The overarching goal is to increase graduation rates. The law requires competency-based credit as an alternative to seat-time. This means students can ask to be assessed and if they demonstrate the knowledge and skills, they should be awarded that credit. However, there is very little uptake at this time.
Senate Bill 311 (the Ohio Core legislation) raised the graduation requirements for high school students, with the goal of increasing the number of students who are ready to meet the demands of our global and technological age. It included among its provisions a requirement that by March 31, 2009, the State Board of Education adopt a plan that enables “students to earn units of high school credit based on a demonstration of subject area competency, instead of or in combination with completing hours of classroom instruction.” School districts, community schools and chartered nonpublic schools “shall comply” with the provisions of the plan, phasing in its provisions during the 2009-10 school year. (From ODE website)
Ohio's Credit Flexibility policy is designed to include distance-learning, afterschool programs, internships, and community service. The policy is constructed as a waiver, with districts seeking state approval. Local boards will govern their credit flexibility policies, and teachers are empowered to award the credits. The policy is designed for high school students, providing multiple ways to gain credit, including seat-time, testing out, or demonstration of proficiency. It also allows for simultaneous credit in two areas, as well as partial credit.