MYCOPLASMA LITERATURE

Mycoplasma Literature
NOTE: The following is taken from The Common Cause Foundation and appeared in the Winter 2003 edition of The Journal of Degenerative Diseases, Volume 5, No. 1:
Human diseases and conditions that are caused by Mycoplasmas, or where Mycoplasmas are a key co-factor therein:


AIDS ([1 ch 3], 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 13, 21, 22, [51 p 4-12]), ARC (7), Arthritis (1, 16, 17, 21, 31), Alzheimer’s (7, 14), asthma (13, 14, 16, 31), ALS (13, 14, 50), adrenal failure (7), acute stem cell leukemia (33), abnormal liver function (31), acute glomerulonephritis (31), acute psychosis (17), aggressive cancers (14), arterial sclerosis (51), apoptosis (22), altered lymphcyte responses (5), autoimmune reaction (27, 36), abscess (29), ascending paralysis (31), arthalgias (7, 31), anklosing spondylitis (54), Bullous myringitis (17, 24, 29), brain stem encephalitis (31, 41), Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (7, 9, 13, 14, 21, 50, [51 p 4-12], 55), Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (38), cardiac complications (1 p. 421), collagen vascular disease (7 47, 56), Creuzfeldt-Jakob (51 p.12), congestive heart failure (31), Crohn’s (14, 21), conjunctivitis (7, 17, 31), chromosome aberrations (21, 30, 49), cerebellar ataxia (31), central nervous system disease (1, 7, 17,21), CNS in infants (25, 31), chronic cystitis (1 ch 25, p. 431), cardio vascular disease (14, 21), confusion (7), CSF infection (25), congenital pneumonia (23), chronic bronchitis (31), chronic pulmonary disease (31), cranial nerve palsies (31), chorioamnionitis (31), cervical adenopathy (40), Diabetes mellitus (14, 50), dysplasia (18), death ([1 ch 27 p465], [1 ch 32 p539], 17, 31), Thrombosis Embolism (60), Endometriosis (1 ch 25 p 431), erythematous macul papular and vesicular exanthemas (21, 31), endocarditis (13, 50), epididymitis ([1 ch 25 430], 31)erytherma nodosum (17), erytherma multiforma minor (17), Fibromyalgia (9, 13, 14, [51 p 35-36], 55), facial neuropathy (51 p 19-26), Gulf War Illness (13, 14, 21, 50, [51 p 4-12]), Guillain Barre (17, 31), Graves Disease (13, 15), glomerulosclerosis (7), gangrene (31), gastrointestinal symptoms ([1 p421],31), Huntington’s (51), Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (15), hemolytic anemia (17, 31), hemiplegia (1), heart failure (7), hypercalcemia (7), hemopericardium (31), hypogammaglobulinemia (1 ch 25 pp 421, 427, 431), hepatitis (31), hydrocephalus ([1 ch 25 p431], 25), hypoxemia (31), hemogluinuria (31), hyercoagulability (31), Inflammatory bowel disease (13, 14, 46), infertility ([1 p426], 19, 31, 32, 56), immune system damage (6, 21), interstitial cystitis (14),intravascular co-agulation (31, 50), idiopathic Thrombocytopenia purpura (33), joint infection (1 ch 25 p427), juvenile chronic arthritis (54), Kawasaki (15), Kibuchi’s Disease (7), kidney stones (20), lupus (7, 12, 13, 14, 15, 29, 39, 51, 52, 56), low birth weight ([1 ch 25 p431], 56), leukemia ([1 ch 29 p 498], 14, 21, 28, 33, 34, 35, 38), lymphoma (14), liver (21, 7)and lung abscess (38), lympho sarcoma (38), lymphadenopathy (7), leukopenia (3), lymphopenia (3), Meningo encephalitis (17, 31) myocarditis (13, 16, 31, 50), malignant transformation (21), multiple sclerosis (13, 14, 15, 50), multiple organ failure (50), meningitis ([1 ch 25 p 427 & 431], 16, 31), myalgia (7, 31), macular rashes (31), morDaleiform rashes (31), Nongonccal urethritis ([1 ch 25 p428], 26, 29, 31), non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (21), nervous system infection of neonates (1 ch 25 p 431), neural lesions (31, 41), neo-natal morbidity (56), nasal polyps (45), neurological complications (1 ch 25 p 421), Oncogenic transformation (49), otitis medial ([1 ch 25 p 421], 17), otitis externa (17), primary atypical pneumonia (([1 ch 25 p 428], 7, 13, 14, 16, 17, 21, 23, 24, 27, 29, 36, 40), pelvic inflammatory disease ([1 ch 25 p 426], 14, 31), pancreatitis (31), psychosis (31) Pharyngitis ([1 ch 25 p 421], 17, 21, 27, 29, 40), pyelonephritis ([1 ch 25 p 426], 31), post partum fever (31), proteinuria (7), pityriasis rosea (31), psoriatic arthyritis (54), Parkinson’s disease (51), polyarteritis of brain and heart (31), prostatitis ([1 ch 25 p 430], 26, 31), polyarthritis ([1 ch 25 p 427 & 431], 31), pericarditis (13, 31, 50), psoriasis (14, 51), pleural effusion (31), peteceal rashes, papulo vesicular rashes (31), respiratory distress syndrome ([1 ch 25 p 427 & 537], 31, 50), rheumatoid arthritis ([1 ch 25 p 435, ch 29 p 498], 12, 13, 14, 21, 29, 39, 53, 54, 56), Reiter’s([1 ch 25 p 431], 29, 31, 39), rheumatic fever (17), respiratory disease in newborns ([1 ch 25 p 431], 23), renal failure (7, 31), red blood cell alteration (27, 42), Raynaud’s disease (31, 51), reactive arthritis (54), Sarcoidosis (7, 51), Sjogren’s Syndrome (14, 15), scleroderma (11, 12, 14), Steven’s Johnson Syndrome (17, 31, 51), spontaneous abortion ([1 ch 25 p 431], 28, 31), suppurative arthritis (1 ch 25 p 427 & 431), septicemia ([1 ch 25 p 421 & 427], 29), solid cancers(14), Swyer James Syndrome (31), subcutaneous abscess ([1 ch 25 p 431], 31), stillbirth ([1 ch 25 p 431], 23, 31), scaly erythema (31), submandublar adenitis (3), transverse myelitis (10, 31), tracheo bronchitis (1 ch 25 p 418 & 421, 17, 21, 23, 27, 36), thrombocytopenia (8, 31), ulcerative stomatitis (31, 46), urethritis (26), uriticaria (1), vaginitis (1 ch 25 p 426), Varicella-like rashes (31), vasculitis (14), Wagener’s (7).


