Publications (peer reviewed). 

(See below for reviews and essays).

54. Stein, W., Talasu, S., Vidal-Gadea, A., & DeMaegd, M. L. (2020) Physiologists turned Geneticists: Identifying transcripts and genes for neuronal function in the Marbled Crayfish, Procambarus virginalis. The Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education, Fall 2020, 19(1):A36-A51.

53. Stein, W. & Harzsch, S. (2020). The Neurobiology of Ocean Change - insights from decapod crustaceans. Zoology. 125887. 10.1016/j.zool.2020.125887.

52. DeMaegd ML, Stein W (2020) Temperature-robust activity patterns arise from coordinated axonal Sodium channel properties. PLOS Computational Biology 16(7): e1008057.

51. Bainbridge, C., McDonald, J., Ahlert, A., Benefield, Z., Stein, W. & AG Vidal-Gadea* (2019) Unbiased analysis of C. elegans behavior reveals the use of distinct turning strategies during magnetic Orientation. bioRxiv 688408; doi:

50. Hughes, K.J., Rodriguez, A. Flatt, K. M., Ray, S., Schuler, A., Rodemoyer, B., Veerappan, V., Cuciarone, K., Kullman, A., Lim, C., Gutta, N., Vemuri, S., Andriulis, V., Niswonger, D., Barickman, L., Stein, W., Singhvi, A., Schroeder, N. E. & Vidal-Gadea, A. G. (2019). Physical exertion exacerbates decline in the musculature of an animal model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy. PNAS, Feb 2019, 201811379; DOI: 10.1073/pnas.181137911.

49. Follmann, R., Goldsmith, C.J. & Stein, W. (2018). Multimodal sensory information is represented by a combinatorial code in a sensorimotor system. PLoS Biology 16(10), e2004527.

48. Städele, C., DeMaegd, M. L. and Stein, W.* (2018). State-Dependent Modification of Sensory Sensitivity via Modulation of Backpropagating Action Potentials. eNeuro:.0283-18.2018; DOI: 10.1523/ENEURO.0283-18.2018.

A preprint of this study was previously on BioRXiV: Städele, C. & Stein, W. (2015). Control of sensory ectopic spike initiation by descending modulatory projection neurons. bioRxiv doi:

47. DeMaegd, M. & Stein, W. (2018) Long-Distance Modulation of Sensory Encoding via Axonal Neuromodulation. In: Sensory Nervous System. Ed: Thomas Heinbockel. Rijeka: IntechOpen. Doi: 10.5772/intechopen.74647.

46. Zare, A., Schipper, S., Stein, W., Temel, Y., van Koeveringe, G & Jahanshahibd, A. (2018) Electrophysiological responses of the ventrolateral periaqueductal gray matter neurons towards peripheral bladder stimulation. Brain Research Bulletin 142: 116-121.

45. Gutekunst, J.,  Andriantsoa, R., Falckenhayn, C., Hanna, K., Stein, W., Rasamy J. & Lyko, F (2018) Clonal genome evolution and rapid invasive spread of the marbled crayfish. Nature Ecology & Evolution (2018)     doi:10.1038/s41559-018-0467-9

44. Stein, W. (2017). Stomatogastric Nervous System. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. DOI: 10.1093/acrefore/9780190264086.013.153. Author's version: Click here.

43. Städele, C., DeMaegd, M. L. and Stein, W. (2017). Extracellular Axon Stimulation. Bio-protocol 7(5): e2151. DOI: 10.21769/BioProtoc.2151; Full Text

42. DeMaegd, M. L., Städele, C. & Stein, W. (2017). Axonal Conduction Velocity Measurement. Bio-protocol 7(5): e2152. DOI: 10.21769/BioProtoc.2152; Full Text

41. Follmann R, Goldsmith CJ, Stein W (2016). Spatial Distribution of Intermingling Pools of Projection Neurons with Distinct Targets: A 3-dimensional Analysis of the Commissural Ganglia in Cancer borealisJ Comp Neurol: 525(8):1827-1843, doi: 10.1002/cne.24161.

Click here for an author's version of our manuscript

40. Städele, C. & Stein, W. (2016) The Site of Spontaneous Ectopic Spike Initiation Facilitates Signal Integration in a Sensory Neuron. J Neurosci. 36(25): 6718-6731; doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2753-15.2016

39. Yarger, A.M. & Stein W. (2015) Sources and range of long-term variability of rhythmicmotor patterns in vivo. .J Exp Biol. 218, 3950-3961 doi:10.1242/jeb.126581

Click here for an author's copy (in case the above link has expired).

38.  Städele, C., Heigele, S. & Stein, W. (2015) Neuromodulation to the Rescue: Compensation of Temperature-Induced Breakdown of Rhythmic Motor Patterns via Extrinsic Neuromodulatory Input. PLoS Biol 13(9): e1002265. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1002265

37. Follmann, R., Rosa, E. & Stein, W. (2015). Dynamics of signal propagation and collision in axons. Phys. Rev. E 92, 032707.

36. Rosa, E., Skilling, Q.M., & Stein, W. (2015). Effects of Reciprocal Inhibitory Coupling in Model Neurons. Biosystems 127: 73–83.

35. Goldsmith, J.G., Staedele, C. & Stein, W.* (2014). Optical Imaging of Neuronal Activity and Visualization of Fine Neural Structures in Non-Desheathed Nervous Systems. PLoS ONE 9(7): e103459. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0103459

34. Stein, W.* & Diehl, F. (2014). An in vivo Assay for Simultaneous Monitoring of Neuronal Activity and Behavioral Output in the Stomatogastric Nervous System of Decapod Crustaceans. Faculty Publications – Biological Sciences. Paper 28.

33. Soofi, W, Goeritz, M.L., Kispersky, T.J., Prinz, A.A., Marder,E. & Stein, W.* (2014). Phase maintenance in a rhythmic motor pattern during temperature changes in vivo. J Neurophysiol 111: 2603–2613.

32. Preuss, S. & Stein, W.* (2013). Comparison of two voltage-sensitive dyes and their suitability for long-term imaging of neuronal activity. PLoS ONE 8(10): e75678. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0075678.

31. Diehl F., White R.S., Stein W. & Nusbaum M.P. (2013). Motor circuit-specific burst patterns drive different muscle and behavior patterns. J Neurosci. 33(29):12013-29.

30. Daur N., Diehl F., Mader W. & Stein W. (2012). The stomatogastric nervous system as a model for studying sensorimotor interactions in real-time closed-loop conditions. Front Comput Neurosci. 14;6:13.

29. Staedele C., Andras P. & Stein W.* (2012). Simultaneous measurement of membrane potential changes in multiple pattern generating neurons using voltage sensitive dye imaging. J Neurosci Methods. 203(1):78-88.

28. Hedrich, U. B. S., Diehl, F. & Stein, W.* (2011). Gastric and pyloric motor pattern control by a modulatory projection neuron in the intact crab Cancer pagurus. J Neurophysiol, 105(4), 1671–1680.

27. Stein, W., Städele, C. & Andras, P.* (2011) Optical imaging of neurons in the crab stomatogastric ganglion with voltage-sensitive dyes. J. vis. Exp., 49;; doi: 10.3791/2567.

26. Stein, W., Städele, C. & Andras, P.* (2011) Single-sweep voltage sensitive dye imaging of interacting identified neurons. J. Neurosci. Methods, 194(2), 224–234..

25. Stein, W. & Andras, P. * (2010) The effect of a fluorescent voltage-sensitive dye on neurons of the crab stomatogastric ganglion. J. Neurosci. Methods. 188(2):290-294.

24. Hedrich, U.B., Smarandache, C.R. & Stein, W.* (2009) Differential activation of projection neurons by two sensory pathways contributes to motor pattern selection. J. Neurophys. 102(5): 2866-2879.

23. Daur, N., Nadim, F. & Stein, W.* (2009) Regulation of motor patterns by the central spike-initiation zone of a sensory neuron. Europ. J. Neurosci.,30(5): 808-822.

22. Ausborn, J., Wolf, H. & Stein, W.* (2009) The interaction of positive and negative sensory feedback loops in dynamic regulation of a motor pattern. J. Comput. Neurosci. 27(2):245-257.

Faculty of 1000 Biology: evaluations for Ausborn J et al J Comput Neurosci 2009 Mar

21. Hedrich, U.B.S & Stein, W.* (2008) Characterization of a descending pathway: Activation and effects on motor patterns in the brachyuran crustacean stomatogastric nervous system. J. Exp. Biol., 211:2624-2637.

20. Smarandache, C.R., Daur, N., Hedrich, U.B.S & Stein, W.* (2008) Regulation of motor pattern frequency by reversals in proprioceptive feedback. Europ. J. Neurosci., 28:460-474.

19. Stein, W.*, Straub, O., Ausborn, J., Mader, W. & Wolf, W. (2008) Motor pattern selection by combinatorial code of interneuronal pathways. J. Comput. Neurosci. 25(3):543-61.

18. Bässler, U., Wolf, H. & Stein, W.* (2007) Functional recovery following manipulation of muscles and sense organs in the stick insect leg. J. Comp. Physiol. A., 193:1151-68.

17. Stein, W., DeLong, N., Wood, D. & Nusbaum, M.P. (2007) Divergent Cotransmitter Actions Underlie Motor Pattern Activation by a Modulatory Projection Neuron. Europ. J. Neurosci., 26: 1148–1165.

