Culturepakistan - History of Chiniot


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History

Chiniot is situated about 160 kms to the west of Lahore. It is famous for its wood work - items such as furniture's, decoration pieces and wood-made bodies of trucks, buses and wagons. It is linked with the rest of the country by road and by rail.

The founder of the Chiniot City was " RANNI JANAN".

The Shahi Mosque is the most historical place of Chiniot.

Umar Hayat Palace is well known in history and "Rakhti" is also very famous castle (Fort) in the history of Chiniot.

Chiniot City is very famous for woodwork. Chiniot is known for woodcarving and furniture, brass and iron inlay. Copper and brass work is done within the walled city of Lahore since ages. 


Chiniot is at present the Sub-divisional Headquarters of Chiniot Tehsil of Jhang District in Faisalabad Division of the Punjab. According to the older and  classical District Gazetteer of Jhang "the surface of the district presents three levels on the extreme west the high sand dunes of the Thal, in the centre the two low-lying river valleys and on the extreme east a portion of the Sandal Bar".

Chiniot is situated on the left bank of the river Chenab. It is the richest jewel set in one of its most picturesque valleys. It stands on a rock related to an outcrop of rocks barely two miles away where the Chenab pierces its way through and in the process splits up into two giving rise to an island of unsurpassed beauty and grandeur.  A grove of date palms provides cool shade. To view the rising sun from any of the surrounding rocks is an unforgettable experience.

On the hill of the river bank is a temple said to have built by Maharaja Gulab Sing of Kashmir. The most conspicuous building in the town is the pillars constructed of sang-i-larzan are exceptionally beautiful.

The origins of the town might go back to remote antiquity. But, unfortunately, no full-fledged archaeological excavations have ever been undertaken. It would, therefore, be fairly safe to assume that Chiniot may have been  the cradle of some ancient civilisation under a Sanskrit name or at least formed part of it. The name Chiniot is a corruption of the name Chandan, a king's daughter who used to hunt in men's clothing while out hunting, she saw the site of Chiniot and was so impressed that she ordered a town to be built there. A reference in Rig-Veda to a place is constructed by some scholars as implying the town now known as Chiniot. Channiwat  is said to have been mentioned in Ramayan and subsequently by Alberuni in his Kitab-ul-Hind.

Channiwat, popularly known as Ajhan, housed one of the three ancient Universities in the Punjab, the  other two being at Ajodhan and Taxila.  Professor Lakshami Narain is credited with the theory that the Ajhan University was situated among the rocks on the bank of the River Chenab   near Chiniot.

Related Links

Culture  of Chiniot

Important places of Chiniot




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