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Adult female Depression

Missing Adult female with Depression

Statistics taken directly from Grampian Stats report 2007.

Summary of likely places found to being found and distance from last being seen. Followed by characteristics and further information on Depression.

Depressed females on foot - where are they likely to be found?

 

Some of these women will return home of their own accord (approx. 17%). A significant number will go to friends addresses (approx. 15%) and relatives addresses (8%). Many will be found walking in the street, usually in an urban or city centre environment (approx 17%). Women will seek help and therefore will turn up at both medical and psychiatric hospitals, police stations, social services departments, sheltered accommodation and places of worship. Some are just seeking time alone, and can be found at rural beauty spots. It must be born in mind that some of these women will be contemplating suicide. With drowning being the most common method, local rivers and other bodies of water should be given consideration. 80% of these people tend to be located within 17 hours.

 

On foot - Distance from last seen to being found. Cumulative percentage of cases.

40%         1.80 km

50%         2.20 km

60%         3.00 km

70%         4.10 km

80%         5.70 km

90%         9.50 km

95%         29.00 km

99%         80.00 km

Note:

It should be noted that it is strongly suspected transport was used in the final 5% of these cases. Unfortunately this can not be confirmed. Where longer distances are involved, it was found people were going to specific locations such as relatives addresses, or to get back to their home address, or possibly to a specific place to contemplate suicide

 

Depressed females on public transport – where are they likely to be found?

 

Many people using public transport do so to travel to another town or city, there is usually a strong reason for choosing to go to a particular location. It is usually somewhere the person has friends /relatives, (approx. 30% are located at friends/relatives addresses), or the place will have some form of significance to them, such as the place they were brought up, or spent a significant period of time as a resident. If they are not located at friends/relatives addresses, they can often be found simply wandering round the streets of their chosen town/city. If public transport is the known method of travel, then searches at bus and railway stations are often worthwhile. Some females book themselves into accommodation, others turn up at medical facilities whilst others seek help at police stations.

 

Using Public Transport - Distance from last seen to being found. Cumulative percentage of cases.

40%         24.00 km

50%         30.00 km

60%         45.00 km

70%         68.00 km

80%         140.00 km

90%         440.00 km

95%         580.00 km

99%         670.00 km

Note:

It would be unusual for someone contemplating suicide to make use of public transport. 80% of these people tend to be located within 32 hours.

 

Depressed females using a motor vehicle – where are they likely to be found?

Approximately 32% of these women will return home of
their own accord. Others will use their vehicles to travel to friends or relatives addresses. Some will book themselves into accommodation; others will admit themselves to hospital. Often these women will drive themselves to town/city centres and can be found wandering on foot in the streets. Some just want time to think things through and can be found in their vehicles at rural beauty spots or quiet country areas. It must be born in mind that some of these women will be contemplating suicide. With drowning being the most common method, local rivers and other bodies of water should be given consideration. (See section on suicide).
80% of these people tend to be located within 21 hours. 

 

Using Motor Vehicle - Distance from last seen to being found. Cumulative percentage of cases.

40%         16.00 km

50%         23.00 km

60%         25.00 km

70%         30.00 km

80%         45.00 km

90%         107.00 km

95%         148.00 km

99%         550.00 km

 

What is depression?

Depression is the most commonly diagnosed mental health problem. People often use phrases like “I’m depressed” to describe a temporary low mood, or how they are feeling about a particular situation in their life. In most cases, these low spirits lift of their own accord after a short period of time. However, if these feelings of unhappiness worsen and begin to interfere with how someone lives their everyday life, then it is possible that they may be developing major or clinical depression. The word “clinical” simply means that the condition is severe enough to need some form of treatment.

Often people experiencing depression feel hopeless about the future and unable to see any positives in life. They may feel apathetic and unable to participate in activities they used to enjoy.

 

At its worst, depression can lead to such feelings of helplessness and lack of worth that people may give up the will to live, or begin to consider suicide. However, someone suffering depression, is not automatically at risk of taking their own life.

 

How common is depression?

Depression can affect anyone at any time. Depression can occur in people from all backgrounds, any occupation, and at any time of life. Depression is diagnosed twice as often in women as in men, however this may be because men are more reluctant to discuss these sorts of issues with doctors. Current missing person research indicates that far more depressed men are being reported missing to the police than women. Medical research suggests that one person in six will become depressed at some point in their lives, and, at any one time, one in twenty adults will be experiencing depression.

 

What causes depression?

There is no one cause of depression. It varies from person to person. Broadly speaking there are three main triggers for developing depression. Social factors such as losing your job, isolation, divorce or bereavement can all trigger depression in peoples lives. For others, the trigger may be  psychological factors such as chronic anxiety, childhood rejection or family background. A third trigger for depression may be physical factors such as infectious diseases like influenza or glandular 

fever; having a long-term physical health problem like multiple sclerosis; or as a side-effect of medical treatments like chemotherapy. It is also thought that some people may have a genetic predisposition towards depression.

 

Post-natal depression 

Post-natal depression can occur from about two weeks after the birth of a child, to two years after. This condition differs from the mood swings often suffered by many mothers in the first few days after their child is born. 

It is thought to be caused by a combination of sudden changes and a variety of psychological and environmental factors. Symptoms can range from the mild post birth depression that occurs following about two thirds of pregnancies to the more severe cases, where the mother has to be hospitalised to stop her injuring herself or her baby. The most severe form of postnatal depression is depressive psychosis. This follows only about one in 1,000 pregnancies and usually starts two to three weeks after childbirth. 

Depressive psychosis is marked by severe mental problems; threats of suicide or harm to the baby and sometimes even delusions. Treatment requires admission to hospital and often antidepressant drugs and possible family therapy. 

 

Bipolar Depression

A person will experience repeated, (i.e. at least two), occasions when their mood and activity level are significantly disturbed, usually by increased energy and activity and an elated mood (mania or hypomania). Then at other times, by decreased energy and activity (depression) and a lowering of mood. Manic episodes usually begin suddenly and last anything from 2 weeks to 4-5 months, whereas depressions usually last about 6 months, and rarely for more than a year, except in the elderly. 

The first episode can occur at any age.

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