Recently published reports suggest that around 51 million people in India belonging to different age groups have been affected by Type 2 Diabetes mellitus in 2010. Treatment includes insulin supplementation; diet control and use of hypoglycemic agents like Metformin . Insulin supplementation is the common mode of treatment in Type I diabetes while oral drugs like Metformin is used in Type II diabetes. Disadvantage with insulin supplementation is that the dosage of insulin needed steadily increases with passage of time. Oral anti- diabetics is said to have serious side effects which includes hepatotoxicity and renal damage. Considering the vast number of complications and ailments that diabetes brings along, this becomes a serious problem and one that requires constant attention. After so many years of research put into finding a cure or a permanent relief, we have not mastered it yet.
There seems to be a ray of hope from our traditional medicine. The plant, mainly its fruit in question has been proved to decrease alarmingly high levels of blood glucose with the systematic and regular use of the shrub. Withania coagulans commonly known as PANEER DODA/DODI is a shrub belonging to the family soalnaecae. As the name suggests the plant has been used traditonally for coagulation of milk and is called the Indian rennet. Various other parts of the plant have been put to medicinal uses by the traditional Indian system of medicine. One prominent use is of the dried berries of the plant which has long been used for lowering blood sugar levels. With the insight from systematic research, the mechanism of action of these fruits in their anti diabetic activity has been realized and has been proved to be effective experimentally.