July, 2008             -- 365  days of Google Answers

"Some day, on the corporate balance sheet, there will be an entry which reads, 'Information'; for in most cases the information is more valuable than the hardware which processes it."  Rear Admiral Grace Murray Hopper

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    On this day:


    Tuesday, July 1: Canada Day (Day 183; 183 days remaining)

       *  Birthday of Myron Scholes in 1940.  Scholes would get a Nobel Prize for his work with Fischer Black to develop an option pricing model:


    Born: Louis Blériot (1872); Tommy Dorsey, Indiana Jones (1899); Estée Lauder (1908); Diana, Princess of Wales (1961)


    Wednesday, July 2:

      *  First zeppelin flight at Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.  A history of zeppelins:


    Born: Herman Hesse (1877); Patrice Lumumba, Medgar Evers (1925); Imelda Marcos (1929); Larry David (1947)


    Thursday, July 3:

      * The United States establishes its second Mint at San Francisco in 1852.  Though no longer producing coins for circulation, it is still in operation:


    Born: John Singleton Copley (1738); George M. Cohan (1878); Franz Kafka (1883); Dave Barry (1947)


    Friday, July 4: Independence Day -- U.S.

      *  Thomas Jefferson, author of the Declaration of Independence, served a novelty called 'French fries' at the White House and was criticized by John Adams for "putting on airs":


    Born: Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804); Giuseppe Garibaldi (1802); Stephen Foster (1826); Rube Goldberg (1883) 


    Saturday, July 5:

      * France invades Algeria.  It would remain a colony until 1962.  Events leading up to independence:


    Born: Sylvester Graham (1794); David Farragut (1801); P.T. Barnum (1810); Bill Watterson (1958); Marc Cohn (1959)




    Sunday, July 6:

      *  The first All Star game in baseball is played at Comiskey Park in 1933.  The American League team is managed by Connie Mack and wins 4-2:


    Born: John Paul Jones (1747); Merv Griffin (1925); Bill Haley (1927); George W. Bush (1946)


    Monday, July 7:

      * In 1453, the Catholic Church retries Joan of Arc and acquits her of heresy, 25 years after her death.  As a result, she would be canonized in 1920.


    Born: Gustav Mahler (1860); Marc Chagall (1877); George Cukor (1899); Satchel Paige (1906); Robert Heinlein (1907)


    Tuesday, July 8:

    * First issue of the Wall Street Journal published in 1889.  How to find articles from the daily financial newspaper back to its beginning:


    Born: Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin (1838); John D. Rockefeller (1839); Raffi (1948); Beck (1970) 


    Wednesday, July 9:

      * The last concert by The Grateful Dead in a career spanning 30 years, on this day in 1995 at Soldier Field in Chicago.  How to download concert recordings:


    Born: Donald Rumsfeld (1932); O.J. Simpson (1947); Tom Hanks (1956); Diet Coke (1982) 


    Thursday, July 10:

      *  Louis XVI of France declares war on Great Britain to aid the American Revolution.  French aid becomes critical to the Americans winning independence:


    Born: John Calvin (1509); James McNeil Whistler (1834); Adolphus Busch (1839); Nikola Tesla (1856); Arlo Guthrie (1947) 


    Friday, July 11:

      *  John Wanamaker, Philadelphia's innovative department store owner, is born in 1838.  He is still known for saying, ""Half my advertising is wasted, I just don't know which half."

    Born: Robert the Bruce (1274); John Quincy Adams (1767); Yul Brynner (1920); Suzanne Vega (1959)


    Saturday, July 12:

      *  First performance by The Rolling Stones at London's Marquee Club in 1962:


    Born: Josiah Wedgwood (1730); Henry David Thoreau (1817); George Washington Carver (1864); Buckminster Fuller (1895)




    Sunday, July 13:

      * Alexander Butterfield, a deputy assistant, reveals the existence of secret White House tapes in 1973 during the Watergate scandal:


    Born: John Jacob Astor IV (1834); Dave Garroway (1913); Harrison Ford (1942); Ernő Rubik (1944); Cameron Crowe (1957)



    Monday, July 14: Bastille Day -- France

      * An anarchist tries to shoot French Pres. Millerand on Bastille Day in 1922, mistaking the Prefect of Paris Police for him.  Other events of 1922 in France:

     Born: Gustav Klimt (1862); Irving Stone (1903); Woody Guthrie (1912); Ingmar Bergman (1918)


    Tuesday, July 15:

      *  Ford begins production of the Edsel in 1957:


    Born: Ponce de Leon (1458); Rembrandt van Rijn (1606); Akhtar Hameed Khan (1911); Linda Ronstadt (1945)


