Second Issue

 (Vol. 2, No.1, Jan-Jun 2009)


of the journal: 

Library and Information Science Critique: Journal of the Sciences of Information Recorded in Documents

Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico, November 25, 2009

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Table of Contents

Open Access free of charge and direct of the full issue

  | PDF | [Only in Spanish] [139 pp.] [+3MB]

http://eprints.rclis.org/17230/1/critica.bibliotecologica.vol.2.no.1.pdf

Editorial

 

Library and Information Science Critique launches its second number reloaded, by: Zapopan Martín Muela Meza (MEXICO)

p. 4. PDF open access to full text, only in Spanish 

http://eprints.rclis.org/17292/1/CB.v2.n1._Editorial.pdf

 

ENGLISH VERSION below:

 Dear reader,

 

Library and Information Science: The Journal of the Sciences of Information Recorded in Documents brings you its second number. We want to give you a non solicited apology beforehand, because it took us some more months to launch it than planned, but we call for your understanding since our editorial project is an independent Open Access project made possible with a collective efforts of volunteers. Hence, it is not excepted from the vicissitudes of its participants. However, there you have the second number, well alive, kicking, and reloaded.

 

Library and Information Science Critique maintains firmly its editorial policy against censorship and intellectual impostures within the sciences of information recorded in documents, and at the same time it maintains its editorial quality through a rigorous process of double blinded peer reviewing through its editorial board comprising 21 experts in the  theory and  practice in various sciences of information recorded in documents, and from different parts of the world: Germany (1); Argentina (2); Brazil (1); Colombia (1); U.S.A. (1); Spain (2); India (1); Italy (1); Kenya (1); Mexico (3); Nicaragua (1); Peru (2); Portugal (1); Serbia (1); South Africa (1); Venezuela (1).

 

What are the new features of the second issue of LIS Critique? Since this second number these sections have been discontinued: Academic papers, and Literature space, and a new one has been added: Documents, which includes documents of solidarity with leftist political movements within the sciences of information recorded in documents that have been submitted by the authors to the editors’ consideration, or that the latter have requested the former authorization for its publication by considering them relevant. Hence, the new sections are: Articles, Essays, Documents, and Book reviews.

 

What will you find in this second issue of LIS Critique? You will find in this number 11 contributions (7 articles, and 2 documents) submitted by 17 authors (3 Mexicans, 2 Venezuelans, 1 from the USA, and 2 Spanish) since 12 August 2009 when it closed the last call for papers. At the end of this number you will find a biographic summary of the authors who contributed in this issue.

 

José Antonio Torres Reyes (MEXICO) begins the critical debates in the Articles section with his contribution: “A bibliometric analysis of the scientific development of the social sciences in Mexico: 1997-2006,” where he presents the results of a research project conducted in the area of social sciences in Mexico from the period 1997-2006, in order to know the relevant characteristics such as its historic evolution, and scientific productivity (Research + Development) through the volume of documents generated, language of publication, index of chronological productivity, thematic, and through federative entity, patterns of national and international authorship and co-authorship, citation and co-citation amongst publications, institutions, and scientific sub-disciplines (research fronts), amongst others, employing to such end the research documental technique: bibliometric analysis. In his critical analysis he highlights diverse bibliometric bias found in the database Social Science Citation Index of the Institute of Scientific Information (ISI). It is remarkable that his article is part of the results, analyses, conclusions, and


recommendations of his doctoral thesis from his PhD program in Scientific Information from the University of Granada, Spain (2004-2009).

 

 

Zapopan Martín Muela Meza (MEXICO) continues the critical debates of this number with his article: “For a critique  of  the copyright  system  and  of  the role of  copyright  police     as it affects      librarians,” where he tracks the origins of copyright in the England of the 16th century as a instrument of the monarchy for the monopoly of the nascent editorial industry, and above all, as an organism of systematic control and censorship of the government against the governed. He clarifies the difference between copyright (right of copy) and the moral rights of authors, where the latter are hampered from usufructing their own right. He argues that librarians adopt a role of police of copyright in benefit of company owners of copyright versus the role of a librarian affirming the adoption of a policy in benefit of offering free, and unhampered access to information recorded in documents in all the institutions of documental information such as libraries. This idea that helped him as a conducting thread of his analysis is taken from the debates of the Copy/South Research Group from its first workshop held in Canterbury, Kent, England in 2005, cf. THE COPY/SOUTH DOSSIER: Issues in the Economics, Politics, and Ideology of Copyright in the Global South (May 2006), attended by the author and 22 other critical academics from various disciplines, among them 6 more librarians. The author takes a position in favour of the role of a librarian to offer free and unhampered access to information and against the role of  police, and it invites the worldwide librarianship community to declare itself as opposed to such a police role.

