Hopper was 30 years old when he first came to Gloucester in 1912.

There are more than 100 EDWARD HOPPER works from Gloucester, MA. Many of them encircle the perimeter of, and points within, this historic downtown. Most were plein air. Scroll down for an on-line exhibit of each Gloucester address, with Edward Hopper image (THEN, "A") and contemporary snapshot (NOW, "B") . Numbers 1-103 show Gloucester places. Numbers 104 on show images of other towns such as Salem and Essex that were completed during Gloucester visits. The sites of twenty five to thirty Gloucester Hopper images were known. I have researched and identified the bulk of the remainder. A list of Hopper Gloucester titles and helpful links appears at the end. For a self guided walking tour, see  Hopper map http://goo.gl/maps/DhoQ.

Please note: I am in the process of moving over to this website. You can also view this project on Google docs and Google maps.


Did you know Edward Hopper Rode the Rails to Gloucester, MA?

Experience Gloucester as Hopper and others did—by train and on foot.
Edward Hopper frequently traveled by public rail from his home and studio in New York City to travel to Gloucester, with his first visit in 1912. Disembarking from the train at the Gloucester station, he would walk straight to lodgings downtown on Middle Street. He wandered downtown and other areas all around Gloucester sketching and painting. Regular trolley schedules to Gloucester neighborhoods beyond downtown were as easy as taking the El or the subway. Hopper clearly used any public staircases and right of ways. Turn around from one of his Gloucester views and there's likely to be the same stone steps, sidewalk, or giant granite boulder that he climbed in his time. In 1928, his last summer in Gloucester, he owned a car, a benefit from the great response and sales of his magnificent 1920s Gloucester works.


1. 318 MAIN STREET AT PROSPECT

Edward Hopper. Haskell's House. 1924. Watercolor. Gift of Herbert A. Goldstone. National Gallery of Art. Washington, DC.
Hopper and his wife, artist Jo Nivison, called it the wedding cake house.

2. INTERSECTION OF PROSPECT AND MAIN

Edward Hopper. Gloucester Mansions. 1923. Watercolor. Art Institute of Chicago. Olivia Shaler Swan Memorial Collection.

This is a side view of Haskell house and also next to another Hopper site, Parkhurst House, at 160 Prospect Street.


3. 160 PROSPECT STREET

Edward Hopper. Parkhurst House (Captain's House). 1924. Watercolor. Private Collection. 


3A. 160 PROSPECT STREET

Edward Hopper. Entry (The Captain's House), from one of Hopper's Artist's Ledger-Books. Ink and graphite on paper. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Gift of Lloyd Goodrich. In the fall of 1913, Hopper began his painter's ledger, a diary of his artistic output that he amended throughout his career. After 1924, his wife, Jo Nivison, contributed to these entries. 


4. 6 MARCHANT STREET

Edward Hopper. Victorian House. 1923. Watercolor on paper. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. Look past the intersection at Main and Spring Streets.

5. 9 MARCHANT STREET

Edward Hopper. The Hill. 1926. Watercolor over graphite on paper. Eleanor Briggs. Private Collection. Note the Victorian House on the right.

WINCHESTER STREET STAIRS
Hopper clearly used any public staircases and right of ways. Turn around from one of his Gloucester views and there's likely to be the same stone steps, sidewalk, or giant granite boulder that he climbed in his time.


6. 9 WINCHESTER STREET, WINCHESTER STAIRS

Edward Hopper. Gloucester Roofs. 1928. Watercolor over graphite on paper. Collection of Mr. and Mrs. James A. Fisher. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The "Winchester" public stairs from Main Street at Spring Street connect one up to Winchester Street. From there it's a quick hop to Prospect Street.

Public Stairs

WINCHESTER STAIRS- John Sloan

John Sloan. Town Steps. 1916. Oil on canvas. Los Angeles Contemporary Museum of Art. John Sloan depicted the steps looking up to Winchester from Main Street as they were in or may have been in his time. Hopper flipped the view of his friend's image a decade later.


7. CORNER MT. VERNON STREET/PERKINS STREET, PORTUGUESE HILL

Edward Hopper. Street Corner. 1923. Watercolor over graphite on paper. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Josephine N. Hopper bequest. 

8. 25 MT. VERNON STREET, PORTUGUESE HILL

Edward Hopper. Adam's House. 1928. Watercolor. Wichita Art Museum. (Note City Hall tower and harbor in the distance. Hopper played with the close-up; he makes the tower more prominent. The house is located at the cross section of Mt. Vernon and Ledgemont Streets. 

LEDGEMONT VIEW, PORTUGUESE HILL
Turn onto Ledgemont at Mt. Vernon for a quick walk to a must see, bird's-eye panorama of Gloucester harbor. This superb vantage was an ideal spot for many artists including Childe Hassam and Fitz Hugh Lane.


9. MT. VERNON, PORTUGUESE HILL


Edward Hopper. Portuguese Church. Watercolor. Cornell University. Continue downhill along Mt Vernon to see this view. It's located below Ledgemont but before Oak Street.

OUR LADY OF GOOD VOYAGE 142 PROSPECT STREET- Jo Nivison

Jo Nivison Hopper. Our Lady of Good Voyage, Gloucester. 1923. Watercolor. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. Hopper and Nivison sometimes painted the same subjects albeit in their respective styles.

10. PORTUGUESE HILL

Edward Hopper. House and Harbor. 1924. Watercolor on paper. Private Collection. According to the record book at the times of the Rehn exhibit: "Looking down from Portuguese quarter, harbor at right." 


11. HERRICK COURT STAIRS, PORTUGUESE HILL

Edward Hopper. Portuguese Quarter. 1923. Watercolor on paper. Private Collection. Portuguese Hill looking down onto harbor. Climb another public staircase from Herrick Court near the Crow's Nest on Main Street to get here. It's a close walk to other Portuguese Hill Hoppers and Haskell House on Main.

