Cyprian Boules

Transcribed by Brian Colless 

Enkomi Clay Balls

These are small clay balls (French: boules) bearing short inscriptions in the  Cyprian script of the Bronze Age, commonly known as  'Cypro-Minoan' (CM); my preferred term is 'Cyprian Cuneiform' (CC). 

They are here transcribed according to my table of CM/CC signs (column B). 

The characters are not always visible or legible; many are idiosyncratic; so there are many question marks (?) in the transcriptions.

The purpose of these objects is not known (could they be identification documents to be shown by the owner when arriving for work? or theatre tickets, with the seat number appearing after the name?), but the inscriptions seem to be personal names; for example, i-li-pa-li (B79/b53/), Semitic 'ili-ba`li, "My god is Ba`al".  They usually have two parts: a-li-sa-ri | ku (B80/b54/085); sometimes with the short part first, a | si pa ro  (B2/022)

The  numbering is according to Emilia Masson: B1 (a1), B27 (b1), but the additional designations a1-a26 are omitted as unnecessary; B1 will suffice.

The numbers in square brackets refer to Jean-Pierre Olivier, Édition holistique des textes chypro-minoens (2007) p. 64 - 111: B1 [021], B27 (b1) [030].

However, the situation is complicated by Olivier, as each object has two numbers: [##o30] indicates its position in the corpus; "ENKO[MI] Abou 027" is its catalogue name [where  ENKO refers to its find-spot (provenance, Enkomi), A = argile (clay), bou = boule (ball)]


Enkomi Boules A (1-26) (Emilia Masson 1971, SIMA 31:1, 11-18)

B1 [021] ku mu ro | pa mo ku si lo |  110 42 (=39=55) 97 | 6 73(=77) 110 27 5 

B2 [022] a | si pa ro  102(=101) | 27 6 97

B3 [023] si | nu  (or: si ta nu)  27 | 103(=68) (27 4 103)

B4 [024]
a mo ta ro ku mo | ri  102 73 4 97 110 73(=77) | 85(=96)  [cp. B48, B37]

B5 [088] a la ke ro || to  102 87 107 97 48(=16=57) 4 (from Hala Sultan Tekké) [cp B42]

B6 [028] ku ri ne 110 96(=85) 34(=2)

B7 [025]
ka sa to | ti ya po li ya  25 48(=16=57) 13 | 23 69 12(=14) 9 69

B8 [026] ti mo ma li mo 23 77(=73) 43 9 77

B9 [029] to ta ro | a   13 4  97| 102 [cp B11]

B10 [027] ra no to | ra  15 17 13 | 15 [cp B27]

B11 [020] se pu ro | to ta  44 61 97 | 13 4  [cp B9 to ta; B47, B51]

B12 [011] a wi na 101(=102) 37(=41) 8

B13 [012] [----] | sa pu pa ni  [   ] | 16(=57=48) 61 6 99 
 

B14
[002] i ni sa | u  104 99 16 | 19

B15 [013] mo si ma | ke si   73(=77) 27 53(=43) | 107 27

B16 [014] mo ri | pa  77(=73) 85 | 6

B17 [015] ta mi - si -  4 91 - 27 - -

B18
[003] sa pi li |  16 50 9 |

B19 [016] a mo ta ro |-   101(=102) 73 4 97 |-  [cp B48]

B20 [018] wi ru ko | u  41(=37) 28 21 | 19

B21
[004] wi ru ko | ma   41(=37) 28 21 |  43(=53)

B22
[005] ma ke ni  53(=43) 107 99

B23 
[006] a ta na pi | ka  101 4 8 50 | 25

B24 [007] e ke li wi  38 107 9 41(=37)

B25 [008] [zo?] ru ka ri  28 25 96(=85)

B26 [081] sa a la/zo na? | ka   57(=16=48) 102(=101) 87/59? 8? | 25

Enkomi Boules B (1-55) (Emilia Masson 1971, Alasia 1, 479-499)

B27(b1) [030] ra no to | pi su ne ro  15 17 13 | 50 32(=106?) 34 97 [cp B10]


B28(b2) [032]
a si ki ze?  102(101) 27 70 86(=88?)

B29(b3) [033] la sa lu  87 16 24

B30(b4) [034] sa wa ze | ka  16 95 88 | 25 (or is 88 la?)

