March, 2008             -- 365  days of Google Answers
"Those who cannot learn from history are doomed to repeat it." -- George Santayana


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On this day:


Saturday, Mar. 1 (Day: 61, 305 left)

  * Peace Corps established by Pres. Kennedy in 1961 under an excecutive order.  What RPCVs (Returned Peace Corps volunteers) achieve after returning from service:

Born: Frédéric Chopin (1810); Glenn Miller (1904); Ralph Ellison (1914); Ron Howard (1954)




Sunday, Mar. 2:

  * The Academy Awards are broadcast on television for the first time in 1953, with NBC televising them.  Some history of the film awards:

Born: Sam Houston (1793); Dr. Seuss (1904); Tom Wolfe (1931); John Irving (1942)


Monday, Mar. 3:

  *  Though written by Francis Scott Key in 1814, it would be more than a century (1931) before the "Star-Spangled Banner" becomes Congress makes it the national anthem.  The humble origins of the melody as an English drinking song:

Born: George Pullman (1831); Alexander Graham Bell (1847); Doc Watson (1923)


Tuesday, Mar. 4:

  *  City of Chicago incorporated in 1837 with a population of 4,170:

Born: Casimir Pulaski (1746); Karl Bayer (1847); Knute Rockne (1888); Miriam Makeba (1932)


Wednesday, Mar. 5:

  * Nikola Tesla describes the process under which "ball lightning" forms in 1904.  Films which document the life of Tesla, who was born during an electrical storm :

Born: Gerardus Mercator (1512); Rex Harrison (1908); James Tobin (1918); Penn Jillette (1955)


Thursday, Mar. 6:

  * The fall of the Alamo in 1836 and the death of Davey Crockett (as well as Jim Bowie and William B. Travis).  Part of the Crockett lore :

Born: Michelangelo (1475); Philip Sheridan (1831); Ring Lardner (1885); Lou Costello (1906); Shaquille O'Neal (1972)


Friday, Mar. 7:

  * In 1876, Alexander Graham Bell files patent #174,465 for a device he calls the "telephone".  What happened to the original investments in AT&T made the following year:

Born: John Herschel (1792); Piet Mondrian (1872); Maurice Ravel (1875); Alan Hale (1958)


Saturday, Mar. 8:

  * New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) founded in 1817:

Born: Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. (1841); John McPhee (1931); Jim Bouton (1939); Carole Bayer Sager (1947)




Sunday, Mar. 9: Daylight Savings Time begins-- U.S. (69)

  * First Ford Flathead engine comes off assembly line in 1934.  Initially 65 horsepower, it would rise to over 100 hsp by the end of production in 1953:

Born: Amerigo Vespucci (1454); Yuri Gagarin (1934); Bobby Fischer (1943); Michael Kinsley (1951)


Monday, Mar. 10:

* The Louisiana Territory is formally transferred from French to American control on this day in 1804 at St. Louis.  What led up to the sale of the territory for $15 million:

Born: Bix Beiderbecke (1884); Osama bin Laden (1957); Sharon Stone (1958);  


Tuesday, Mar. 11: 

   * First confirmed cases of the Spanish flu confirmed in the U.S. in 1918.  The global pandemic would become the leading killer of Americans in the century:

Born: Vannevar Bush (1890); Lawrence Welk (1903); Ruppert Murdoch (1931); Douglas Adams (1951)


Wednesday, Mar. 12:

  * The Truman Doctrine proclaimed in 1947 to block the spread of Communism.  The debate over it invented the term, "Cold War" :

Born: George Berkeley (1685); Charles C. Boycott (1832); Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881); Jack Kerouac (1922)


Thursday, Mar. 13:

  * Pope Pius XI condemns Nazi political philosophy in 1937 with his address, "Mit Brennender Sorge":

Born: Joseph Priestley (1733); Walter Annenberg (1908); L. Ron Hubbard (1911); William H. Macy (1950)


Friday, Mar. 14:

  * The FBI's "Ten Most Wanted" list first appears in 1950.  One Google Answers researcher helped capture someone on the famous list as part of his "day job":

Born: Casey Jones (1863); Albert Einstein (1879); Frank Borman (1928); Billy Crystal (1948)


Saturday, Mar. 15:

  * "Beware the Ides of March" -- Spurinna and the soothsayer in Shakespeare's 'Julius Caesar':

Born: Andrew Jackson (1767); Eduard Strauss (1835); Ruth Bader Ginsburg (1933); Sly Stone (1943)




Sunday, Mar. 16: Palm Sunday

  * Robert Goddard launches the first liquid-fueled rocket in 1926 at Auburn, Massachusetts.  Where it fits in the timeline of rocket development:

