Prabhu Jagadbandhu  1871-1921  April 28-September 17

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Prabhu Jagatbandhu Sundar was an ascetic vaishnava preacher who propounded the philosophy of Bhakti yoga and Hari nam sankirtan in various parts of Bengal during the late 19th century in the post Chaitanya era. His devotees consider him an avatar of krishna whose appearance was believed to be prophesised in various hindu scriptures and also by lord Chaitanya himself. He is revered as bandhu meaning the friend or as prabhu meaning the supreme lord.

 

Jagatbandhu Sundar's life
He was born in May 1871 in a poor but learned brahmin family of Dahapara, Murshidabad in northern Bengal . His father was a brahmin scholar Dinanath Nyaya ratna and his mother was Bama Devi. He lost both his parents quite early in his life and was brought up by his elder sister. His early days during his stay at Bakchar were filled with memories of past times of krishna and he enjoyed the devotional love of all the villagers.

He travelled widely in his youth and attarcted thousands of people who came to him and devoted their lives to hari bhakti (devotion to the supreme lord). But he spend the most part of his life in Faridpur, Bakchar and Brahman kanda now in Bangladesh. He rejected the then widely existing castism in India and emancipated the downtrodden 'low castes' of Hindu society ( like the forest dwelling Baghdis of Faridpur and Santhals of Calcutta ) and brought them in the path of devotional service of Krishna. During this period he produced works like Chandra pat and Hari katha which contain the wisdom of the Vedas and Krishna's past times described in a very cryptic fashion. Chandra pat contains the Mahanam ( the holy name ): a verse of two lines whose chanting Prabhu said , would counter the evils of Kali yuga and firmly set the mind of a devotee unto the divine lord. Prabhu Jagatbandhu sundar also produced a series of kirtans ( devotional songs ) that are still sung today.


The last twenty years of his life were spent in Mahagambhira Lila - an almost continuous state of meditation and trance when he locked himself up in a small cottage and neither saw nor spoke to anybody. He left this human form on 17 September 1921 .

 

Time Lines of the Life and Lila of Prabhu Jagadbandhu

April 28, 1871 (17 Baisakh, 1278 B.E.) - Birth at Dahapara, Murshidabad, West Bengal, India
September 17, 1921 (Ashwin 1, 1328 B.E.) - Entered in Trayodash Dasha - First day
September 21, 1921 (Ashwin 5, 1328 B.E.) - Trayodash Dasha continued to fifth day - Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das and his wife Basanti Devi visited Faridpur Sri-Angan and had the 'DARSHAN' of Prabhu Jagadbandhu in his Trayodash Dasha.
September 28, 1921 (Ashwin 12, 1328 B.E.) - Prabhu's body was put into a wooden casket amidst 'Kirtan-Yagna' that had been continuing on in Faridpur Sri-Angan till today without cessation.


Childhood

1871-1877 (1278-1284 B.E.)
- Dahapara, Murshidabad till Prabhu was 1 1/2 years until his mother Bamadevi passed away

- Govindapur village home now in Bangladesh (Hate-khari - beginning of formal childhood education) at 2 1/2 years

- At Jnandia 3 years (up to about age 6)

1878 - 1896 (End of Magh 1285 - to Ashwin 1293 B.E.)
- Brahmankanda - Prabhu was 7 years old and performed the "sradh" ceremony for his expired father Nyayaratna

1885 (1292 B.E.) - appeared at the Annual Examination for promotion to class VIII - called 'Third Class'
- was expelled from the History exam on the charge of copying answers from fellow student by Head Master Bhuban Sen

January 1886 (Magh 1292 B.E.) - was admitted to the Third Class - ClassVIII at Ranchi High School in Ranchi

September 1886 (Ashwin 1293 B.E.) - Prabhu was sent back to Brahmankanda from Ranchi after having Arsenic poison in his food prepared by the house cook.

Youth

1886-1901 (1293-1308 B.E.)

1886 (Kartik 1293 B.E.) - Pabna Zilla School - two attempts on his life in Pabna

1888 (Ashwin 1295 B.E.) - returned to Brahmankanda via Calcutta - Took the picture in his 'Padmasan' posture on Bowbazar Street, Calcutta, accompanied by his boyhood friend Bakulal Biswas, when he was 17 years and 7 months of age.

1888 (Kartik 1295 B.E.) - Prabhu was a student of First Class (Class X) in Ranchi - he had quit studies before the Final Examination after completing the Test Examination remarkably well.

1890- 1898 (1297-1305 B.E.) - spent in Vrindaban, Brahmankanda, Bakchar, Pabna, Nabadwip, Calcutta (Rambagan and other places), Dhaka and Narayanganj.

1898-1901 (1305 -1308 B.E.) - Goalchamat Sri-Angan, Faridpur.

1899 (23rd Jaisthya 1306) - Prabhu took his seat in the Angina with grand 'Nama Kirtan'.

1900 (1307 B.E.) - Came to Rambagan, Calcutta.

 

Post Youth

1902 - 1918 (Ashar 1309- Magh 1325 B.E.) - Prabhu Kept himself closeted in the hut at Sri-Angan, Goalchamat.

1907 (Baisakh 1314 B.E.) - First celebration of birth anniversary of Prabhu Jagadbandhu at Goalchamat Sri-Angan.

1913 (Magh 13, 1320 B.E.) - After 12 years of self-confinement at Gambhira, Prabhu first appeared to give 'DARSHAN' to Bhaktas (devotees) and continued to do so for the next two days.

 

End of closetedness and the final stage

1918 (1325 B.E.) - Prabhu's right side of the body was paralyzed (during his self-confinement); he also made the Vrigu sign disappear.

1921 (17 th Bhadra 1328 B.E.) - Prabhu fell down on the cemented stairs of the temple and fractured the right thigh bones.

September 17, 1921 (Ashwin 1, 1328) - Prabhu entered into 'Trayodash Dasha' - first day (the 'Dasha' or state he predefined earlier in his life).

 

A synopsis of Prabhu's Lila life

Prabhu Jagadbandhu's Lila may be divided into two parts:

In the first part he distributes Harinam in various ways up to the 31st year of his life.

In the second part, he mainly enjoys himself (Haripurusha) and imparts power to protect the earth from destruction. In this part he was in 'Gambhira' for about 17 years (16 years and 8 months) approaching to the state of full 'Tanmayatva' (engrossment in tasting the holy sweetness of Harinam). After confinement in Gambhira he came out and remained for three years with further manifestations of his Lilas before being succumbed to 'Great Death' (Maha Mrityu - the ultimate physical extinction of an avatar).