I started my education at Ball State at a time when the aesthetics was dominated by abstract expressionism. My heroes were, and to some extent still are, Robert Motherwell, Wilhelm DeKooning, Franz Kline, Helen Frankenthaler, Joan Mitchell and Tapies. After committing to clay as a medium, I was deeply influenced by Pete Volkous, Kitaohji Rosanjin and Kanashiga Toyo, all of whom moved clay much as the expressionist painters approached painting. Over the years, I, as all serious artists, have struggled to find my own voice and yet those early influences continue to dominate my work. I respond to clay forms that clearly show the hand of the maker.