12. 98-102 PROSPECT STREET

Edward Hopper. Prospect Street. 1928. Watercolor. Smithsonian. Note Our Lady domes in the distance to help find your way.

13. 98-102 PROSPECT STREET

Edward Hopper. Sun on Prospect Street, Gloucester, MA. 1924. Oil on canvas. Cincinnati Museum of Art. The Edwin and Virginia Irwin Memorial. Here Hopper returns to the same imagery from the watercolor a decade earlier. Note Our Lady of Good Voyage domes in the distance to help find your way. From Main Street, peek up Chestnut to see the same houses.

13A13A. 98-102 PROSPECT STREET

Edward Hopper. Detail (shows entry for Sun On Prospect Street) from one of Hopper's Artist's Ledger-Books. Ink and graphite on paper. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Gift of Lloyd Goodrich. 

14. 1 MAPLE STREET (CORNER OF MAPLE AND WARNER STREETS)

Edward Hopper. Abbot's House. 1926. Watercolor. New Britain Museum, CT. 

15. 31 CLEVELAND STREET

Edward Hopper. Marty Welch's House. 1928. Watercolor. Smithsonian. Marty Welch was a Winner of America's Cup. This home is located just off Maplewood.

16. CLEVELAND STREET

Edward Hopper. Box Factory, Gloucester. 1928. Watercolor and pencil on paper. The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Gift of Abby Aldrich Rockefeller, 85.1935. 


17. NEAR GLOUCESTER MBTA TRAIN STOP 

Edward Hopper. Freight Cars, Gloucester. 1928. Oil on canvas. Addison Gallery of American Art, Philips Academy, Andover, MA. Gift of Edward Wales Root in recognition of the 25th Anniversary of the Addison Gallery. (On Maplewood Avenue. Note St. Ann's for reference; Hopper enlarges the spire.) 

18. NEAR GLOUCESTER MBTA TRAIN STOP 

Edward Hopper. Railroad Gates. 1928. Oil on canvas. Private collection. (Note St. Ann's for reference; Hopper emphasizes spire.) 

19. NEAR GLOUCESTER MBTA TRAIN ROUTE

Edward Hopper. American Village. 1912. Oil on canvas. Whitney Museum of American Art. (For Hopper, this imagined view and perspective was another composite: this time of New England towns as seen on his train commute back and forth between New York City and Glocuester, MA.) 

20. CORNER OF PINE AND CHURCH STREETS

Edward Hopper. Gloucester Street. 1926. Oil on canvas. Private Collection. Black and white photograph for the Smithsonian by Peter A. Juley & Sons. (Same corner near Hopper's UU vantage.) 

21. NEAR CORNER OF PINE STREET/CHURCH STREET

Edward Hopper. UU Church. 1926, Watercolor. Princeton Museum. (Note angle of weathervane, and chimneys. The UU church, 10 Church Street, looks great cropped from most anywhere!) 

22. 25 MIDDLE STREET

Edward Hopper. Davis House. 1926. Watercolor. Private Collection. (Turn around to see the UU Church, 10 Church Street, which Hopper and other artists painted.) 

23. 38 MIDDLE STREET

Edward Hopper. House on Middle Street. 1928. Watercolor. Currier Museum of Art, Manchester, NH. (This home is a close walk from the Gloucester train stop. Note its proximity to the Joan of Arc sculpture by Anna Hyatt Huntington, historic Middle Street, and grand Stacy Boulevard.) 

(looking back to Joan of Arc, boarding house and UU Church) 

Boarding House, 42 Middle Street 

24. 18 WESTERN AVENUE (STACY BOULEVARD)

Edward Hopper. Andersons House. 1926. Watercolor. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. (Note that Stacy Boulevard is Western Avenue.) Thanks, Charles. 

25. 101 WESTERN AVENUE MIDDLE OF STACY BOULEVARD

Edward Hopper. Blyman Bridge. 1923. Watercolor. Whitney Museum of American Art. (Blyman Bridge, known as 'The Cut Bridge', is on Stacy Boulevard, near the Fisherman at the Wheel Memorial by Leonard Craske. 

26. ANNISQUAM RIVER TRAIN BRIDGE

Edward Hopper. Landscape with Bridge (Annisquam River Train Bridge, Glouceter, MA). 1923. Watercolor on paper. Whitney Museum of American Art. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. (Contemporary photo: Allegra Boverman, staff photo, Gloucester Daily Times. "Gloucester: The outbound commuter MBTA train travels very slowly over the Annisquam River Train Bridge on Wednesday afternoon just after leaving the Gloucester station, February 1, 2012.") 

27. 11 HOVEY STREET

Edward Hopper. Gloucester Houses. 1926-28. Watercolor on paper. Private Collection. 

27a. 11 HOVEY STREETEntry (Gloucester Houses on Hill) from one of Edward Hopper's Ledger-Books. Ink and graphite on paper. Whitney Museum of American Art. Gift of Lloyd Goodrich. (At the corner of Hovey and Hampden Streets where there are many Captain homes, high above Stacy Boulevard, overlooking our harbor. 

28. ABOVE STACY BOULEVARD, CAPTAINS ROW

Edward Hopper. Summer Twilight. 1920. Etching. Example of print featuring architectural details (arched windows and shutters, double chimneys, steeples, Victorian style, sloped foreground) and composition that would be featured in his next body of work: the Gloucester drawings, prints and paintings of the 1920s. Look like Captain's Row, Gloucester, MA, and Long Island. 

