- (often in names) A group of people organized for a joint purpose
- the state of being connected together as in memory or imagination; "his
association of his father with being beaten was too strong to break"
- a formal organization of people or groups of people; "he joined the Modern
- A plant community defined by a characteristic group of dominant plant
- A connection or cooperative link between people or organizations
- the act of consorting with or joining with others; "you cannot be convicted
of criminal guilt by association"
- Unwilling or unable to hear or pay attention to something
- deafen: make or render deaf; "a deafening noise"
- lacking or deprived of the sense of hearing wholly or in part
- people who have severe hearing impairments; "many of the deaf use sign
- Lacking the power of hearing or having impaired hearing
- dense: slow to learn or understand; lacking intellectual acuity; "so dense
he never understands anything I say to him"; "never met anyone quite so dim";
"although dull at classical learning, at mathematics he was uncommonly quick"-
Thackeray; "dumb officials make some really dumb decisions"; "he
- speechless: temporarily incapable of speaking; "struck dumb"; "speechless
- (of a person) Unable to speak, most typically because of congenital
- Temporarily unable or unwilling to speak
- lacking the power of human speech; "dumb animals"
- (of animals) Unable to speak as a natural state and thus regarded as
helpless or deserving pity
and dumb association - The Smart
The Smart Princess and Other Deaf Tales
A unique and much-needed collection, The Smart
Princess takes readers inside the fantasies, dreams and disappointments of young
people who are deaf. This book is written and illustrated by winners of the
Ladder Awards, organized by the Canadian Cultural Society of the Deaf. In one
tale a princess runs away when her intolerant aunt forbids her to sign. Another
story looks at the experience of being a deaf child at a hearing school. Two
strangers, one giant and one tiny, become friends despite their difficulties in
seeing each other. In another, a spaceship lands on a planet of the Deaf,
forcing hearing astronauts to reconsider their ways. And in a poetic adventure,
an imaginary tiger wreaks havoc. (20080101)
Wilton House, College Square North,
Maginn was born in Mallow, County Cork on 21
April 1861. His father was a Church of Ireland vicar. At 5 Maginn became deaf
due to scarlet fever and his father sent him to the famous Royal London Asylum
for the Deaf and Dumb on Old Kent Road, where he excelled. At age 17 he was
offered a junior teachership in the Royal London Asylum's Margate Branch where
he remained for five years. He went to the National Deaf Mutes College at
Gallaudet University in Washington, D.C.. America had a profound effect on
Maginn, who felt he now had the ability to achieve a higher level of attainment.
As a result of his three years at Gallaudet Maginn felt that the British
approach to deafness was one of injustice and that his life's work would be to
enhance the quality of life of the deaf in the United Kingdom. Maginn returned
to the Ireland in 1882, and became president of the first British association to
further the cause of the deaf and dumb. While it recruited 239 members, it
failed in 1889. A Royal Commission on the Blind and Deaf & Dumb (1887-1889)
proposed to standardise the education of 'handicapped' people. The legislation
supported the use of the 'pure oral method' of education and discouraged deaf
people from marrying for fear of producing a 'deaf race'. Rev. William B.
Sleight, the chair of the British Deaf & Dumb Association sat on the
commission and signed it in 1889 with reservations. In January 1890, a national
conference for the deaf was held in St Saviour's Church for the deaf in London.
Here, Maginn presented his views for improving the deaf education system in
Britain. He proposed forming a National Association for the Deaf, and said that
the American "Combined Methods" education system, which incorporated
fingerspelling, signed English, lipreading and Manualism approaches that
facilitated oral communication in the deaf such as Total Communication combined
with sign language, works and should be brought to the UK. The conference agreed
that there should a representative association for the deaf community in the
British Empire. It was named the "British Deaf And Dumb Association." Although
Maginn argued against it the steering group agreed to allow hearing members who
took an active interest in the welfare of the deaf, provided they were proposed
by five deaf people. Maginn hotly disagreed with this decision, objecting to the
idea of the "benevolent paternalism" of the hearing friends of the deaf. The
Association championed for the use of sign language in deaf schools rather than
just Pure Oral Systems. The Association was formed in Leeds with William
Sleight, a hearing man, being elected Chairman. Maginn was given the role of
regional vice-president; an honorary position with no real powers, which was a
blow to his confidence. Maginn gradually withdrew from the Association and
concentrated his energy on Ulster Institute for the Deaf. Despite his failure to
challenge the attitudes among deaf missionaries in the UK and Ireland, he gave
up went back to Belfast to focus on his work as the Superintendent at the Ulster
Institute for the Deaf where he was much appreciated by Ulster's deaf community.
He died in Belfast in 1918.
1920 The International Congress of The British
Deaf and Dumb Association
1920 The International Congress of The British
Deaf and Dumb Association. Invite Card
and dumb association
In this absorbing story of the changing life of
a community, the authors of Deaf in America reveal historical events and forces
that have shaped the ways that Deaf people define themselves today. Inside Deaf
Culture relates Deaf people's search for a voice of their own, and their proud
self-discovery and self-description as a flourishing culture.
Humphries show how the nineteenth-century schools for the deaf, with their
denigration of sign language and their insistence on oralist teaching, shaped
the lives of Deaf people for generations to come. They describe how Deaf culture
and art thrived in mid-twentieth century Deaf clubs and Deaf theatre, and
profile controversial contemporary technologies.
Most triumphant is the
story of the survival of the rich and complex language American Sign Language,
long misunderstood but finally recently recognized by a hearing world that could
not conceive of language in a form other than speech. In a moving conclusion,
the authors describe their own very different pathways into the Deaf community,
and reveal the confidence and anxiety of the people of this tenuous community as
it faces the future.
Inside Deaf Culture celebrates the experience of a
minority culture--its common past, present debates, and promise for the future.
From these pages emerge clear and bold voices, speaking out from inside this
once silenced community.