 

Felipe Meneses Tello (MEXICO) continues the critical debates in his article The defense referencing the free use of the bibliographic-librarian-documentary patrimony in a democratic state.” In this he proposes a defense of the public goods and services offered by diverse public institutions--bibliographical-librarian-documentary--as that of facing a problematic, one that implies the phenomenon of privatization, a practice of neoliberal policies that tries to impel and to favor the benefit of private interests. He draws the attention of the different political and social actors in order to bring them to awareness and to adhere to an intelligent critique. He also puts forth as an argument concerning the problematic of “library public service” that it is a matter to be brought up within the framework of a national cultural policy, a problem of state public policy, wherein is invoked the free use of library collections and services and of information, mainly those that are financed with the taxes derived from public funds.

 

Silvia Graciela Fois (ARGENTINA), in her article “Theoretical reflections on library professional practice,” conducts an interesting critique regarding the role of the librarian and libraries in society; to rethink this role and function in the light of the readings and analysis of the concepts of social theories raised during the seminar of the bachelor's degree program in librarianship: "Social theory, a tool for analysis of social reality and professional practice." She attempts, from the choice of working concepts studied, to review some of the issues affecting the professional profile of the librarian as agent of transformation and generator of change in the volatile Information Society and, most recently, in the Knowledge Society. It reviews anew some texts of social theory as applied to librarianship, but now with a certain clarity regarding some concepts discussed by colleagues in forums and meetings on social librarianship. It makes a small contribution of summing up the critques directed at entrenched positions that are so much a part of our imagination and to revise them based on enriched theory and on everyday practice. It brings to consideration the development of works and of some concepts relating to power, in particular taking into account the contributions of Bordieu [variant spelling: Bourdieu, Pierre]. Finally, it analyzes with this theoretical construct the sociological impact of the Internet and the responsibility for professionals in Librarianship in the use of this tool that "goes beyond the mere fact of being a means."

 

The Venezuelans Johann Pirela Morillo and Lisbeth Portillo in their article “Cooperative technology: a methodology for the design of profiles by competencies of the Information Professional,”


construct and validate the profile by competencies for the Information Professional for the School of Librarianship and Archival Studies of the University of Zulia [Maracaibo, Venezuela], based on the design and realization of a methodology--Cooperative Technology--oriented fundamentally to stimulate and bring about through a permanent dialogue with Society the active participation not only of the actors who comprise curricular dynamics (professors, students, graduates, and the designers and planners of the curriculum), but of strategic representatives of the distinct social sectors. They conclude that it is only possible to guarantee the relevance of the professional profiles based on competencies if these are constructed over a base of interactive participation within society.  

 

The Argentinian Claudio Agosto, Vanesa Berasa, Tatiana Carsen, Marcela Curiale, Lía Salas, and the GESBI (Group of Social Studies in Librarianship and Documentation), in their article The infinite page:  the comic strip from paper to the digital media,” review some critical aspects of the digital media, specifically with the object of dealing with the problematics of the digital comic book, contextualized within the Information Society and the Digital Divide. Then they deal with the impact of digital technologies affecting the modes of reading as regards the differences between the reading of books and the reading of digital texts.  They also review the contributions of those libraries that were able to facilitate the recovery and difusion of printed comics for recreatioin and popular education.  Finally, as a manner of conclusions, they convene a dialog between authors and publishers of comics and librarians in order to strengthen/fortify this narrative genre.

 

Xiangming Mu (U.S.A.), closes the sectionn Articles with his contribution. Virtual reference is a library service that uses the Internet to provide remote reference services. The benefit of virtual reference service is to provide help  anytime, anywhere. One challenge for  a  current virtual reference service, however, is the low rate of usage. Towards this problem, we proposed a new interactive Virtual Reference (iVR) model. Instead of working inside the circle of the VR process, we focused on the user's  actions before  “initializing the VR service process.” As a result, our interactive virtual reference model enables VR librarians to identify the “troubled” patron and then to offer  prompt help. The help is automatically triggered by a set of criteria that are predefined in the system. A simple “no match” factor is selected to be implemented in our iVR prototype system. Other criteria are also analyzed based on our survey of 47 libraries. Two comparison studies using different iVR interfaces were conducted to evaluate their performance in terms of system helpfulness and interface satisfaction. Patrons’ concerns concerns over  potential privacy violation and intrusion were also investigated. We found that our pop-up interface design was helpful but should more fully consider users’ concerns about the intrusion. 

 

Javier Gimeno Perelló (ESPAÑA), Felipe Meneses Tello (MÉXICO), Graciela Dillet (ARGENTINA) y Pedro López López (ESPAÑA) inician la sección de Documentos con su contribución “Solidaridad con el pueblo palestino. ¡Alto a los ataques del ejército de Israel con el pueblo palestino!” haciendo una denuncia y condena enérgica contra el gobierno de Israel por los bombardeos perpetrados contra el pueblo palestino en la franja de Gaza. Dicho comunicado es suscrito por 48 profesionales de la información documental y un colectivo de diversas partes del mundo.

 

Felipe Meneses Tello (MÉXICO) y Javier Gimeno Perelló (ESPAÑA) en su documento “Declaración Universal de Derechos Humanos: 1948-2008” hacen un llamado a los profesionales de la información documental del mundo a tomar conciencia de la gran relevancia de dicha declaración para preservar las libertades de pensamiento, conciencia, religión, opinión, expresión, entre otras de tipo social, cultural, jurídico, político e ideológico, para reivindicarlos como derechos humanos universales para vencer prejuicios y sentimientos discriminatorios en la investigación y práctica en el amplio seno de las ciencias de la información documental. Dicho comunicado es suscrito por 83 profesionales de la información documental de diversas partes del mundo. Con su documento terminan las contribuciones de este segundo número.

 

Sin más prolegómenos, te dejamos con este gran esfuerzo colectivo e internacional para que lo sometas a tu rigurosa crítica y análisis y esperamos que en el tercer número nos envíes tus contribuciones críticas. CB

 

 

Articles

Bibliometric analysis of the scientific development of the Social Sciences in Mexico: 1997-2006, by: Jose Antonio Torres Reyes (MEXICO) , p. 7.   PDF open access to full text, only in Spanish

http://eprints.rclis.org/17294/1/CB.v2.n1.Articulo1.jatr.pdf

In this work are presented the results of a study concerning research productivity within Mexico during theperiod 1997-2006, to learn more about some important features concerning this country's historical development and scientific productivity (R & D) through the volume of documents generated, language of publication, the productivity index chronologically, thematically and by state, the patterns of authorship and national and international co-authorship, citation and co-citation between publications, institutions and sub-disciplines in science (research fronts), among other such indicators--using the technique of documentary research: bibliometric analysis. For scientific production within the studied period, the field of Social Sciences represented 8% of the total of the Mexican production ; the field of Humanities  represented 1,50% ; and the field of Applied Sciences  represented 90,5% . These were results derived according to estimations made through the Citation Index data bases of the ISI.

 

Keywords

Mexico; Scientific production; Scientific collaboration; Coauthorship;  Bibliometric analysis;  Scientific journals; Bibliometry; Research assessment; Cienciometry; Bibliometric indicators; Unidimensional indicators; Multidimensional indicators; Multivariate  analysis; Correspondence analysis; Multidimensional Scaling. 

 

 

For a critique  of  the copyright  system 

  and  of  the role of  copyright  police as it affects      librarians by: Zapopan Martin Muela Meza (MEXICO), p. 42. PDF open access to full text, only in Spanish

http://eprints.rclis.org/17293/1/CB.v2.n1.Articulo2.zmmm.pdf

Abstract

This paper,  entitled:  “For a critique  of  the copyright  system  and  of  the role of  copyright  police     as it affects      librarians,” tracks the origins of the copyright system from the England of the 16th century as a monarchical instrument for the commercial monopoly of the nascent publishing industry, and above all as an organism of the government for the systematic censorship and control of printing and publishing against citizens. It clarifies the difference between copyright and the moral rights of authors, where the latter are hampered from usufructing their own right. The idea that librarians adopt a role of police of copyright in benefit of company owners of copyright versus the role of a librarian affirming the adoption of a policy in benefit of offering free, and unhampered access to information recorded in documents in all the institutions of documental information, is taken from the debates of the Copy/South Research Group from its first workshop held in Canterbury, Kent, England in 2005, cf. THE COPY/SOUTH DOSSIER: Issues in the Economics, Politics, and Ideology of Copyright in the Global South (May 2006), attended by the author and 22 other critical academics from various disciplines, among them 6 more librarians. It gives examples of how various librarians adopt a role of police of copyright contrasted with the librarian role of giving free access to information recorded in documents. It takes a position in favour of the role of a librarian to offer free and unhampered access to information and against the role of  police, and it invites the worldwide librarianship community to declare itself as opposed to such a police role.

