Seattle Terror Attack



OBAMACSI.COM: Based on the recent terror history of Seattle, Washington, combined with the October 2011 death of a Washington State Senator from Seattle, the Emerald City appears to be ripe for a major terror attack. The Space Needle has been a target of "terrorists" long before 9/11, and it is a landmark that will likely be destroyed just as the World Trade Center Towers were on 9/11. A recent terror plot exposed in Seattle indicates that there is an active effort by government to plant plausible deniability (patsies) prior to a terror event taking place. If the government and media propaganda are to be believed, Seattle will be attacked in the near future. Bases on the current data and info available, the Space Needle will likely be targeted with a plane carrying some sort of a radiological or biological weapon.

1. Seattle's Dead Senator: In mid-October of 2011, Washington Senator Scott White died mysteriously in his hotel room. The autopsy, which generally takes weeks to generate, was released within 24 hours and stated that he died of an enlarged heart. Given the location and the timing of his death, the Senator from Seattle may have got in over his head with the federal government if terror events are indeed planned for Seattle, Washington, his home town.

2. Seattle Terror Propaganda: Even before 9/11, alleged terror chatter and government propaganda have stated that the Space Needle is a target for a future terror attack. A few years later, the FBI states it was never a target only to change their mind for a third time a few months later. The Space Needle is an international landmark and a terror attack like 9/11 would change the Seattle skyline forever, just as it was intended to do.

3. Seattle Terror Plots & Patsies: An alleged terror plot involving middle-eastern men was discovered in June of 2011, involving two African-American pasties who were fed fake guns and grenades from the U.S. government in an attempt to provocateur a terror incident. The Seattle incident is just one case in a long line of incidents of alleged terrorists that the U.S. government has desperately manufactured to terrorize the American public and build support for the wars in the Middle East.

4. Seattle Terror Drills: Terror drills in Washington State, namely Seattle, have included active shooters on a college campus, a dirty bomb explosion, and multiple terror drills at Sea-Tac International Airport. Drills are practice for the real thing, and it is impossible to know when these drills will go live as they did on 9/11.





1. SEATTLE'S DEAD SENATOR


OBAMACSI.COM: In mid-October of 2011, Washington Senator Scott White died mysteriously in his hotel room. The autopsy, which generally takes weeks to generate, was released within 24 hours and stated that he died of an enlarged heart. Given the location and the timing of his death, the Senator from Seattle may have got in over his head with the federal government if terror events are indeed planned for Seattle, Washington, his home town.


Title: Washington State Senator Found Dead In Hotel Room
Date: October 22, 2011
Source: Fox News

Abstract: Washington state Sen. Scott White, a transit advocate who quickly rose to a leadership position in the Legislature, was found dead Friday at a resort hotel. He was 41.

Kittitas County Sheriff Gene Dana said there was no sign of foul play in the death but that authorities are investigating because it remains unexplained. Housekeeping staff at the Suncadia Resort found White after he failed to check out of his room. An autopsy is planned.

The Democrat represented the state's 46th District, covering northern parts of Seattle. White joined the Senate last year and rose to serve as the Senate's majority whip, advocating for transit issues as a caucus transportation leader. He worked most recently as a project manager at the University of Washington.

State Sen. Ed Murray, D-Seattle, said White was a young politician that many viewed as having immense potential -- perhaps someone to be in Congress or Senate Majority Leader. He worked well with people across the political spectrum and had a fresh approach to politics that the public desired, Murray said.

"What stood out was that he was ambitious but he was positive," Murray said. "He wasn't ambitious and divisive. Scott wanted to figure out how to be progressive and how to move forward in a positive way."

Murray recalled a caucus meeting last month in which lawmakers were assessing a gloomy budget situation. He said White framed the issue in the most personal terms: He recently took his son to the first day of kindergarten and was concerned about the impact education cuts could have on class sizes.

White is survived by his wife and two children.

In the Legislature, White sought to shape and advance transportation issues for the Seattle metro area. This year, he successfully pushed a bill to provide funding for King County Metro by allowing local officials to implement a congestion reduction charge of $20 per vehicle. He said transit was critical to help people -- commuters, seniors and students in particular -- get to work and school in a difficult economy.

White was in Cle Elum at the Suncadia Resort, where he was participating in a leadership conference organized by the Seattle Chamber of Commerce. He was on a panel Thursday speaking about ways that the west side of the state and the east side of the state can better work together.

Randy Hodgins, vice president of external affairs for the University of Washington, said he and others went out for drinks with White after dinner on Thursday night. He recalled that White talked about how content he was with the work he was doing in Olympia. The group returned to the hotel around 10:30 p.m., and Hodgins said White was upbeat.

"He was in a great mood like he always is," Hodgins said. "We had great, wonderful night."

Hodgins noticed that White wasn't around for events Friday morning but assumed he had left for home early.

A native of Olympia, White played football at Timberline High School before going to both Western Washington University and the University of Washington. He worked on the King County Council, rising to serve as chief of staff before getting elected to the state House in 2008 before moving to the Senate two years later.

Gov. Chris Gregoire said White was never afraid to tackle difficult problems.

"I found him to be an absolute pleasure to work with, and a legislator who served his district and the entire state well," Gregoire said. "He had a bright and promising future ahead of him" (Fox News, 2011).



1. SEATTLE TERROR NEW & PROPAGANDA


OBAMACSI.COM: Even before 9/11, alleged terror chatter and government propaganda have stated that the Space Needle is a target for a future terror attack. A few years later, the FBI states it was never a target only to change their mind for a third time a few months later. The Space Needle is an international landmark and a terror attack like 9/11 would change the Seattle skyline forever, just as it was intended to do.



Title: Seattle Cancels A Party On Fears Of Terrorism
Date: December 29, 1999
Source: New York Times

Abstract: Mayor Rudolph Giuliani of New York said Tuesday that the decision by Seattle to cancel New Year's Eve festivities — the first such cancellation in the United States — represented a victory for terrorists, and he vowed that a huge celebration in New York would go on as planned.

The police chief of Washington said that the capital city would also go through with planned New Year's events, undeterred by the possibility of terrorist attacks.

Officials in Seattle were at pains to justify their decision, and denied that they had received any specific threat against the city.

"We are comfortable that Seattle is not a target," Mayor Paul Schell said Tuesday. But federal authorities, he added, could not "assure us that there's no risk."