1. Mycoplasmas: Molecular Biology and Pathogenesis – J. Maniloff, Editor-in-Chief, 1992 American Society for Microbiology ISBN 1-55581-050-0


2. A Novel-like Infectious Agent in Patients with AIDS – S. Lo, et al. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 40(2) 1989, pp. 213-226 (8-246)


3. A Fatal Injection of Silvered Leaf Monkeys with a Virus-like Infectious Agent (VLIA) Derived from a Patient with AIDS – S. Lo, et al. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 40(4) 1989, pp. 399-409 (8-350)


4. Association of the Virus-like Infectious Agent Originally Reported in Patients with AIDS with Acute Fatal Disease in Previously Healthy non-AIDS Patients – S. Lo, et al. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 41(3) 1989, pp. 364-376 (9-098)


5. Virus-like Infectious Agent (VLIA) is a Novel Pathogenic Mycoplasma: Mycoplasma Incognitus – S. Lo, et al. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 41(5) 1989, pp. 586-600 (89-163)


6. Identification of Mycoplasma Incognitus Infection in Patients with AIDS: An Immunohistochemical in situ Hybridization and Ultrastructure Study – S. Lo, et al. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 41(5), pp. 601-616 (89-164)


7. Mycoplasma Fermentans (Incognitus Strain) Infection in the Kidneys of Patients with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome and Associated Neuropathy – F. Bauer, et al. Human Pathology, Jan. 1991 Vol. 22 No. 1, pp. 63-69


8. United States Patent # 5,242,820 Pathogenic Mycoplasma, Shyh Ching Lo


9. Thrombocytopenia Purpura in Patients with Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Related Complex – J. Nair, et al. Annals of Internal Medicine 1988, 109, pp. 209-212 UI: 88267631


10. Examinations of Mycoplasmas in Blood of 565 Chronic Illness Patients by Polymerase Chain Reaction – M. Nasrella, et al. International Journal of Medicine, Biology of the Environment 2000, 28(1), pp. 15-23


11. Transverse Myelitis Associated with Mycoplasma Pneumoniae Infection – M. Ablehorn, et al. Clinical Infectious Diseases April 1998 26:4, pp. 909-912


12. Scleroderma – The Proven Therapy That Can Save Your Life – Henry Scammel, Road Back Foundation


13. Road Back Foundation Newsletter, Fall 2000


14. Mycoplasmal Infections in Chronic Illnesses: Fibromyalgia, Gulf War Illness, HIV-AIDS, and Rheumatic Arthritis – G. Nicolson, et al. Medical Sentinel, Vol. 4, No. 5, Sept/Oct 1999, pp. 172-175


