Deon Filmer is a Lead Economist in the Research Group of the World Bank. He works on issues of human capital and skills, service delivery, and the impact evaluation of policies and programs to improve human development outcomes-with research spanning the areas of education, health, social protection, and poverty and inequality. His publications include studies of the impact of demand-side programs on schooling outcomes; the roles of poverty, gender, orphanhood, and disability in explaining education inequalities; the determinants of effective service delivery and the evaluation of interventions aimed at improving it; the determinants of fertility behavior; and on trends in adult mortality around the world. He has recently co-authored books on Making Schools Work: New Evidence from Accountability Reforms and Youth Employment in Sub-Saharan Africa, and was a core team member of the World Bank's World Development Reports in 1995 Workers in an Integrating World and 2004 Making Services Work for Poor People, and a contributor to the 2007 report on Development and the Next Generation. He holds a PhD and MA from Brown University and a BA from Tufts University.