Sikh Period: 1762-1849 A.D.
The Sikhs established their Empire in the Punjab after the death of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb Alamgir in 1707. With the death of Aurangzeb the country saw a series of rapid governmental changes that stressed it in to the depths of anarchy. Taking advantage of this certain Charat Singh, who was the head of one of the Sikh Clans, established his stronghold in Gujranwala in 1763. Charat Singh died in 1774 and was succeeded by his son, Mahan Singh, who in turn fathered the most brilliant leader in the history of the Punjab:Maharaja Ranjit Singh. It was this remarkable leader who united the whole Punjab under one flag. His rule stretched from the banks of the Jamuna to the Khyber and from Kashmir to Multan. Maharaja Ranjit Singh was the most powerful of all the Sikh Rulers and ruled over for complete 40 years. After his death in 1840 the Sikh Empire was divided into small principalities looked after by several Sikh Jagirdars. This weak situation provided a good opportunity to the British of East India Company to put an end to the Sikh strong hold in the Punjab in 1849.
Important Sikh Gurus
1. Guru Nanak Sahib
|2. Guru Angad||(1504-1522 A.D)|
|3. Guru Amar Das||(1509-1574 A.D)|
|4. Guru Ram Das||(1534-1581 A.D)|
|5. Guru Arjun Dev||(1563-1606 A.D)|
|6. Guru Har Gobind||(1595-1645 A.D)|
|7. Guru Har Rai||(1631-1661 A.D)|
|8. Guru Har Krishan||(1656-1664 A.D)|
|9. Guru Tegh Bahadur||(1622-1675 A.D)|
|10. Guru Gobind Singh||(1665-1708 A.D)|
Sikh Shrines:The Gurdwaras are more than a place of worship. They serve as Schools, meeting place and a rest house for the travelers in addition to enshrining the Garanth Sahib. The Gurdwaras are, as such, integral part of the Sikh religious and social life. Since the Sikh Rule lasted for almost a century in the sub-continent there are hundreds of Gurdawaras all over Pakistan but mostly in the Punjab, some of which are very famous such as Nankana Sahib and Punja Sahib. These Gurdwaras are looked after by the Evacuee Trust Property Board (ETPB) which is under the control of the Ministry of Culture, Islamabad.
Wiew of Gurdwara Punja Sahib
Sikhism is a very small minority religion in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan but has many cultural, historical and political ties to the country, and to the historical region of Punjab.Today, Pakistan, a nation of over 150 million, is 96% Muslim, with Christians and Hindus making up the largest minority faiths, each absorbing about 1.5% of the population. Sikhs, Zoroastrians, Buddhists, members of heterodox Islamic faiths and some adherents to animist religions make up the remainder.