Computer Tips 4 Writers

Computers are useless. They can only give you answers.
~ Pablo Picasso

  Welcome!

 I'm sure you know the computer basics like cut, copy, paste, saving your documents and other things when writing. There are other Microsoft Word computer tips to make your writing faster and easier. Check the TIPS on the right for a list of Computer Tips  4 Writers.

WHY THIS SITE?

For years I was a computer instructor writing my own illustrated lessons, the same lessons taught in class for the students to take home to review and study. I encouraged my students to use their new found computer skills to write. Since I always wanted a writer's computer workshop, this site is it. 

I took my own advice and now write speculative fiction full time instead of part time. My writing consists of many short stories, and the  DRAGON'S MARK series. The first novel, The DARKNESS COMES, is complete. The second novel, FYREGON,  is a work in progress while the third book, FOO WIZARD, is outlined. 
 

20 Computer Terms You Should Know

Posted: 14 Sep 2010 03:58 AM PDT

Note: I subscribe to this newsletter and receive wonderful daily writing tips. It’s easy to sign up and oh so very helpful.—G E

A great deal of jargon is used when talking about computers, and it’s surprising how often these terms are used incorrectly. Even published, successful novels sometimes do so. The following list provides an explanation of some of the more common computing terms you may come across or need to employ in your own writing.

Internet, World Wide Web
The Internet is the network of computers we’re all familiar with. It’s quite common for the terms “Internet” and “World Wide Web” to be used interchangeably, but these aren’t actually the same thing. The Internet is essentially the wiring that allows computers all over the world to communicate. The World Wide Web is a system that operates via this wiring. Web pages are transmitted via Internet connections but there is more to the Internet than just the web. Many other types of data travel across the Internet too, for example email.

Web Browser
A program you use to look at, and navigate between, pages on the world wide web. Examples include Internet Explorer and Firefox although there are many others. Again, people sometimes refer to web browsers as “the internet”, whereas they really only provide the means to view pages on the web.

Bandwidth, Broadband
Bandwidth is an indication of how quickly data travels along a connection. The greater the bandwidth, the faster data will be sent and received. Broadband is a rather vague term that refers to bandwidth somewhere above that of an old dial-up modem, although there is no precise definition of the term. Broadband connections are generally “always on”, unlike modem connections. There are various technologies which provide “broadband” speeds – such as ADSL, cable, satellite etc.

Modem
The word modem was originally coined in the days when computers communicated by converting numbers into sounds that could then be transmitted over a regular telephone line. At each end you needed a “modulator” to generate the sounds to transmit and a “demodulator” to convert received sounds back into numbers. From “MOdulator/DEModulator” came the word modem.

With modern digital communication, no conversion to and from audible sounds is required, but even so it’s common to hear people talking about “broadband modems” or “ADSL modems” when referring to devices providing broadband connectivity. Strictly speaking, such devices are not modems at all as they communicate digitally but the word has stuck; its meaning has shifted to refer to digital devices as well.

Memory, Disk Space
Another very common source of confusion. In computing, “memory” generally refers to the temporary storage used by a computer whilst it is switched on. A computer loads programs and data into its memory in order to carry out tasks. This is more accurately called RAM or “random-access memory”. Disk space (or “hard disk space”), on the other hand, is a more permanent store that holds files even when the computer is switched off. It’s from here that the computer loads things into its memory. Strictly speaking you don’t store things in the computer’s memory as that vanishes when you turn the machine off.

Virus, Spyware, Trojan, Worm, Malware
These terms are often confused, although they have distinct meanings.

A virus is a piece of software that can copy itself and which attaches itself to some other program in order to survive and replicate. It may have some malicious intent or it may exist simply to reproduce. A worm is similar but it can exist independently; it doesn’t need to attach to a separate program. A Trojan – or Trojan Horse – is a piece of software that gains access to a computer by pretending to be benign or by hiding within some innocent-looking application. The name is obviously derived from the wooden horse employed by the Greek army during the Trojan Wars. Spyware is software that secretly monitors computer activity, attempting to gain private information without the computer user knowing.

By and large, all of the above will have some malicious intent – to harm data, spy on computer activity and so forth. Malware is a general term for all such programs – it simply means any software, of whatever sort, written with a malicious intent. Viruses are generally malware but there is more to malware than just viruses.

Bits, Bytes
At a basic level, all computer data is just a series of 0s and 1s. Each of these is referred to as a “binary digit”, for which “bit” is just an abbreviation. A byte is (generally) a collection of eight bits, so called because of the pun with bit and bite. Similarly a collection of four bits – half a byte – is sometimes called a “nybble”.

In order to refer to large numbers of bits and bytes, various prefixes are used, as in :

1 kilobyte = 1024 (or 1000) bytes
1 megabayte = 1024 (or 1000) kilobytes
1 gigabyte = 1024 (or 1000) megabytes
1 terabyte = 1024 (or 1000) gigabytes
1 petabyte = 1024 (or 1000) terabytes

Reboot
To switch a computer off and on again, allowing its operating system and programs to be reloaded. Note that this is not the same as placing a computer into standby/hibernate and then resuming. A reboot requires that all software is completely reloaded.

The term derives from “bootstrap”, as in the phrase “to pull oneself up by one’s bootstraps”, because of the similarity to that seemingly impossible act (as a computer can’t run without first loading some software but must be running before any software can be loaded).

