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001-020

Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
# 1
Daressy #: 1
Owner: Merymaat (Tomb undiscovered)
Reasons: --
TransliterationsS aAt nbt Spst jt-nTr n jmn mry-mAat jr.n jmj-rA njwt wsr sS xtmtj-nTr aq Hr sSn (Macadam reads sStA06-082 in his DALEX file 2) m pr-jmn mry-mAat mAa-xrw wab m jpt-swt mry-mAat mAa-xrw Hm-nTr n jmn [m] Dsr Dsrw mry-mAat mAa-xrw jrj.n jmj-rA njwt TAtj wsr-jmn mAa-xrw ms n nbt pr Twjw mAat-xrw
Translation: Scribe of every costly stone, god's father of Amun, Merymaat, born of the overseer of the town User, scribe of the divine seal, one who has access to the lotus (Macadam translates 'Initiate of the secrets'. 06-082 in his DALEX file 2) in the temple of Amun, Merymaat justified, wab-priest in Karnak, Merymaat justified, prophet of Amun in Deir el-Bahri, Merymaat justified, born of the overseer of the town, vizier, Useramun justified, born of the mistress of the house Tjuwiw justified.
Date: T. III - A. II (Eichler 2000: 283).
Length: 23cm (British Museum: EA 9716)
Colours: --
Remarks:
・One example was found at TT 349 (
03-104 in Macadam's Red file).
・Merymaat occurs in the wall of TT 61 which was for his father Useramun, of TT 82, which was for Useramun's steward Amunemhat, with his family, of TT 100, which was for Merymaat's cousin Rekhmire, and of TT 122 (of his cousin Amunhotep) as Hm-nTr snnw n jmn as well as other objects (Dziobek 1998: 120-122).
・See also 01-002 in Davies's notebook, 03-05 & 106 in Macadam's Red file, 05-012013036037070071, & 146 in his DALEX file 1, and 06-032035036041042050057058064065071081082093099100, & 109 in his DALEX file 2.
  Davies's MSS preserved in the Griffith Institute:
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_001_1.JPG
Davies_cone_001_1.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_001_2.jpg
Davies_cone_001_2.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_001_3.jpg
Davies_cone_001_3.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_001_4.JPG
Davies_cone_001_4.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_001_5.jpg
Davies_cone_001_5.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_001_6.jpg
Davies_cone_001_6.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
# 2
Daressy #: 3
Owner: Nakhtmin (tomb undiscovered, perhaps at Khokhah)
Reasons: --
TransliterationAsjr wab Xrj-Hbt n mwt nxt-mnw, wab n HAt jt-nTr n mwt nxt-mnw, sS mDAt-nTr n mwt nxt-mnw mAa-xrw, sS Htp-nTr n mwt nxt-mnw mAa-xrw, Asjr
Translation: Osiris, wab-priest and lector-priest of Mut Nakhtmin, wab-priest to the front, god's father of Mut, Nakhtmin, scribe of the divine books of Mut, Nakhtmin justified, scribe of the divine offerings of Mut Nakhtmin justified, Osiris.
Date: 19th - 20th dynasty.
Length: --
Colours: --
Remarks
One example was found at TT 106 (03-102 in Macadam's Red file). One example was unearthed from Deir el-Bahri (Pomorska 1966Lipinska 1968 [ASAE 60]: 173 – 174, 204). The funerary cone, inventory no. EA 49527 housed in the British Museum, is recorded to have been found at Deir el Bahari (cf. the museum's webpage here). Also, inventory number A.1905.279.1 housed in the National Museums of Scotland was from Deir el Bahari. One example was unearthed from TT 47 area (Kondo 2017, October 29).
・The tomb of Nakhtmin is highly probably dated to the 19th - 20th dynasty and is located on Khokhah area because some cones have been found there and two other tombs near TT 47, TT 174 and the one discovered by Waseda University in 2013, were for owners who were wab-priest-in-front of Mut (wab n HAt n mwt) and the chief of workhouses of Mut (Hrj-Sna n mwt) respectively that is dated to the end of the 19th dynasty (Kondo et al. 2009: 53-66; Kondo et al. 2015: 26). Our Nakhtmin certainly was a contemporary of them and made rock-cut tomb near there.
See Dewachter 1979 [RdE 31] for the objects that may have been of the owner.
・A statue in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo (JE 27585 / CG 624) is for our Nakhtmin. According to the texts inscribed on it, he had a son who was
sS Hwt-nTr [...] but unfortunately his name is lost (Borchardt 1925: 170-171; Daressy 1889 [Rec. Trav. 11]: 88-89). 
・See also 01-004 in Davies's notebook, 05-065 in his DALEX file 1, and 06-032, 041, 042, 058072, 076078, & 081 in his DALEX file 2.
Davies's MSS preserved in the Griffith Institute:
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_003_1.jpg
Davies_cone_003_1.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_003_2.jpg
Davies_cone_003_2.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_003_3.jpg
Davies_cone_003_3.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_003_4.jpg
Davies_cone_003_4.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_003_5.jpg
Davies_cone_003_5.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.



Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
# 3
Daressy #: 2
Owner: TT 132 Ramose
ReasonsInscription and provenience
TransliterationsS-nswt xtmw-bjtj smr watj n mrwt jrtj nswt anxwj bjtj jmj-rA prwj-HD n nb tAwj thrq mAa-xrw ra-ms mAa-xrw jrt n nbt pr Ts-mHt-pr mAa-xrw
Translation: King's scribe, seal-bearer of the king of Lower Egypt, sole and beloved companion, eyes of the king of Upper Egypt, ears of the king of Lower Egypt, overseer of the double treasury of the lord of the Two Lands Taharqa justified, Ramose justified, born of the mistress of the house Thesmehetper justified.
Date: 25th Dynasty Taharqa.
Length: 14.5cm (Liverpool Museum: 42.18.12); 14.5 cm (Étienne 2009: 234), 14.7cm (Hunterian Museum: GLAHM D.1925.58); 15.2cm (Kunsthistorisches Museum: 5143. Personal communication between Kento Zenihiro and the staff of the museum), 16.5cm (British Museum: EA 69222)
Colours: Integrally white coated. See 4 examples at this page.
Remarks
・12 examples were unearthed from TT 132 (Lepsius 1849 – 1859 [LD Text III]: 284). One example of this cone or # 631/B.04 was found by Fisher at Dra Abul Naga (cf. No. 512 in the object register book entitled 'D. A. N. 1-1485' housed in the Penn Museum). Many examples were found at TT 132 when roadworks were conducted nearby in 1976 (Eigner 1984: 43). One example was unearthed at the court of Pit 1152 which is located on the third valley, south of Deir el-Bahari (cf. PM I-2: Maps V and X. Górecki 2011 [PAM 20]: 227 and 230).
・The owner ascribed is identical to that of # 631/B.04.
・See also 01-003 in Davies's notebook, 03-103 in Macadam's Red file, 05-098, 147, & 148 in his DALEX file 1, and 06-031038, 053079081,
082, 104, 111 in his DALEX file 2.
Davies's MSS preserved in the Griffith Institute:
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_002.JPG
Davies_cone_002.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
# 4
Daressy #: 13
Owner: TT 200 Didu
Reasons: Inscription and provenience. 
Transliterationwpwtj-nswt Hr xAswt nbt n aAt n mnx=f Hrj-jb dd.n=f nbw n Hswt Hr qnt m spw aSAw Hrj-mDAw djdw mAa-xrw
Translation: King's messenger in all foreign lands, inasmuch as he was efficient upon the heart, one to whom was given the gold of praises because of his bravery on numerous occassions, chief of the medjay, Didu justified.
DateT. III - A. II (Champollion 1844: 528).
Length: --
Colours: --
Remarks
・13 examples was found by Norman de G. Davies (01-006 of his notebook and 03-100 of Macadam's Red file, both housed in the Sudan Library). Two examples preserved in the Metropolitan Museum of Art were from the tomb MMA 828 at Khokhah (15.10.6 and 15.10.7). One example was unearthed from TT 196 (Graefe 2003: Text p. 202; Taf. 113, Kat.504). Two examples were unearthed from TT 47 area (Kondo 2017, October 29).
・The owner ascribed is identical to that of # 22 and24.
・See also 01-006 in Davies's notebook, 03-100 in Macadam's Red file, 05-149 in his DALEX file 1, and 06-043, 044
, 058, 104, & 110 in his DALEX file 2.
Davies's MSS preserved in the Griffith Institute:
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_005_1.jpg
Davies_cone_005_1.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_005_2.jpg
Davies_cone_005_2.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
# 5
Daressy #: --
Owner: Es (tomb undiscovered, perhaps at Dra Abul Naga)
Reasons: --
TransliterationjmAxy xr Asjr jmj-rA pr n jmn Hrj wHAt jmj-rA Snwtj n jmn HAtj-a n wHAt mHtt sS s mAa-xrw xr nTr aA nb Dt
Translation: Revered one before Osiris, steward of Amun, chief of the oasis, overseer of the double granary of Amun, mayor of the northern oasis (=Bahriya), scribe Es, justified before the great god, lord of eternity.
