he delivered the Vanuxem lectures at Princeton on "The Origins of Romance" and "The Beginnings of the Romantic Revival," and lectured on Chaucer at Brown, which gave him the degree of Litt.D. [2]. His finest book may be the first volume of The War in the Air (1922) [2].

He died from typhoid (contracted during a visit to the Near East) in 1922, being survived by his wife Lucie Gertrude, and their four sons and a daughter. He is buried in the churchyard of the parish church of St. Lawrence at North Hinksey, near Oxford. His son Hilary edited his light prose, verse, and plays in Laughter from a Cloud (1923) [2].

A few of his works are available on Project Gutenberg, which is a volunteer effort to digitize and archive cultural works, to "encourage the creation and distribution of eBooks. The project was founded in 1971 by Michael S. Hart and is the oldest digital library..  

Raleigh Park at North Hinksey, near Harcourt Hill (a hill and community in North Hinksey in Oxfordshire, England, west of the city of Oxford), where he lived from 1909 to his death, is named after him. He is not to be confused with the famous explorer, Sir Walter Raleigh (c. 1552 – 29 October 1618) who was also an English aristocrat, writer, poet, soldier, courtier, and explorer but not professor.


List of published works of Professor Sir Walter Alexander Raleigh:

Professor Sir Walter Alexander Raleigh has written many short essays but his significant contribution is critical interpretation of poetry of his time. Following is the list of few publications (year wise), which are mostly cited and famous.

1.  The English Novel, 1894

2. Robert Louis Stevenson: An Essay, 1895

3. Style, 1897

4. Milton, 1900

5. Wordsworth, 1903

6. The English Voyagers, 1904

7. Shakespeare, 1st Edition, London: Macmillan, 1907

8. Johnson on Shakespeare: Essays and notes selected and set forth with an introduction (Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616 Criticism and interpretation), London: Oxford University Press, 1908

9. Six Essays on Johnson, 1910


  1. Raleigh, Walter Alexander. In Alumni Cantabrigienses: A Biographical List of All Known Students, Graduates and Holders of Office at the University of Cambridge, from the Earliest Times to 1900, Eds Venn, John. & John Archibald., Cambridge University Press, 10 vols, 1922–1953.
  2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Raleigh_(professor)