B31(b5) [031] a ka ro? -  102(=101) 25 97? -

B32(b6) [035] li ya | ta i wi ma   9 69 |4 104 37  53

B33(b7) [036] sa ro  16 97

B34(b8) [037] ku su ro | ti ko/ra?  110 106? 97 | 23 21/15?

B35(b9) [038] su no| se   46(=106?) 23 | 44

B36(b10) [039] su ko ri ze  106 21 85(=96; or 15 ra?) 88
(or is 88 la?)

B37(b11) [040] ku mo ri  110 73(=77) 85(=96)

B38(b12) [041] sa nu ni ti | ta  57(=16=48) 103 99 23 | 4

B39(b13) [042] we ri la ze?  1 85(=96) 88  112

B40(b14) [043] ne ti ya ri | lo   1 23 72 85(=96) | 5 [cp. B64, B66]

B41(b15) [044] si pi po | pi  27 50 14(=12) | 50

B42(b16) [045] a la i?/ke? ro | ze   102 87 104? 97 | 112 [cp. B5 45 60 69]

B43(b17) [046] ku nu ke li si | ze   110 68(=103) 99 64? 9 27 | 112

B44(b18) [054] a li sa ri ra   102 9 48(=16=57=82) 85(=96) 15

B45(b19) [055] a la ke ro | mu 102 87 107 97 | 39

B46(b20) [056] si na ki | sa   27 8 70 | 16(=48=57)

B47(b21) [047] se pu ro |\|sa? ku  45 61 97 | 48? 110  [cp. B11, B51]

B48(b22) [048] a mo ta ro | ti  102 73 4 97 | 23 [cp. B4]

B49(b23) [049] i ya na so | to  104 72 8 67 | 13

B50(b24) [050] ku ne mo pi  110 34(=2) 73 50

B51(b25) [051] se pu ro | ra  45 61 97 | 15 [cp. B11, B47]

B52(b26) [052] a nu ku so | ti  102 68(=103) 110 67 | 23

B53(b27) [053] ke ku ti  107 110 23 

B54(b28) [057] ka sa ro | pa  25 82 97 | 6 [cp. B55]

B55(b29) [058] pa ka sa  ro | su  6 25 82  97 | 46(=106, 109) [cp. B54]

B56(b30) [059] to to ro | pi  81? 81? 97 | 50 [cp. B76]

B57(b31) [060] a pa so mi ya  102 6 67 91 72

B58(b32) [061] a | pa   102 | 6

B59(b33) [062] [ka? to? | ne? ]

B60(b34) [063] a la i?/ke? ro  102 87 104? 97 [cp. B42, 45, 69; and B5]

B61(b35) [064] si o? po | i? la to?  27 84 12 | 104 87 78?

B62(b36) [065] ku ti zo  110 23 59

B63(b37) [066] o? la| o? to mi ze   84(=64) 9? | 84 13 91 88

B64(b38) [067] ne ti ya ri? | o   2 28 72 85 | 64  [cp B40, B66]

B65(b39) [068] a  ?  | to ya  ta   102  ? | 13 72   4

B66(b40) [069] ne ti ya ri | ze?   1 23 72 85 | 112  [cp B40, B64]

B67(b41) [070] o lo lu | pi? to li ya   64 5 24 | 50?  13 9 72
[cp. B72, B83]

B68(b42) [071] pu? ri ze? | o?  83 85 88 | 84

B69(b43) [072] a la i?/ke?  ro | si   102 87 104? 97 | 27

B70(b44) [074]  [    ]

B71(b45) [075] ta ye po ya | lo   4 36 12 69 | 5

B72(b46) [076] o lo lu | su   64 5  24 | 46 [cp. o-lo-lu, B67]

B73(b47) [077] su ki no | mo   46 70 17 | 73?

B74(b48) [078] ka to   25 13

B75(b49) [079] a pa ti ? ?   101 6 23 ? ?

