Two characteristics of Preschool Cognitive Development:
Preschoolers have a "what you see is what you get" understanding of the world. This is because they have yet to develop the ability to use logic to correct a misconception involving the way things look or sound. Example: If a teacher had two lines with ten blocks each, and one line appears longer in length, a preschooler may have the misconception that the longer line has more blocks. As parents and teachers we want to have the preschooler expand their visual horizon and logic outside their usual concepts and schemas.
Preschool children in the cognitive development stage begin learning to classify objects according to their characteristics. As stated in Early Education: Three, Four, and Five Year Olds Go to School, children at this stage focus on only one attribute or aspect of an object and ignore all others. Seefeldt and Waski (2006) state that preschoolers may be able to group objects into categories based on color, for instance, but they may have to think harder about organizing objects according to their shape instead. They go on to say," four-year-olds are beginning to understand part/whole and hierarchical relationships, they have difficulty grasping that objects can be in more than one class" (p. 2).
These are the cognitive developmental milestones your child or student will experience from ages three to five, according to the U.S Department of Health and Human Services:
3 years old (36 months)
4 years old (48 months)
5 years old ( 60 months)
Seefeldt, C., & Wasik, B.A. (2006). Early Education: Three, Four,
and Five Year Olds Go to School, Pearson.