29. ABOVE STACY BOULEVARD AT CENTENNIAL

Edward Hopper. Sultry Day. 1928. Watercolor on paper. Private Collection. (Note in the distance: Stage Fort with Tablet Rock in Hopper's drawing. The roof with the distinctive skylights is unchanged.) 


30. STAGE FORT PARK

Edward Hopper. Circus Wagon. 1928. Watercolor on paper. Private Collection. 

31. STAGE FORT PARK

Edward Hopper. Circus Tents. c.1928. charcoal and graphite on paper 

32. STAGE FORT PARK, HALF MOON BEACH


Edward Hopper. Destroyer and Rocky Shore. 1923. Watercolor. Whitney Museum of American Art. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. (Turn around to public stairs right up to Tablet Rock, off to the playground, Welcome Center, or bathrooms.) 


ETCHINGS
Though not depicting Gloucester, other Edward Hopper 1923 etchings (such as 'Locomotive' and the 'Lonely House') were similar inspiration--trains and domiciles--that were the focus for many of his Gloucester images.


33. 15 BEACH COURT

Edward Hopper. House on the Beach. 1923. Watercolor. Private Collection. (Nearby St. Peter's, Chamber of Commerce and other Hoppers done on the Fort.) 


THE FORT
The Fort has a fantastic perimeter walk around its neighborhood; public stairs to a summit view; Pavilion Beach access; a jewel of a playground right on the water; wrap-around views of the harbor, Ten Pound Island Lighthouse, and fishing boats. Walk by Charles Olson's home. Look across to Rocky Neck and see Hopper's Mansard Roof.


34. COMMERCIAL STREET, THE FORT

Edward Hopper. Italian Quarter. 1912. Oil on canvas. Whitney Museum of American Art. (Artist and friend George Bellows bought this painting and Hopper's Haskell House. ) 



35. COMMERCIAL STREET, THE FORT 

Edward Hopper. (Untitled Back Streets, Gloucester). Watercolor. Whitney Museum of American Art. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. (Commercial Street, in the direction heading into the Fort, past Neptune. Note the man and the wheelbarrow in the lower left of the drawing.) 

Public stairs 
36. FORT SQUARE ROAD, UP PUBLIC STAIRS, THE FORT 

Edward Hopper. Houses at the Fort. 1924. Watercolor. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. (This is 'Tony's House' from the back and above. If you climb the public stairs at Fort Square Road/Commercial Streets, you can glimpse the rocks by the house and see the 2 chimneys; with the distant harbor and across to Lookout Hill.) 


37. THE FORT 

Edward Hopper. Rocks at the Fort. 1924. Watercolor. Private Collection. (Note: it's location comes before #16 Fort Square Road). 


38. 16 FORT SQUARE ROAD, THE FORT 

Edward Hopper. Tony's House. 1926. Watercolor. Albright Knox Museum of Art. (Note the double chimneys, stone steps, and wall. Face away from the harbor to see this scene.) 

39. 16 FORT SQUARE ROAD, THE FORT 

Edward Hopper. Houses in the Italian Quarter. 1923. Watercolor. Smithsonian. (Have your back to the harbor and turn to face 'Tony's House' at the angle shown here. Note the hint of city skyline on the lower left, and slight slope along the right of the house.) 

40. THE FORT 

Edward Hopper. Gloucester Mansion. 1923 or 1924. Watercolor over graphite on paper. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Bequest of John T. Spaulding. (Note man leaning against the dory.) 

41. THE FORT 

Edward Hopper. Back Streets of Gloucester. 1928. Watercolor. Whitney Museum of American Art. (Note the light fixture. The shape of the first house is in other homes around town; you can look for similar styles.) 

42. THE FORT 

Edward Hopper. House on the Shore. 1924. Watercolor. Whitney Museum of American Art. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. (Note the sands, steps, and light fixture.) 

43. THE FORT, BEFORE CAPE POND ICE 

Edward Hopper. Italian Quarter. 1923. Watercolor on paper. Private Collection. (Leaving Cape Pond Ice to Commercial Street, look to your left; the distinct granite and foreground building foundation remain.) 

44. BACKYARDS 

Edward Hopper. Outhouses. 1923. Watercolor over graphite on paper. Whitney Museum of American Art. New York. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. Exact address unknown. (Next image is Stuart Davis. Backyards, Gloucester. 1916. Oil on Canvas) 

44A Stuart Davis (not Hopper) 

45. GLOUCESTER HARBOR 

Edward Hopper. Gloucester Harbor. 1926. Watercolor over graphite on paper. Private Collection. 

46. GLOUCESTER HARBOR 

Edward Hopper, Gloucester Harbor, 1926, watercolor on paper, SBC Collection, Southwestern Bell Corporation, San Antonio, TX 

47. THE HENRY FORD 

Edward Hopper. The Henry Ford. 1923. Etching. (possibly rocks, Eastern Point) 

HISTORIC PHOTO: Charles E. Dennison photos. (Spectators along Eastern Point Watching Yacht Racing, the Henry Ford among them), c.1920s. Copyright Fredrik D. Bodin, Main Street, Gloucester. 

48. THE HENRY FORD 

Edward Hopper. Drawing for the etching, The Henry Ford (1923 etching). Note reversed image. Whitney Museum of American Art. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. (The fishing schooner was built to race and win vs. the Canadian Blue Nose. There were several international races.) 

GLOUCESTER HARBOR, BOATS
See boats tied up at Rose's Marine and tugs tied up at Cruiseport. Walk by docks, dry docks, and piers downtown and all along our harbor. The Gloucester HarborWalk pathway just past St. Peter's and in front of Latitude 43 is one of many good spots to view a wide range of boats.


49. GLOUCESTER HARBOR, HARBOR COVE, TOWN LANDING, BOATS 

Edward Hopper. Tall Masts. 1912. Oil on canvas. Whitney Museum of American Art. New York. (The red building is the approximate location of Cape Pond Ice today.) 