 

Keywords

Copyright; rights of authors; police; censorship; Copy/South Research Group; libraries; institutions of information recorded in documents; librarians and copyright; Public domain; International copyright; Fair use (copyright).

 

 

The defense referencing the free use of the bibliographic-librarian-documentary patrimony in a democratic state, by: Felipe Meneses Tello (MEXICO), p. 53. PDF open access to full text, only in Spanish

 http://eprints.rclis.org/17307/1/CB.v2.n1.Articulo3.Meneses.pdf

Abstract

English title of article: “The defense referencing the free use of the bibliographic-librarian-documentary patrimony in a democratic state.From a critical perspective, one may put forth a defense of public goods and services offered by diverse public institutions--bibliographical-librarian-documentary--as that of facing a problematic, one that implies the phenomenon of privatization, a practice of neoliberal policies that tries to impel and to favor the benefit of private interests. Confronting this, one needs to specify that it is necessary to draw the attention of the different political and social actors in order to bring them to awareness and to adhere to a critical intelligence. It is put forth as an argument concerning the problematic of “library public service” that it is a matter to be brought up within the framework of a national cultural policy, a problem of state public policy, wherein is invoked the free use of library collections and services and of information, mainly those that are financed with the taxes derived from public funds. .

 

Keywords

Libraries and state.    Free use of library services.    Libraries and national cultural policy.   Defense of cultural patrimony.    Library legislation.    Library public service


Theoretical reflections on library professional practice, pby: Silvia Graciela Fois (ARGENTINA), p. 64. PDF open access to full text, only in Spanish

 http://critica.bibliotecologica.googlepages.com/CB.v2.n1.Art4.Fois.pdf

Abstract

This work (“Theoretical reflections on library professional practice”) intends to perform a reflexive synthesis regarding the role of the librarian and libraries in society; to rethink this role and function in the light of the readings and analysis of the concepts of social theories raised during the seminar of the bachelor's degree program in librarianship: "Social theory, a tool for analysis of social reality and professional practice." It attempts, from the choice of working concepts studied, to review some of the issues affecting the professional profile of the librarian as agent of transformation and generator of change in the volatile Information Society and, most recently, in the Knowledge Society. It reviews anew some texts of social theory as applied to librarianship, but now with a certain clarity regarding some concepts discussed by colleagues in forums and meetings on social librarianship. It makes a small contribution of summing up the critques directed at entrenched positions that are so much a part of our imagination and to revise them based on enriched theory and on everyday practice. It brings to consideration the development of works and of some concepts relating to power, in particular taking into account the contributions of Bordieu [variant spelling: Bourdieu, Pierre]. Finally, it analyzes with this theoretical construct the sociological impact of the Internet and the responsibility for professionals in Librarianship in the use of this tool that "goes beyond the mere fact of being a means."

 

Keywords

Social librarianship;  Social theory of professional practice;  Agents of change;  Library professional practice.      

 

 

Cooperative technology: a methodology for the design of profiles by competencies of the Information Professional, by: Johann Pirela Morillo y Lisbeth Portillo (VENEZUELA), p. 76