"We did not want to take chances with public safety, no matter how remote the threat might seem," he said in a written statement issued earlier.

A mayoral spokesman said that there had been no new warning of terrorism since the Dec. 14 arrest of an Algerian national charged with attempting to bring bomb-making materials into northern Washington state from Canada. The man reportedly had reserved a hotel room near the Seattle Space Needle.

Even in the absence of any specific terrorist threat, Seattle officials said, the decision to scale back celebrations was the only reasonable response to recent warnings from the U.S. State Department of a worldwide terrorist threat, and to the arrest of the Algerian, Ahmed Ressam.

U.S. authorities are investigating whether Mr. Ressam, who was arrested at Port Angeles, Washington, might have been part of wider plans for terrorist attacks. They have issued an arrest warrant for a man believed linked to Mr. Ressam, Abdelmajed Dahoumane, and have ordered tightened security at airports and border crossings.

Mr. Schell said that in addition to terror concerns, Seattle needed "a breather from tension" after the tumultuous rioting that jolted the city during the World Trade Organization ministerial conference last month.

He canceled a New Year's Eve gala around the base of the Space Needle. That event originally was expected to draw about 60,000 people, although fears of terrorism had lowered those estimates.

Other events earlier Friday, including concerts and circuses, will take place. Fireworks will be set off at midnight around the Space Needle, but the 20-acre (8-hectare) Seattle Center around the Needle will be closed at 6 P.M. The city will have extra police and firefighters on duty, and will be able to call on 450 National Guardsmen being specially posted near the city.

In New York, however, Mayor Giuliani said that it was not possible to protect against all possible threats, and joked that any attempt to cancel festivities there would simply bring more rebellious New Yorkers onto the streets.

Without criticizing Seattle officials, he said, "The terrorists, to some extent, accomplished their objective in reducing the reasonable and sensible alternatives people have in a free society."

Up to 2 million revelers are expected to pour into New York streets for day-long festivities Friday, particularly in an area around Times Square, where each year a giant ball is lowered to mark the arrival of a new year.

"Life contains a level of risk, and you've got to deal with it," Giuliani said. "What we're doing is everything we can reasonably do to reduce that risk."

Meanwhile, in Texas, an American Airlines mechanic was charged Tuesday with possessing bomb-making material, The Associated Press reported from the city of Grapevine. The mechanic, Jere Wayne Haney, 42, was arraigned on a felony charge of possessing components of explosives. Police who had stopped him at Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport for a traffic violation found apparently stolen liquor bottles and searched his apartment for others. Instead, according to police, they found a 50-pound bag of ammonium nitrate, which can be used in explosives, and also assault-style rifles, white supremacist literature and a book on bomb-making (New York Times, 1999)




Title: Terrorists Targeted Disneyland, Space Needle
Date: February 21, 2001
Source: NewsMax

Abstract: Former CIA officials told United Press International that Southern California's Disneyland and Seattle's Space Needle were targets of foiled 1999 millennium bombing attacks financed and advised by Saudi millionaire terrorist Osama bin Laden.

According to these sources, who asked not to be identified, the plot came to light when a 32-year-old Algerian man, Ahmed Ressam, was stopped by U.S. Customs officials on Dec. 14, 1999, at Port Angeles, about 60 miles northwest of Seattle, after crossing the Canadian border.

When Customs officials began to search Ressam's car, he ran away but was caught several hours later hiding a few blocks away. But what U.S. officials found hidden in the tire well of Ressam's car was chilling: Ten 110-pound plastic bags of urea, a legal substance used in fertilizer that can also be used to make explosives.

There were also two plastic bags of the absorption agent sulfate and four small black boxes containing timers.

"He had enough material to make four or more bombs," said one former U.S. intelligence official.

On Dec. 28, Seattle Mayor Paul Schell canceled the city's New Year's Eve celebration including music, dancing and other festivities scheduled under the 52-story-high Space Needle because he said the threat of terrorism made it impossible to ensure citizens' safety. At least 50,000 people had been expected to attend.

Schell was widely jeered by city residents for being "paranoid," according to newspaper accounts at the time, especially because celebrations went forward in larger cities such as Washington, D.C., and New York City.

Although federal officials had warned that major millennium celebrations worldwide could be terrorist targets, Schell told ABC News that the FBI told him they had "no information that Seattle was being targeted."

The FBI made other public statements that there was "no specific information" that the Space Needle was in danger.

But former U.S. intelligence officials flatly said Schell's statement was "rubbish" and that the FBI had "plenty of indications" that the Space Needle "was a bin Laden target."

Ressam had reservations under the name of Benni Antoine Norris at a hotel only five blocks away from the Space Needle. Most importantly, U.S. investigators discovered that "Ressam had a map with other targets circled on it." The Space Needle was one; others were in California. One of these was Disneyland, one former CIA source said.

Especially chilling to investigators were the timers Ressam was carrying. According to a U.S. government official, they were made from a Casio digital watch that had been transformed into a timing switch. Such timers were the trademark of Ramsi Youssef, the mastermind of the World Trade Center bombing who had developed the Casio watch timer and a tiny "Mark II bomb" during his stay in the Philippines in 1994, sources said.

According to U.S. intelligence sources, several Arab Afghans, affiliated with bin Laden, arrived in the Philippines to set up terrorist cells, most of them in major cities. One such terrorist was Ramsi Youssef, who visited several major Philippine cities and within a short time had a group of 23 followers.

According to a U.S. government official familiar with the transcripts of an interrogation of Youssef by Filipino security forces, Youssef was able to develop his own brand of liquid but stable nitroglycerin that he would put in a contact lens case with cotton wool as a stabilizer. Besides nitroglycerin, other ingredients of the bomb included minute parts of sulphuric acid, silver azide, acetone, nitrobenzene and nitrate, the U.S. official said.

Youssef would attach wiring to the arm of the watch using a tiny space under the calculator. The alteration was so minute that a courier or bomb-maker would still be able to wear the watch in a normal manner. The watch would then be connected to two 9 volt batteries connected to light filaments that would detonate the bomb. Youseff smuggled the batteries past airport metal detectors by carrying them in the hollowed-out heels of his shoes.

Youssef made an early test of his bomb by breaking into a mall in Cebu City, the third-largest city in the Philippines. The device detonated several hours later in a generator room, causing only minor damage but convincing Youssef that he had at his service a workable device.

