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Arreskow Charities

 STROLLING IN OUR NORDIC ARCADIA - STRÖVTÅG I ARE SKOG

NOTES ON CHARITY AND CULTURE IN THE HISTORY OF THE SCANIAN ARRESKOW FAMILY

Ancient funds and foundations, "fonder och stiftelser", established by members of the Arreskow family

Chapter 1: A Danish prelude: In Search of ancestors and early roots (Arreskov Slot, Rosenholm Slot)

Chapter 2: The Scanian Arreskow legacy

Anna and Magnus Ulric Areskoug (1791-1859), manager of Krageholm estate for count Piper, established Fattighuset i Södra Wallösa (Sjörup socken, Ystad Södra) to support the socially disadvantaged.

Fredrik Areschoug worked to develop the Royal Physiographic Society, Kungliga Fysiografiska Sällskapet, Lund. FWC Areschoug also founded Lund Botanic Association, Lunds Botaniska Förening, in 1858.

Donations mananged by Lund university include Areskougska stipendiet och Elfrida Areschougs pensionsfond vid Lunds universitet (excerpt from charter of foundation dated "Lund d. 15 September 1900" witnessed by Professor in botany Svante Murbeck).

Magnus Edvard Areskoug's Fond vid Malmö Allmänna Läroverk för gossar is in commemoration of a son, Johan, who deceased prematurely.

There is a Borg-Areskougska stipendiefonden for Ystad gymnasium. 

The Erik Areschoug glass and silver collection, donated to Stockholm Stadsmuseum, is documented by Annika Tegnér in the Nordiska Museet catalogue of exhibition, 1974  (* * *).

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CULTURAL FOOTPRINTS OF THE ARRESKOW HISTORY: CENTERS, MANORS AND CHARTERED ESTATES

After the treaty of peace in 1658 between Denmark and Sweden the descendants of Holger Arreskow in Scania, now Swedish territory, were soon successful as merchants in Simrishamn and Ystad, increasingly from the late 17th and throughout the 18th century. The proud manors in Simrishamn and Ystad suggest they belonged to the leading class in the societal stratifications of their time. Some of them married into nobility (Bagge, Sture Natt och Dag). Some of the geoeconomic and social history of the family, who had begun to adjust the orthography of their surname more to Swedish convention (Areschough, etc), is investigated in the doctoral dissertation by Börje Hansson. In the 19th century some of the members had accumulated considerable wealth through successful trade - shipping cereals from Scania to Stockholm - and other commercial activities as well as through heritage. The social pattern of marriage also contributed to their wellbeing.

Areskougska Fideikommisset in Järrestad was an estate chartered in June 25, 1793 by Magnus Holgersson Areschoug (1733-1798) who, living in the "Samuelsonska gården" in Simrishamn across the ancestral church St Nicolai, was the richest man in town at that time, according to notes in the Ystad city archive . The Areskoug chartered estate comprised of Karlabygård in Vemmerlöv, Stibygård in Stiby, Tommarps Nygård in Tommarp and Viarp in Simris. It was dissolved in 1975. (1) 

Houses, estates and manors in the history of the Scanian Arreskow family (Areschoug, etc) include a number of old city houses in Simrishamn: Kockska gården - formerly the Areschougska townhouse - which is now a hotel - gästgivargård; as well as the Thulinska and Bergengrenska city houses in Simrishamn. There were houses in Ystad where, still today, the names of two districts in the city - "Areskoug Norra" and "Areskoug Södra" - remind us of the past. Kiviks Äsperöd herrgård, childhood home to becoming botanist professor FWC Areschoug, is a manor in Österlen (Scania) deeply linked to the family cultural history. So is Johannesberg (Tjällmo) and Stora Uringe (Grödinge) in Östergötland, the latter belonging to other branches of the Areschoug family.

Thorsten Andersson, honorary doctor at Lund university, describes in his history of the city Kristianstad the oldest dated house centrally in the town, "Areskougska gården" from 1617 at Stora Södergatan, as a particularly beautiful architectural memory from that era (Föreningen Gamla Kristianstad).

