We remember that our freedom struggle was fought and won, not by force or bloodshed but through the noble principles of truth and non-violence. It was a unique movement in the history of freedom struggles that won us the admiration of the whole world.
The struggle for India's Independence began in 1857 with the Sepoy Mutiny in the town of Meerut. Later, in the 20th century, a countrywide movement for Independence was launched by the Indian National Congress and other political organizations, under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhiji strongly advocated non violent civil disobedience in opposition to violent struggles as observed in most resistance movements of the time. Some of the methods of resistance advocated by him were protest marches, prayer meetings, boycott of foreign products and promotion of Indian goods.
The simplicity of these methods of dissent found favour with the Indian public and local campaigns soon became national movements. Some of the main events in the Indian Freedom Struggle were the Non Cooperation Movement, Dandi March, Civil Disobedience Movement and the Quit India Movement. It soon became clear that India could no longer be controlled by colonial powers and the British gave in to the demands of Indian leaders. It was decided to transfer power to India on the 15th of August, 1947.
At 11.00 pm on the 14th of August, 1947, the Constituent Assembly, to whom power was to be transferred, began a meeting to celebrate India's Independence. As the clock struck midnight, India gained her liberty and became a free country. It was then that the first Prime Minister of Free India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru gave his famous 'Tryst With Destiny' speech -
"At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom. A moment comes, which comes but rarely in history, when we step out from the old to the new.....are we brave enough and wise enough to grasp this opportunity and accept the challenge of the future?"
This was followed by the unfurling of the tricolour and the singing of the National Anthem from the ramparts of the Red Fort. Here is some more information about the Freedom Struggle.History of Independence
Although not a success, this revolt sowed the seed for a new force, which was to take this struggle to its rightful end. As British oppression strengthened so did the urge to attain the freedom from it. This urge found voice in form of many great leaders such as Subhash Chandra Bose, Lala Lajpat Rai, Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, Sukhdev, Khudiram Bose, Ram Prasad Bismil,Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel to name a few. These great patriots along with a lot unnamed freedom fighters sacrificed their lives for the cause of the nation. Independence from the British rule was the sole aim of their lives. This dream of millions of Indians was realized when finally India got freedom on August 15, 1947. The joy of independence brought along with it the grief of partition! The country was divided into two parts - India and Pakistan. Pakistan assumed August 14 as its independence day whereas August 15 was declared the independence day for India. Independence Day Celebrations. Celebrated all across the nation with great enthusiasm, the day is marked with the Indian flag hoisting ceremony at Red Fort and Prime Minister's address to the nation. All the state buildings and structures of national importance are adorned with 'Tricolor'. In the evening , sky is dotted with hundreds of colorful kites symbolizing the freedom. The soaring kites in the sky also signify the soaring dreams of independent India which wants to attain great heights and give the message that sky is the limit. Independence Day Message
Spread the pride and glory of being an Indian and rejoice in the spirit of being free with the National Portal of India. Here are some special Independence Day features that we have brought out for you:
India has a rich cultural heritage and is the world's largest democracy. The citizens, when committed, have the potential to take the country to even greater heights than the founders of this Nation ever imagined. As the tri-colour flutters in the sky, let each citizen promise to work hard to bring glory to the country and reach the goal of making India a great nation that stands for human values.
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India Independence Day
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