Youssef left Manila for a few days, but on his return was met by several emissaries from bin Laden who had traveled from Sudan, according to U.S. government officials. "We know for a fact he had close contact with these people," one U.S. government counterterrorist source said (NewsMax, 2001).



Title:
FBI Says Space Needle Not A Target
Date:
September 28, 2001
Source:
Farlex

Abstract: The following is the official statement from the Space Needle Corporation in response to news stories suggesting the Landmark was a target for terrorist activities on Sept. 11:

"We do not take risks with public safety.

"Ever since the tragedy of Sept. 11, the Space Needle has been in direct and ongoing contact with the FBI about potential threats to the Landmark. According to the FBI, there is absolutely no basis for these reports.

"In fact, the FBI's Special Agent in Charge for Washington State has assured us several times today and over the past few weeks that the Space Needle was never a target of terrorist activity and that media reports suggesting so are completely false.

"On Sept. 11, the Space Needle immediately implemented its Emergency Security Plan. The safety of our guests and our employees continues as our top priority.

"We continue to keep in contact with law enforcement agencies monitoring the situation. Since 1962, the Space Needle has stood strong and proud as a symbol of our city and it will continue to do so" (Farlex, 2001)



Title:
Space Needle May Have Been Terrorist Target
Date: January 30, 2002
Source: Seattle Times

Abstract: Seattle Police Chief Gil Kerlikowske said today that federal law-enforcement agents have told them that a photograph of the Space Needle was found along with other documents seized by American forces in Afghanistan that purportedly outline new targets for al-Qaida terrorist attacks.

But multiple law enforcement sources tonight said that reports of specific al-Qaida attack plans against the Space Needle or any other state landmark or installation were exaggerated.

“There’s absolutely no specific threat that I’ve been made aware of, other than the fact that a picture of the Space Needle was found,” Kerlikowske said today. “There is no specific threat, though certainly there’s cause for concern when a photograph of a Seattle landmark is found.”

Kerlikowske said he has been aware of the discovery for a few days, but the Space Needle has been under intense security for more then two years.

NBC News tonight cited unnamed federal officials in reporting that the documents “showed plans to attack other targets in Washington state, including massive hydroelectric dams, including the Grand Coulee Dam.”

The Space Needle has been under a tight watch since the fall of 1999, when local police worried it could be a target of protests during the WTO Conference.

Those events, combined with Sept. 11, have led to beefed-up security at the Space Needle, Kerlikowske said. Police officers are assigned full time to the Seattle Center, and private Space Needle security is trained to work with Seattle police, the chief said.

“I’m very confident with the fact that the Space Needle has excellent security,” Kerlikowske said. Mayor Greg Nickels said he was told of the apparent threat early Wednesday.

While Sept. 11 did not directly hit Seattle, Nickels said the latest news reinforces the notion that “It’s something that could happen in any American city.”

Like his police chief, Nickels said he didn’t know of any specific plan to attack the Space Needle or any other locations.

The Grand Coulee dam is federally operated, and as such has been under the tightest security since Sept. 11, said Dulcy Mahar, a spokeswoman for the Bonneville Power Administration, one of the agencies that operates the massive dam.

The BPA spokeswoman said she had not been informed by federal sources of any specific al-Qaida threat or the dam’s inclusion in recently recovered documents.

“All federal agencies have heightened their security to what some find nearly uncomfortable levels,” Mahar said. “But we’d rather err on the side of safety. We’re comfortable that people are doing everything they possibly can.’’

Even a successful attack on the Grand Coulee dam wouldn’t have the catastrophic effects on the Northwest Power grid that terrorists might hope, Mahar said. The dam supplies about 2,000 megawatts of electricity to the Northwest, just a part of the region’s power source.

“It wouldn’t black out the Northwest; it would just make things tighter,” Mahar said. “It’s not going to cripple the Northwest” (Seattle Times, 2002).



Title: Seattle Vulnerable To Nuclear Terrorism
Date: September 21, 2004
Source: Harvard Belfer Center 

Abstract: Seattle was baptized into the era of terrorism in December 1999 when a customs agent became suspicious of a driver disembarking from a ferry at Port Angeles. Her gut reaction proved correct: Ahmed Ressam was smuggling more than 100 pounds of explosives for al-Qaida's millennium plot to bomb Los Angeles International Airport.

Seattle moved into the center of the cross hairs when the mastermind of the attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon, Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, put the Northwest's tallest building on his top 10 target list. Later, U.S. forces found photos of the Space Needle in an al-Qaida hideout in Afghanistan.

Osama bin Laden has challenged the greater al-Qaida movement to trump 9/11. The list of terrorist actions reaching that bar is short. A clue to the preferred method comes from bin Laden: He declared obtaining nuclear weapons "a religious duty."

Seattle is particularly vulnerable to nuclear terrorism because of its location and economic significance. Not only is it the headquarters for U.S. icons Microsoft, Amazon and Starbucks, it is the third-largest port. According to CIA estimates, a terrorist nuclear weapon is far more likely to arrive in a cargo container than on the tip of a missile.

A 10-kiloton nuclear bomb detonated at the Pike Place Market would destroy Seattle. Everything within a third of a mile would vaporize. Buildings from the Washington State Convention and Trade Center to the edge of Pioneer Square would look like the Murrah Federal Office Building in Oklahoma City. Fires and fallout would ravage an area stretching from the Space Needle to Safeco Field.

The Bush administration's lackadaisical approach to this threat is baffling. But brute facts are undeniable: In the two years after 9/11, fewer potential weapons in Russia were secured than in the two years prior to the attack. Underlying this lack of urgency is a failure to grasp a fundamental insight: Nuclear terrorism is preventable.

A serious campaign to prevent nuclear terrorism would be organized under a doctrine of Three No's: no loose nukes, no new nascent nukes, and no new nuclear weapons states.

  1. "No loose nukes" requires securing all nuclear weapons and weapons-usable material, on the fastest possible timetable, to a new "gold standard." The United States does not lose gold from Fort Knox, or Russia treasures from the Kremlin Armory.

  2. "No new nascent nukes" means no new national capabilities to enrich uranium or reprocess plutonium. This effort should begin with intrusive inspections of suspected nuclear sites, then work toward the prohibition fissile material production and actual enforcement mechanisms. Iran today poses a crucial test for this principle.

