June, 2008             -- 365  days of Google Answers
"Time makes more converts than reason." -- Thomas Paine

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    On this day:


    Sunday, June 1 (Day 153; 213 days left):

      * Traditionally "International Pen Pal Day".  Ways to find a pen pal in the Internet age:


    Born: Carl von Clausewitz (1780); Brigham Young (1801); Marilyn Monroe (1926); Colleen McCullough (1937)


    Monday, June 2:

      * Graduation comes soon for many.  Some interesting information on U.S. high school grade point averages:


    Born: Marquis de Sade (1740); Johnny Weissmuller (1904); Marvin Hamlisch (1944) 


    Tuesday, June 3:

      * Start of the week-long "Zoot Suit Riots" in 1943 at Los Angeles during World War II:


    Born: Jefferson Davis (1808); Ransom E. Olds (1884); Josephine Baker (1905); Larry McMurtry (1936)


    Wednesday, June 4:

      *  The first four Pulitzer Prizes are awarded on this day in 1917.  Other categories were added later:


    Born: King George III (1738); Dennis Weaver (1924); Dr. Ruth Westheimer (1928); Freddy Fender (1937)


    Thursday, June 5:

     * Secretary of State George Marshall outlines what was to become the "Marshall Plan" in a speech at Harvard in 1947:


    Born: Thomas Chippendale (1718); Pancho Villa (1878); John Maynard Keynes (1883)


    Friday, June 6:

     *  Allied landings in Normandy as part of D-Day, 1944.  Code names and missions for each of the operations that day:


     Born: Nathan Hale (1755); Alexander Pushkin (1799); Thomas Mann (1875); Sukarno (1901); Roy Innis (1934)


    Saturday, June 7:

      *  Attu and Kiska islands in Alaska are taken by the Japanese as part of the diversionary strategy for the Battle of Midway.  American military bases in the state during World War II:


    Born: Beau Brummell (1778); Paul Gauguin (1848); Virginia Apgar (1909); Betamax VCR (1975)




    Sunday, June 8:

      *  George Orwell's novel "1984" is published in 1949:


    Apple Computer would use the novel as a theme during the 1984 Super Bowl for one of the most-famous ads ever run.  It ran only once but you can find a copy online:


    Born: Robert Schumann (1810); Frank Lloyd Wright (1867); Francis Crick (1916); Tim Berners-Lee (1955)


    Monday, June 9:

      *  in 1986 the Rogers Commission releases its report on the Challenger shuttle disaster.  Background and links to the summary report that went to Congress:


    Born: Cole Porter (1892); Les Paul (1915); Robert S. McNamara (1916); Donald Duck (1934); Johnny Depp (1963)


    Tuesday, June 10:

      * Laszlo and Georg Biro patent the modern ballpoint pen in 1938.  They would eventually sell it to the Bic Company:


    Born: Hattie McDaniel (1895);  Saul Bellow (1915); Judy Garland (1922);  Nat Hentoff (1925); Maurice Sendak (1928)


    Wednesday, June 11:

      *  Charles Lindbergh receives the first Distinguished Flying Cross in 1927:


    Born: Ben Jonson (1572); Richard Strauss (1864); Jennette Rankin (1880); Jacques-Yves Cousteau (1910) 


    Thursday, June 12:

      * The Gossamer Albatross, a human-powered airplane, flies across the English Channel in 1979.  It is now at the Smithsonian's Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC:


    Born: Anthony Eden (1897); George H.W. Bush (1924); Anne Frank (1929); Chick Corea (1941)


    Friday, June 13:

      * The Miranda decision in 1966 by the U.S. Supreme Court changes the way in which arrests are made:


    Born: William Butler Yeats (1865); Red Grange (1903); Luis Alvarez (1911); Christo and Jean-Claude (1935) 


    Saturday, June 14:

      * First non-stop trans-Atlantic flight in a twin-engine  Vickers Vimy, from St John's, Newfoundland, to Ireland in 1919:


    Born: Harriett Beecher Stowe (1811); John Bartlett (1820); Alois Alzheimer (1864); Burl Ives (1909)




    Sunday, June 15: Father's Day -- U.S.