Forneboda cultural centre in Kyrkhult was established by Alma Areschoug (1839-1923), known as "Fornebodafrun" (Alma Gauffin), and pharmacist Georg Gauffin (1834-1913), her spouse since 1858. Alma Areschoug (Gauffin) commissioned architect Artur Hazelius, known for Nordiska Museet (the Nordic Museum in Stockholm), to plan and design a Nordic (or Norwegian gothic) style cultural center, Forneboda (today: Forneboda Kulturminne, Olofström). She invited the prominence of that era to convene at the Forneboda estate with professors, bishops, authors and artists. Singers Kristina Nilsson and Alice Tegnér, and sculptor Carl Eldh, were among her friends and guests at Forneboda; later there was a correspondence with composer Hugo Alfvén. Her charitable commitment was formidable; she was running (entirely on their private cost) a hospital and social services for disadvantaged, elderly and handicapped - seeking a remedy against widely disseminated poverty among the people even at that time and included her servants, peasants and people in the village in her immediate family social activities. The cultural events she organized were focusing on arts, philosophy and religion, and included social issues. Her concerns continued until finally funds became scarce some five years after the loss of her husband. Then, as a widow, she moved to (first to Lund, and then) Stockholm - where she  donated some remaining items from her collection of antiquities to Nordiska Museet. Honoring her personality Ester Nenne wrote an article in journal Idun, in 1919, to celebrate her 80th birthday, and to commemorate her passioned charitable and cultural commitment, considered notable and in some respects unique in her time. One of her houses, now at Skansen Swedish folk museum at island Djurgården, Stockholm - Blekingestugan - belonged to her estate at Forneboda. Recently renovated Tulseboda brunn is owned by Måns Areskoug.

More exuberant in style, Yxtaholm castle in Flen - until recently the conference retreat of Svenskt Näringliv - was the home to Estrid Areschoug (1880-1962) who had married count Sten Bielke (1875-1945) in 1902.

Glömminge church (Glömminge kyrka) on Öland is a site the cultural identity of which is relating to vicar and botanist Carl Areskog (1867-1941), and his grandson, professor Nils-Holger Areskog (1929-2010).

Again, as often in the family saga of the Arreskows, the story at first sounds very unlikely, but then proves true as evidence is uncovered. One of those instances, confirmed in the archives (KB, Stockholm), is about how one of the Areschoug families, after a prolonged legal battle, inherited not so few dollars from David Rockefeller, the great US  industrialist. Another story is about how these dollars were soon lost by someone whose heart was warm and whose head was not as cold as circumstances had required.

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REFERENCES  AND SOURCES

Hansen, Kenth  (2006): Skånska fideikommiss I Studie av de skånska fideikommissens bildande, 1725-1800  in: Ale - Historisk tidskrift för Skåne Halland och Blekinge No 1, 2006, pages 12-36

Hansson, Börje (1952): Österlen : en studie över social-antropologiska sammanhang under 1600- och 1700-talen i sydöstra Skåne, diss. Stockholms högskola (561 pages)

Malte Areskoug (1972): De nordiska folknamnen hos Jordanes in: Fornvännen - tidskrift för svensk antikvarisk forskning Issue 67, 1972, pages 1-15

Wikipedia: "Arreskow (släkt)", in Swedish

Österlens Hembygdsförening (regional association for heritage, history, culture and geography): homepage (Simrishamn)

Erik Gidlunds i Simrishamn samling 1682-1923 (i Lunds Landsarkiv SE/LLA/30952, NAD); Rosencrantzska samlingen Örups godsarkiv - pergamentsbrev 15, 1761; Schmiterlöwska samlingen arkiv med löpande volymnumrering 7, 8, 11;  Karlshamns stadarkiv Ràdhusrättens och Magistratens arkiv 1794-1795; Ystads stadsförsamlings kyrkoarkiv och församlingsböcker, Ystads stadsarkiv: Ràdhusrättens och Magistratens arkiv; Malmö Latinskola (Malmö högre allmänna läroverk för gossar); Krigshögskolans arkiv; Artilleri- och ingenjörhögskolan; FWC Areschoug brevsamling, Lunds universitet (93);

Further sources: see Nationell Arkiv Databas (NAD), Riksarkivet; "Sondera" (http://sondera.kb.se); Stockholms stadarkiv (www.ssa.stockholm.se)

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Areskoug, Nils-Göran: The Emergence of Epistemic Cultures in the Arreskow family. The heritage of the Golden Egg and its shared roots of science, industry and the arts in a strain of cultural values and ideas in a Scanian tribe among Nordic history (manuscript in progress)

© 2007-2010 ARE AKADEMI Collegium Europaeum

 
* * * Dr. Nils-Göran Areskoug * * *
associate professor in Transdisciplinary Research at Strömstad akademi
associate professor at the Faculty of Humanities of University of Jyväskylä in Finland
MBA MD PhD eximia cum laude  MFA BA - composer conductor pianist
Are Akademi - Collegium Europaeum
 Email: coleur (at) gmail.com
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