  3. "No new nuclear-weapons states" draws a line under the current eight nuclear powers and says unambiguously: "No more." The immediate test of this principle is North Korea. Kim Jong-Il must be required to freeze and dismantle his nuclear program.

Nuclear terrorism is the greatest threat facing the United States today. We need a president who will push our government and others to take every technically feasible action to shield the Emerald City from the nightmare of a terrorist's nuclear bomb (Harvard Belfer Center, 2004).



Title: Seattle Ferries A Top Terror Target, FBI Cautions
Date: April 20, 2006
Source: Seattle PI

Abstract: Puget Sound's busy ferries are the No. 1 target for maritime terrorism in this country, sharing that nerve-jangling status with Gulf Coast fuel tankers, according to a national assessment of efforts to protect U.S. seaports.

The findings, contained in a recent Justice Department inspector general's report, mark the first time the FBI has publicly placed such a high-risk label on Washington State Ferries.

The ranking was based largely on an analysis of significant suspicious incidents at maritime facilities around the country.

"Our conclusion was that there was an extremely high likelihood, in a handful of incidents, that there was pre-operation planning" for a terrorist attack on the ferry system, said supervisory intelligence analyst Ted Turner of Seattle's FBI office.

But Turner and other local FBI officials, along with the Coast Guard, suggested Thursday that the top ranking may be because of more aggressive reporting in this region.

Turner credited his agency's "very robust" efforts to monitor all suspicious incidents and the Washington State Ferries program to enlist help from crews and passengers as being likely factors in driving up the number of reported incidents.

"You cannot conclude from the fact that we have a lot of intelligence reporting that we are a No. 1 target," said Laura Laughlin, the FBI's special agent in charge in Seattle. "Obviously, the potential for a terrorist incident is here. But that's reading a lot into it to say that."

The inspector general's report, released last month, praised the Seattle FBI office's innovative intelligence assessments of potential threats to the ferry system, the first of which was released in May 2004.

After that assessment, several steps were taken to improve ferry security, including the introduction of bomb-sniffing dogs, elimination of unaccompanied freight and additional surveillance equipment. State Patrol troopers also began riding the ferries, accompanied in the water by heavily armed Coast Guard SWAT team boats.

Between April 2004 and September 2005, the FBI compiled reports on 247 suspicious incidents involving the ferry system, a major increase from the 157 documented between the 9/11 attacks and April 2004.

But Turner said there have been fewer incidents considered high-risk in the most recent reporting period.

"We've never been able to tie a specific incident to a terrorist group," he said. "We've never been able to tie a specific incident to a terrorist plan."

The Washington ferry system is the biggest in the United States. Some ferries can hold up to 2,500 passengers and 212 vehicles.

The national report hasn't resulted in an increase in the maritime security alert level, said Coast Guard Capt. Stephen Metruck, who as captain-of-the-port holds sway over maritime operations, controlling and setting maritime security levels in Puget Sound.

But Metruck said a wide range of security enhancements have gone into effect in the last couple of years and the measures are being continuously re-evaluated.

For its seaport-protection report, the inspector general asked the FBI's Threat Monitoring Unit to identify all maritime-related suspicious incidents reported from September 2004 to September 2005 to its computerized Guardian Threat Tracking System.

Of 51,000 suspicious incidents reported around the nation, "the FBI identified (the) 68 (most significant) maritime-related incidents, with the greatest concentration found in the Seattle area," the report states.

The report also noted "a substantial number of threats along the Gulf Coast, which most likely involved suspected surveillance of energy facilities and oil tankers."

Of the 68 incidents, 46 are considered to be acts of surveillance by terrorists.

Nearly half the suspected maritime targets nationally were terminals and ferries, and both were "frequently filmed or photographed in the Seattle area by people acting suspiciously," the report said.

Neither the local FBI office nor the Coast Guard would discuss specific incidents.

However, a September 2004 incident briefing report was obtained by cryptome.org, a Web site that often posts classified documents. The report states:

"WASHINGTON: Suspicious Activity of Two Middle Eastern Males on Ferry. According to USCG reporting, on 27 September, in Seattle, two Middle Eastern males were observed studying the schematic of the Wenatchee Ferry for an extended period of time. As soon as the two males noticed an employee approaching, they immediately walked away from the schematic and picked up a magazine to ward off attention. At the end of the voyage, the two males returned to their vehicle. A license plate check revealed the vehicle belonged to a rental company. Information from the rental company on the vehicle indicated that it was rented to a business located in Tukwila. The business was unable to be located. An investigation is ongoing."

Turner would not comment on the investigation, except to say "the key here is we've got something to follow up on -- a license plate." Laughlin urged ferry riders to be vigilant and report any suspicious activity.

"We are tracking down every suspicious incident that is brought to our attention," she said. "It will be followed up."

At Seattle's Colman Dock, ferry passengers waiting for the 2:05 p.m. boat to Bainbridge on Thursday took the inspector general's report in stride.

"If it's the highest threat here, why don't we have more security here like we do at the airports?" asked Anya Averill, 52, of Portland, who was visiting friends. "I will notice things when I'm flying. I'll go to the desk and say, 'There's a suitcase over there with no person.' "

But Craig Swanson, 53, of Bainbridge said, "I would worry more about being hit by a car on the freeway than being hit by a terrorist."

Jenn Spies, 16, of Bainbridge, agreed. "If it was a big concern of mine," she said, "I wouldn't be riding on the ferry" (Seattle PI, 2006).


Title:
Terrorist's Threat Stirs Up Old Fears
Date:
March 15, 2007
Source:
Seattle PI

Abstract: What if?

That's the haunting question Michelle Carr was asking herself Thursday -- as she has so many times since 9/11.

Carr, a Seattle Justice Center employee, works across the street from the city's tallest building -- Columbia Center. As she made the morning commute in from Shoreline, Carr was already reeling.

News reports had the tower -- or possibly one nearby -- on the al-Qaida hit list. There were no details, no plot -- but Carr couldn't help but wonder: What if the tower came down? What would happen to her office?

"You have to accept them as concrete threats," she said. "To just write it off would be foolish."

Like the Space Needle and the Washington ferry system, Columbia Center has appeared on lists of potential terrorism targets before. In January 2002, FBI officials told Seattle police that a photo of the Space Needle had been found in a cave in Afghanistan.