Date: --
Length: 18.7cm (MM: 5030. Personal communication between Kento Zenihiro and the staff of the museum); 21.1cm (APM: U. 12742. van Haarlem 1995).
Colours: Wholly white originally (MM: 5028 – 30. Personal communication between Kento Zenihiro and the staff of the museum); 2.5YR 5/4 (reddish brown) and 5YR 6/4 (light reddish brown) (APM: U. 12742. van Haarlem 1995)
Remarks
・One example was found near TT 19 (03-078 in Macadam's Red file). Five examples were unearthed at Dra Abul Naga (Gauthier 1908 [BIFAO 6]: 132 – 133). Unknown examples were unearthed at southern Dra Abul Naga (Northampton etc. 1908: 4, Pls. 2, 24. Exact location unknown. Cf. Delgado 2005 [BAEDE 15]: 92). One example was unearthed from 'Areal E' in Dra Abul Naga (Kruck 2012: 127).
・A shabti CG 48119 preserved in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo may have been belonged to our Es because the text of the shabit reads: ... Asjr HAtj-a n wHAt s m Xrt-nTr (Newberry 1930: 293-294). 
・See also 01-025 in Davies's notebook, 05-115 in his DALEX file 1
, and  06-048, 063, 081, & 087 in his DALEX file 2.
Davies's MSS preserved in the Griffith Institute:
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_026_1.jpg
Davies_cone_026_1.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_026_2.jpg
Davies_cone_026_2.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_026_3.jpg
Davies_cone_026_3.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
# 6
Daressy #: 7
Owner: Pyia (tomb undiscovered, perhaps at Khokhah)
Reasons: --
TransliterationjmAxy xr Asjr jmj-rA ssmwt jmj-rA jHw n jmn pyjA mAa-xrw jn sA=f jmj-rA jHw n jmn s-wAst mAa-xrw
Translation: Revered one before Osiris, overseer of horses, overseer of the cattle of Amun, Pyia justified. (Made) By his son, overseer of the cattle of Amun, Eswaset justified.
Date: --
Length: --
Colours: --
Remarks
Each one example was found at TT 23 and 106 (03-085 in Macadam's Red file)Two examples were unearthed at the court of TT 23 (Collins 1976 [JEA 62]: 34). One example was unearthed at the court of TT 105 – 107 (It may not be # 6Ibid.: 35). One example was unearthed from TT 297 (Strudwick 2003: 22).
・Davies had seen two bricks with this seal impression (03-085 in Macadam's Red file).
・Some archaeologists and Egyptologists have debated the possibility of a relationship between this cone and TT 344 (Stewart 1987: 67; Kondo 1998: 40; Vivó 2002: 26). Admittedly, both their names and titles are identical; however, I believe that to conclude a relationship based on this would be erroneous. TT 344 is located on Dra Abul Naga, but all examples ever found have been from the western part of the Lower Enclosure at Khokhah. Moreover, of the two images of Pyia's sons that appear on the wall of TT 344, neither is named Eswaset (Gauthier 1908 [BIFAO 6]: 155).
・See also 01-018 in Davies's notebook, 03-085 & 086 in Macadam's Red fi
le, 05-055, 114, & 115 in his DALEX file 1, and 06-080 in
his DALEX file 2.
Davies's MSS preserved in the Griffith Institute:
Davies_cone_019_1.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
Davies_cone_019_2.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
# 7
Daressy #: --
Owner: TT 199 Irineferuef
Reasons: Inscription.
TransliterationjmAxy xr Asjr jrj-at (n) jmn jrj-nfrw=f mAa-xrw snt (?)=f nbt pr Ax[t]-mwt mAa-xrw
Translation: Revered one before Osiris, keeper of the storeroom (of) Amun, Irineferuef justified, his wife (?), mistress of the house, Akhe[t]mut justified.
Date: A. II - A. III (Metawi 2013 [SAK 42]: 228-229).