15. Mycoplasmas: The Missing Link in Fatiguing Illnesses – M. Guthrie. Alternative Medicine Sept 2001, Issue 43 pp. 60-70


16. The Pathogenesis and Treatment of Mycoplasmal Infections – G. Nicolson, et al. Antimicrobics and Infectious Diseases Newsletter Nov 1998, Vol. 17, No. 11, pp. 81-87


17. Studies Suggest a Darker Side of Benign Microbes – J. Stephenson. JAMA Dec. 17, 1997, Vol. 278, No. 23, p. 205(2)


18. Methods in Molecular Biology: Mycoplasma Protocols – Editor Roger Miles and Robin Nicholas, (Human Press)


19. Mycoplasmas and Dysplasia of the Uterine Cervix – R. Averan, et al. Boll. 1st Siertor Milan 1980, Sept 30, 59(4), pp. 348-358


20. Mycoplasma, Chlamydia, Epstein-Barr, herpes I and II, and AIDS Infections Among 100 Consecutive Infertile Female Patients and Husbands: Diagnosis, Treatment and Results – R. B. Knudson, et al. International Journal of Fertility, Nov-Dec 1986, 31(5), pp. 356-359


21. Mirkin Report: Why I Prescribe Antibiotics – Gabe Mirkin, MD., P.O. Box 10, Kensington, MD 20895 (extensive references)


22. Mycoplasmas: Sophisticated, Reemerging and Burdened by Their Notoriety – J. Baseman and J. Tully. Emerging Infectious Diseases 1997, Vol. 3, No.1


23. Links and Interactions Between Mycoplasmas and Viruses: Past Confusions and Present Realities – C. Chastel Arch. Virol 1995 140 pp. 811-826


24. The Mycoplasmas Vol. 14 Mycoplasma Pathogenicity – S. Razin and M.F. Barile, Editor, pp. 65-106


25. Epidemiology of Mycoplasma Pneumonia Infection in Families – H. Foy, et al. JAMA Sept 12, 1996, Vol.197, No. 11, pp. 859-865 (137-143)


26. Ureaplasma and Mycoplasma Infections in the Central Nervous System of Preterm Infants- N.J. Shaw, et al. The Lancet Dec 23/30, 1989, pp. 1530-1531


27. Recovery of Pleuropneumonia-like Organisms from Negro Men with and Without Nongonoccal Urethritis – M. Shepherd. American Journal of Syphilis, Gonorrhea, and Venereal Diseases 1954, Vol. 38,, pp. 113-124


28. Mycoplasma Pneumonia Infections in Volunteers – C. Smith and R. Chanock. Annals of NY Academy of Sciences 1967, Vol.m143, pp. 113-124


29. Isolation and Identification fo Mycoplasma from Human Clinical Materials – L. Hayflick and & Stanbridge. Annals of NY Academy of Sciences July 28, 1967, No. 1, pp. 608-621


30. Human Mycoplasma Infections – M. C. Shepherd. Health Laboratory Science, Washington- American Public Health Association July 1966, Vol. 3, No. 3 H.L.S., pp. 163-169


31. Chromosome Changes in Humans Diploid Cell Cultures Infected with Mycoplasmas – G. Patton, et al. Nature July 3, 1965, Vol. 207, pp. 43-45


32. Mycoplasmas as Agents of Human Disease – G. Cassell and B. Cole. The New England Journal of Medicine, 1981, June 8, Vol. 304, No. 2, pp. 8-89


33. Serological Evidence that Chlamydia and Mycoplasmas are Involved in Infertility of Women – B.R. Moller, et al. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, 1985, Vol. 73, pp. 237-240


34. Virus Studies of Human Leukemia – W. Murphy, et al. Cancer 1965, Vol. 18, No. 10, pp. 1329-1344


35. Isolation of Mycoplasma from Leukemic and Nonleukemic Patients – W. Murphy, et al. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Aug 1970, Vol. 45, No. 2, pp. 243-251


36. Direct Isolation of Mycoplasmas from Human Leukemiic Bone Marrow – L. Hayflick and H. Kaprowski. Nature Feb 13, 1965 Vol. 205 pp. 713-714


37. The Mycoplasmas. Mycoplasma Pathogenicity Vol. IV, Barile, Immunizations Against Mycoplasma Infections 1985, Academic Press, pp. 452-481