Born: Georg Simon Ohm (1789); Reza Shah Pahlavi (1877); Marlin Perkins (1905); Jerry Lewis (1926) 



Monday, Mar. 17: St. Patrick's Day (77)

 *  The busiest art museum in the U.S., the National Gallery of Art at Washngton, DC, is opened in 1941:

Born: Jim Bridger (1804); Bobby Jones (1902); Nat King Cole (1919); Rudolf Nureyev (1938); John Sebastian (1944) 


Tuesday, Mar. 18:

  * Google Answers (beta) goes live on this day in 2002.  More background on the service:

Born: Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov (1844); Rudolf Diesel (1858); Edward Everett Horton (1866); Ernest Gallo (1909)


Wednesday, Mar. 19:

  * Eight planes take off in pursuit of Pancho Villa in 1916, the first American air combat mission.  It was in support of Gen. John Pershing's "Punitive Expedition":

Born: William Bradford (1589); David Livingstone (1813); Wyatt Earp (1848); Earl Warren (1891); John Sirica (1904)


Thursday, Mar. 20:

  * "Uncle Tom's Cabin" by Harriet Beecher Stowe is published in 1852:

Born: Henrik Ibsen (1828); B.F. Skinner (1904); Ozzie Nelson (1906); Fred Rogers (1928); Spike Lee (1957)    


Friday, Mar. 21: Spring (Vernal) Equinox (81) 

  Good Friday

  Juarez Birthday -- Mexico

  *  How to find the exact time of the Spring equinox (and the solstice too) from the U.S. Naval Observatory :

Born: Johann Sebastian Bach (1685); King James Strang (1813); Florenz Ziegfield (1869); Eddie Money (1949)


Saturday, Mar. 22:

  * Though now commonly used in consumer products, it was only 1960 when Schawlow and Townes receive the first patent for a laser.  Where it fits in 20th Century developments:

 Born: Bahá'u'lláh (1813); James Gavin (1907); Louis L'Amour (1908); William Shatner (1931); Andrew Lloyd Webber (1948)




Sunday, Mar. 23: Easter

  * Patrick Henry delivers his "give me liberty or give me death" speech in 1775 to the Virgina House of Burgesses.  Henry's family genealogy:

Born: William Kidd (1645); Erich Fromm (1900); Joan Crawford (1905); Wernher von Braun (1912)


Monday, Mar. 24:

  * Exxon Valdez oil spill in 1994 at Alaska's Prince William Sound unleashes 240,000 barrels of crude oil:

Born: John Wesley Powell (1834); Harry Houdini (1874); George Sisler (1893); Ub Iwerks (1901)


Tuesday, Mar. 25:

  * The European Union's Veterinary Committee bans British beef due to risks of mad cow disease (BSE).  But scientists continue to look at the risk for medicines:

Born: Arturo Toscanini (1867); Eileen Ford (1922); Aretha Franklin (1942); Elton John (1947)


Wednesday, Mar. 26:

  * French actress Sarah Bernhardt dies in 1923.  A state funeral is held as she is mourned in the U.S. and Europe:

Born: Nathaniel Bowditch (1773); Robert Frost (1874); Tennesee Williams (1911); Leonard Nemoy (1931)  


Thursday, Mar. 27:

  * First 5-million share day on the New York Stock Exchange in 1930:

Born: Baron Haussmann (1802); Nathaniel Currier (1813); Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen (1845); Mariah Carey (1970)


Friday, Mar. 28:

  * Union forces stop a Confederate invasion of New Mexico at Glorieta Pass in 1862.  How the 331 casualties compared to other Civl War battles:

Born: Frederick Pabst (1836); Maxim Gorky (1868); August Anheuser Busch, Jr. (1899); Reba McEntire (1955)


Saturday, Mar. 29:

  * Dr. John Pemberton brews his first batch of Coca-Cola in his backyard in 1886 at Atlanta, GA.  It would be another half century before "Coke" is trademarked:

Born: Cy Young (1867); Sam Walton (1918); Vangelis (1943);

Lucy Lawless (1968)




Sunday, Mar. 30:

  * Alaska purchased in 1867 for $0.02 per acre or $7.2 million in what what known as "Seward's Folly".  But his square in Washington, DC doesn't have a statue of William H. Seward:

Born: Vincent Van Gogh (1853); Warren Beatty (1937); Eric Clapton (1945);  Jeopardy! (1964)


Monday, Mar. 31:

  * Civilian Conservation Corps established in 1933.  By the end of the decade, 2 million men would participate:

 Born: René Descartes (1596); Joseph Haydn (1732); César Chávez (1927); Liz Claiborne (1929); Al Gore (1948)





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