Length: --
Colours: --
Remarks
・According to page 102 of Gardiner's MSS 21.1 = "Theban Tombs. Copies of his (ie Gardiner's) notes used by Miss Porter when preparing volume I of the Topographical Bibliography" that is preserved in the Griffith Institute, TT 199 has an inscription that reads: ...n Asjr jmj-rA Snaw [...(n jmn?)] jrj-nfrw mAa-xrw
・According to the inscription carved on Irineferuef's sculpture held by the British Museum (
Inv. # 29Budge 1909: 126 [444]; Edwards 1939: 34, Pl. XXIX), Akhetmut is a daughter of Irineferuef and his wife, Ipu. On the other hand, our cone and the statue N 129 in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo describe that Akhetmut is Irineferuef's wife. Considering this situation, Metawi suggested that Irineferuef first married Ipu, who bore him a daughter named Akhetmut, and following the death of Ipu, he married his eldest daughter Akhetmut 
(Metawi 2013 [SAK 42]: 229)
・As for the title, Davies and Macadam suggested to read overseer of the workshop/magazine (jmj-rA Snaw. 01-029 in Davies's notebook, 
05-011 in Macadam's DALEX file 1, and 06-085 in his DALEX file 2). Helck and Metawi, however, read his title irj-a.t (n) 'Imn (Helck 1959: 370) and iry-at 'Imn (Metawi 2013 [SAK 42]: 229) respectively. Metawi suggests that the the bottom of the second line consists of three signs: A58, O1, and D36 (Ibid.). In any case, Irineferuef had both titles.
・See also 05-060 in Macadam's DALEX file 1.
Davies's MSS preserved in the Griffith Institute:
Davies_cone_030_1.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
# 8
Daressy #: 8
Owner: Maaninakhtef (tomb undiscovered)
Reasons: --
TransliterationjmAxy xr Asjr jmj-rA Snwtj jmj-rA Hsbw t nw Smaw mHw Xrd n kAp wbA-nswt wab awj mAA.n=j-nxt=f mAa-xrw
Translation: Revered one before Osiris, overseer of the double granary, overseer of the bread counters of Upper and Lower Egypt, child of the kap, cup-bearer of the king, pure of hands, Maaninakhtef justified.
Date: A. II - T. IV (Geßler-Löhr 1990: 53-57), A. II (Bohleke 1991: 180).
Length: 22cm (CAA 1991: # 1669).
Colours: --
Remarks:
・The owner ascribed could be identical to the man who was active during the reign of Amunhotep II and whose statue was found at Medamud and 
is now in the Louvre museum (E 12926. Drioton 1927: 49-51). Also, there is a possibility that Maaninakhtef who occurs in the stela in Leiden is the same official (V 39. Devéria 1897: 65-66, Pl. 2; Boeser 1913: 9, Pl. 19; Drioton 1933 [Rd'E 1]: 28-30). 
・A brother of the owner was a king's scribe Bengy and his wife was Tanetmennefer (Drioton 1933 [Rd'E 1]: 30). Bengy may have been an owner of one of # 260, # 527, or # 528. He may also have been a father of the owner of # 519.
Geßler-Löhr and Bohleke described Maaninakhtef's career thoroughly (Geßler-Löhr 1990Bohleke 1991: 180-188).
・See also 01-019 in Davies's notebook, 03-084 in Macadam's Red file, 05-057 in his DALEX file 1, and 06-041042, 044, 087088089090, & 095 in his DAL
EX file 2.
Davies's MSS preserved in the Griffith Institute:
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_020_1.jpg
Davies_cone_020_1.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_020_2.jpg
Davies_cone_020_2.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_020_3.jpg
Davies_cone_020_3.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_020_4.jpg
Davies_cone_020_4.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
# 9
Daressy #: 11
Owner: Tahersechanef (tomb undiscovered, perhaps at Dra Abul Naga)
Reasons: --
TransliterationjmAxy xr Asjr jrj bnrt n jmn tA-Hr-sTA-n=f jn sA=f sanx rn=f jrj bnrt n jmn Hr-jry mAa-xrw
Translation: Revered one before Osiris, keeper of the date wine of Amun, Tahersechanef. (Made) By his son, perpetuator of his name, keeper of the date wine of Amun, Heriry justified.
Date: --
Length: --
Colours: --
Remarks
・23 examples were unearthed around TT 11 – 12 during the first 5 seasons of the Spanish-Egyptian mission (Galán and Borrego 2006 [Memnonia 17]: 205).
・The owner ascribed is identical to that of # 39. Also, a red stela preserved in the Nicholson Museum of the University of Sydney is his (NMR.8).
・See also 01-022 in Davies's notebook, 03-081 in Macadam's Red
file, 05-110 & 142 in his DALEX file 1, and 06-047, 048, & 051 in his DALEX file 2.
Davies's MSS preserved in the Griffith Institute:
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_023_1recto.jpg
Davies_cone_023_1recto.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_023_1verso.JPG
Davies_cone_023_1verso.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_023_2.jpg
Davies_cone_023_2.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_023_3.jpg
Davies_cone_023_3.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_023_4.jpg
Davies_cone_023_4.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.



Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
# 10
Daressy #: --
Owner: Amunhotep (Huy)
Reasons: --
TransliterationjmAxy xr Asjr jrj-pat jmn-Htp Dd.n=f Hwy pA n Dl m rk tpj-tA jr.n sAb Hpw
Translation: Revered one before Osiris, hereditary noble Amunhotep, called Huy, praised in the whole of Egypt , born of sab, Hepu.
Date: A. III
Length: --
Colours: With a dark gray core and a very thin reddish margin (Teeter et al. 2003: 173).
Remarks
・Davies said that one example was unearthed by a French mission at Medinet Habu and later in 1936, another example was found by Nelson a little to the south (01-027 in Davies's notebook and 03-075 in Macadam's Red file). One example was unearthed at Medinet Habu (Teeter et al. 2003: 173).
Davies_cone_028_2, a squeeze preserved in the Griffith Institute at Oxford, was made with a brick since two seal impressions are shown there (see the figure below). 
・The owner ascribed is identical to those of #
40, # 65, and # 622/A.11.
・As for pA n Dl m rk tpj-tA, see Varille 1968: 106 – 111 but Macadam takes it as a name and reads 'pA n DAn...(He of Djal...(?))' (05-021 & 048 in his DALEX file 1).
・The tomb of Amunhotep, son of Hapu (Huy) is popularly believed to be the tomb -396- because Bidoli reported that a local Qurnawi informed him that Amunhotep's cones (exact type is not known. Either # 10, # 40, or # 65) were found around it (Bidoli 1970 [MDAIK 26]: 12). However, the tomb itself does not have inscriptions of his name and titles, and we do not know what types, how many, and exactly where the cones were found. Needless to say, reports from local people should not be accepted without careful scrutiny.
・See also 03-076 in Macadam's Red file, 05-01102, & 103 in his DALEX file 1, and 06-061080, & 110 i
n his DALEX file 2.
Davies's MSS preserved in the Griffith Institute:
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_028_1.jpg
Davies_cone_028_1.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_028_2.jpg
Davies_cone_028_2.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_028_3.jpg
Davies_cone_028_3.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
# 11
Daressy #: 9
Owner: C. 4 Merymaat
ReasonsInscription and provenience
TransliterationjmAxy xr Asjr wab n mAat mry-mAat mAa-xrw m Xrt-nTr snt=f mrt=f nbt pr majA mAa-xrw
Translation: Revered one before Osiris, wab-priest of Maat Merymaat, justified in the Necropolis, his wife whom he loves, mistress of the house, Maia justified.
Date: A. III
Length: --
Colours: --
Remarks
・Two examples were found by Whittaker in TT 112 and one example was found by Lansing below TT 71 (01-020 in Davies's notebook and 03-083 in Macadam's Red file). One example was unearthed from TT 325 (Bruyère 1927: 57). Six examples were unearthed from C. 4 (Manniche 1988 102).
・While PM introduces Amunhotep as the sole wife of Merymaat, according to the inscription copied by Champollion, Manniche suggests two other possibilities: either Amunhotep was the wife of another person, or Merymaat had two wives (Ibid.: 102).
・See also 05-058059070, 071, & 106 in Macadam's DALEX file 2
.
Davies's MSS preserved in the Griffith Institute:
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_021_1.jpg
Davies_cone_021_1.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_021_2.jpg
Davies_cone_021_2.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
# 12
Daressy #: --
Owner: TT 162 Qenamun
ReasonsInscription and provenience
TransliterationjmAxy xr Asjr HAtj-a m njwt rsjt jmj-rA Snwtj n jmn qn-jmn mAa-xrw snt=f Smayt n jmn mwt-twy
Translation: Revered one before Osiris, mayor in the Southern City, overseer of the double granary of Amun, Qenamun justified, his wife, musician of Amun, Muttuy.
Date: A. III
Length:--
Colours: Covered with whitewash running over the red in streaks (01-026 in Davies's notebook and 03-077 in Macadam's Red file).
Remarks
・Many examples were found by Fisher in TT 162 and one below TT 121
 (01-026 in Davies's notebook, 03-077 in Macadam's Red file, and Penn Museum's website. According to 
Nos. 1158-A/29-86-681, 1159/29-86-682, 1199/29-86-689, 1200/29-86-690, 1201/29-86-713 (brick), 1206/29-86-691 in the object register book entitled 'D. A. N. 1-1485' housed in the Penn Museum, they were found near Mandara hill). Unknown examples were found around TT 162 (Davies and Faulkner 1947 [JEA 33]: 40 n. 3).