Cookie
A small text file sent to your computer by a web site you have visited. These can be very useful in that they can allow the web site to recognize who you are when you return. Cookies cannot store viruses or other threats, although they can be used to track your activity across different web sites in order to provide, for example, “targeted” advertisements.

Firewall
A firewall is a piece of computer software or hardware that restricts the data that is allowed to flow through. Firewalls block traffic that is undesirable in some way, the intention being to prevent infection by malware and so on without restricting the user from carrying out legitimate activity.

Spam
Unsolicited email messages sent out in bulk and generally commercial in nature. In fact the term is used more widely these days to refer to such messages in a variety of places, not just on email – for example comments on blogs.

The origin of this sense of the word spam is unclear.

CAPTCHA
CAPTCHA checks are the strings of letters and numbers that have to be typed in on some web pages before something can be saved. They exist because, although humans find interpreting these strings relatively easy, computers do not. Setting up these checks therefore blocks an automated process – such as one generating spam – from using the page, whereas a human is still able to.

The acronym CAPTCHA actually stands for “Completely Automated Public Turing test to tell Computers and Humans Apart” – a rather contrived way of arriving at an acronym that sounds like the word “capture”.

source:  Daily Writing Tips which I highly recommen.


Megabytes, Gigabytes, Terabytes… What Are They?

Ten Net Commandments

1.) Thou shalt not buy merchandise found in pop up ads or spam.
2.) Thou shalt not post thy e-mail address, phone number, address or social security             number on the Internet, nor shalt thou post anyone else's.
3.) Thou shalt not forget to update thy Windows every second Tuesday.
4.) Thou shalt not connect to the Internet without installing an anti virus, nor shalt thou             begin a scan without checking for updates.
5.) Thou shalt not connect to the Internet without installing a firewall.
6.) Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's credit card number, nor his bank routing number, nor his          social security number.
7.) Thou shalt not enter thy credit card number without seeing the tiny padlock icon on thy       status bar.    
8.) Thou shalt not reply to the e-mail from the Nigerian banker.
9.) Thou shalt not forward chain letters to thy friends and family.
10.) Thou shalt not use "password" as thy password, nor thy birthday, nor thy childrens'           names.
--Author unknown

Attack of the mouse pointer


About Ginger


Breaks

Double Spacing

Drop Caps

Find & Replace

Format Painter

Headers & Footers

 Keyboard Shortcuts

Odds & Ends

Page Numbers

 Spelling, Synonyms & Stuff

 Word Count

Computer Images

Links


      Quotes 

“I do not fear computers. I fear the lack of them.”  
Isaac Asimov

“Part of the inhumanity of the computer is that, once it is competently programmed and working smoothly, it is completely honest.”
Isaac Asimov


Computer Haiku 
Microsoft error messages in the classic Haiku format
Out of memory. 
We wish to hold everything!
 
But still we cannot.
 

Rather than beep
 
Or a rude error message:
 
These words: "File Not Found".
 

Errors have occurred.
 
We won't tell you where or why -
 
Lazy programmers!
 

Chaos reigns within.
 
Reflect, repent, and reboot
 
Order will return.
 

For a new PC,
 
Center of my universe,
 
I abandon all.
 

The code was willing!
 
It considered your request,
 
But the chips were weak.
 

Everything is gone.
 
Your life's work has been destroyed.
 
Squeeze trigger? (yes/no)
 

A file that big?
 
It might be very useful.
 
But now it is gone.
 

No keyboard present
 
Hit F1 to continue
 
Zen engineering?
 

Website has been moved
 
We'd tell you where, but then we'd
 
Have to delete you.
 

The web site you seek
 
Cannot be located but
 
Countless more exist.
 

Aborted effort:
 
Close all that you have worked on.
 
You ask way too much.
 

Windows XP crashed.
 
I am the blue screen of death.
 
No one hears your screams.
 

Yesterday it worked.
 
Today it is not working.
 
Windows is like that.
 

Printer not ready.
 
Could be a fatal error.
 
Have a pen handy?
 

First snow, then silence.
 
This thousand dollar screen dies
 
So beautifully.
 

With searching comes loss
 
And the presence of absence:
 
"My novel" not found.
 

The Tao that is seen
 
Is not the true Tao, until
 
You bring fresh toner.
 

Logon incorrect!
 
Only perfect spellers may
 
Enter this system!
 

Stay the patient course.
 
Of little worth is your ire.
 
The network is down.
 

A crash reduces
 
Your expensive computer
 
To a simple stone.
 

Three things are certain:
 
Death, taxes, and lost data.
 
Guess which has occurred.
 

Seeing my great fault
 
Through darkening blue windows
 
I begin again.
 

You step in the stream,
 
But the water has moved on.
 
This page is not here.
 

Out of memory.
 
We wish to hold the whole sky,
 
But we never will.
 

10,000 Things
 
How long do any persist?
 
Explorer is gone.
 

Server: poor response
 
Not quick enough for browser
 
Time out, plum blossom.
 

This site uses frames
 
And yet your browser does not.
 
One of these will change.
 

Having been erased,
 
The document you're seeking
 
Must now be retyped.
 

Serious error.
 
All shortcuts have disappeared.
 
Screen. Mind. Both are blank.
(thanks Cy)