Works Cited


 

Eisenbrand, G. and W. Tang. 1993. Food-borne heterocyclic amines: Chemistry, formation, occurrences and biological activities: A literature review. Toxicology 84:1-82.

Felton, J., E. Fultz, F. Dolbeare, and M. Knize. United States. REDUCTION OF HETEROCYCLIC AROMATIC AMINE MUTAGENS /CARCINOGENS. Livermore: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 1995. Web. 9 Oct 2010. <https://www.llnl.gov/str/pdfs/UCRL-JC-116450.pdf>.

Friesen, Marlin, Liliane Garren, Jean-Claude Bereziat, Fred Kablubar, and Dongxin Lin. "Gas Chromotography-Mass Spectrometry Analysis of 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenyl-imidazo[4,5-b]pyridine in Urine and Feces." Environmental Health Perspectives 99. (1993): 179-81. Web. 11 Oct 2010.

IARC. 1993a. PhIP (2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine). In IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans: Some NaturallyOccurring Substances - Food Items and Constituents, Heterocyclic Aromatic Amines and Mycotoxins, Vol 56. World Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France. pp. 229-242.

 

IARC. 1993b. MeIQ (2-amino-3,4-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline).

In IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans: Some Naturally Occurring Substances - Food Items and Constituents, Heterocyclic Aromatic Amines and Mycotoxins, Vol 56. World Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France. pp. 197-210.

 

IARC. 1993c. MeIQx (2-amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline). In IARC

Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans: Some Naturally Occurring Substances - Food Items and Constituents, Heterocyclic Aromatic Amines and Mycotoxins, Vol 56. World Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France. pp. 211-228.

 

IARC. 1993d. IQ (2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline). In IARC

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Jones, Maitland. Organic Chemistry. 2nd ed. New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Company, 2000. Print.

 

McMurry, John. Organic Chemistry. 5th ed. Pacific Grove, Ca: Brooks/Cole, 2000. Print.

Schut, Sherman, and Elizabeth Snyderwine. "DNA adducts of heterocyclic amine food mutagens: implications for mutagenesis and carcinogenesis ." Carcinogenesis 20.3 (1998): 353-68. Web. 9 Oct 2010.

 

Shan, Liang, Shada Rouhani, Herman Schut, and Elizabeth Snyderwine. "2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b}pyridine (PhIP) Modulates Lactogenic Hormone-mediated Differentiation and Gene Expression in HC11 Mouse Mammary Epithelial Cells." Cell Growth and Differentiation 12. (2001): 649-56. Web. 10 Oct 2010.

 

"Questions about Grilling." Environmental Health Perspectives 104.6 (1996): 596-97. Web. 9 Oct 2010. <http://www.burningissues.org/car-www/medical_effects/cancer/charbroil.html>.

 

Zheng, Wei, and Sang-Ah Lee. "Well-done Meat Intake, Heterocyclic Amine Exposure, and Cancer Risk." NUTR Cancer 61.4 (2009): 437-46. Web. 10 Oct 2010.

 

INTERVIEWS:

Ilyes, Mark. Department of Science, Dallastown High School.

Moreland, Robert. Chemistry Teacher, Dallastown High School.

LLoyd, Heather. Biology Teacher, Dallastown High School.

Smith, Philip. Researcher/Lab Technician, Penn State University.

Signs, Mark. Researcher/Lab Technician, Penn State University.

Deighton, Nigel. Director of Instrumentation, Penn State University.

Szczepankiewicz, Bruce. Chemist.

 

 

 

PHOTO CREDITS:

 

"PicasawebSlideshow Photos." Lauren Hodge, 2010.

"Photo of Lauren Hodge." Kevin Hodge, 2010.