49B. HARBOR COVE, TOWN LANDING 

View from the Gloucester HarborWalk by Joey Ciaramitaro, creator blog, Good Morning Gloucester (see side by side whale watching boat, fishing vessels and traps, dories at the dock) 

50. GLOUCESTER HARBOR, HARBOR COVE, BOATS 

Edward Hopper. Boat and Docks. ca.1912. Drawing. Whitney Museum of American Art. New York. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. 

51. GLOUCESTER HARBOR, BOATS 

Edward Hopper. Trawler. 1923. Watercolor on paper. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. 

52. GLOUCESTER HARBOR, BOATS 

Edward Hopper. Two Trawlers, Gloucester. 1923-1924. Watercolor on paper. Whitney Museum of American Art. New York. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. 

53. GLOUCESTER HARBOR, BOATS 

Edward Hopper. Beam Trawler, The Seal. 1923. Watercolor on paper. Private Collection. 


54. GLOUCESTER HARBOR, BOATS 

Edward Hopper. Bow of Beam Trawler. Watercolor on paper. Private Collection. (Note crisp details of the boat; and in the background, a yellow building with dormers and three chimneys.) 

GLOUCESTER HARBOR, BOATS 
As a boy, Edward Hopper dreamed of becoming a naval architect/marine engineer. He tried to build a catboat at the age of 14. 


55. GLOUCESTER HARBOR, BOATS 

Edward Hopper. Trawler in Dock. 1923. Watercolor on paper. Private Collection. 

56. GLOUCESTER HARBOR, BOATS 

Edward Hopper. Deck of Beam Trawler. 1923. Watercolor over graphite on paper. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Bequest of John T. Spaulding 

57. GLOUCESTER HARBOR, BOATS 

Edward Hopper. Funnel of Trawler. 1924. Watercolor on paper. Whitney Museum of American Art. New York. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. 


BOATS
Edward Hopper painted many boats in the 1920s with as vivid detail as he did with houses and structures. He painted a tug with a black smokestack (1908) in the collection of the Whitney Museum of American Art, as well as sailboats and other boats from Long Island and elsewhere prior to 1912. Here's "Trawler and Telegraph Pole" (NOT Gloucester), 1926, watercolor, Princeton Museum. Princeton also has Hopper's Gloucester image of the UU Church in their collection.


58. GOOD HARBOR BEACH

  Edward Hopper. Good Harbor Beach, Bass Rocks. 1923. Watercolor and pencil on paper. 11-3/4 x 18 inches. Inscribed "For Mrs. Lillias Rose", gifted in 1959. Sold in 2007 at auction to a private collector. 

GOOD HARBOR BEACH 
Entry (Good Harbor Beach) from one of Edward Hopper's Ledger-Books. Ink and graphite on paper. Whitney Museum of American Art. Gift of Lloyd Goodrich. 


59. GOOD HARBOR BEACH 

Edward Hopper. Jo Sketching. 1923. Watercolor. Whitney Museum of American Art. New York. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. (At the footbridge side of the beach.) 

60. GOOD HARBOR BEACH 

Edward Hopper. House Above River. 1924. Watercolor on paper. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. (You can see this view if you're near Good Harbor Beach Club.) 

61. GOOD HARBOR BEACH 

Edward Hopper. Briar Neck (Good Harbor, Gloucester). 1912. Oil on canvas. Whitney Museum of American Art. (Many similar coves below Salt Island Road, opposite side of beach to Bass Rocks.) 

62. MARSH 

Edward Hopper. New England House. 1923. Watercolor on paper. Private Collection. (Note the stretch of marsh below and whisper of ocean top left. Perhaps from Old Nugent Farm looking towards Good Harbor Beach; or over by Annisquam River.) 

62B Across marsh Nugent Farm; giant granite boulder. 

63. NEAR GOOD HARBOR BEACH, OLD NUGENT FARM 

Dead Trees. 1923. Watercolor on paper. The Warner Collection of Gulf States Paper Corporation. Tuscaloosa, AL. (According to the artist's recollections, this location was near a pig farm.) 


64. EAST GLOUCESTER, ABOVE CRIPPLE COVE 

Edward Hopper. Gloucester Harbor. 1912. Oil on canvas. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. (Hopper shows a view looking across to Portuguese Hill from East Gloucester hills, with distant glimpses of rooftops, St. Ann's, sails, boats, and a bit of Gorton's building.) 


65. EAST GLOUCESTER, ABOVE CRIPPLE COVE 

Edward Hopper. Gloucester Factory and Harbor. 1924. Watercolor on paper. Private Collection. (A bird's-eye view looking down on what was Gorton's smokehouse, near Good Morning Gloucester today. You can just see the left edge of Cripple Cove in the drawing.) 

66. EAST GLOUCESTER, EASTERN POINT 

Edward Hopper. Eastern Point. 1923. Watercolor on paper. Private Collection. (This work is perhaps Hopper's FIRST watercolor: showing the Eastern Point Lighthouse from the water side; the bell is no longer there.) 

67. LIGHTHOUSE MOTIF 

Edward Hopper. (lighthouse). 1915. Etching. Whitney Museum of American Art. New York. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. Impression pulled posthumously. (Likely ME; perhaps composite of ME and MA.) 

68. 2-4 CLARENDON STREET, ROCKY NECK , EAST GLOUCESTER 

Edward Hopper. The Mansard Roof. 1923. Watercolor over graphite on paper. Brooklyn Museum. Museum Collection Fund 23.100. (At the corner of Clarendon and Wonson Streets, a very nice walk on Rocky Neck.) 


2-4 CLARENDON STREET, ROCKY NECK Photo of the home for The Mansard Roof from the street side at Wonson and Clarendon Streets, Rocky Neck, East Gloucester.


