Lahore Nadira Begam's Tomb


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Tomb of Nadira Begam, is  located in close proximity to the tomb of Hazrat Mian Mir. In order to view this 17th century structure, you should travel southeast on Allama Iqbal Road. Almost midway between the canal and railway line is a turning off Allama Iqbal Road (Mayo Road) on the right (south), from  where a turning right and then left, leads you to the historic tomb and mosque of Mian Mir. Intercepted by a small road from the enclosure of the saint's mazar is a large garden on its east, in the middle of which stands the square tomb of Nadira Begam.

Nadira Begam was  the wife of Prince Dara Shikoh, the eldest son of Shah Jahan—the same poet-prince, who had served as governor of Lahore during the 1640s. At the time of his wife's death, Dara was on the run and fighting a losing battle for the Mughal throne—and  literally his life—with his brother Aurangzeb. After the battle of Deorai (near Ajmer), dogged by Aurangzeb's forces Dara had fled towards Multan and Uchch trying to escape to Iran via the Bolan Pass.

It was during this  difficult journey that Nadira Begam, his beloved wife and daughter of his uncle Sultan Parwiz (brother of Shah Jahan and second son of emperor Jahangir), succumbed to exhaustion and dysentery (1659). Although his forces were much depleted, Dara sent the remaining troops with his wife's body from Bolan Pass to Lahore to be buried near the shrine of his  'spiritual guide', the saint Mian Mir.

Dara himself was a devout disciple of saints Mulla Shah and Hazrat Mian Mir. His attachment to Lahore is clear from his poetry: "The city of Lahore ever remains flourishing, and He keeps it free from plague and famine."

The present garden  was once an enormous tank of water, in the centre of which the tomb was placed on a raised podium. According to Latif, the corners of the tank were marked with pavilions, while lofty gateways provided access from the north and south through a masonry bridge. The gateways are no longer extant but most of the causeway  can still be seen.

Constructed with massive brick masonry, the two-storey structure with its 44' wide square plan form, presents a rather solid appearance. Its four sides are punctured by central, deep cusped arch openings flanked by square headed apertures. The top of the  building is encircled with a deep chajja (eaves or overhang).

The 14' wide central chamber, an irregular octagon is surrounded by an ambulatory in the form of vestibules. Although no tilework is extant on the external facade, traces of glared tiles are evident in first floor interiors. The use  of kalib-kari or muqarnas (stalactite squinches) for roofs and vaults, a popular way for spanning the transitional spaces, is also employed internally, with good effect. The rather simple, blank facade, shorn of all ornamentation, is a result of the  Sikh rule, when the tomb is said to have been robbed of its costly marble and semi-precious stones.

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Lahore Sites of Interest

Khushal Singh

Mian Mir's Mausoleum

Asaf Khan's Tomb

Ranjit Singh's Tomb

Lahore Fort

Kuri Bagh Tomb

Jahangir's Tomb

Zafar Jang Kokaltas

Qutb-ud-din Aibak

Dai Anga Mosque

Cypress Tomb

Wazir Khan Mosque

Saleh Kamboh 's Tomb

St. Anthony's Church

Badshahi Mosque

Lahore Zoo

Saleh Kamboh Mosque

Lawrence Gardens

Sonehry Masque Lahore

Allama Iqbal's Tomb

Lahore Museum

Moti Mosque

Shalimar Gardens

Jinnah Garden

Mubarak Haveli

Noor Jahan's Tomb

Nadira Begam's Tomb

Ali Mardan Khan

Zeb-un-Nisa's Tomb

Buddhu's Tomb

Cathedral Church

Anarkali 's Tomb

Minar-e-Pakistan

Haveli Nau Nihal Singh

Dai Anga's Tomb

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