What is CSCS?‎ > ‎

### CSCS & the NGSS

The Next Generation Science Standards describe science from three perspectives:

1. Science and Engineering Practices
2. Crosscutting Concepts
3. Disciplinary Core Ideas

At the middle and high school level, CSCS is a tool that directly addresses aspects of the first two perspectives, which in turn enables a more effective presentation of the Core Ideas.

### Science and Engineering Practices

 Area Text from the NGSS Standard Draft(bold emphasis added by the CSUN CSCS team) How CSCS fits in Analyzing Data Analyzing data in 6–8 builds on K–5 and progresses to extending quantitative analysis to investigations, distinguishing between correlation and causation, and basic statistical techniques of data and error analysis. CSCS allows for the collection and comparison of large pools of data. Outliers are easier to spot and experimental error shows up graphically. Planning and Carrying Out Investigations Planning and carrying out investigations to answer questions or test solutions to problems in 6–8 builds on K–5 experiences and progresses to include investigations that use multiple variables and provide evidence to support explanations or design solutions.Collect data and generate evidence to answer scientific questions or test design solutions under a range of conditions. (e) Collaborative documents facilitate planning. Pooled class data allows different lab groups to explore different variables or conditions and then compare them to see the relative importance of each.

### Crosscutting Concepts

 Area Text from the NGSS Standard Draft (bold emphasis added by the CSUN CSCS team) How CSCS fits in

### Specific Ideas for how CSCS fits into specific NGSS standards

#### Middle School Physical Science

 Area Text from the NGSS Standard Draft (bold emphasis added by the CSUN CSCS team) How CSCS fits in MS.PS-FM.b Communicate observations and information graphically and mathematically to represent how an object’s relative position, velocity, and direction of motion are affected by forces acting on the object. Peer content development-style CSCS MS.PS-FM.d Use mathematical concepts and observations to describe the proportional relationship between the acceleration of an object and the force applied upon the object, and the inversely proportional relationship of acceleration to its mass. Pooled-class data-style CSCS MS.PS-FM.f Analyze and interpret data to determine the cause and effect relationship between the motion of an object and the sum of the forces acting upon it. Pooled-class data-style CSCS MS.PS-IF.a Plan and carry out investigations to illustrate the factors that affect the strength of electric and magnetic forces. [Clarification Statement: Investigations can include observing the electric force produced between two charged objects at different distances; and measuring the magnetic force produced by an electromagnet with a varying number of wire turns, number or size of dry cells, or size of iron core. Pooled-class data-style CSCS MS.PS-E.a Construct an explanation of the proportional relationship pattern between the kinetic energy of an object and its mass and speed. Pooled-class data-style CSCS MS.PS-E.e Collect data and generate evidence to examine the relationship between the change in the temperature of a sample and the nature of the matter, the size of the sample, and the environment. [Clarification Statement: Examples of data collection could include comparing final water temperatures after different masses of ice melted in the same volume of water with the same initial temperature.] Pooled-class data-style CSCS MS.PS-E.f. Compare, evaluate, and design a device that maximizes or minimizes thermal energy transfer, and defend the selection of materials chosen to construct the device. Science Olympiad-style CSCS MS.PS-E.g Design and evaluate solutions that minimize and/or maximize friction and energy transfer in everyday machines. Science Olympiad-style CSCS

#### Middle School Earth Science

 Area Text from the NGSS Standard Draft (bold emphasis added by the CSUN CSCS team) How CSCS fits in MS-ES-

#### Middle School Life Science

 Area Text from the NGSS Standard Draft (bold emphasis added by the CSUN CSCS team) How CSCS fits in MS-LS-E.a Analyze and interpret patterns of change in fossils to provide evidence of the history of life on Earth. Pooled-class data-style CSCS MS-LS-E.b Construct explanations for the anatomical similarities and differences between fossils of once living organisms and organisms living today Pooled-class collaborative-writing CSCS MS-LS-E.e. Communicate explanations for how genetic variations of traits in a population increase some individual's probability of surviving and reproducing in a specific environment which  tends to increase these traits in the population. Pooled-class collaborative-writing CSCS MS-LS-E.f Use mathematical models to explain  how natural selection over many generations results in changes within species in response to environmental conditions that increase or decrease certain traits in a population. Pooled-class data-style CSCS

#### High School Physical Science

 Area Text from the NGSS Standard Draft (bold emphasis added by the CSUN CSCS team) How CSCS fits in MS-ES-

#### High School Earth Science

 Area Text from the NGSS Standard Draft (bold emphasis added by the CSUN CSCS team) How CSCS fits in MS-ES-

#### High School Life Science

 Area Text from the NGSS Standard Draft (bold emphasis added by the CSUN CSCS team) How CSCS fits in MS-ES-