October, 2008             -- 365  days of Google Answers
"Coming events cast their shadows before."  Thomas Campbell, English poet and attorney

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     On this day:

     

    Wednesday, Oct. 1 (Day 275; 91 days remaining):

      * First steamboat arrives at New Orleans in 1811 from Pittsburgh.  In 20 years, there would be 1,200 per year:

    http://answers.google.com/answers/threadview?id=296832

    Born: William Boeing (1881); Vladimir Horowitz (1903); Daniel J. Boorstin (1914); James Whitmore (1921); Jimmy Carter (1924); Mark McGwire (1963) 

     

    Thursday, Oct. 2: Gandhi's Birthday -- India

    Eid al Fitr

       * Thurgood Marshall sworn in to U.S. Supreme Court in 1967, the first African-American justice.  The vote to approve him in the Senate: 

    http://answers.google.com/answers/threadview?id=387938

     Born: Nat Turner (1800); Mohandas K. Gandhi (1869); Cordell Hull (1871); Groucho Marx (1890); Bud Abbott (1895); Graham Greene (1905); Annie Leibovitz (1949) 

     

    Friday, Oct. 3: Unification Day -- Germany

      * In 1863 Pres. Abraham Lincoln declares Thanksgiving Day to be the fourth Thursday each November.  Part of the tribute was thankfulness over the victory at Gettysburg:

    http://answers.google.com/answers/threadview?id=218548

    Born: Thomas Wolfe (1900); Gore Vidal (1925); Alvin Toffler (1928); Chubby Checker (1941); Kem' Mo' (1951)

     

    Saturday, Oct. 4:

      *  First Hooter's restaurant opened in 1983 at Clearwater, FL.  Where the chain fits in the "sports bar" market:

    http://answers.google.com/answers/threadview?id=762475

    Born: Damon Runyan (1870); Buster Keaton (1895); Brendan Gill (1914); Malcolm Baldrige, Jr. (1922); Anne Rice, Roy Blount, Jr. (1941); Tony La Russa (1944) 

     

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    Sunday, Oct. 5:

      * Ray Kroc born on this day in 1902.  On a sales call, he would later meet Richard and Maurice McDonald:

    http://answers.google.com/answers/threadview?id=334236

    Born: Louis Lumière (1864); Robert Goddard (1882); Václav Havel (1936); Bob Geldoff (1951)

     

    Monday, Oct. 6:

      * Birthday in 1887 of Le Corbusier, one of the early modern architects:

    http://answers.google.com/answers/threadview?id=208898

    Born: Jenny Lind (1820); George Westinghouse (1846); Roland Garros (1888); Thor Heyerdahl (1914); Britt Ekland (1942)

     

    Tuesday, Oct. 7:

      * Edgar Allan Poe dies on this day in 1849, four days after being found delirious on the streets of Baltimore:

     http://answers.google.com/answers/threadview?id=156148

    Born: James Whitcomb Riley (1849); Neils Bohr (1885); Heinrich Himmler (1900); Desmond Tutu (1931); Amiri Baraka (1934); John Mellencamp (1951); Yo-Yo Ma (1955) 

     

    Wednesday, Oct. 8: Yom Kippur begins (sundown)

      * Yom Kippur and the "scapegoat":

    http://answers.google.com/answers/threadview?id=97696

    Born: Eddie Rickenbacker (1890); Gus Hall (1910); Walter Lord (1917); Paul Hogan (1939); Jesse Jackson (1941); Chevy Chase (1943); Sigourney Weaver (1949) 

     

    Thursday, Oct. 9:

      * Andrew Lloyd Webber's "Phantom of the Opera" opens on this day in 1986 at London's Her Majesty's Theatre.

    http://answers.google.com/answers/threadview?id=523651

    Born: Camille Saint-Saëns (1835); Charles Walgreen (1873); Walter O'Malley (1903); Léopold Sédar Senghor (1906); John Lennon (1940) 

     

    Friday, Oct. 10:

      * Spiro Agnew resigns after being charged with income tax evasion in 1973.  It triggers use of the 25th Amendment -- twice in less than a year:

    http://answers.google.com/answers/threadview?id=429466

    Born: Henry Cavendish (1731); Giuseppe Verdi (1831); Robert Gould Shaw (1837); Thelonious Monk (1915); James Clavell (1924); John Prine (1946); Brett Favre (1969)

     

    Saturday, Oct. 11: 

      * Battle of Cape Esperance in the Guadalcanal campaign in 1942:

    http://answers.google.com/answers/threadview?id=240264

    Born: Henry Heinz (1844); François Mauriac (1885); Elmore Leonard (1925); Joan Cusack (1962); Jane Krakowski (1968); Michelle Wie (1989)

     

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    Sunday, Oct. 12: 

      * Many who lived through the Cold War era think they recall seeing Nikita Krushchev pounding his shoe on a desk at the United Nations in 1960, though there are no photos of the event:

    http://answers.google.com/answers/threadview?id=148670

    Born: Elmer Sperry (1860); Joe Cronin (1906); Dick Gregory (1932); Sally Ride (1951); Hugh Jackman (1969)

     

     

    Monday, Oct. 13: Columbus Day -- U.S.

