7. Piracy

By: Tammy Palm
Cyber piracy is defined as various deceptive practices that companies or individuals engage in to profit from online users. The term “cyber piracy” describes a variety of practices that may include cyber squatting, domain parking, and/or deceptive ad-word use. Each presents a unique challenge for a legal aid program that may lack the time and resources to try to seek a resolution.
Software piracy is the illegal copying, distribution, or use of software. It is very popular especially within organized crime groups in a number of countries and is extremely profitable.  There are five types of software piracy.
  • Softlifting: Borrowing and installing a copy of a software application from a colleague.
  • Client-server overuse: Installing more copies of the software than you have licenses for.
  • Hard-disk loading: Installing and selling unauthorized copies of software on refurbished or new computers.
  • Counterfeiting: Duplicating and selling copyrighted programs.
  • Online piracy: Typically involves downloading illegal software from peer-to-peer network, Internet auction or blog.
    Another type of piracy that we may all be familiar with involves copyright infringement. This concerns materials such as books, music and movies.    


    Piracy of printed works affects both paper copies and works in digital format. Infringing activities include both illegal commercial photocopying and/or printing and reproduction of books and other printed material in digital form, as well as distribution in hard copy or digital format.


    Bootlegging (unauthorized recording and duplication of a live or broadcast performance) and counterfeiting (unauthorized copying of the material support, labels, artwork and packaging) are the most widespread types of traditional music piracy. The unauthorized uploading of music files to the public  or downloading these files  from an Internet site is referred to as Internet or on-line piracy.


    As in the case of music, film piracy is either traditional or done over the Internet. It includes, but is not limited to, videocassette and optical disc piracy, theatrical camcorder piracy, theatrical print theft, signal theft and broadcasting piracy, and on-line piracy.