2-4 CLARENDON STREET, ROCKY NECK, EAST GLOUCESTER You can also view the house from Hopper's Mansard Roof by boat--closer to Hopper's angle, or even from a great distance. This photo is the view from the water via the Fort, downtown Gloucester, looking across and over to Rocky Neck.


69. 2-4 CLARENDON STREET, ROCKY NECK, EAST GLOUCESTER 

Edward Hopper. Captain Gardener K. Wonson. Charcoal drawing. Amon Carter Museum. Ft. Worth, TX. (This drawing also depicts the Mansard Roof house, showing a different perspective.) 


DOUBLE HOUSE AS THEME
Edward Hopper. Second Story Sunlight. 1960. Oil on canvas. Private Collection. (Three decades after Gloucester works, note Hopper's iconography such as double architecture/landscape band/trees/Jo. Location too is composite; this is not one specific place as with some of his work from earlier decades--rather composite of all and re imagined.)


70. EAST GLOUCESTER, 172-174 EAST MAIN STREET 

Edward Hopper. Double House. 1925. Drawing. Minneapolis Museum of Arts. (Near the North Shore Arts Association.)

71. 164 EAST MAIN STREET, GLOUCESTER HOUSES AND CORNER 

Edward Hopper, (Houses at Gloucester), c.1923-28, charcoal and graphite on paper, 18 x 20 

72. LANDSCAPE: HILLS AND TREES, EAST GLOUCESTER 

Edward Hopper. Landscape: Hills and Trees. 1926. Watercolor. Whitney Museum of American Art. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. 

73. TREES, EAST GLOUCESTER 

Edward Hopper. Trees East Gloucester. Oil on canvas. Private Collection. 

EAST GLOUCESTER 
Vintage postcard. Patches Willows, East Gloucester. Collection Catherine Ryan. 

74. GLOUCESTER LANDSCAPE WITH ROCKS 

Edward Hopper. Landscape with Rocks. 1924. Watercolor over graphite on paper. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. 


75. UNTITLED LANDSCAPE, EAST GLOUCESTER 

Edward Hopper. (untitled landscape). Watercolor on paper. Unfinished. Whitney Museum of American Art. New York. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. 


76. APPLE TREE GLOUCESTER 

Edward Hopper. Apple Tree. 1923. Watercolor. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. (Possibly near Good Harbor Beach Nugent Farm, East Gloucester, or Dogtown; there are many possible Gloucester locations.) 


77. OAK GROVE CEMETERY, NEAR 52-54 POPLAR STREET

Edward Hopper. Cemetery in Gloucester (Oak Grove). c.1923-28. Conte crayon on paper. Gift of Robert L. and Elizabeth French, 2009. Collection of Cape Ann Museum, Gloucester, MA. (Note the distinct grave with leaf on the lower right, and tree stumps--thanks George,--branches of second tree, homes in background, and granite post, all still visible.) 

78. 334 WASHINGTON STREET

Edward Hopper. House at Riverdale. 1928. Watercolor with graphite sketch on white, medium weight, roughly textured wove paper. Brooklyn Museum. Bequest of Anita Steckler. 2003.1 (Located after Addison Gilbert Hospital, just before Wheeler's Point. Note Pole Hill.) 

79. CAPE ANN GRANITE, GLOUCESTER, MA

Edward Hopper. Cape Ann Granite. "In back of a summer colony called Riverview" --maybe not and it's Dogtown or Old Nugent or Annisquam... 

CAPE ANN GRANITE 
Entry (Cape Ann Granite) from one of Edward Hopper's Ledger-Books. Ink and graphite on paper. Whitney Museum of American Art. Gift of Lloyd Goodrich. (Artist paper indicates: "In the back of a summer colony called Riverview", perhaps by Pole Hill, Dogtown, or by Nugent.This detail shows a catalogue cut out with a black and white reproduction of Hopper's Cape Ann Granite opposite his ledger entry. Oil on Canvas. Private collection.) 

80. CAPE ANN PASTURE

Edward Hopper. Cape Ann Pasture. 1928. Watercolor on paper. Yale University Art Gallery, CT. Anonymous Gift 1930. (Artist paper indicates: "In the back of a summer colony called Riverview", perhaps by Pole Hill, Dogtown, or by Nugent.) 

80A. AMERICAN LANDSCAPE
Edward Hopper. American Landscape. 1920. Etching. (Impressions of this print are found in several museums including the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Note the horizontals and the architectural style of the building. This image is NOT Gloucester; see cows in Cape Ann Pasture for a Gloucester scene with cows done several years after this etching. 

81. 505 WASHINGTON STREET

Edward Hopper. Hodgkin's House, Washington Street. 1928. Oil on canvas. Private Collection. (Just before Gee Avenue.) 


81A. 505 WASHINGTON STREETEntry (Hodgkin's House) from one of Edward Hopper's Ledger-Books. Ink and graphite on paper. Whitney Museum of American Art. Gift of Lloyd Goodrich. 


82. ABOVE CENTENNIAL (LOOKING ACROSS AND PAST NEWELL AND THE GLOUCESTER HIGH SCHOOL)

Edward Hopper. House by 'Squam River, Gloucester. 1926. Watercolor over graphite on paper. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA. Bequest of John T. Spaulding. (Mill River) 


83. 98 WIGWAM ROAD, ANNISQUAM SECTION OF GLOUCESTER

Edward Hopper. Houses of 'Squam Light, Gloucester. 1923. Watercolor over graphite on paper. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Bequest of John T. Spaulding. (Annisquam Lighthouse off Norwood Heights.) 