B76(b50) [080] to to ro?  | ke? mu ?   50/81? ? | 84 39 ? [cp. B56]

B77(b51) [082] ru? lu ku ro | ku   28 24 110 97? | 110

B78(b52) [083] ze? [    ] ze?   112 [    ] 112

B79(b53) [084] i li pa li  104 9 6 9 [Semitic 'lb`l]

B80(b54) [085] a li sa ri | ku   102 9 48 114 | 110 [cp. B44]

B81(b55) [086] pa pa ta ni su  6 6 4 99 46

B82 [087]  [zo no li se]  

B83 [089] o lo lu | mo  64 5 24 | 73  (Hala) [cp. B67, B72]

B84 [090] sa ta nu? ze?  48 4 68? 86 (Kition, Laranaca)

B85 [091] ta to? ri? [        ]  4 13  [    ]  (Kition)

NOTE

B5 says a la ke ro sa to
B42 
has the third sign damaged, possibly i or ke: a la i?/ke? ro | 112 (=ke? z- ?)
B45 runs a la ke? ro | mu.
B60
(damaged) seems to have a la i? ro.
B69 has a la i? ro | si
If the rare sign 112 (in B42) were a variant of KE (with four or more dots instead of two vertical strokes; perhaps ZE) it would indicate that the name is a-la-i-ro; but by comparing B39 (042) and B43 (046) we see KE together with  112, which would thus be ZE (originally depicting a saw with teeth); and incidentally, 88 (with one tooth) could be another form of ZE (also 88, with two teeth), not
a variant of 87 LA.  So ALAKERO seems to be established, but ALAIRO may have also been a name in use.

Enkomi Clay Balls : INDEX

Vowels first A E I O U; consonants K L M N P R S T W Y Z

a | pa   102 | 6  B58(b32) [061]

a | si pa ro  102(=101) | 27 6 97  B2 [022] 

a  ?  | to ya  ta   102  ? | 13 72   4  B65(b39) [068]

a ka ro?  102(=101) 25 97?  B31(b5) [031

a la ke ro sa to  102 87 107 97 48(=16=57) 4  B5 [088] [cp B42]

a la ke ro | ze   102 87 104? 97 | 112  B42(b16) [045]

a la i?/ke? ro  102 87 104? 97    B60(b34) [063]  [cp. B42, 45, 69; and B5]

a la i?/ke?  ro | si   102 87 104? 97 | 27  B69(b43) [072]

a la ke ro | mu 102 87 107 97 | 39  B45(b19) [055]  

a li sa ri | ku   102 9 48 114 | 110  B80(b54) [085] [cp. B44]

a li sa ri ra   102 9 48(=16=57=82) 85(=96) 15  B44(b18) [054] 

a mo ta ro | ti  102 73 4 97 | 23 B48(b22) [o48] [cp. B4] (Ugarit: Amutara)

a mo ta ro ku mo | ri  102 73 4 97 110 73(=77) | 85(=96) B4 [024][cp. B48, B37]

a nu ku so | ti  102 68(=103) 110 67 | 23  B52(b26) [052] 

a pa so mi ya  102 6 67 91 72  B57(b31) [060] 

a pa ti ? ?   101 6 23 ? ?  B75(b49) [079] 

a si ki ze?  102(101) 27 70 86(=88?) B28(b2) [032]

a ta na pi | ka  101 4 8 50 | 25 B23 [006]

a wi na  101(=102) 37(=41) 8 B12 [011]

a ya - ta i |-   101(=102) 69 - 4 104 |-  B19 [016]

e ke li wi  38 107 9 41(=37)  B24 [007] 

i li pa li  104 9 6 9 [Semitic 'lb`l] B79(b53) [084]

i ni sa | u  104 99 16 | 19  B14 [002]

i ya na so | to  104 72 8 67 | 13  B49(b23) [049] 

o? la | o? to mi ze   84(=64) 9? | 84 13 91 88  B63(b37) [066] 

o lo lu | mo  64 5 24 | 73  B83 [089] [cp. B67, B72]

o lo lu | su   64 5  24 | 46  B72(b46) [076]  [cp. o-lo-lu, B67, B83]

o lo lu | pi? to li ya   64 5 24 | 50?  13 9 72  B67(b41) [070] [cp. B72, B83]

ka sa ro | pa  25 82 97 | 6  B54(b28) [057] [cp. B55]

ka to   25 13  B74(b48) [078]

ke ku ti  107 110 23  B53(b27) [053] 

ko no to | pi su ne ro  21 17 13 | 50 32(=106?) 34 97  B27(b1) [030]

ku mo ri  110 73(=77) 85(=96)  B37(b11) [040]

ku mu ro | pa mo ku si lo |  110 42 (=39=55) 97 | 6 73(=77) 110 27 5  B1 [021]