    Thanksgiving -- Canada

      * Cornerstone for the Executive Mansion is laid in 1792 at Washington, DC.  It would become widely known as the "White House" after the War of 1812:

    http://answers.google.com/answers/main?cmd=threadview&id=518671

    Born: Lilly Langtry (1853); Rube Waddell (1876); Herbert Block (1909); Yves Montand (1921); Lenny Bruce, Margaret Thatcher (1925); Nana Mouskouri (1934); Paul Simon (1941)

     

    Tuesday, Oct. 14:

      *  U.S. President John F. Kennedy called for the creation of the Peace Corps on this date in 1960.  Three major studies have been done of returned voluneers, outlined here:

    http://answers.google.com/answers/threadview?id=703531

    Born: William Penn (1644); Katherine Mansfield (1888); Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890); e.e. cummings (1894); Mobutu Sese Seko (1930); Ralph Lauren (1939)

      

    Wednesday, Oct. 15:

      * Edward Gibbon sees a group of friars singing in the Temple of Jupiter at Rome in in 1764, inspiring him to write the classic "The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire":

    http://answers.google.com/answers/main?cmd=threadview&id=248326

    Born: Virgil (70 BC); Friedrich Nietzche (1844); P.G. Wodehouse (1881); John Kenneth Galbraith (1908); Mario Puzo (1920); Lee Iacocca (1924); Penny Marshall (1942)

     

    Thursday, Oct. 16:

      *  Prof. Merton Miller, University of Chicago, wins the Nobel Prize in 1990, in part for the Modigliani-Miller theorem in finance.  The theorem, simplified:

    http://answers.google.com/answers/threadview?id=566672

    Born: Noah Webster (1758); Oscar Wilde (1854); Eugene O'Neill (1888); William O. Douglas (1898); Günter Grass (1927); Leo Mazzone (1948); Flea (1962)

     

     

    Friday, Oct. 17:

      * Al Capone convicted of income tax evasion in 1931, following prosecution by Eliot Ness and "The Untouchables," who were U.S. prohibition agents:

    http://answers.google.com/answers/threadview?id=381658

    Born: Spring Byington (1886); Nathaneal West (1903); Jerry Siegel (1914); Arthur Miller (1915); Rita Hayworth (1918); Jimmy Breslin (1930); Evel Knievel (1938)

     

    Saturday, Oct. 18:

      * King Mongkut, of Thailand, is born on this day in 1804.  Known today for Yul Brynner's recreation of his life in the movie, "The King and I," this is what his life was really like:

    http://answers.google.com/answers/main?cmd=threadview&id=75694

    Born: Isabel Briggs Myers (1897); A.J. Liebling (1904); Pierre Elliott Trudeau (1919); George C. Scott (1927); Lee Harvey Oswald (1939); Laura Nyro (1947); Wynton Marsalis (1961)

     

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    Sunday, Oct. 19:

      * Streptomycin isolated by Rutgers researchers on this day in 1943, making it possible to attack tuberculosis, then the leading cause of death in the U.S.:

    http://answers.google.com/answers/threadview?id=188676

    Born: Cassius Marcellus Clay (1810); Charles Merrill (1885); Lewis Mumford (1895); Paul Robert (1910); John le Carré (1931); Peter Tosh (1944); John Lithgow (1945)

     

    Monday, Oct. 20:

      * Convention of 1818 signed, settling most of the U.S.-Canada border at the 49th parallel.  Except for the San Juan Islands, which would become an issue in 1859:

    http://answers.google.com/answers/threadview?id=93878

    Born: Christopher Wren (1632); John Dewey (1859); Charles Ives (1874); Bela Lugosi (1882); Jomo Kenyatta (1891); Mickey Mantle (1931); Tom Petty (1950)

     

    Tuesday, Oct. 21:

      * Florence Nightingale and a team of 38 nurses leaves England for the Crimean War:

    http://answers.google.com/answers/threadview?id=134370

    Born: Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772); Alfred Nobel (1833); Georg Solti (1912); Dizzy Gillespie (1917); Manfred Mann (1940) 

      

    Wednesday, Oct. 22: 

      * Sam Houston inaugurated as president of the independent country of Texas in 1836.  It would become a state nine years later:

    http://answers.google.com/answers/threadview?id=340458

    Born: Daniel Boone (1734); Franz Liszt (1811); John Reed (1887); Curly Howard (1903); Robert Capa (1913); Doris Lessing (1919); Christopher Lloyd (1938) 

     

    Thursday, Oct. 23:

      *  Archbishop James Ussher uses Biblical texts to calculate that the Earth was created at nightfall before Sunday, Oct. 23, 4004 B.C.  Other estimates of the age of the universe:

    http://answers.google.com/answers/threadview?id=281003

    Born: Sarah Bernhardt (1834); John Heisman (1869); Johnny Carson (1925); Pelé (1940); Michael Crichton (1942); Ang Lee (1954); Dwight Yoakam (1956) 

     

    Friday, Oct. 24: United Nations Day

      * First transcontinental telegraph line completed in 1861, spelling the end for the 18-month old Pony Express:

    http://answers.google.com/answers/threadview?id=275233

    Born: Y.A. Tittle (1926); The Big Bopper (1930); Kevin Kline (1947); Levi Leipheimer (1973)

     

    Saturday, Oct. 25:

      * Birthday of the German-Italian Axis in 1936.  And of a pro-Fascist priest-broadcaster, Father Coughlin, in 1891 :

    http://answers.google.com/answers/threadview?id=186243

    Born: George Bizet (1838); John Dodge (1864); Pablo Picasso (1881); Richard E. Byrd (1888); Leo G. Carroll (1892); Minnie Pearl (1912); Bobby Knight (1940)

     

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    Sunday, Oct. 26:

      * First test flight of the North American P-51 Mustang long-range fighter in 1940 :

    http://answers.google.com/answers/threadview?id=39309

    Born: C.W. Post (1854); Mahalia Jackson (1911); François Mitterrand (1916); Pat Conroy (1945); Hillary Rodham Clinton (1947); Natalie Merchant (1963)

     

    Monday, Oct. 27:

      * Ronald Reagan marks his entry into politics by giving a speech titled "A Time for Choosing" supporting Barry Goldwater in the 1964 presidential campaign:

    http://answers.google.com/answers/threadview?id=224430

    Born: Erasmus (1466); Isaac Singer (1811); Theodore Roosevelt (1858); Emily Post (1873); Dylan Thomas (1914); Roy Lichtenstein (1923); John Cleese (1939)

     

    Tuesday, Oct. 28:

      * The Alaska Highway, then called the Alcan Highway, completed to Fairbanks, AK in 1942.  Fifty years later, the U.S. Post Office would issue a commemorative stamp:

    http://answers.google.com/answers/threadview?id=216660

    Born: Eliphalet Remington (1793); Ivan Turgenev (1818): Georges Auguste Escoffier (1846); Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor (1875); Edith Head (1897); Jonas Salk (1914) 

      

    Wednesday, Oct. 29:

      * Oregon's Mt. Hood named on this day in 1792 after a British admiral, Samuel Hood.  It has the only year-round skiing in North America:

    http://answers.google.com/answers/threadview?id=182909

    Born: James Boswell (1740); Fanny Brice (1891); Bill Mauldin (1921); Richard Dreyfuss (1947); Winona Ryder (1971); Eric Messier (1973)

     

    Thursday, Oct. 30:

      *  Orson Welles "The War of the Worlds" is broadcast in 1938 and causes a panic.  Written by Howard Koch, it is still covered by copyright:

    http://answers.google.com/answers/main?cmd=threadview&id=269225

    Born:  John Adams (1735); Fyodor Dostoevsky (1821); William Halsey, Jr. (1878); Ezra Pound (1885);  Fred Friendly (1915); Louis Malle (1932); Grace Slick (1939)

     

    Friday, Oct. 31: Halloween -- U.S.

      Day of Reformation -- U.K.

       *  Looking for just the right horror film for Halloween?  Critics choices:

    http://answers.google.com/answers/main?cmd=threadview&id=109753

     

        *  Scary Halloween stories for kids online:

     http://answers.google.com/answers/main?cmd=threadview&id=271384

     Born: John Keats (1795); Juliette Low (1860); Chiang Kai-shek (1887); Tom Paxton (1937); Peter Jackson (1961)

     

     

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