84. 98 WIGWAM ROAD, ANNISQUAM SECTION OF GLOUCESTER

Edward Hopper. Squam Light. 1912. Oil on canvas. (Annisquam Lighthouse) 


85. LANES COVE, LANESVILLE SECTION OF GLOUCESTER

Edward Hopper. Shacks Lanesville. 1923. Canton Museum of Art, Canton, OH. From the James C. and Barbara J. Koppe Collection. 

85B. LANES COVELast Scandanavian fish shack still standing to be restored by our community. See contemporary photographs courtesy of: "Save our Shack", Gloucester Daily Times, April 14, 2012; and Good Morning Gloucester, April 11, 2012. 

86. 7-9 EASTERN AVENUE (BEFORE INTERSECTION WITH LEES AT MAIN STREET)

Edward Hopper. Gloucester Houses. 1923. Watercolor on paper. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. (Near Salt Island Road or near Joan of Arc sculpture, past West End of downtown.) 

GLOUCESTER
in Gloucester, Edward Hopper painted everything: trawlers, shacks, cottages, great homes, boulders, outhouses, landscapes, factories, and a portrait of his new wife, Jo.


87. GLOUCESTER JO SLEEPING

Edward Hopper.Jo Sleeping. 1924. Watercolor on paper. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. 

88. RECLINING NUDE

Edward Hopper, (Untitled- Reclining Nude) c. 1923-28, watercolor on paper, Whitney Museum of American Art, Josephine N. Hopper bequest. There are additional studies/drawings of Jo reclining and pillows, including c.1902 reclining nude seen from back view 


89. GLOUCESTER SAILBOAT WITH FIGURES

Edward Hopper. Sailboat with Figures (Docked Boat). 1923. Watercolor and graphite on paper. Unfinished. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. 


90. GLOUCESTER HOUSE AND BOATS

Edward Hopper. House and Boats (also known as Seaside House). 1923. Watercolor on paper. Hunter Museum of American Art. Chatanooga, TN. Gift of the Benwood Foundation. 1976.3.17 


91. GLOUCESTER BEACH COTTAGE NEAR ROCKS

Edward Hopper. Beach Cottage Near Rocks. 1923. Watercolor on paper. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. 

92. GLOUCESTER HOUSE BY THE SEA

Edward Hopper. House by the Sea. 1923 or 1924. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. 


93. GLOUCESTER GROUP OF HOUSES

Edward Hopper. Group of Houses. 1923-24. Watercolor and graphite on paper. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. 

94. GLOUCESTER BELL TOWER

Edward Hopper. Bell Tower. 1923. Watercolor. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. (May depict another town in New England; see Gloucester Fire Station Bell Tower next photo.) 


95. GLOUCESTER HOUSE WITH FENCE

Edward Hopper. 1923. House with Fence. Watercolor on paper. Private Collection. (Note distinct chimneys, stone steps, fences, and window details.) 

96. GLOUCESTER HOUSE WITH FENCE

Edward Hopper. House with Fence. 1923. Drawing. Private Collection. 

97. GLOUCESTER HOUSE AND TREES

Edward Hopper. House and Trees. Drawing. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. 

98. GLOUCESTER HOUSE WITH BAY WINDOW

Edward Hopper. House With Bay Window. 1923. Watercolor on paper. Private Collection. (East Main Street or other possible locations.) 

99. GLOUCESTER WHITE HOUSE WITH DORMER

Edward Hopper. White House with Dormer. 1923-24. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. (East Gloucester or other possible locations.) 

100 GLOUCESTER HOUSES

Edward Hopper. Houses. 1924. Watercolor and graphite on paper. Unfinished. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. 

101. GLOUCESTER FACTORY AND SHED

Edward Hopper. Factory and Shed. 1928. Watercolor. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. 

102. GLOUCESTER ROCKS AND HOUSE

Edward Hopper. Rocks and House. 1924. Watercolor over graphite on paper. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. 

103. GLOUCESTER HOUSES WITH TOMBSTONES

Edward Hopper. Houses With Tombstones. 1926. Watercolor over graphite on paper. Unfinished. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. 

104. NEW ENGLAND QUARRY

Edward Hopper. Rocky Shore and Water. c.1923-24. Watercolor on paper. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. (Thought to be ME; however looks like many spots in Gloucester and Cape Ann, including Halibut Point, etc.) 

105. NEW ENGLAND QUARRY

Edward Hopper. Rocks. 1926. Watercolor. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. (Thought to be ME: looks like many Gloucester and Cape Ann spots, too. Hopper had done rock/coast of Maine pre 1920, and again after Gloucester.) 

106. NEW ENGLAND

Edward Hopper. Small Town on Cove. 1924. Watercolor on paper. Unfinished. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. (Could be composite; done at time of Gloucester works.) 

107. RT. 133 ESSEX, MA

Edward Hopper. Essex Farmhouse. Oil on canvas. 


RT. 133 ESSEX, MA 
Essex Farmhouse: detail of Essex Farmhouse from ledger page. Entry (Essex Farmhouse) from one of Edward Hopper's Ledger-Books. Ink and graphite on paper. Whitney Museum of American Art. Gift of Lloyd Goodrich. 


108. RT. 133 ESSEX, MA

Illustrated Catalogue page for Edward Hopper. Farm at Essex. Oil on Canvas inserted into ledger: Entry from one of Edward Hopper's Ledger-Books. Ink and graphite on paper. Whitney Museum of American Art. Gift of Lloyd Goodrich. 

109. EAST COAST COMPOSITE/PROHIBITION

Edward Hopper. Detail from one of Hopper's Artist's Ledger-Books. ink, graphite on paper. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Gift of Lloyd Goodrich. (Entry shows "Bootleggers", completed in 1924 or 1925, at the height of Prohibition and scofflaws, and Hopper's Gloucester images. Note composite compositional and architectural elements. Many of Hopper's works were painted in his New York City studio and carried favorite motifs of places that surrounded him throughout his life: Nyack, Cape Cod, Maine, and Gloucester. "Bootleggers" is in the Currier Museum of Art, Manchester, NH; the ledger is in the Whitney's collection. 

