June 4, 2014

(Updated on 9/9/2017)

Throwing Cold Water on Global Warming

All Atmospheric Gasses Absorb Solar Radiation

All atmospheric gasses absorb infrared radiation (IR), including Oxygen and Nitrogen (both gasses constituting greater than 99% of the atmosphere's gasses):

The peer reviewed paper affirms the non-negligible roles that Oxygen and Nitrogen play, in the aggregate, in heating the atmosphere*... 

                   Nitrogen molecule IR absorption bandwidth strength (3.8 to 5 microns). Nitrogen also absorbs ultraviolet radiation,
                   see Table 6.4, and gamma and x-rays

                           Oxygen molecule IR absorption bandwidth strengths (non-IR lines are at wavelengths 
                                             between 0.6 and 0.7- visible light, and at wavelength 1000.0 - microwaves)

                                            Oxygen also absorbs ultraviolet radiation and visible light, and nitrogen and oxygen
                                            absorb gamma and x-rays

...contradicting the bold faced lies put out by politically co-opted climate scientists, where Oxygen and Nitrogen are said to absorb zero IR.

NASA, And 'Educational' Organizations, Lies In Vivid Black And White

We now see that all gasses in the atmosphere absorb IR to varying degrees, not simply the 'greenhouse gasses' such as Carbon Dioxide or Methane. In fact, the term 'greenhouse gas' is a misnomer—all atmospheric gasses are 'greenhouse gasses'.

Why do institutions such as NASA lie regarding Nitrogen and Oxygen's ability to absorb IR? Because in learning the true IR absorption qualities of Nitrogen and Oxygen, those interested would be curious about Nitrogen and Oxygen and perform more research into those two molecules, learning that they are, in fact, warmer than Carbon Dioxide.

As the above paragraph illustrates, at 1 atmosphere/70 F Carbon Dioxide has approximately one-third less heat than either Nitrogen or Oxygen, proving Carbon Dioxide's cooling effect on the atmosphere. Therefore, when the volume of Earth's atmosphere is increased by additions of a cooler trace gas, such as Carbon Dioxide is on Earth, the result can only be a cooling of the planet, all other variables remaining constant. And if other variables should increase the heat on Earth, such as increased radiation from the Sun, then the additional trace gas will have a relative cooling effect on Earth. How precisely does this cooling effect take place? As Carbon Dioxide levels increase, consequently also increasing the atmosphere’s volume, the lower specific heat (below, see Fast Science At Ridgemont High) of the Carbon Dioxide molecules dictates that (1) the Carbon Dioxide molecules will extract heat from neighboring Nitrogen and Oxygen molecules; which will (2) lower the heat capacity of Nitrogen and Oxygen; thereby (3) reducing global temperatures.

The transfer of [warmer] heat from nitrogen and oxygen to [cooler] carbon dioxide is instantaneous, as opposed to the mechanical process of infrared radiation absorption by carbon dioxide that takes time to create heat, which tells us that carbon dioxide obtains at least 95% of its heat from neighboring nitrogen and oxygen molecules.

To better grasp this fact, let's use a more familiar everyday experience we witness involving water: When a small amount of cooler water is added to a larger warmer body of water, the result is a cooling of the water.

Because the atmosphere is a Nitrogen-Oxygen based atmosphere, representing over 99% of the atmosphere's gasses, adding Carbon Dioxide to the atmosphere cools the Nitrogen-Oxygen based atmosphere, as demonstrated in experimental designs conducted by Professor Gert Venter, Agricultural Engineering, University of Pretoria: “You know, that’s why all I can do is laugh when these global warming monkeys tell me that CO2 is a greenhouse gas. It is not, and I have live, precise experimental situations in over 30 sites around the world that prove that it is not. These guys create a model in their computers, based on arbitrary assumptions, and then ignore all the experimental evidence to the contrary. My experiments show that INCREASING ATMOSPHERIC CO2 IS CORRELLATED WITH A DECREASE IN ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE in my agricultural environments.

With Carbon Dioxide A Cooling Molecule In Earth's Atmosphere, Then What Is Warming The Atmosphere?

The heat obtained by both Nitrogen and Oxygen comes from (1) thermals (the direct transfer of warmer heat emanating from the ground that's absorbed by cooler Nitrogen-Oxygen molecules); (2) latent heat (the transfer of heat from warmer water vapor to cooler Nitrogen-Oxygen molecules); (3) heat produced by incoming radiation absorbed directly by the atmosphere, not solely from the absorption of outgoing IR; and (4) man-made structures on the ground. The warmth that blankets us each day is due to Nitrogen and Oxygen, not the puny amounts of the trace gas Carbon Dioxide, nor any of the other trace gasses.

Regarding man-made structures on the ground, interestingly NASA's 'earth's energy budget' illustration fails to provide the data on the amount of solar radiation absorbed by those structures, and it is the massive growth of urban sprawl the last sixty years that accounts for the atmosphere's warming, a warming that is being tempered by increasing amounts of Carbon Dioxide in the atmosphere.

Fast Science At Ridgemont High

The greenhouse canard is repeated thousands of times a day across the United States in high school chemistry classes, where the teacher instructs on the high heating effect of Carbon Dioxide, an experiment involving two jars and a heater next to each of the two jars. Carbon Dioxide is pumped into the second jar displacing the air in the jar and then both jars are heated. The temperature rises faster in the Carbon Dioxide only jar than the temperature in the first jar filled with air, thereby proving that Carbon Dioxide is a warmer molecule. What the teacher didn't tell you is that Carbon Dioxide has a lower specific heat...

Specific Heat of Gasses

Specific heat means the amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of a [volume of] gas [one degree], and because Carbon Dioxide can raise its temperature with less heat than Nitrogen and Oxygen can (Nitrogen and Oxygen have high specific heats, meaning it takes more heat to raise their temperatures), naturally the temperature of the Carbon Dioxide only jar rises faster than the predominantly Nitrogen-Oxygen jar.

In Earth's atmosphere, Carbon Dioxide readily heats up faster than Nitrogen and Oxygen precisely because it is a cooler molecule that can absorb a greater amount of heat in a shorter period of time than the warmer Nitrogen and Oxygen molecules. Once again...basic physics in action.
* The temperature on Venus, which is higher than on Mercury though Mercury is closer to the Sun, is due to the high atmospheric pressure on Venus and not the predominance of Carbon Dioxide in the atmosphere, which accounts for 96% of the planet’s atmospheric gasesThe atmosphere on Venus has a mass 90 times that of Earth's (and Venus' equatorial circumference is 5% smaller than Earth's; Venus' equatorial circumference is 38,025 km, while Earth's is 40,030 km), producing an atmospheric pressure of 1300 psi. On Earth water boils (212 F) at 14.69 psi

It should also be noted that the so-called greenhouse effect when applied to a planet's atmosphere is a canard. Unlike the enclosed environment of a greenhouse, where heat is trapped by the structure, a planet's heat is constantly escaping into space via convection.