Comoros

 

Political organisation

 

The Comorian Union created in 2001, is composed of three islands, Njazidja (Grande Comore), Nzwani (Anjouan) and Mwali (Moheli). This union held elections in March 2004, to find out if the islanders wished to become independent of each other. The independant candidates from each island won the elections and each island now has an independent government with a president and ministers. One of the presidents governs the federation of islands on a rotating basis. In May 2004, Mwali held its first autonomic assembly based in Fomboni, the capital. Since independence, the political situation seems to have become more stable, with politicians attempting involve Mwali in sustainable development. Mwali is the least developed island and was always neglected in favour of the others. However this isolation has encouraged the population to become more self sufficient and Mwali would like to set a good example for its neighbours by developing sustainably.

 

More information can be found by following this link: http://www.everyculture.com/Bo-Co/Comoros.htm

Spice and Veg market, Mamoudzou, Mayotte.

Mohelian woman preparing coconut rice.

 

 Mohelian young woman wearing a traditional mask of beauty.
 

Situation


 

Moroni, capital of Comoros, Grand Comores.

The Comoros, or “Islands of the moon”, is an archipelago composed of 4 emerged islands (Grande Comore, Anjouan, Mayotte and Moheli) and one submerged coral reef (The Gezer). The Comoros are located at the entrance of the Mozambique Channel, between 12° and 13°  South and 45°East. The archipelago is 10,000 km from France, 1,500 km from Reunion Island, 400 km from the African coast and 300 km from Madagascar.

 

The president of the mayors of Nioumachoua in traditional outfit, Moheli.
 

Ecology and biodiversity

 

 Inland Ecosystem (click here)

 

 Marine Ecosystem (click here)

 

The Commorian archipelago shows some specific biological phenomena due to it insularity characterised by a recent population settlement (quaternary) and a succession of different level of evolution of volcano-reef relation. This complex interaction between volcano activity and ecosystems is increased by a factor of altitudinal eco-biologic differential which contributes to increase the organism and ecosystem diversity. 

Comoros is considered to be the most bio-diverse  of the Indian Ocean islands, just  behind Madagascar and after Seychelles for it endemic species. Biodiversity is currently not well known, but primary research suggest amazing biodiversity. Studies already list more than 150 coral species, 270 algae, 10 sea-grasses, 279 fish species and more than 400 mussels species. 30 cetacean species have been identified (30% of all known species) including 6 species of dolphin, dugongs occur here and 2 species of marine turtle. The lagoon is an important breeding and nursery ground for several cetacean species, in particular the Humpback whale Megaptera novaeangliae. The Comoros also house more than 100 protected species under international and national laws.

 

Green tutle photo-id, Itsamia, Moheli.