110. EAST COAST COMPOSITE/PROHIBITION

Edward Hopper. The Bootleggers. 1925. Oil on canvas. Currier Museum of Art. Manchester, NH. Museum Purchase: Currier Funds, 1956. (Note 3 chimneys, exaggerated a bit to 3 crosses; house structure--from Paris to Nyack to MA to Maine--; landscape in the background; boat; figures; all are composite Hopper iconography. More boats to follow. 

111. EAST COAST/PROHIBITION/BOAT COMPARISON FOR BOOTLEGGERS

For comparisons to the boat that is seen in Bootleggers: see Edward Hopper. The Cat Boat. 1922. Etching. (Not Gloucester); also see 1929 ME Coast Guard Boat drawings and the Docked Boat (Sailboat with Figures) Gloucester watercolor from 1923, #86 in this list. 

112. SALEM, MA

Edward Hopper. Salem. Drawing. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. 

113. EAST COAST COMPOSITE: 5AM

Edward Hopper. 5AM. 1937. Oil on canvas. Wichita Art Museum. (Composite icons along the East Coast from MA to ME; see repeated elements in the Salem factory drawing as compared with this painting, and note Ten Pound Island Lighthouse, where Winslow Homer stayed, or from Stacy Boulevard and Stage Fort Park. The Wichita Art Museum also has Hopper's Gloucester drawing of Adam's House (1928), Conference at Night (1949), and Sunlight on Brownstones (1956)--one from each of 4 decades. 

114. EAST COAST COMPOSITE: 5AM

Detail from one of Hopper's Artist's Ledger-Books. ink, graphite on paper. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Gift of Lloyd Goodrich. (Entry shows 5AM) 

115. NIGHTHAWKS SKETCH (NOT GLOUCESTER!)

Edward Hopper. Sketch (for diner in "Nighthawks"). ca.1942. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Josephine N. Hopper Bequest. (Note horizontals and preliminary blocking and compare to how Hopper applies these elements similarly in the works from Gloucester, MA. The painting: Edward Hopper. Nighthawks. 1942. Oil on canvas. Art Institute of Chicago. Friends of American Art Collection. Arguably his most well know work.) 

Hopper was 30 years old when he first came to Gloucester in 1912.

Gloucester titles by year listed below. List is incomplete and will be added/updated.

1912

American Village
Briar Neck, Glocuester
Tall Masts, Gloucester
Italian Quarter
Squam Light (Annisquam Lighthouse)


1923 

Eastern Point Lighthouse *perhaps Hopper's first w/c
Dead Trees
Beam Trawler, The Seal
Deck of Beam Trawler
Gloucester Mansion
Houses of Squam Light
Shacks at Laneville
Haskell's House
New England House
Italian Quarter
House in Italian Quarter
House With a Bay Window
House with a Fence
Mansard Roof
Portuguese Church
Portuguese Quarter
Apple Trees
House and Boats
Victorian House
Street Corner
Houses on Beach, Gloucester
Group of Houses
Back Street Gloucester
White House with Dormer Window
Gloucester Houses
Outhouses
House by the Sea
Bell Tower
The Pine Tree
Small Town on Cove
Jo Sketching
Blyman Bridge
Trawler in Dock
Trawler
Two Trawlers
Destroyer and Rocky Shore
Rocky Shore and Water
Sailboat with Figure
Railroad Crossing
The Henry Ford, etching
Twilight 1920 etching

1924

Houses 
Bow of Beam Trawler 
Funnel of Trawler 
Gloucester Beach, Bass Rocks 
Jo Sleeping 
House on the Shore 
Gloucester Factory and House 
Gloucester Mansion 
Haskell House 
House and Harbor 
Parkhurst's House 
Rocks at the Fort 
Landscape with Rocks 
Beach Cottage Near Rocks 
Rocks and House 
House Above a River 

1925 

Double House, Gloucester, w/c 
Bootleggers, 1924 OR 1925, (see ledger Whitney Museum; see painting Currier Museum) 

1926

Gloucester Street Abbots House 
Andersons House 
Davis House 
Tony's House 
UU Church 
The Hill 
Houses by Squam 
Gloucester Harbor 
Trees, East Gloucester 
Landscape 
Landscape: Hill and Trees 
Houses With Tombstones 
Houses on a Hill

1928

Cape Ann Granite
Freight Car
Hodgkins House
Adams House
Back Street Gloucester
Box Factory, Gloucester
Cape Ann Pasture
Circus Wagon
Gloucester Roofs
House on Middle Street
House at Riverdale
Marty Welch's House
Prospect Street
Railroad Gates
Factory and Shed
Sultry Day

1934 

Sun on Prospect Street, 1934 
5AM (composite), 1937

1920s 

(Mansard House/Wonson House), Gloucester drawing, Amon Carter Museum of Art, Ft. Worth, TX 
Cemetery (Oak Grove), Gloucester, drawing, Cape Ann Museum, Gloucester, MA 
(Gloucester houses and corner at 164 East Main Street), c.1920s, charcoal and graphite drawing

GO FIND SOME!

Most structures that Hopper painted are still standing and catalogue the rich architectural legacy all around us. So many homes and places in Gloucester exhibit Hopper-like details: double chimneys, double frames, bays or doors, arched windows, repeated dormers, mansard or slanted roofs. Go find some!


American artist EDWARD HOPPER (1882-1967)

The Whitney Museum of American Art has an enduring connection with Hopper. Josephine Nivinson, artist and Edward Hopper's wife, died in 1968, a year after Hopper. She donated their estate, including the artist's detailed chronological record books and papers, to the Whitney Museum of American Art. 

