The Coptic Orthodox Patriarchate in Jerusalem has had a presence at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre (Church of the Resurrection) and in Jerusalem since the time Queen Helena founded the church in the 4th century.
In Jerusalem, the Copts have several buildings in the Christian Quarter of the Old City including Monasteries, Convents and schools.
Situated literally on the roof of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre is the Coptic Patriarchate of Jerusalem. This includes the Patriarchate itself (His Eminence's residence), St Anthony's Monastery, 5 Churches and St Anthony's Coptic College (Secondary).
Cross on it. This marks the 9th Station of the Via Dolorosa.
There are 5 Coptic Churches within the Patriarchate complex alone, on the rooftop of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. These are:
1. The main Church of St Anthony's Monastery is St Anthony's Coptic Orthodox Church:
At the back of St Anthony's Church is this small shrine set up in the place where St Mary miraculously appeared in the Church in 1954:
2. Also in the Monastery is St Bishoy's Coptic Orthodox Church:
3. Also in the Monastery is St Mary's Coptic Orthodox Church where the Virgin St Mary herself also appeared:
4. At the entrance of the Patriarchate is St Helena's Coptic Orthodox Church in which is a large underground 4th century cistern accessed by a staircase. This was discovered in the 4th Century by Constantine's mother Queen Helena, and provides water to the Church of Holy Sepulchre.
5. Beneath the Patriarchate is St Jacob's Coptic Orthodox Church - an ancient heritage Church which is architecturally a continuation of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre at the time of the Crusaders:
The Copts also have a Coptic Chapel in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre:
It is located at the site of Jesus' tomb such that the part of the tomb upon which Jesus' head lay is clearly visible beneath the Altar:
Closer to Jaffa Gate (one of the main entrances to the Old City) are 2 Coptic Convents - St George Convent and St Mary's Convent, as well as St Demiana's Coptic College (Primary).
St George Convent: