cyprus scripts


Cyprus Scripts

Proposed Decipherment by Brian E. Colless

TABLE OF CYPRIAN SYLLABOGRAMS

The table indicates that Cretan Linear A signs (syllabograms, each representing a single syllable) were adopted and adapted for transcribing languages used in Cyprus in the Bronze Age; this Cyprian writing system (conventionally known as "Cypro-Minoan", CM) developed into the Iron Age syllabary (Linear C), employed mainly for Hellenic inscriptions.

Editions of the Bronze Age texts, with detailed photographs and drawings are available:

Jean-Pierre Olivier, Édition holistique des textes chypro-minoens (2007)

Silvia Ferrara, Cypro-Minoan Inscriptions, vol II (2013)

Charts showing the characters are available here, below the printed table.

LA Linear A (Cretan 'Minoan' Syllabary)

LB Linear B (Mycenean Syllabary)

LC Linear C (Classical Cypriot Syllabary)

CC (Cypriot Cuneiform Syllabary, 'Cypro-Minoan' Script, usually said to be "undeciphered")

Numeral designations for the CC characters: Emilia Masson, Cyprominoica (Göteborg 1974) 12-15, tables 1-4

A Ancient Enkomi Tablet, and a few other inscribed objects (Archaic, Masson Table 1)

B Balls/Boules (small clay spherical objects) (CM 1, Masson Tables 2-4)

C Enkomi Cylinder (CM 1, Masson Tables 2-4)

K Kalavassos Cylinders (CM 1, Masson Tables 2-4)

T Enkomi Tablets (CM 2, Masson Tables 2-4)

U Ugarit Tablets (CM 3, Masson Tables 2-4)

Numeral designations for the characters:

LA/LB: I. Godart, J-P. Olivier, Recueil des inscriptions en Linéaire A, 5 (Paris 1985)

CC: Emilia Masson, Cyprominoica (Göteborg 1974) 12-15, tables 1-4. (See below)

LA/LB CC A B C K T U LC

A 8 A A101 B101/2 C101 K102 T102 U102 A

E 38 E A38 B38 C38 K T38 U38 E

I 28 I A104 B104 C104 K104 T104 U104 I

O 61 O B64 84 T66? O

U 10 U B19 T79 U19 20 U

YA 57 YA A69 B69 72? C69 K72? T69 U71 YA

YE 46 YE A36 B36 K36 T36 U36

YI 47 YI B32? U40

YO 349 B36 YO U98 YO

YU 65?

WA 54 WA A95 B95 T95 U95 WA

WE 319 B75 WE B1 K1 T1 U1 WE

WI 40 WI B41 37 C37 T37 U37 WI

WO 323? B42 WO B29 41b? T29 WO

WU

RA 60 LA A87 B87 C87 K87 T87 U87 LA

LE T76 LE

RI 53 LI B9 C9 T9 10? U9 LI

RO 2 LO A5 B5 C5 K5 T5 LO

LU B24 C24 K24 T24 U24? LU

RA B15 C75 K15 T75 U75 RA

RE 27 RE K33 T33 RE

DI ? 7 RI B114 85 96 C96 T96 U96 RI

DE ? 45 RO A97 B97 C97 T97 U97 RO

RU 26 RU A28 B28 T28 U28 RU

LA/LB CC A B C K T U LC

MA 80 MA B43 53 C53 T52 U43 MA

ME 13 ME B35 C35 K35 T35 U35 ME

MI 73 MI B91 C91 K91 T89 90 U91 MI

MO 321/7B15 MO B73 77 C73 K73 T72? U73 MO

MU 23 MU A55 B39 42 55 K39 T54 MU

NA 6 NA A8 B8 C8 T8 U8 NA

NE 24 NE A2,3 B2 34 C18 T56 U2 NE

NI 30 NI A*\/* B99 C99 K99 T65 U100 NI

NO 28b B52 NO B17 T17 U94 NO

NU 55 NU A68 B68 103 C103 T68 U103 NU

PA 3 PA A6 B6 C6 K6 T6 U6 PA

PE 305 B72 PE A11? C11a T11 U11a PE

PI 39 PI B50 C50 K50 T51 U51 PI

PO 11 PO B12 14 C12 T12 PO

BU 29 PU B61 83? T61 PU

DA 1 TA A4 B4 C4 K4 T4 U4 TA

TE 4 TE A7 C7 T62 TE

TI 37 TI A23 B23 C23 K23 T23 U23 TI

TO 5 TO B13 T78 TO

TU 69 TU A31 B32 (yi?) C26 T30 U37b TU

KA 77 KA A25 B25 C25 K25 T25 U25 KA

KE 44 KE A108 B107 C107 K107 T107 U105 KE

KI 67 KI B70 C70 K70 T70 U70 KI

KO 70 KO Aviii? B 21 C21 K21 T21 U22 KO

KU 81 KU B110 C110 K110 T110 U110 KU

SA 31 SA A57,82 B57 16 82 48 C82 K48 T57 U57 SA

SE 9 SE A44 B44 45 C44 K44 T44 U44 SE

SI 41 SI A27 B27 C27 K27 T27 10 U58 21 SI

SO B12? QO B32? SO B67 T60 SO

DU 51 SU B106 46? C(47) T47 SU

ZA 17 ('ankh sign)

ZE 74 ZE B88 C88 T93 U92 ZE

ZI

ZO 20 Z(O) B59 T59 ZO

ZU 79? T74? U74? XE?