20 years prior, in the mid-1940s and led by distinguished Director Lloyd Goodrich (and uber Hopper booster), the American Art Research Council reached out to many sources in order to compile a complete catalogue of Hopper's known work. The Hoppers cooperated and offered access to their ledger books (mostly of SOLD works of art); exhibition lists, gallery records, museum and private collector papers, published material and more. 

Hopper's work generated scholarship and a robust retrospective schedule. Lloyd Goodrich curated the first Hopper retrospective at the Whitney in 1950. The Whitney mounted a second retrospective in  1964. See links below for more.

The Whitney with curator Gail Levin published more catalogue raisonnes  from this amazing repository. A photographer, too, Levin documented photos in the 1970s of representative side-by-side comparisons of Hopper places with Hopper works of art, and in 1985 published the book, Hopper's Places.


HOPPER'S PICTURES SYNTHESIZE MYRIAD OBSERVATIONS IN A WAY THAT ELUDES THE SINGLE PHOTOGRAPH - Gail Levin

Some of Hoppers images are composites. When asked if he identified a specific house for a painting, Jo Nivison remarked: "He did it out of his head. He had seen so many of them." She added into his detailed Artist-Ledger books approximate dates as to when works were painted in the studio-- in part to underscore this point. 


Hopper had champions before coming to Gloucester including: Guy Pene du Bois, Lloyd Goodrich, John Sloan, George Bellows (who bought Haskell's House from the important Rehn show after Hopper's 1923 Gloucester output), Martin Lewis, and his wife and fellow Robert Henri student, Jo.


1923 was Gloucester's tercentenary. If you were an artist back then, the social media of the time beckoned you to Gloucester for possible exhibits, audience, commissions, and sales.
Hopper's prints infused his signature style by the time he came back to Gloucester in 1923. He mastered light long before.


In MA, stop into the Cape Ann Museum and the MFA for more, and visit Truro on the other Cape. Other curators, historians, and writers include: Virginia Mecklenburg, Barbara Haskell, Avis Berman, Adam Weinberg, David Kiehl, curators from the Art Institute and MFA, the National Gallery, and Carl Little.



LINKS

GLOUCESTER HARBORWALK.ORG


CAPE ANN MUSEUM OF ART


WHITNEY MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART


SMITHSONIAN


ART INSTITUTE OF CHICAGO (SELECTED CHRONOLOGY)


NATIONAL GALLERY OF ART

http://www.nga.gov/content/ngaweb/audio-video/video/edward-hopper.html


WALKER ART CENTER
2 minute mini video combining vintage 1961 Edward Hopper interview with paintings evolving from related drawings. Created for the exhibition: Hopper Drawing: A Painter’s Process at the Walker Art Center, previous year at the Whitney. The Walker Art Center video features clips from 1961 interview by Brian O’Doherty, excerpt from Invitation to Art III: #32 Conversation with Edward Hopper, The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, footage courtesy Thirteen Productions, LLC, WNET NY and WGBH-TV Boston

http://www.walkerart.org/channel/2014/edward-hoppers-creative-process

 

2007 MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, BOSTON, HOPPER RETROSPECTIVE IN PARTNERSHIP WITH NATIONAL GALLERY AND ART INSTITUTE; WITH ESSAYS BY: CAROL TROYEN, MFA; JUDITH BARTER ART INSTITUTE; ELLIOT BOSTWICK DAVIS MFA; JANET L.COMEY, MFA; ELLEN ROBERTS, ART INSTITUTE


NYACK


BOWDOIN


HOPPER HAPPENS LIVE ART CELEBRATIONS 


ROCKY NECK ART TRAIL


NEW YORK TIMES TRAVEL SECTION, CAPE COD AS HOPPER SAW IT


HOLLAND COTTER REVIEW OF 2007 MFA EXHIBIT for another take


NPR ALL THINGS CONSIDERED GLOUCESTER'S INSPIRATION FOR ARTIST EDWARD HOPPER REVIEW MFA 2007 EXHIBIT


GLOUCESTER DAILY TIMES ARTICLE ON MFA 2007 exhibit


LLOYD GOODRICH 1971 HOPPER MONOGRAPH


GUARDIAN NEWSPAPER ABOUT HIS WIFE, ARTIST JO NIVISON, A SUCCESSFUL PAINTER WHEN THEY MET


FOR MORE ON NIVISON, SEE: GAIL LEVIN "THE REDISCOVERY OF JO NIVISON HOPPER" . NIVISON TAUGHT PUBLIC SCHOOL, NYC, 1906-1921


See what was on Edward Hopper’s and Jo’s easels. Two minute excerpt of vintage 1960s footage featuring Edward Hopper and Jo working at their former studio and home at 3 Washington Square North and visiting Washington Square Park, all right by NYU, Greenwich Village.

http://youtu.be/e9mcw_XWIaY

Look for Brian O’Doherty’s documentary, Hopper’s Silence (Dir. Brian O’Doherty. The National Endowment for the Arts, 1980. DVD). Hopper felt O’Doherty was one who understood his work; Hopper was contained.
O’Doherty is a man of many creative pursuits. His earlier artwork from the 1950s and 1960s, under the pseudonym Patrick Ireland, and new work, on exhibit in 2014 at the Soho gallery, P!, 131 Bowery, NYC. Brian O’Doherty Reviews Patrick Ireland (1990) is also worth a look! http://vimeo.com/77810181


COMPILED FOR EDUCATIONAL AND WAYFINDING USE ONLY Images all rights reserved; contact the institutions directly regarding copyright/ permissions. Contemporary "NOW" photographs © Catherine Ryan, unless otherwise indicated
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