For more detailed prosopographical data, see Auenmüller 2013: 905.
・See also 05-026 & 062 in Macadam's DALEX file 1, and 06-060, 063, 085, 087, & 104 in his DALEX file 2.
Davies's MSS preserved in the Griffith Institute:
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_027_1.jpg
Davies_cone_027_1.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_027_2.jpg
Davies_cone_027_2.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_027_3.jpg
Davies_cone_027_3.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_027_4.jpg
Davies_cone_027_4.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_027_5.jpg
Davies_cone_027_5.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_027_6.jpg
Davies_cone_027_6.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_027_7.jpg
Davies_cone_027_7.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.

Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
# 13
Daressy #: 116
Owner: Nentawaeref (tomb undiscovered, perhaps at Khokhah)
Reasons: --
TransliterationjmAxy xr Asjr Xrd n kAp jmj-rA wabw n jmn nn-tA-wA-r=f mAa-xrw
Translation: Revered one before Osiris, child of the kap, overseer of the wab-priests of Amun, Nentawaeref justified.
Date: --
Length: --
Colours: --
Remarks
・One example was found at TT 201 (01-024 in Davies's notebook, 03-079 in Macadam's Red file). Two examples were unearthed near TT 253 (Strudwick and Strudwick 1996: 105, 155). Unknown examples were unearthed from TT 257 (Mostafa 1995: 79). Five examples were unearthed from TT 47 area (Kondo 2017, October 29).
・Earlier, Egyptologists have all made the link between this cone and TT 398 (Manniche 1988a: 11Kampp 1996: 608; Kondo 1998: 40; Vivó 2002: 26). Certainly, both names and titles ascribed to owners of this cone and those found in the tomb are identical. This seal's inscription is, however, completely different from that of # 118 and # 119, both of which definitely belong to TT 398. Moreover, the examples of this cone have been found far from TT 398.
・Dewachter thought that the owner was one and the same person with that of # 207 (Dewachter 1984 [RdE 35]: 86-87) but I think it is not too late to regard this Kemis to be identical with our Nentawaeref after further evidences
. If Dewachter's idea is right, Nentawaeref (Kamose / Kemis) was the father of TT 397 Nakht (Cf. CG 34048. Lacau 1909: 82-84).
・See also 05-092 & 093 in Macadam's DALEX file 1, and 06-041042088089, & 090 in his DALEX file 2.
Davies's MSS preserved in the Griffith Institute:
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_025_1.jpg
Davies_cone_025_1.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_025_2.jpg
Davies_cone_025_2.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
# 14
Daressy #: 12
Owner: A. 6 Djehutynefer (Seshu)
Reasons: Inscription and provenience
TransliterationjmAxy xr Asjr sS Hsb jHw Apdw m pr jmn DHwtj-nfr mAa-xrw nb jmAx Dd.n=f sSw mAa-xrw
Translation: Revered one before Osiris, scribe of accounts of cattle and fowls in the house of Amun, Djehutynefer justified, possessor of honour, called Seshu justified.
Date: T. III?
Length: --
Colours: --
Remarks
・29 examples were unearthed at Dra Abul Naga (Gauthier 1908 [BIFAO 6]: 124). One example seen in TT 161 (01-023 in Davies's notebook, 03-080 in Macadam's Red file).
・The owner ascribed is identical to that of # 397.
・Macadam reads the owner's name not Seshu but Senu (03-080 in Macadam's Red file, 05-128 & 152 in his DALEX file 1).
・See also 05-151 in Macadam's DALEX file 1, and 06-026, 031, 032, 106, & 111 in his DALEX file 2.
Davies's MSS preserved in the Griffith Institute:
Davies_cone_024_1.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
Davies_cone_024_2.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
Davies_cone_024_3.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
# 15
Daressy #: 10
Owner: Heby (tomb undiscovered, perhaps at Dra Abul Naga)
Reasons--
TransliterationjmAxy xr Asjr sS Hsb jHw n jmn spAwt Smaw mHw Hby mAa-xrw sA sS Hsb jHw n jmn sn-ms mAa-xrw ms.n nbt pr rwjA
Translation: Revered one before Osiris, scribe of accounts of cattle of Amun and of the Nomos of Upper and Lower Egypt, Heby justified, born of the scribe of accounts of cattle of Amun, Senmose justified and mistress of the house Ruia.
Date: T. IV (Auenmüller 2013: 942).