ku ne mo pi  110 34(=2) 73 50  B50(b24) [050] 

ku nu ke li si | ze?   110 68(=103) 99 64? 9 27 | 112  B43(b17) [046]

ku ri ne 110 96(=85) 34(=2) B6 [028] 

ku su ro | ti ko/ra?  110 106? 97 | 23 21/15?  B34(b8) [037]

ku ti zo  110 23 59  B62(b36) [065]

la sa lu  87 16 24  B29(b3) [033]

li ya | ta i wi ma   9 69 |4 104 37  53  B32(b6) [035]

ma ke ni  53(=43) 107 99  B22 [005]

mo ri | pa  77(=73) 85 | 6 B16 [014]

mo si ma | ke si   73(=77) 27 53(=43) | 107 27 B15 [013]

ne ti ya ri? | o   2 28 72 85 | 64  B64(b38) [067] [cp. B40, B66]

ne ti ya ri | ze   1 23 72 85 | 112  B66(b40) [069] [cp. B40, B64]

ne ti ya ri | lo   1 23 72 85(=96) | 5  B40(b14) [043] [cp. B64, B66]

pa ka sa  ro | su  6 25 82  97 | 46(=106, 109)  B55(b29) [058] [cp. B54] 

pa pa ta ni su  6 6 4 99 46  B81(b55) [086]

pu? ri ze? | o?  83 85 88 | 84  B68(b42) [071]

ra no to | ra  15 17 13 | 15 B10 [027]

[?] ru ka ri  28 25 96(=85) B25 [008]

ru? lu ku ro | ku   28 24 110 97? | 110  B77(b51) [082]

sa a la/zo na? | ka   57(=16=48) 102(=101) 87/59? 8? | 25  B26 [081]

sa nu ni ti | ta  57(=16=48) 103 99 23 | 4  B38(b12) [041]

sa pi li |  16 50 9 |  B18 [003]

[  ] | sa pu pa ni  101? - | 16(=57=48) 61 6 99 B13 [012]

sa ro  16 97  B33(b7) [036]

sa ta nu? ze?  48 4 68? 86  B84 [090]

sa wa la? | ka  16 95 88 | 25 B30(b4) [034]

se pu ro |\|sa? ku  45 61 97 | 48? 110  B47(b21) [047]  [cp. B11, B51]

se pu ro | ra  45 61 97 | 15  B51(b25) [051]  [cp. B11, B47]

se pu ro | to ta  44 61 97 | 13? 4  B11 [020]  [cp. B47, B51; B9]

si | nu  (or: si ta nu)  27 | 103(=68) (27 4 103) B3 [023]

si na ki | sa   27 8 70 | 16(=48=57)  B46(b20) [056] 

si o? po | i? la to?  27 84 12 | 104 87 78?  B61(b35) [064] [ cp. B41 si pi po]

a | si pa ro  102(=101) | 27 6 97  B2 [022]

si pi po | pi  27 50 14(=12) | 50  B41(b15) [044]

si sa to | ti ya po li ya  27 48(=16=57) 13 | 23 69 12(=14) 9 69 B7 [025]

su ki no | mo   46 70 17 | 73?  B73(b47) [077]

su ko ri la  106 21 85(=96) 88  B36(b10) [039]

su ti | se   46(=106?) 23 | 44  B35(b9) [038]

ta mi - si -  4 91 - 27 - - B17 [015] 

ta to? ri? [        ]  4 13  [    ]  B85 [091]

ta ye po ya | lo   4 36 12 69 | 5  B71(b45) [075]

ti mo ma li mo 23 77(=73) 43 9 77 B8 [026]

to ta ro | a   13 4  97| 102 [cp. B11] B9 [029]

to to ro | pi  81? 81? 97 | 50  B56(b30) [059]  [cp. B76]

to to ro?  | ke? mu ?   81? 81? ? | 84 39 ?  B76(b50) [080] [cp. B56]

a  ?  | to ya  ta   102  ? | 13 72   4  B65(b39) [068]

we ri la ze  1 85(=96) 88  112  B39(b13) [042]

wi ru ko | u  41(=37) 28 21 | 19  B20 [018]

wi ru ko | ma   41(=37) 28 50? |  43(=53)  B21 [004]

ze? [    ] ze?   112 [    ] 112  B78(b52) [083] 

[zo no li se]   B82 [087]