August, 2008 -- 365 days of Google Answers

"Knowledge is the only instrument of production that is not subject to diminishing returns."

John Maurice Clark, American economist

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On this day:

Friday, Aug. 1 (Day 214; 152 days remaining):

*MTV begins broadcasting in 1981 with "Video Killed the Radio Star" by the Buggles, followed by Pat Benatar's "You Better Run".:

Born: Jean-Baptiste Lamarck (1744); William Clark (1770); Francis Scott Key (1779); Herman Melville (1819); Yves Saint Laurent (1936); Jerry Garcia (1942)

Saturday, Aug. 2:

* The first U.S. Census is taken on this day in 1790, with half of the population of 3.9 million being under age 16:

Born: Jack Warner (1892); James Baldwin (1924); Wes Craven (1939)


"How to do a people search", a Google Knol by Omnivorous-GA.

Sunday, Aug. 3:

* Christopher Columbus sets sail for India in 1492 from Palos de la Frontera, Spain:

Born: Elisha Graves Otis (1811); Ernie Pyle, John T. Scopes (1900); Leon Uris (1924); Martin Sheen (1940)

Monday, Aug. 4:

* First supermarket opened in 1930 at Queens, NY by a former Kroger employee. Supermarket items carried continues to grow:

Born: Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792); John Venn (1834); Louis Armstrong (1901); Raoul Wallenberg (1912)

Tuesday, Aug. 5:

* Birthday of Guy de Maupassant in 1850, one of the fathers of the modern "short story":

Born: John Huston (1906); Robert Taylor (1911); Neil Armstrong (1930)

Wednesday, Aug. 6:

* Start of the Internet in 1991, with Tim Berners-Lee's post on the 'WorldWideWeb' project in alt.hypertext newsgroup:

Born: Alfred Lord Tennyson (1806); Alexander Fleming (1881); Lucille Ball (1911); Richard Hofstadter (1916); Kevin Mitnick (1963)

Thursday, Aug. 7:

* Birthday of famed World War I spy, "Mata Hari". Her real name -- and what became of her daughters:

Born: Nathaniel Greene (1742); Louis Leakey (1903); Ralph Bunche (1904); James Randi (1928); Garrison Keillor (1942)

Friday, Aug. 8:

* Spiro Agnew, U.S. vice-president, goes on television in 1973 to denounce allegations of receiving kickbacks as governor. He would resign two months later:

Born: Emiliano Zapata, Bob Smith (1879); Dino De Laurentiis (1919); Mel Tillis (1932); Dustin Hoffman (1937)

Saturday, Aug. 9:

* Richard Nixon's resignation letter becomes effective in 1974, making him the first U.S. president to resign. Details on how the process works:

Born: Amadeo Avogadro (1776); Bob Cousy (1928); Rod Laver (1938); Sam Elliott (1944)


Sunday, Aug. 10:

* The Los Angeles Dodgers are forced to forfeit their game in 1995 against the St. Louis Cardinals when baseballs are thrown onto the field en masse:

Born: Henri Nestlé (1814); Herbert Hoover (1874); Antonio Banderas (1960); SABR (1971)

Monday, Aug. 11:

* Babe Ruth becomes first baseball player to hit 500 home runs in a season on this day in 1929 at Cleveland's League Park. But he does it as a Yankee, not a Red Sox:

Born: Alex Haley (1921); Jerry Falwell (1921); Fred Smith (1944); Steve Wozniak (1950)

Tuesday, Aug. 12:

* IBM's Personal Computer (PC) released in 1981. Growth of the industry since then:

Born: Christy Mathewson (1880); Cecil B. DeMille (1881); Erwin Schrödinger (1887); Buck Owens (1929); Mark Knopfler (1949)

Wednesday, Aug. 13:

* The Mayan calendar begins on this day in 3114 BC, according to the Lounsbury correlation:

Born: Annie Oakley (1860); Bert Lahr (1895); Alfred Hitchcock (1899); Felix Wankel (1902); Ben Hogan (1912)

Thursday, Aug. 14:

* Churchill and Roosevelt sign the "Atlantic Charter" in 1941, outlining the postwar goals of the two countries. For security reasons, it is released two days later:

Born: William Hutchinson (1586); Doc Holliday (1851); Earl Weaver (1930); David Crosby (1941); Steve Martin (1945)

Friday, Aug. 15:

* Woodstock Music and Arts Festival opens in 1969. It would be the subject of a special edition of "Life Magazine":

Born: Napoleon Bonaparte (1769); Charles Comiskey (1859); Julia Child (1912); Ben Affleck (1972)

Saturday, Aug. 16:

* Roy Chapman, shortstop for the Cleveland Indians, is the only player killed in a Major League baseball game when he is hit in the head in the 1st inning:

Born: Amos Alonzo Stagg (1862); T.E. Lawrence (1888); George Meany (1894); Fess Parker (1924); Madonna (1958)


Sunday, Aug. 17:

* Birthday of Pierre de Fermat, French mathematician, in 1601. His "Last Theorem" would take centuries to prove:

Born: Davy Crockett (1786); Samuel Goldwyn (1882); Marcus Garvey (1887); Mae West (1893); Leslie Groves (1896); Robert De Niro (1943); Sean Penn (1960)

Monday, Aug. 18:

* American astronomer Asaph Hall discovers the Martian moon Phobos in 1877, a week after discovering its other moon, Deimos:

Born: Virginia Dare (1587); Meriwether Lewis (1784); Max Factor (1904); Caspar Weinberger (1917); Roberto Clemente (1934); Robert Redford (1936)

Tuesday, Aug. 19:

* The USS Constitution defeats HMS Guerriere on this day in 1812, earning the nickname "Old Ironsides". A relic of the battle is tracked down in this Google Answer:

Born: Bernard Baruch (1870); Orville Wright (1871); Ogden Nash (1902); William Jefferson Clinton (1946)

Wednesday, Aug. 20:

* H.P. Lovecraft, influential early American writer of horror and science fiction, born in 1890:

Born: Al Lopez (1908); Isaac Hayes (1942); Rajiv Gandhi (1944); Robert Plant (1948); John Hiatt (1952)

Thursday, Aug. 21:

* Nat Turner leads a slave revolt in 1831 at Southhampton County, VA. William Styron's book about the revolt would be #2 on the best-seller list for fiction almost 150 years later :

Born: William "Count" Basie (1904); Wilt Chamberlain (1936); Kenny Rogers (1938); Sergey Brin (1973);

Friday, Aug. 22:

* First experiments by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) with television start in 1932. The motto of the BBC:

Born: Samuel Pierpont Langley (1834); Claude Debussy (1862); Dorothy Parker (1893); Leni Riefenstahl (1902); Deng Xiaoping (1904) ; Ray Bradbury (1920)

Saturday, Aug. 23:

* Slavery Abolition Act of 1833 outlaws slavery in the United Kingdom and all of its colonies:

Born: Oliver Hazard Perry (1785); Arnold Toynbee (1852); Edgar Lee Masters (1868); Gene Kelly (1912); Barbara Eden (1934); Kobe Bryant (1978)


Sunday, Aug. 24:

* Printing of the Gutenberg Bible is completed in 1456. The 46 remaining versions of the Bible, which is in Latin:

Born: William Wilberforce (1759); James Weddell (1787); Jorge Luis Borges (1899); Yasser Arafat (1929); Vince McMahon (1945); Cal Ripken, Jr. (1960)

Monday, Aug. 25:

* Capt. James Cook begins his first voyage in 1768. He would sail to New Zealand and Australia, including 45 days in what would become Cooktown:

Born: Allan Pinkerton (1819); Bret Harte (1836); Võ Nguyên Giáp (1912); Leonard Bernstein (1918); Sean Connery (1930); Tim Burton (1958)

Tuesday, Aug. 26:

* The 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is certified by the Secretary of State in 1920, giving women the right to vote:

Born: Joseph Montgolfier (1740); Antoine Lavoisier (1743); Lee De Forest (1873); Peggy Guggenheim (1898); Albert Sabin (1906); Mother Teresa (1910); Ben Bradlee (1922)

Wednesday, Aug. 27:

* On this day in 1967, 18 skydivers jump from above a cloud deck near Huron, OH and land in Lake Erie. Sixteen die in the worst skydiving accident in history:

Born: Georg Hegel (1770); Theodore Dreiser (1871); Samuel Goldwyn (1882); Man Ray (1890); Lyndon B. Johnson (1908)

Thursday, Aug. 28:

* Tom Thumb, the first railroad engine in the U.S., demonstrated for the first time in 1830 near Baltimore:

Born: Leo Tolstoy (1828); Bruno Bettelheim (1903); Lou Piniella (1943); Shania Twain (1965)

Friday, Aug. 29:

* U.S. Air Force Academy opens in 1958 at Colorado Springs, CO. At altitudes between 6,380 and 8,040 feet, it is one of the highest college campuses in the country:

Born: John Locke (1632); Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. (1809); Charles Kettering (1876); Ingrid Bergman (1915)

Saturday, Aug. 30:

* Warren Buffett, head of Berkshire-Hathaway, born on this day in 1930. A legendary investor, he departs from the norm when considering capital investments:

Born: Samuel Whitbread (1720); Ernest Rutherford (1871); Huey Long (1893); Roy Wilkins (1901); Ted Williams (1918); Robert Crumb (1943); Molly Ivins (1944)


Sunday, Aug. 31:

* Vanguard Group creates the first "index fund" to mirror the S&P 500 on this day in 1976, based on John Bogle's academic work:

Born: Caligula (12 AD); Maria Montessori (1870); William Shawn (1907); Bernard Lovell (1913); Van Morrison (1945)

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Philipp Lenssen is former GA researcher j_phiipp-ga. He runs the "Google watch" blog called Google Blogoscoped.