.PDF open access to full text, only in Spanish 

 http://critica.bibliotecologica.googlepages.com/CB.v2.n1.Art5.Pirela.pdf

Abstract

Title of article: “Cooperative technology: a methodology for the design of profiles by competencies of the Information Professional. Where it is constructed and confirmed a profile of competencies for the Information Professional for the School of Librarianship and Archival Studies of the University of Zulia [Maracaibo, Venezuela]. Based on the design and realization of a methodology--Cooperative Technology--oriented fundamentally to stimulate and bring about through a permanent dialogue with Society the active participation not only of the actors who comprise curricular dynamics (professors, students, graduates, and the designers and planners of the curriculum), but of strategic representatives of the distinct social sectors. This methodology operates by means of the development of three stages: 1)  Conceptual architecture, founded on present-day currents and tendencies which guide changes in the higher education of the 21st century, mainly as concerns the conception of the curriculum principally with respect to the fusion of the pedagogical theories raised by Inciarte (2005), and of the Cooperative Curricular [Model] Integrated in Society, as proposed by Rincones (2007).  2)  Advice of the core actors, that with this phase one is able to obtain the vision and contributions of the diverse actors from society relating to the training of Information Professionals.  3)  Revision of marketing studies, which would detect the real needs, potential and emergent, of the labor market in several countries of Latin America. As a result of the application of this methodology the profile of the Information Professional attending to the four fields of competencies: that of the management of knowledge, that of the mediation of information, that of the organization and representation of information and knowledge, and that of sociocultural promotion.  One concludes that it is only possible to guarantee the relevance of the professional profiles based on competencies if these are constructed over a base of interactive participation within society.  

 

Keywords

Professional profiles by competencies; Information Professional competencies; Cooperation as theoretical support for a curricular model; Relevance in professional training.  

 

 

The infinite page:  the comic strip from paper to the digital media, by: Claudio Agosto, Vanesa Berasa, Tatiana Carsen, Marcela Curiale, Lía Salas, and GESBI (Grupo de Estudios Sociales en Bibliotecología y Documentación) (ARGENTINA), p. 88.

PDF open access to full text, in Spanish only

http://critica.bibliotecologica.googlepages.com/CB.v2.n1.Art5.Pirela.pdf

 

Abstract

In this work (“The infinite page:  the comic strip from paper to the digital media will be reviewed, very briefly, some aspects to consider whenever we refer to digital media, specifically with the object of dealing with the problematics of the digital comic book. This will be contextualized within the Information Society and the Digital Divide.  Then it will deal with the impact of digital technologies affecting the modes of reading as regards the differences between the reading of books and the reading of digital texts.  We will review the origin of the comic book and the characteristics of its formats, and how this affects its passage from paper to digital medium.  Some considerations are made concerning the digitalization and the creation of digital comics.  We will review the contributions of those libraries that were able to facilitate the recovery and difusion of printed comics for recreatioin and popular education.  Finally, we will advance some preliminary conclusions in order to convene a dialog between authors and publishers of comics and librarians in order to strengthen/fortify this narrative genre.

 

Keywords

Comic strips; Digital media; Graphic narrative; Popular literatura; Libraries and digital media.

 

 

Balance between more effectiveness and less intrusion: Will interactive Virtual Reference model work?, by: Xiangming Mu (U.S.A.), p. 99. Full Access to PDF file, only in English

Abstract

Virtual reference is a library service that uses the Internet to provide remote reference services. The benefit of virtual reference service is to provide help  anytime, anywhere. One challenge for  a  current virtual reference service, however, is the low rate of usage. Towards this problem, we proposed a new interactive Virtual Reference (iVR) model. Instead of working inside the circle of the VR process, we focused on the user's  actions before  “initializing the VR service process.” As a result, our interactive virtual reference model enables VR librarians to identify the “troubled” patron and then to offer  prompt help. The help is automatically triggered by a set of criteria that are predefined in the system. A simple “no match” factor is selected to be implemented in our iVR prototype system. Other criteria are also analyzed based on our survey of 47 libraries. Two comparison studies using different iVR interfaces were conducted to evaluate their performance in terms of system helpfulness and interface satisfaction. Patrons’ concerns concerns over  potential privacy violation and intrusion were also investigated. We found that our pop-up interface design was helpful but should more fully consider users’ concerns about the intrusion. 

 

Keywords

Electronic reference services; Virtual reference desk; User privacy; Patron digital privacy; Prompt helps in interface design.

 

 

 


Documents, p. 118.

 

Solidarity with the Palestinian people. Stop the attacks of the Isreal army against the Palestinian people!, by: Javier Gimeno Perello (SPAIN), Felipe Meneses Tello (MEXICO), Graciela Dillet (ARGENTINA), Pedro Lopez Lopez (SPAIN), p. 118.

PDF open access to full text, only in Spanish

 

Declaration of the Human Universal Rights: 1948-2008, by: Felipe Meneses Tello (MEXICO), Javier Gimeno Perello (SPAIN), p. 120.

PDF open access to full text, in Spanish only

 

Authors, p. 123.

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