     * King John puts his seal on the Magna Carta in 1215:


    Born: Edvard Grieg (1843); Saul Steinberg (1914); Errol Garner (1921); Johnny Hallyday (1943); Dusty Baker (1949)


    Monday, June 16:

      * Bloomsbury Day, the anniversary of the day in 1904 in which James Joyce's novel, "Ulysses" is set.  You can find the full text of "Ulysses" linked in this Google Answer:


    Born: Adam Smith (1723); Geronimo (1829); Katherine Graham (1917); Joyce Carol Oates (1938)


    Tuesday, June 17:

     * The Statue of Liberty arrives from France in New York Harbor.  About its construction:


    Born: Igor Stravinsky (1882); M.C. Escher (1898); John Hersey (1914); Eddie Merckx (1945) 


    Wednesday, June 18:

      *  The U.S. Congress declares war on the United Kingdom, starting the War of 1812.  Future Pres. James Monroe's role in trying to negotiate a compromise to avoid the war:


    Born: E.W. Scripps (1854); Sylvia Field Porter (1913); Franco Modigliani (1918); Roger Ebert (1942)


    Thursday, June 19:

      * Comic strip "Garfield" first published in 1978.  Now in Spanish:


    Born: Blaise Pascal (1623); Moe Howard (1897); Abe Fortas (1910); Pauline Kael (1919); Salman Rushdie (1947)


    Friday, June 20:

      *  Coronation of Queen Victoria in 1837.  She would rule almost 64 years, the longest of any British monarch.  During her reign, seven people would try to assassinate her:


    Born: Lillian Hellman (1905); Errol Flynn (1909); Chet Atkins (1924); Martin Landau (1931); Nicole Kidman (1967)


    Saturday, June 21: Summer Solstice

      *  The Battle of Okinawa ends on this day in 1945 with the suicide of the Japanese command.  The battle was marked by a major use of "kamikaze" attacks:


    Born: Al Hirschfield (1903); Jean-Paul Sartre (1905); Benazir Bhutto (1953); Larry Wachowski (1965)




    Sunday, June 22:

      * Joe Louis knocks out Max Schmeling in the first round of their 1938 heavyweight fight:


    Born: George Vancouver (1757); Erich Maria Remarque (1898); Bill Blass (1922); Kris Kristofferson (1936)


    Monday, June 23:

      * The first Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) given by the College Board in 1926.  How to get your old test scores:


    Born: Alfred Kinsey (1894); Alan Turing (1912); Bob Fosse (1927); Clarence Thomas (1948)


    Tuesday, June 24:

     * Bowdoin College founded in 1794.  Among its long list of illustrious alumni -- American author Nathaniel Hawthorne:


    Born: Ambrose Bierce (1842); Jack Dempsey (1895); Mick Fleetwood (1947) 

    Wednesday, June 25:

      *  NASA's first announcement of likely evidence of water on the planet Mars comes in 2000.  More evidence would come in 2004:


    Born: Henry 'Hap' Arnold (1896); George Orwell (1903); June Lockhart (1925); Carly Simon (1945); Tim Finn (1952) 


    Thursday, June 26:

      * First use of a barcode with "uniform product code" or UPC in 1974 at Marsh Supermarket in Troy, OH.  The first product checked out was Wrigley's gum:


    Born: Abner Doubleday (1819); Lord Kelvin (1824); Pearl S. Buck (1892); Willy Messerschmitt (1898)


    Friday, June 27:

      *  In 2003, 750,000 people enroll during the first day of the FTC's "Do Not Call" registry.  Within a year, 62 million sign up:


    Born: Hellen Keller (1880); Juan Trippe (1899); Bob Keeshin (1927); H. Ross Perot (1930)


    Saturday, June 28:

      * Comedian Mel Brooks born in 1926 at Brooklyn, NY.  Where to send him a birthday card:


    Born: Peter Paul Rubens (1577); Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712); Paul Broca (1824); Richard Rodgers (1902)




    Sunday, June 29:

      * Shakespeare's longtime home stage, Globe Theatre, burns at London in 1613.  But now it has been rebuilt:


    Born: William James Mayo (1861);Antoine de Saint Exupéry (1900); Harmon Killebrew (1936)


    Monday, June 30:

      * The Tunguska Event, a mid-air explosion of a meteoroid over Siberia in 1908 fells millions of trees.  Estimates of how many meteorites fall each day and year:



    Born: Walter Ulbright (1893); Lena Horne (1917)




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