About Trieste


Trieste (Italian: Trieste; Slovene and Croatian: Trst; German: Triest; Hungarian: Trieszt) is a city and port in northeastern Italy very close to the Slovenian border. It is the capital of the Autonomous Region Friuli Venezia Giulia.
Trieste is located at the head of the Gulf of Trieste on the Adriatic Sea. 

Trieste is a composite town, and a successful blend of the three major European language groups (Latin, Slavonic, and German), enriched by significant contributions of Jewish, Oriental, Greek, Serb and Armenian groups. It is a sort of centre of the world, sung by world-famous local poets and writers, from Svevo to Saba, and a source of inspiration for Rilke and Joyce, among others.

Trieste has always been at the heart of European civilization and is still very much in touch with its past and its origins, with its multifaceted traditions and its capacity to estabilish a dialogue with different peoples and different cultures. Trieste lies on the northern-most shore of the Adriatic Sea, where the Mediterranean stretches far into the heart of the European continent. Its Gulf extends from the small town of Muggia westwards to the Castle of Duino which once hosted Rilke. Behind and around the city lies the vast expanse of the Karst, with its characteristic woods and white stones. It is a landscape full of contrast, very much reflected in the complex and "troubled" soul of its population.

So visitors may walk along shady paths, rocky gorges, impervious caves, or wide, windswept clearings that offer a landscape of unusual beauty. In the typical, orderly villages scattered around the area, tourists can stop and refresh themselves under the shade of arbors and old trees in country trattorias offering the local wines and dishes of a gastronomic tradition that reflects Trieste's role as a crossroad of different European cultures.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cpag70R81w8&feature=share Trieste in Time Lapse

You might read this recent article of the New York Times on Trieste

The Lonely Planet Guide can be very useful: 

There are a lots of museum, exhibitions and other interesting places to visit in Trieste and in the surroundings.

You can also go to the Tourist Information Office in Piazza Unità d'Italia 4, 34121 Trieste (tel. +39 040 3478312; fax +39 040 3478320; e-mail: info.trieste@turismo.fvg.it) and see what the city can offer you for a day trip!

For more information about turist attractions in the city and in the surroundings, please consult the following websites: TriesteculturaPromotriesteTurismo FVG.

Do not forget to plan a trip in the surroundings to see the natural beauties of the Carso plateau. The Trieste plateau (Altopiano Triestino), called Kras or Carso and covering an area of about 200 km² for the Italian part has approximately 1500 caves of various size. Among the most famous arethe Grotta Gigante, the largest tourist cave in the world, with a single cavity large enough to contain St Peter's Cathedral in Rome, and the Cave of Trebiciano (350 m deep) at the bottom of which flows the Timavo River. This river dives underground at Škocjan Caves in Slovenia (they are included in the UNESCO world heritage list) and flows for about 30 km before emerging at about 1 km from the sea in a series of springs near Duino, reputed by the Romans to be an entrance to Hades.

A multicultural city
An "international" city at the heart of the enlarged Europe. Trieste is marked by the presence of Slovenians, Greeks, Serbs, Jews and Armenians and, of course, Italians. Trieste hosts many religious communities and by walking down the city you can see several religious buildings representing each religious community: Catholic, Jewish, Greek Orthodox, Serbian Orthodox, Swiss Waldensian, Augustan Evangelical, Methodist and Adventist.

According to the survey carried out each year by Sole24ore newspaper, in 2009 Trieste was the first Italian city in the list of those with the best quality of life.

For more information on living in Trieste you can read the complete guide "Welcome to Trieste" designed and written by about 30 young volunteers of the "Mondo 2000" Association, within the framework of the Social Service Programme of the United World College of the Adriatic. The guide contains information about the main facilities that the city of Trieste offers to immigrants as they first arrive, and also about the intercultural services and leisure activities available in town. It is therefore a useful tool both for migrants and for Italian residents. The guide is available in Arabic, Albanian, Chinese, English, French, Italian, Romanian, Russian, Serbo-Croatian and Turkish.

Some curiosities about Trieste social life ... Coffee: what a passion!