On Saturday, in a U.S. military hearing at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, a statement from alleged 9/11 mastermind Khalid Sheikh Mohammed listed a Washington state building -- which it called the "Plaza Bank" -- as one of the terrorist organization's targets.

The news wasn't going to keep Tom Jaffe up at night. And he works in the 76-story, black-glass Columbia Center.

"If it's going to happen, it's going to happen. There's not much you can do about it," the Seattle man said. "The only time I thought about it at all was on 9/11, when I didn't come in to work."

Then again, Jaffe said, no one asked him to come in. The tower was closed as a precaution.

Seattle-area emergency services officials were equally cool Thursday on the significance of Mohammed's statement.

That al-Qaida targeted the West Coast's tallest and most iconic buildings has been public knowledge since the bipartisan 9/11 commission published its report in 2004, said David Gomez, assistant special agent in charge at the Seattle FBI office.

"There's no new revelation here," Gomez said, adding that "the fact that (Mohammed) confessed is not new information for the FBI."

Seattle residents shouldn't be concerned about Mohammed's statements, Gomez added.

At the moment there are no specific threats against the city.

"As I understand it, it was not new," said Barb Graff, Seattle's emergency management director. "They've known of this and done vulnerability assessments around it for the past year at least."

For authorities, it's hard to know how credible Mohammed's statements are, said Jeff Bowers, assistant director of King County's Department of Emergency Management.

"Who knows what kind of situation he was in to say what he said?" Bowers said. "Sometimes it's difficult to winnow through these media reports of what the terrorists say they want to do or are going to do."

It remains unclear which Seattle building Mohammed was eyeing as a possible target.

According to the transcript, Mohammed referred to "Plaza Bank" while discussing ambitions for a wave of attacks after 9/11. It could have been a reference to the Bank of America Fifth Avenue Plaza near Columbia Center.

What's certain is that he didn't mean Seattle-based Plaza Bank, a Latino-focused commercial bank founded in 2006 -- three years after Mohammed was captured.

"We're confused as to how we got on that list," said Carlos Guangorena, the bank's president and chief executive. "We've had a little bit of fun with it over here."

While Plaza Bank probably isn't among them, a number of Seattle icons have drawn the attention of some would-be terrorists.

Like most cities, Seattle has attributes and vulnerabilities that make it an appealing target, said Capt. Mike Sanford of the Seattle Police Department's homeland security unit.

"As old as it is, the Space Needle is known around the world," Sanford said. And, he added, Washington has the world's largest ferry system.

Last year, federal authorities rated the ferry system the No. 1 target for maritime terrorism in the country. An FBI expert said at the time that would-be terrorists had conducted "preoperation planning" on the system.

Convicted terrorist Ahmed Ressam was captured in Port Angeles in 1999 driving a rented car filled with explosives. Authorities said he intended to use them against travelers at Los Angeles International Airport around the millennium celebration.

Bowers said county and local emergency-preparedness offices are constantly revising plans in anticipation of a future attack.

Bowers said federal authorities contact him and his counterparts at the state and city level when a credible threat is identified. Local authorities also are looking at what's being done in other cities to prepare for all kinds of disasters, including a terrorist strike.

"We've always got stuff cooking here," he said (Seattle PI, 2007).




Title: Terror Threat Puts Seattle Jewish Community On Alert
Date:
October 29, 2010
Source:
NWCN

Abstract: Within moments of the first news reports about Friday’s thwarted terror attack aimed at the United States, Seattle’s Jewish community was being put on alert.

Authorities on three continents thwarted multiple terrorist attacks aimed at the United States from Yemen, seizing two explosive packages addressed to Chicago-area synagogues and packed aboard cargo jets.

Staff at the Jewish Federation of Greater Seattle was informed at 8:30 a.m. Friday and put Safe Washington into action. Forty-three different Jewish organizations including synagogues, nursing homes and schools were immediately contacted and told to be on heightened alert. There was no recommendation Friday for Jewish organizations to cease worship or other activities.

The Safe Washington system was put in place following the 2006 shooting rampage at the Jewish Federation. A spokeswoman said the office also has improved building safety and has a security process in its mailroom to deal with suspicious packages (NWCN, 2010).



Title: Seattle-Area Federal Agencies On Heightened Terror Alert
Date: May 2, 2011
Source: KIRO TV

Abstract: The threat of retaliation over Osama bin Laden's death has federal, state and local agencies working together to prevent a potential attack in Western Washington.KIRO 7 crews spent Monday talking with federal and local police agencies and also spoke with travelers at Sea-Tac Airport.The U.S. State Department hasn't issued any warnings of specific threats, but did release a worldwide travel alert Sunday. Additionally, security at local military bases was heightened to condition BRAVO, meaning an "increased and more predictable" terror threat is present."We're always ready, we're always vigilant," said Lt. Col. Eric Farquharson, who commands the ROTC detachment at Seattle University, where condition BRAVO was also in effect.

"Because there's always a threat of retaliation, the national security people will make calls and make upgrades in our security posture and you'll probably see that right now."The Department of Homeland Security did not raise the nation's threat level and did not issue any alerts via the National Terrorism Advisory System, which replaced the old, color-coded Homeland Security Advisory System.The worldwide travel alert advised passengers to be aware, but the ones we talked to said they weren't afraid."At first I was a little nervous, then I was like, 'I'm one plane in the sky, it's nothing;' I can't stress out about that kind of stuff," said Amanda Deklaver.

Andrew Kwieton and his wife drove from Vancouver, B.C., to Sea-Tac on Monday to catch a flight to Spain."We wanted to cross the border as fast as we could to make our flight here, but we're not too concerned by it," he said.Sea-Tac's security level hasn't been raised, but passengers should expect to see more uniformed officers.In Seattle, police officers were reminded to be watchful, especially in areas where crowds gather, such as malls and city landmarks.The King County Sheriff's Office is also vigilant since mass transit is a potential target."If you see something, say something," said Sheriff's Office spokesman John Urquhart. "In Seattle, we have the bus system, the bus tunnel and light rail. It's important that people pay attention to what's going on" (KIRO TV, 2011).




3. SEATTLE TERROR PLOTS & PATSIES


OBAMACSI.COM: An alleged terror plot involving middle-eastern men was discovered in June of 2011, involving two African-American pasties who were fed fake guns and grenades from the U.S. government in an attempt to provocateur a terror incident. The Seattle incident is just one case in a long line of incidents of alleged terrorists that the U.S. government has desperately manufactured to terrorize the American public and build support for the wars in the Middle East.