Length: 22cm (Museo Archeologico di Firenze: 6689. Pellegrini 1902: 149), 23cm (Museo Archeologico di Firenze: 6690. Pellegrini 1902: 149). Size of a brick: 21 x 16 x 9cm (01-021 in Davies's notebook).
Colours: --
Remarks:
・14 examples unearthed at Dra Abul Naga (Gauthier 1908 [BIFAO 6]: 124). Unknown examples were unearthed at southern Dra Abul Naga (Northampton etc. 1908: 4, Pls. 2, 25. Exact location unknown. Cf. Delgado 2005 [BAEDE 15]: 92). One example was seen in TT 378 (01-021 in Davies's notebook, 03-082 in Macadam's Red file). One example was found by Petrie near TT 18 (01-021 in Davies's notebook and 03-082 in Macadam's Red file). Two examples were unearthed at Armant (Drower and Myers 1940: Vol. 1 p. 101). One example retrieved from the bottom of the hill to the north of the ghaffirs' hut (Ockinga 2003 [RFEA / N 86]: 2). Three examples were unearthed at the Valley of the Kings (Dorn and Paulin-Grothe 2009 [GM 222]: 11). Five examples were unearthed at 'Areal A' in Dra Abul Naga (Kruck 2012: 106). One example was unearthed from TT 47 area (Kondo 2017, October 29. According to Kondo et al. 2016 November, however, two examples).
・Davies (?) once had three bricks and Ägyptisches Museum und Papyrussammlung also has an (or some) example(s) (01-021 in Davies's notebook and 03-082 in Macadam's Red file).
・Senmose who appears on the wall of TT 147 could be the same individual with the one whose name is inscribed on our cone (Ockinga 2003 [RFEA / N 86]: 2). Also, he is depicted in a fragment of the wall painting from Heby's tomb (Mekhitarian 1985: 241, Pl. Vb).
・Heby was the father of TT 55 Ramose (Cf. Helck 1958: 302-303).
・See also 05-099, 103, & 124 in Macadam's DALEX file 1, and 06-031 & 032 in his DALEX file 2.
Davies's MSS preserved in the Griffith Institute:
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_022_1.jpg
Davies_cone_022_1.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_022_2.jpg
Davies_cone_022_2.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_022_3.jpg
Davies_cone_022_3.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_022_4.jpg
Davies_cone_022_4.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_022_4_detail.JPG
Davies_cone_022_4_detail.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_022_5.jpg
Davies_cone_022_5.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.


Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
# 16
Daressy #: --
Owner: Amunemhat (tomb undiscovered)
Reasons: --
TransliterationjmAxy xr Asjr sS Hsb jt n jmn jmn-m-HAt snt=f Smayt nt jmn jmn-m-jpAt
Translation: Revered one before Osiris, scribe of accounts of the grain of Amun, Amunemhat, his wife, musician of Amun, Amunemopet.
Date: T. III (Auenmüller 2013: 938).
Length: --
Colours: --
Remarks:
・One example was unearthed at Dra Abul Naga (Heyler 1959 [Kêmi 15]: 87 n. 2).
・Davies and Macadam thought the owner ascribed may be identical with that of # 68 (01-028 & 082 in Davies's notebook03-073 in Macadam's Red file, and 04-105 in his Green file).
・A statue group preserved in Berlin (2289) is his. The inscription on the statue tells us further titles (sS, jmj-rA wjAw n jmn, jmj-rA pr n Hm-nTr tpj n jmn) as well as his second name, jwtj (Roeder 1924: 47-48).
・See also 05-014 & 016 in Macadam's DALEX file 1 a
nd 06-085 in his DALEX file 2.
Davies's MSS preserved in the Griffith Institute:
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_030_2.jpg
Davies_cone_030_2.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
# 17  
Daressy #: --  
Owner: ?  
Reasons: --  
TransliterationjmAx[y xr...]  
Translation: Revered one [before...].  
Date: --
Length: --
Colours: --
Remarks:
・See also 01-028 in Davies's notebook, 03-074 in Macadam's Red file, and 05-161 in his DALEX file 1.
Davies's MSS preserved in the Griffith Institute:
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_018_2.jpg
Davies_cone_018_2.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_029_1recto.jpg
Davies_cone_029_1recto.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_029_1verso.jpg
Davies_cone_029_1verso.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_029_2recto.jpg
Davies_cone_029_2recto.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_029_2verso.jpg
Davies_cone_029_2verso.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.



 
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
# 18
Daressy #: 5
Owner: Iahmose (tomb undiscovered, perhaps at Dra Abul Naga)
Reasons: --
Transliterationjmj-rA Spswt jaH-ms ms.n Hrj-mrt jaH-Htp mAa-xrw
Translation: Overseer of the nobles, Iahmose, born of the chief of the servants, Iahhotep justified.
