Polygyny is the Sunnah
(Having more than one wife is the Sunnah)

 

Shaykh, Allaama Mufti of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Abdul Azeez bin Abdullaah Bin Baaz

Question: is having more than one wife something permissible in Islaam or is it the Sunnah? 

The Answer: Having more than one wife is the Sunnah if you have ability to do so due to the saying of Allaah The most high: 

<<Then marry (other) women of your choice, two or three, or four but if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one or (the captives and the slaves) that your right hands possess. That is nearer to prevent you from doing injustice. >> [Soorah an-Nisa:3]

 And also due to the action of the Prophet - sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – he had altogether nine women and Allaah made it a means for the Ummahto have benefited from them. 

This is from the distinguished characteristics of the Messenger - sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, as for other than him then it is not allowed to combine more than four.

 As for having more than one wife then there are great benefits for men, women and all the Muslim Ummah. Indeed what is achieved/beneficial for everyone, by having more than one wife is lowering ones gaze, protection for the private parts, increase in offspring, that a man can look after the benefits of a large number of women and can defend them from causes of evil and deviances.

 As for the one who is incapable of doing this and fears that he will not be just between them, then he should suffice with one due to the saying of Allaah Subhana:

 <<But if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one>> [Soorah an-Nisa:3] 

May Allaah give all the Muslims that which there is benefit for them and success for them in this world and the Hereafter.

 [al-Balaag magazine no.1028]

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The foundation of marriage is polygyny

(Having more than one wife)


Taken From

The Fatawaa of our

Shaykh, Allaama Mufti of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Abdul Azeez bin Abdullaah Bin Baaz

 

Question is the foundation of marriage polygyny or is it having one wife?
 
The answer: The foundation in the Sharia is polygyny for he who has the capability to do so, and will not oppress them.
 
This is due to the many benefits of polygyny, protecting ones private parts, protection for the one who marries women and is good to them. The increase of offspring by which the Ummah is increased thereby an increase of those who worship Allaah alone.
 
The evidence which shows this is the saying of Allaah Ta ala:
 

<<Then marry (other) women of your choice, two or three, or four but if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one or (the captives and the slaves) that your right hands possess. That is nearer to prevent you from doing injustice.>> [Soorah an-Nisa:3]

 
Also, because the Messenger - sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – married more than one wife and Allaah Subhanahu said:
 

<<Verily in the Messenger of Allaah you have a beautiful example>>

[Soorah Ahzab:21]

 
The Messenger- sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – mentioned when some of the companions said: As For me then I will not eat meat, another one said: As for me then I will pray and I will not sleep. Another one said as for me then I will fast and not open my fast. Another one said: as for me then I will not marry women.
 
So when this news reached the Prophet - sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – he addressed the people and praised and glorified Allaah then he said: "Indeed such and such news has reached me. However I fast and open my fast, pray and sleep.  I eat meat and marry women.  So whoever turns away from my Sunnah is not from me.'
 
This is a great statement from the Prophet - sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – which includes having one wife and polygyny.
 
Allaah is The One who gives the capability.
 
[al-Balaag magazine no.1015, 19 Rabi al-Awal 1410 A.H.]

 

 

Translated by

Abbas Abu Yahya