OBAMACSI.COM

Date: July 27, 1996,
Suspect: 8 Individuals
Age: ?
Ethnicity: White?
Location: Bellingham, Washington
Weapon: Bomb threat
Charges: Charged with possession of explosive devices, conspiracy, and transfer of illegal weapons
Notes: Suspects allegedly discussed plans to bomb various targets, including a bridge, a railroad tunnel used by freight trains and Amtrak, and a radio tower.


Title:
Washington State Bomb Plotter Arrested
Date:
July 27, 1996
Source:
FBI

Abstract: On July 27, 1996, the FBI’s Seattle Division arrested eight individuals near Bellingham, Washington, charging them with offenses which included the manufacture and possession of explosive devices, conspiracy, and transfer of illegal weapons. These individuals, who are affiliated with the Washington State Militia, discussed plans to bomb various targets, including a bridge, a railroad tunnel used by freight trains and Amtrak, and a radio tower. Although no specific time frame was set for the attacks, one leader of the group indicated that it would take place in retaliation for the U.S. Government relinquishing control to the United Nations. The arrests of group members involved in the conspiracy occurred before final plans were made for the bombing campaign (FBI, 1996).


OBAMACSI.COM

Date: July 28, 2006
Suspect: Naveed Afzal Haq
Age: 37
Ethnicity: Pakistani
Location: Seattle, Washington
Weapon: Allegedly shot 6 Jewish women, 1 fatally
Charges: Charged with possession of explosive devices, conspiracy, and transfer of illegal weapons
Notes: Suspects allegedly discussed plans to bomb various targets, including a bridge, a railroad tunnel used by freight trains and Amtrak, and a radio tower.


Title:
Seattle Jewish Federation Shooting
Date: July 28, 2006
Source: Wikipedia

Abstract: The Seattle Jewish Federation shooting occurred on July 28, 2006, at around 4:00 p.m. Pacific time, when Naveed Afzal Haq shot six women, one fatally, at the Jewish Federation of Greater Seattle building in the Belltown neighborhood of Seattle, Washington, USA. Naveed Haq was convicted in December 2009 and sentenced to life without parole plus 120 years. Police have classified the shooting as a "hate crime" based on what Haq is alleged to have said during a 9-1-1 call. King CountyProsecuting Attorney Norm Maleng described the shooting as "one of the most serious crimes that has ever occurred in this city" (Wikipedia, 2011).



Title:
Terrorist Attack In Seattle: Muslim Gunman Kills One Wounds 5 At Jewish Federation Building Shouting "I Hate Israel"
Date: July 29, 2006
Source: Seattle Times

Abstract:
The gunman who forced his way into the offices of the Jewish Federation of Greater Seattle on Friday afternoon put a gun to the head of a 13-year-old girl to gain entry to the building, police said this afternoon.

The man who described himself as a Muslim American angry with Israel then opened fire with two handguns, killing one woman and wounding five others before surrendering to police.

The dead woman was identified this morning as Pamela Waechter, 58.

At a news conference this afternoon, Seattle Police Chief Gil Kerlikowske said the gunman was stopped on a minor traffic violation, he had been driving down a street exclusively used by buses, about a half hour before the shooting. He said he did nothing to arouse the officer's suspicions.

The man then presumably drove to the federation building, where he hid behind a plant in the lobby for a short time. Kerlikowske said he waited for someone to come in to gain access into the office. When the 13-year-old girl walked up, he put a gun to her head and forced her to take him inside.

"She could not have kept him out," Kerlikowske said. "She was a hostage." The man carried two semi-automatic handguns and extra ammunition into the federation's offices, the chief said.

"Once inside he immediately started firing at people" (Seattle Times, 2006).


OBAMACSI.COM

Date: November 10, 2007
Suspect: Janine Wells
Age: 48
Ethnicity: White?
Location: Seattle, Washington
Weapon: Bomb threat
Charges: Charged for calling in a false-bomb threat on the Space Needle.
Notes: Wells allegedly called 911 from inside the Seattle Center and told the operator she'd see a man planting a bomb on the Space Need observation deck.


Title:
Woman Charged For Space Needle Bomb Threat
Date: March 19, 2009
Source: The Stranger

Abstract: After a two year delay, King County Prosecutors have filed charges against a 48-year-old woman for calling in a bomb threat at the Space Needle.

The details are incredibly sad.

On November 10th 2007, at about 8:30 pm, Janine Wells allegedly called 911 from inside the Seattle Center and told the operator she'd see a man planting a bomb on the Space Need observation deck.

Later that evening, police records say, an employee found a black bag with the "BOMB" and "are you sure 'bout that" written on the side.

Police did not find a bomb in the bag. However, records say, officers did find several "half eaten sandwiches, packets of sugar and used napkins," as well as Wells' Social Security card and drivers license, prescriptions for anti-psychotic medications and a pillow with a note written on it, which stated "Brandon Wells was murdered! On 10/09/07 was 19 years old. Get off our asses. Died a horrible, painful death."

Two days later, police records say, Wells turned her self in and said she'd made the threat to "draw attention to the murder of her son Brandon."

Wells' confession was corroborated by her brother, a sergeant in the Hoquiam Police Department, who helped police identify his sister's voice on the 911 tape. He told officers at the time that his sister "suffers from...severe depression and paranoia since the death of her son, Brandon," who, according to police records, "died of natural causes while incarcerated in [...] Texas."

Dan Donahoe, spokesman for the King County Prosecutor's office, says the two year delay in charging Wells was the result of issues with fingerprint matching (The Stranger, 2009).


OBAMACSI.COM

Date: June 22, 2011
Suspect: Abu Khalid Abdul-Latif, Walli Mujahidh
Age: 33, 32
Ethnicity: African-American
Location: Seattle, Washington
Weapon: Grenades and machine guns
Charges: Charged by criminal complaint with terrorism and firearms related charges
Notes: Allegedly were planning to carry out their attack with both grenades and machine guns

Title:
Two Men Charged In Plot to Attack Seattle Military Processing Center
Date:
June 23, 2011
Source:
Department of Justice

Abstract: Two men were arrested late last night and are charged by criminal complaint with terrorism and firearms related charges.  The complaint alleges that Abu Khalid Abdul-Latif, aka Joseph Anthony Davis, 33, of Seattle, and Walli Mujahidh, aka Frederick Domingue, Jr., 32, of Los Angeles, took possession of machine guns that they purchased and planned to use in an attack on the Military Entrance Processing Station (MEPS) located on East Marginal Way, Seattle.  