Date: --
Length: 23cm on average (Galán and Borrego 2006 [Memnonia 17]: 200)
Colours: --
Remarks
・Unknown examples were unearthed at southern Dra Abul Naga (Northampton etc. 1908: 4, Pls. 2, 24. Exact location unknown. Cf.Delgado 2005 [BAEDE 15]: 92). 40 examples were unearthed from TT 11 – 12 area during the first five seasons of the Spanish-Egyptian mission (Galán and Borrego 2006 [Memnonia 17]: 204).
・Davies states this cone to be of the early 18th Dynasty (01-008 in Davies's notebook).
・The owner ascribed is identical to those of # 112 and # 360.
・See also 03-098 in Macadam's Red file, 05-007 & 009 in his DALEX file 1, and 06-056
 & 085 in his DALEX file 2.
Davies's MSS preserved in the Griffith Institute:
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_007.JPG
Davies_cone_007.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
# 19
Daressy #: --
Owner: TT 101 Tjel
Reasons: Inscription and provenience
Transliterationjrj-pat HAtj-a smr aA n mrwt jmj-jb n nTr nfr Xrj-Hbt Hrj-tp sS-nswt Tl mAa-xrw Hmt=f nbt pr sAt-jmn mAa-xrw xr nTr aA
Translation: Hereditary noble, mayor, companion great of love, praised one of the good god, chief lector-priest, king's scribe, Tjel justified, his wife, mistress of the house, Satamun justified before the great god.
Date: A. II - T. IV
Length: --
Colours: --
Remarks:
・Six or seven examples were found in or outside TT 101 (
01-017 in Davies's notebook, 03-087 in Macadam's Red file).
・See also 05-118 & 148 in his DALEX file 1
, and 06-028, 061076, 078, 081, 103, & 110 in
his DALEX file 2.
Davies's MSS preserved in the Griffith Institute:
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_018_1.jpg
Davies_cone_018_1.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_018_3.jpg
Davies_cone_018_3.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_018_4.jpg
Davies_cone_018_4.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_018_5.jpg
Davies_cone_018_5.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_018_6.jpg
Davies_cone_018_6.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.



Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
# 20
Daressy #: --
Owner: Padiamunnebnesuttawy (tomb undiscovered, perhaps at Khokhah)
Reasons: --
Transliterationjrj-pat HAtj-a xtmw-bjtj smr watj Hm-nTr 3 nw jmn Xrj-Hbt Hrj-tp pA-dj-jmn-nb-nswt-tAwj mAa-xrw sA=f Hm-nTr jmn sS mDAt-nTr bn-jw-thj-Hr jr.n=f
Translation: Hereditary noble, mayor, seal-bearer of the king of Lower Egypt, sole companion, third prophet of Amun, chief lector-priest, Padiamunnebnesuttawy justified, his son, prophet of Amun, scribe of the divine books, Beniutehhor, whom he begat.
DatePsamtik I (Malek 1999 [PM VIII pt. 2]: 760).
Length: --
Colours: --
Remarks
・One example was found at TT 71 by Winlock (01-016 in Davies's notebook). Two examples were unearthed near TT 253 (Strudwick and Strudwick 1996: 115, 128, 155). One example was unearthed from TT 47 area (Kondo 2017, October 29).
・Cone for the wife of the owner is # 401.
・The inscription from a fragment of basalt statue informs us that Beniutehhor was a son of Padiamunnebnesuttawy and Shepenmut (Pellegrini 1898 [Rec. trav. 20]: 98). For a prosopographic study on this family, see Vittmann 1978: 66-95.
・'Padiamunnebnesuttawy' is a male name used in the 22nd Dynasty and in the Late Period on (Ranke 1935 [PN 1]: 122); and 'Beniutehhor' is also a male name appearing in the Late Period (Ibid.: 122). This naturally leads us to presume Padiamunnebnesuttawy was laid in his tomb at Asasif where many tombs dating from the period have found.
・See also 03-089 in Macadam's Red file, 05-041 & 051 in his DALEX file 1
, and 06-058, 061064, 065
, 067, 068076, 078, 079, 081, & 082 in his DALEX file 2.
Davies's MSS preserved in the Griffith Institute:
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_016_1.jpg
Davies_cone_016_1.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
http://1st.geocities.jp/kilikata/cone_figures/Davies_cone_016_2.jpg
Davies_cone_016_2.
Copyright: Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
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