Three Branches of the United States Government  (Federal Government)

Separation of powers under Articles I, II, and III

LEGISLATIVE
makes laws

EXECUTIVE
carries out laws

JUDICIAL
explains laws


Congress
must meet at least one time each year

Senate
--100 senators
--2 senators from each state
--term:  6 years

Qualifications
--at least 30 years old
--citizen for 9 years

Presiding officer
--the Vice president, or
--an elected President pro tempore 


House of Representatives
--
435 representatives
--435 representatives are divided among the 50 states.  States with larger population get more representatives.
--term: 2 years

Qualifications
--at least 25 years old
--citizen for 7 years

Presiding officer
Speaker of the House

President  and
Vice president

--elected by the Electoral College who are elected by the people at the November general election
--a person can be elected president only two times
--term:  4 years

Qualifications
--
at least 35 years old
--a native-born citizen
--lived n the U.S. for 14 years before the election


Cabinet

--14 cabinet departments 
--14 cabinet officers
--appointed by the President but must be approved by the Senate
--term: determined by President. Serve as long as the President wants them
--meet whenever the President wants 

Supreme Court

-- 9 justices
--serve for life unless impeached
--appointed by the President  but must be approved by the Senate


Circuit Court of Appeals
12 courts throughout the U.S. 

--serve for life unless impeached
--appointed by the President  but must be approved by the Senate


District Courts
91 trial courts throughout the U.S.

--serve for life unless impeached
--appointed by the President  but must be approved by the Senate

 
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Barbara Daley,
Jan 15, 2010, 1:16 PM
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