Law enforcement has been monitoring Abdul-Latif and Mujahidh, including the weapons transaction, to prevent the attack and protect the public. Unbeknownst to the defendants, the weapons were rendered inoperable and posed no risk to the public. The defendants initially planned an attack on Joint Base Lewis-McChord in Washington State, but later changed targets. The defendants intended to carry out their attack with both grenades and machine guns.

 

YouTube-Video

“The complaint alleges these men intended to carry out a deadly attack against our military where they should be most safe, here at home,” said U.S. Attorney Jenny A. Durkan. “This is a sobering reminder of our need to be vigilant and that our first line of defense is the people who live in our community. We were able to disrupt the plot because someone stepped forward and reported it to authorities. I commend the joint efforts of the FBI, the Seattle Police Department, and the Joint Terrorism Task Force who quickly recognized the seriousness of the threat and ensured the safety of the community.”

Law enforcement first became aware of the potential threat when a citizen alerted them that he/she had been approached about participating in the attack and supplying firearms to the conspirators. The person then agreed to work with law enforcement, which began monitoring Abdul-Latif and Mujahidh.

Since early June the conspirators were captured on audio and videotape discussing a violent assault on the Military Entrance Processing Station. The MEPS is where each branch of the military screens and processes enlistees. In addition to housing many civilian and military employees, the building houses a federal daycare center.     

 

“Driven by a violent, extreme ideology, these two young Americans are charged with plotting to murder men and women who were enlisting in the Armed Forces to serve and protect our country. This is one of a number of recent plots targeting our military here at home, ” said Todd Hinnen, Acting Assistant Attorney General for National Security. “The threat was averted by the combined efforts of the federal, state and local law enforcement officers that make up the FBI’s Joint Terrorism Task Force.”

 

“The FBI remains committed to utilizing intelligence-based investigations to thwart would-be terrorists,” said Laura Laughlin, Special Agent in Charge of the FBI Seattle Division. “This case epitomizes the value and capabilities of the FBI’s Joint Terrorism Task Force concept as a means of preventing acts of terrorism.  But for the courage of the cooperating witness, and the efforts of multiple agencies working long and intense hours, the subjects might have been able to carry out their brutal plan.”

 

“This attack was foiled because of the trust and relationships the men and women of the Seattle Police Department enjoy with our community,” said Seattle Police Chief John Diaz. “The complainant felt safe approaching a Seattle Police Detective and, in doing so, ended the plot intended to take innocent lives. This cooperative investigation involving local, state, and federal partners worked exactly as intended.”

 

Abdul-Latif and Mujahidh are charged by complaint with conspiracy to murder officers and employees of the United States, conspiracy to use a weapon of mass destruction (grenades), and possession of firearms in furtherance of crimes of violence.   Abdul-Latif is also charged with two counts of illegal possession of firearms. The defendants will make their initial appearance on the complaint at 2:30 p.m. in front of Magistrate Judge Mary Alice Theiler, on the 12th floor of the federal courthouse at 700 Stewart Street, Seattle.

 

Both Abdul-Latif and Mujahidh face potential sentences of life in prison if convicted of the charges.

 

The case is being prosecuted by the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Western District of Washington, with assistance from the Counterterrorism Section of the Justice Department’s National Security Division. The investigation is being conducted by the FBI’s Joint Terrorism Task Force, which has investigators from federal, state and local law enforcement. The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms & Explosives contributed significant expertise to this investigation.

 

The charges contained in the complaint are only allegations. A person is presumed innocent unless and until he or she is proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt in a court of law (Department of Justice, 2011).


OBAMACSI.COM

Date: September 8, 2011
Suspect: Michael D. McCright
Age: ?
Ethnicity: White
Location: Seattle, Washington
Weapon: Car
Charges: 2nd degree assault, faces life in prison if convicted as a repeat "three strike" violent offender.
Notes: McCright allegedly attempted to run two Marines off the road, and allegedly had contact with terrorism suspects.


Title:
Attack On Marines Linked To Seattle Terror Plot
Date:
October 22, 2011
Source:
IPT News

Abstract: In what may be a new development in a June South Seattle terror plot, state prosecutors filed charges Tuesday against a longtime criminal in Washington state who attempted to run two Marines off the road, and who allegedly had contact with one of the terrorism suspects.

According to the charges, Michael D. McCright, who also goes by Mikhial Jihad, swerved at a government-owned sedan on July 12 after noticing the uniform of the Marine staff sergeant driving the car.

"His eyes widened and he appeared to become angry," the staff sergeant reported to the police.

McCright then quickly pulled in front of the sedan and jammed on his brakes in an effort to cause a collision. The second Marine in the car, a gunnery sergeant, managed to report McCright's license plate to the Washington State Patrol. Both Marines were uninjured in the incident.

The charges assert that McCright initially denied any involvement in the incident and avoided detectives until he was tracked down and arrested on Sept. 8 in Seattle.

Adding to the potential significance of the crime is evidence entered by prosecutors showing that McCright had been in contact with Abu Khalid Abdul-Latif, who is one of the two defendants charged with plotting to attack the South Seattle military processing station in June.

"Investigators have confirmed that the cell phone used by the defendant … was used on at least three occasions to contact Abdul-Latif prior to Latif's arrest by federal authorities," King County prosecutor Gary Ernsdorff said in court papers. "The FBI is continuing to investigate defendant McCright's possible connection to domestic terrorism."

The charges only assert that McCright's cell phone was used to contact Abdul-Latif, but the nature of their relationship has yet to be determined.

Abdul-Latif was arrested along with Los Angeles resident, Walli Mujahidh, several weeks before McCright's attempted attack on the Marines for allegedly plotting a suicide operation against a military induction and processing center. The two suspects planned to use automatic weapons and grenades to target recruits and Department of Defense employees working there. Both men are now in Federal custody and face life in prison if convicted.

McCright, charged with second-degree assault, also faces life in prison if convicted as a repeat "three strike" violent offender. He is expected to be arraigned on Sept. 27 (IPT News, 2011).



