Sahiwal History

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(History) Sahiwal  is a growing city in southeastern Punjab province of Pakistan and the administrative centre of Sahiwal District. Founded in 1865, the town was formerly known as Montgomery after Sir Robert Montgomery, then Lieutenant-Governor of Punjab. It took its current name in 1966. Sahiwal lies approximately 180 km from the major city of Lahore. The population is 207,388 1998 census. Sahiwal District is included in the former Multan Division and lies between 30-40 north latitude and 73-10 longitude. Its approximate height above the sea level is about 500 feet. It roughly forms pernllclogram lying in the general direction North East to South-West between the Ravi River. It is approximately 100 K.M from East to West and 45 K.M from North Western Boundary of the district of Sahiwal, Faisalabad, Toba Tak Sing whereas. The dead River Khushak Bias separates it from District Pakpattan. On the eastern side, Okara District is situated. While on the District the boundaries of Khanewal and Vehari District and on the southern side District Pakpattan Sharif exists where is shrine of one of the famous sufi Hazrat Baba Fareed Shaker Gunj.

Sahiwal District now consists of Five hundreds and Thirty one Villages in two sub-divisions. Sahiwal District is spread over an area of 3201 square kilometres and comprises two tehsils namely Sahiwal and Chichawatni. Sahiwal District also contain many subtowns like Qadirabad, Yousafwala, Iqbalnagar, Kassowal, Noorshah, Harappa and Ghaziabad. There are transport connections via road and Pakistan railways to Lahore, and a regional airport. Agriculture is important to the local economy, particularly the growing of cotton and grain. Cattle are also kept and Sahiwal is famous for its water buffalo milk and one of the ancient civilization on archeological evidence dated 3000 to 5000 B.C. 15 miles southwest from downtown in suburb of Harapa which was the northern city of Indus Valley Civilization.

  • Weather

The climate of Sahiwal district is extreme hot to the extent of 47ºC in summer and cold in Winter up to 2ºC. The soil of the district is very fertile. The average rainfall is about 177 mm.

  • Major industries

It is famous for its cotton ginning & pressing, tannery, textile spinning, textile weaving, leather products, Garmets, pharmaceuticals, flour mills, food fndustry, oil mills, tobacco, vegetable Ghee / cooking oil, biscuit plants, chip board, confectionery, and woollen textile spinning / weaving etc. Especially its garments are famous all over the world due to unique eastern designes (e.g., City Fasion Point in Alfah Market and City Cloth Palace in Baroon Sori Gali). Its main crops are wheat, cotton, sugarcane, maize and rice and main fruits are citrus, mangoes and guava. Sahiwal is a green and fertile town with 11,522 acres under naturally grown forests.

  • Sahiwal District Jail

The Sahiwal District Jail is one of the ancient Jails in Punjab. It was depicted in one of the famous Pakistan Television Corporation (PTV) drama Jangloos. A famous Urdu poet Faiz Ahmad Faiz wrote a major part of his poetry while he was in Sahiwal Jail as a political prisoner.

  • People

One of the founding forefather of Modern Urdu, Majeed Amjad was born in Sahiwal and got his education from Govt. College Lahore. He was inspired by the greenry of Sahiwal so wrote about the trees too.

 See Also Harappa