16. Ausborn, J., Stein, W.* & Wolf, H. (2007) Frequency Control of Motor Pattern by Negative Sensory Feedback. J. Neurosci., 27: 9319-9328..

15. Smarandache, C.R. & Stein, W.* (2007) Sensory-induced modification of two motor patterns in the crab, Cancer pagurus. J. Exp. Biol., 210: 2912-2922.

14. Stein, W.*, Büschges, A. & Bässler, U. (2006) Intersegmental transfer of sensory signals in the stick insect leg muscle control system. J. Neurobiol. 66(11):1253-1269.

13. Stein, W.*, Smarandache, C.R., Nickmann, M. & Hedrich, U.B.S. (2006) Functional consequences of activity-dependent synaptic enhancement at a crustacean neuromuscular junction. J. Exp. Biol. 209: 1285-1300.

12. Stein, W.*, Eberle, C.C., & Hedrich, U.B.S. (2005) Motor pattern selection by nitric oxide in the stomatogastric nervous system of the crab. Europ. J. Neurosci. 21(10): 2767-2781.

11. Stein, W.* & Ausborn, J. (2004) Analog modulation of digital computation in nerve cells: Simulating the stomatogastric nervous system of the crab. in: Modelling and Simulation '2004 (Bobeanu C., ed), pp.148-152. Ghent, Belgium: Eurosis-ETI.

10. Straub, O., Mader, W., Ausborn, J & Stein, W.* (2004) Motor output variability in a joint control system - a simulation study. in: Modelling and Simulation '2004 (Bobeanu C., ed), pp.135-139. Ghent, Belgium: Eurosis-ETI.

9. Christie, A.E., Stein, W., Quinlan, J.E., Beenhakker, M.P., Marder, E. & Nusbaum, M.P. (2004) Actions of a histaminergic/peptidergic projection neuron on rhythmic motor patterns in the stomatogastric nervous system of the crab Cancer borealis. J. Comp. Neurol. 469:153-169.

8. Wood, D.E., Stein, W. & Nusbaum, M.P. (2000) Projection Neurons with Shared Cotransmitters Elicit Different Motor Patterns from the Same Neural Circuit. J. Neurosci. 20(23):8943-8953.

7. Schmitz, J. & Stein, W. (2000) Convergence of Load and Movement Information onto Leg Motoneurons in Insects. J. Neurobiol. 43: 424–436.

6. Stein, W.* & Schmitz, J. (1999) Multimodal convergence of presynaptic afferent inhibition in insect proprioceptors. J. Neurophysiol. 83: 512–514.

5. Sauer, A.E. & Stein, W. (1999) Sensorimotor pathways processing vibratory signals from the femoral chordotonal organ of the stick insect. J Comp. Physiol. A, 185: 21-31.

4. Stein, W.* & Sauer, A.E (1999) Physiology of vibration sensitive afferents in the mesothoracic femoral chordotonal organ of the stick insect Cuniculina impigra. J. Comp. Physiol. A, 184: 253-263.

3. Stein, W.* & Sauer, A.E (1998) Modulation of sensorimotor pathways associated with gain changes in a posture-control network of an insect. J. Comp. Physiol. A 183(4): 489-501.

2. Sauer, A.E., Büschges, A., & Stein, W. (1997) The role of presynaptic afferent inhibition in tuning sensorimotor pathways in an insect joint-control network. J. Neurobiol. 32: 359-376.

1. Bässler, U. & Stein, W. (1996) Contributions of structure and innervation pattern of the stick insect extensor tibiae muscle to the filter characteristics of the muscle-joint system. J. Exp. Biol. 199: 2185-2198.

Publications (Essays and reviews)

1.Stein, W.*, Städele, C.& Smarandache-Wellmann, C.R. (2016) Evolutionary aspects of motor control and coordination: the central pattern generators in the crustacean stomatogastric and swimmeret systems. In: Structure and Evolution of Invertebrate Nervous Systems (Oxford University Press), eds: Schmidt-Rhaesa,A., Harzsch, S. & Purschke, G. ISBN: 9780199682201.

Click here for an author's version of this paper

2. Stein, W.* (2013) Sensory Input to Central Pattern Generators. In: Springer Encyclopedia of Computational Neuroscience. Jaeger, D., Jung, R. (Eds).

3. Stein, W.* (2009) Modulation of stomatogastric rhythms. J. comp. Physiol. A. DOI: 10.1007/s00359-009-0483-y.

4. Stein, W.* & Ausborn, J. (2008) Wenn das Ganze mehr als die Summe seiner Teile ist - Der Einsatz von Computermodellen zur Detektion emergenter Eigenschaften. Bioforum 5: 49-51.

5. Stein, W.* (2006) Die Verarbeitung sensorischer Signale im Nervensystem. Ulm University. Habilitation.

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