Trieste inhabitants have a unique passion for coffee. It is an outstanding example in the world of coffee at a national and international level. Its historical background and geographical position contributed to the growth of this tradition along with a special passion for coffee. All began in 1719, when the Habsburg royal family established the Free Port of Trieste as the main port of the Austrian Empire, favouring trading activities and boosting a coffee market. The first coffeehouses were opened in the second half of the 18th Century, characterised by a Viennese atmosphere in furnitures and services. Nowadays, historical coffeehouses have become real tourist attractions. You can enjoy the Mitteleuropean atmoshpere and a very good coffee in one of the historical coffehouses that are still open: Caffè degli Specchi (Piazza Unità d'Italia); Caffè Urbanis (via del Teatro); Caffè Tergesteo (Tergesteo Gallery in Piazza della Borsa); Caffè Tommaseo (Piazza Tommaseo); Caffè Torinese (via Corso Italia); Caffè Stella Polare (via Dante near Piazza Sant'Antonio) and Caffè San Marco (via Battisti). Sources: Trieste coffee clusterTrieste.comAssociazione Caffè Trieste.


While staying in Trieste you may consider visiting

GORIZIA (1 hour travelling time) 
                                                                                                            and VENICE (2 hours travelling time) as well.


Interesting places to visit nearby

In a small territory, Friuli Venezia Giulia contains many different landscapes, environments, histories, art and cultures. There are a lot of museums, exhibitions and other interesting places to visit.

Across the border in Slovenia there are some magnificent caves to be visited, as well as the Lipica stud farm and park, where the famous white Lipizzaner horses are bred.

Aquileia and Grado. The quiet village of Aquileia lies in the plain of Friuli not far from the lagoon of Grado. In the 2nd century AD, the Romans built here a big town-fortress. The archaeological remains can be easily found everywhere, to witness the glorious past of the town. In the heart of the town the medieval basilica, with its severe Romanesque-Gothic lines, rises stately and solemnly. The Basilica preserved some of the oldest and most illustrious memoirs of the Christian religion in Europe. Grado is a famous tourist destination, known commonly as L'Isola del Sole ("The Sunny Island"), also renowned because it is a spa town, and because of its beautiful lagoon and roman origins. 

Carnic and Julian Alps. The area in the north of the region includes Carnia and the ending section of the Alps. The characteristic alpine landscape is ideal for hiking in summer, and in winter is the ideal place to practice all winter sports. There are a lot of picturesque villages with rich traditions and good gastronomic specialities.

Cividale del Friuli. Cividale is the ancient "Forum Julii", the site of the first Longobard Dukedom in Itlay. With its historical and artistic monuments of great value (especially the "Longobard Temple"), the medieval city centre and its fashion shops, Cividale is a destination not to be missed. 

Gorizia. Gorizia is situated on the border with Slovenia; this geographical position characterize the city. Gorizia has an Austrian character and it is rich with cultural events during the year.

The hilly area. It's the area situated to the south of the mountains and along the central section of the border with Slovenia. This romantic area is characterized by bucolic landscapes, vineyards, nice and historic village (San Daniele, Spilimbergo, Fagagna) and castles. These castles and fortification are mainly private, but during the year the landlords open their estate to the public.

Lignano. Located halfway between Venice and Trieste, the city of Lignano is cutting-edge the avantgarde for its summer tourist services and structures: 8km of long golden beaches, 6 fun parks, biking roads, riding centres, sport structures, the 18-hole-golf field, many tennis courts, restaurants, shops, clubs and 5000 boat places in the harbour. 

Palmanova. Palmanova is the star-shaped citadel founded by the Venetian Republic in the 16th century as a fortress against the Turkish invaders, which today is still intact in its original structure.

Pordenone. Pordenone, the ancient "Portus Naonis", is situated in west of the region. It's a notably industrial city which nonetheless still saves the beauty of its past in its historical city centre. 

Udine. Udine is the historical capital of Friuli situated in the centre of the region. The castle on the hill of the town is a good point for admiring the region; the quite elegant city centre is rich with stately buildings, good restaurants, coffeehouse, churches, museums and many wonderful works of art by Tiepolo in the Archbishop's Palace.