    Wednesday, July 16:

      *  Chicago's Millenium Park is dedicated by Mayor Daley in 2004:


    Born: Clare of Assisi (1194); Mary Baker Eddy (1821); Roald Amundsen (1872); "Shoeless" Joe Jackson (1889)


    Thursday, July 17:

      * Disneyland opens less than a year after construction begins (see July 21) on this day in 1955.  Some attendance tips at Disney parks:


    Born: Erle Stanley Gardner (1889); Art Linkletter (1912); Gordon Gould (1920); Donald Sutherland (1935)


    Friday, July 18:

      *  Adolf Hitler's Mein Kampf is published in 1925.  After the war, the copyright to it and other Nazi publications was awarded to the German state of Bavaria:


    Born: Vidkun Quisling (1887); S.I. Hayakawa (1906); Red Skelton (1913); Nelson Mandela (1918); John Glenn (1921)


    Saturday, July 19:

      *  Montgomery Ward is seized by U.S. Army troops in Chicago on this day in 1945 for failing to obey National War Labor Board orders.  A history of the retailer:


    Born: Samuel Colt (1814); Lizzie Borden (1860); Charles Horace Mayo (1865); George McGovern (1922)  




    Sunday, July 20:

      * Relying on decrypted messages from "Enigma," sometime during the last 10 days of July, 1940 Churchill learns of German plans to invade England:


    Born: Alexander the Great (356 BC); Gregor Mendel (1822); Edmund Hillary (1919); Carlos Santana (1947) 



    Monday, July 21:

     * Construction of "Disneyland" begins on this day in 1954.  Walt Disney's strategy when a new media called television appeared:


    Born: Ernest Hemingway (1899); Marshall McLuhan (1911); Gary Trudeau (1948); Robin Williams (1951)


    Tuesday, July 22:

      * Bank robber John Dillinger killed outside Chicago's Biograph Theater on this day in 1934.  Dillinger had tried eliminating his fingerprints to foil the FBI:


    Born: Edward Hopper (1882); Gustav Hertz (1887); Amy Vanderbilt (1908); Oscar De La Renta (1932)


    Wednesday, July 23:

      * AT&T's Telstar 1 satellite sends the first live TV broadcast across the Atlantic in 1962: 


    Born: Walter Schottky (1886); Raymond Chandler (1888); Haile Selassie (1892); Allison Krauss (1961)



    Thursday, July 24:

      * Tennessee is the first of the states in the Confederacy to be readmitted to the Union in 1866.  What was required by the Reconstruction Act:


    Born: Simón Bolívar (1783); Amelia Earhart (1897); John D. MacDonald (1916); Pat Oliphant (1935) 


    Friday, July 25:

      * Louis Blériot crosses the English Channel from France, being the first heavier-than-air plane to do so in 1909:


    Born: Thomas Eakins (1844); Walter Brennan (1894); Walter Payton (1954)


    Saturday, July 26:

      *  Sarbanes-Oxley Act, reforming financial reporting after the Enron and Arthur Andersen scandals, becomes law in 2002:


    Born: George Bernard Shaw (1856); Carl Jung (1875); Aldous Huxley (1894); Estes Kefauver (1903); Jean Shepard (1921)




    Sunday, July 27:

      * The SS Golden Gate catches fire late in the afternoon and sinks off Manzanillo, Mexico in 1862, killing 231:


    Born: Geoffrey de Havilland (1882); Leo Durocher (1905); Norman Lear (1922); Bugs Bunny (1940); Bill Engvall (1957)


    Monday, July 28:

      * In 1794, Maximilien Robespierre is guillotined in Paris following the "Reign of Terror" during the French Revolution:


    Born: Beatrix Potter (1866); Karl Popper (1902); Earl Silas Tupper (1907); Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis (1929)


    Tuesday, July 29:

    *  In 1836, the Arc de Triomphe is dedicated in Paris to those who fought for France:


    Born: Alexis de Tocqueville (1805); Booth Tarkington (1869); Benito Mussolini (1883);  Dag Hammarskjöld (1905)


     Wednesday, July 30:

     Elvis Presley's first professional appearance as part of The Blue Moon Boys trio in 1954 at Memphis, TN:


    Born: Emily Jane Brontë (1818); Thorstein Veblen (1857);  Henry Ford (1863); Casey Stengel (1890); Clive Sinclair (1940)


    Thursday, July 31:

       * The Spanish Armada of 130 ships is spotted off the coast of England on this day in 1588:


    Born: John Ericsson (1803); George Liberace (1911); Milton Friedman (1912); Geraldine Chaplin , Robert C. Merton (1944)




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