XA

112?

LA Linear A (Cretan 'Minoan' Syllabary)

LB Linear B (Mycenean Syllabary)

LC Linear C (Classical Cypriot Syllabary)

CC (Cypriot Cuneiform Syllabary, 'Cypro-Minoan' Script):

A Ancient Enkomi Tablet, and a few other inscribed objects

B Balls/Boules (small clay spherical objects):http://collesseum.googlepages.com/boules

C Enkomi Cylinder

K Kalavassos Cylinders

T Enkomi Tablets

U Ugarit Tablets


CHARTS WITH CHARACTERS


Uncertainties remain: notably variant forms, attributable to peculiarities in the handwriting of various scribes.

Emilia Masson, Cyprominoica, Tables 1-4

The system on my table and chart is being tested on a number of texts:

Enkomi clay weight

Inscribed seals

Enkomi clay balls

Ugarit name list

My synoptic chart and the original work-pages (with characters as well as numbers) are also viewable at:

http://homepages.inspire.net.nz/~briancolless/Collesseum/ccs.html

ENKOMI 1687 (Nic Mus) JPO 208 (A tab 003.A)
TABLET 1 (BEC)

(A1) ISORE LUKI MATUKO NE[LI]
(2) ARAMU AWONONO LAMISE
(3) UWISARO KALIMARUWA KINUKI [
(4) ARA PAMAREMEMU TUKOLORANI [
(5) ARUMU EREPI ERE TAKAPINANE
(6) -ZULA ITI UMANIRA KOME TUKORI
(7) -LISIYA ATARA TE(LI?)PINA ERARI
(8) - -MATUTENA EREPI TAKA TERIYA[SA]
(9) -[RO]RO UNEMAMU KORIYANI TIWISI-
(10) ARA KALIMARUWA KUSO RUKONO TELOSOMU
(11) MOMU EREPI KUTONA ARATA SURISIYA
(12) TITENO LAPILISA NELI ARAMU TAKAZUMU
(13) LANE KALAZOMI UNE SUNORONO KASIYALIYA
(14) TAKAZUWA SALA KUZUKO ARATA SUREMU
(15) TUMALO AKARA- LEKI NUKARONO TUPATARA
(16) NUTELI TENI E- KAPANI ATESA
(17) MULERE ELUNE AMERI SIYANO KISILOPUWA
(18) NERISE ARA KUMELONO KERARA ASAWILO
(19) KETUWA KENORANA EREPINA TARI SIPI
(20) KESASA KAMI INELO LAMO SERARE .
(21) -----UNA KOMORI SALIKENO
(22) -----KOTO AMESA

(B1-13 = 1) Mostly obliterated
(2) ----YA ------ TESA TILISOZE
(3) LEKONO ---SI -----UWA SALA
(4) KO?SUKO ---MURA KENEYA SAMIKE
(5) KONA RINA IWIRULI KUTO LATI UMA
(6) ALIMUMONO ARITE KATARA TIMIRESI
(7) ANERESI PEKO TARAWO ASANA SUSIYA?
(8) ESA MATUKONA KESO KEPELA ANU
(9) KOSUKI KOLIYATI AMENU TISOKO?
(10) KUTA SITUMA WIPONO.........
(11) LOLI KOSOMINO ...........
(12) INENA TARO A..........
(13) ESI POPUTE ............
(14) PAKO RIME PANE ..............
(15) AMURASA KU.............
(16) TORARA KUTESA.............

ENKOMI 53.5 side B (JPO atab 004.b)
TABLET 3 (BEC)

(B1) PAPASA PA..........
(2) PAPASA PALIPAKE ILU TELE................ (the god Telipinu cp. teli?pina 1A7; fertility deity; ilu "god", Semitic)
(3) PAPASA PALIPAKE ILU PAPA....................
(4) APULU IZELISOZO? (APULU, the god Apollo? solar, pastoral, healing and disease, poetry, music; Etruscan Apulu)
(5) SALUYA IZELISOZO? RUKU............
(6) PAPASA ULIMUKE I?LU MUZO...
(7) NU/LEZU SUSUSOZO
AKI?PU?...
(8)