38. The Molecular Biology of Mycoplasma Viruses – J.Maniloff and A. Liss. Annals of NY Academy of Sciences 1973, Vol. 225, pp. 149-158


39. Mycoplasmas (PPLO) and Human Leukemia and Lymphoma – J. Grace, et al. Cancer 1965, Vol. 18, No. 10, pp. 1369-1379


40. Isolation of Mycoplasma (PPLO) from Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis, Systemic Lupus Eryematosus and Reiter’s Syndrome – L. Bartholomew & J. Himes. Arthritis and Rheumatism, 1964, Vol. 7, pp. 291-end


41. Exudative Pharyngitis Following Experimental Mycoplasma Hominis Type I Infection – M.
Murfson, et al. JAMA June 28, 1965, Vol. 192,No. 13, pp.1146-1152

42. Studies of PPLO Infection III, Electron Microscopic Study of Brain Lesions Caused by Mycoplasma Neurolyticum Toxin – D. Aleu and L. Thomas. The Journal of Experimental Medicine Volume 124, 1966, pp. 1068-1082


43. Studies of PPLO Infection II, The Neurotoxin of Mycoplasma Neurolyticum – L. Thomas, et al. Journal of Experimental Medicine 1966, Vol. 124, pp. 1068-1082


44. Mycoplasma Pneumoniae Infections in Volunteers – C. Smith and R. Chanock. The Annals of the NY Academy of Sciences 1967, Vol. 143, pp.471-4833


45. Human Spongiform Encephalopathy: The National Institute of Health Series of 300 Cases of Experimentally Transmitted Diseases – P. Brow, D.C. Gajdusek. Annals of Neurology 1994, Vol. 35, No. 5, pp. 513-528


46. Infectious Amyloids: Suba cute Spongiform Encephalopathies as Transmissible Cerebral Amyloidosis – D.C. Gajdusek. Fields of Virology, Third Edition, (Chapter 91) 1996, pp.2851- 2900


47. The Detection of Mycoplasma Pneumoniae in Nasal Polyps – P. Garr, et al. Clinical Otolaryngology, June 1996, 21:3, pp.269-273
48. A Prospective Study of Viral and Mycoplasmal Infections in Chronic inflammatory Bowel disease – Kangro, et al. Gastroenterology 1990, Vol. 98, pp. 549-553


49. Pathogenesis Studies in Experimental Mycoplasma Disease – W. Clyde & L. Thomas. Annals of the NY Academy of Sciences 1973, Vol. 225, pp. 413-424


50. The Role of Brain Cytokines in Mediating the Behavioral and Neuroendocrine Effects of Intra Cerebral Mycoplasma Fermentans – R. Yirmiya, et al. Brain Res. 1999, May 22; 829 (1-2), pp. 28-38


51. Mycoplasmas and Oncogenesis: Persistent Infection and Multistage Malignant Transformation – L. Tsai, et al. Proclamation of National Academy of Sciences, USA, Oct. 24, 1995, 92(22), pp. 10197-10201


52. Through the Looking Glass: A Country Doctor’s Journey in the Labyrinth of Gulf War
Syndrome – L. Goss. International Journal of Medicine, Winter 1998, No.s 2, 3 & 4, pp. 10-16

53. Journal of Degenerative Diseases – Donald W. Scott, Editor. Feb 2002, Vol. 3, Nos. 3 & 4


54. Mycoplasma Urealyticum and Mycoplasma Hominis in Women with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus – K.S. Ginsburg, et al. Arthritis and Rheumatism 1992, 33, pp. 429-433


55. Detection of Mycoplasma Antigens in Immune Complexes from Rheumatoid Arthritis Synovial Fluids – H. Clark, et al. Ann. Of Allergy 1988, 60, pp. 394-398


56. Identification of Mycoplasma Fermentans in Synovial Fluids Samples from Arthritis Patients
with Inflammatory Disease – S. Johnson, et al. Journal of clinical Microbiology, Jan. 2000, 38(1), pp. 90-93

57. Fibromyalgia, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, and Myofacial Pain Syndrome – D. Buskilia. Current Opinions in Rheumatology March 2000, 12(2), pp. 113-123


58. The Potential Roles of Mycoplasma as Autoantigens and Immune Complexes in Chronic
Vascular Pathogenesis – H. Clark. American Journal of Primatology 1991, 24, pp. 235-243

59. Antibiotics for Huntington’s Disease? – Science News , Aug. 19, 2000, Vol. 158, p. 120

60. Paradoxical Brain Embolism Induced by Mycoplasma pneumoniae Infection with Deep Venous Thrombus. Department of Neurology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine. Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)

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