4. SEATTLE TERROR DRILLS


OBAMACSI.COM: Terror drills in Washington State, namely Seattle, have included active shooters on a college campus, a dirty bomb explosion, and multiple terror drills at Sea-Tac International Airport. Drills are practice for the real thing, and it is impossible to know when these drills will go live as they did on 9/11.


OBAMACSI.COM: Seattle Terror Drills
Place:
Washington State
Date:
May 8, 2008
Location:
Washington
Notes:
Drill simulated response to weapons of mass destruction terrorist attacks in Washington State. Interestingly, the original text from FEMA of "Events in the Pacific Northwest include terrorist attacks involving weapons of mass destruction (WMD) in the state of Washington" have since been deleted from the FEMA website.

Title: National Level Exercise Begins In May
Date: April 24, 2008
Source: FEMA (DHS)

Abstract: The Department of Homeland Security's Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) National Exercise Program (NEP) will conduct National Level Exercise 2-08 (NLE 2-08) a combined functional and full scale exercise from May 1 through May 8.  NLE 2-08 will merge the objectives of U.S. Northern Command's (NORTHCOM) Ardent Sentry 2008 exercise, FEMA National Continuity Program's (NCP) Eagle Horizon 2008 exercise (formerly known as Forward Challenge), and FEMA Disaster Operation's Hurricane Preparedness Exercise (HPE).

The purpose of NLE 2-08 is to exercise national capabilities to prepare and respond to multiple incidents including both natural disasters and terrorist incidents.  The exercise was designed to include scenario elements addressing hurricane preparedness and response, national continuity capabilities, and Defense Support to Civil Authorities coordination in response to weapons of mass destruction terrorist attacks. The exercise venues involve a Category 4 hurricane impacting the Mid Atlantic Coast and the National Capitol Region and multiple terrorist attacks in Washington State.

Also during NLE 2-08, the Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program (CSEPP) will test it's response to an accidental chemical agent release at the Umatilla Chemical Depot in Oregon. Canada will also participate through their Staunch Maple Exercise.

The exercise allows Federal officials to implement continuity plans, test communications connectivity, operations and procedures for performing essential government functions from alternate locations, and interagency coordination. Additionally, it serves to demonstrate that essential functions can be effectively conducted during threats and emergencies.

NLE 2-08 is a NEP exercise conducted within the five year exercise schedule.  The NEP is the nation's overarching homeland security exercise program, provides the federal government  with a national, interagency wide program and a multi-year planning system to focus, coordinate, plan, conduct, execute, evaluate and prioritize national security and homeland security preparedness-related exercise activities.  

FEMA coordinates the federal government's role in preparing for, preventing, mitigating the effects of, responding to, and recovering from all domestic disasters, whether natural or man-made, including acts of terror (FEMA (DHS), 2008).


OBAMACSI.COM: Seattle Terror Drills
Place:
Sea-Tac Airport
Date:
July 30, 2008
Location:
Seattle, Washington
Notes:
The full-scale emergency drill simulating a plane crash on the runway with victims.

Title: Sea-Tac Plans Full-Scale Plane Crash Drill.
Date: July 28, 2008
Source: DHS

Abstract
: Sea-Tac plans full-scale plane crash drill. A full-scale emergency drill simulating a plane crash is planned for 9 a.m. to noon Wednesday at Seattle-Tacoma International Airport. The exercise will test airfield disaster preparedness and response as required by the Federal Aviation Administration every three years, according to a news release from the Port of Seattle. It will be the first full-scale exercise to occur on a Sea-Tac runway in at least 25 years and will not affect any air travel. Both of Sea-Tac’s runways will be open as normal and the exercise will not affect any customer activity within the terminal, the release states.

More than 100 volunteers will participate as ‘victims’ next to a mock-up aircraft fuselage placed in the middle of the third runway along with wrecked cars representing various debris designed to drill extrication procedures. Dozens of the King County area mutual aid police and fire agencies will participate in the exercise with an estimated 50 to 75 pieces of equipment from fire engines to aid cars and up to 175 firefighters. Additional police officers from the area also are expected to participate alongside first responders from the Port of Seattle Fire and Police Departments, Sea-Tac Airport Security, Airport Operations, Public Information, and the Port Environmental team (DHS, 2008).


OBAMACSI.COM: Seattle Terror Drills
Place:
Sea-Tac Airport
Date:
July 15, 2011
Location:
Seattle, Washington
Notes:
The drill simulated a flight that is seized by a hostage taker and a mass injury situation.


Title: Emergency Drill Set Friday At Sea-Tac Airport
Date: July 15, 2011
Source: Seattle Times

Abstract: The Port of Seattle plans an elaborate emergency drill for Seattle-Tacoma International Airport on Friday but officials stress it is only a drill and will not affect any regular air travel.

The exercise will simulate two separate fictional scenarios - including a flight that is seized by a hostage taker and a mass injury situation. Dozens of King County-area police and fire agencies are expected to participate.

KOMO says the westernmost runway will be closed during the exercise. The other two runways will be open as normal.

The drill is set to begin at 6 a.m. and last through at least noon (Seattle Times, 2011).

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OBAMACSI.COM: Seattle Terror Drills
Place: Seattle Central Community College
Date: September 1, 2011
Location:
Seattle, Washington
Notes: Drill simulated a "dirty bomb" exercise - complete with a fake-looking blown-off plastic arm. 

Title:
'Dirty Bomb' Drill Puts Seattle Central, National Guard To The Test
Date:
September 2, 2011
Source:
Capitol Hill Seattle

Abstract: For Robert Huss, head of security for Seattle Central, Thursday's "dirty bomb" exercise -- complete with a fake-looking blown-off plastic arm -- atop the school's science and math building was an opportunity to test out the safety procedures for the campus he is responsible for.

For the specialists of the Washington National Guard Civilian Support Team 10, a day of drills hunting for small radioactive capsules provided the opportunity to put their skills to the test in a busy city environment in the heart of Capitol Hill.

While it was annoying for the big media flyovers it encouraged, the drills involving the school, the Guard, State Patrol and SPD have been relatively regular occurrences on Seattle's community college campuses including SCCC, Huss said.

Previous SCCC drills have been held at night. The timing of Thursday's exercise, Huss told CHS, had nothing to do with the approaching ten-year anniversary of the 9/11 attacks.

And Huss said to expect more drills of a similar nature in the future. Fake blown-off plastic arms included, we presume (Capitol Hill Seattle, 2011).