Insula Dei A.D. 1172
Arreskow verdant lily crown roses (A.D. 1658)  
 The Arreschovian academy since anno 1658, ARE AKADEMI, is an arena for dialogue across disciplines, a Nordic "Collegium Europaeum". The origin implicit to the Arreskow cultural legacy is rooted in an age-old tradition, a devotion to connect nature and culture with passion and intellect, marking ancestors' search for truth in nature and their defense of human dignity. The tradition appears to reflect a hallmark of a heritage much older, and carries a continuous identity across generations, since far beyond mid-17th century. Culturally emerging at one point in history as the idea of an early Nordic empire (in the 11th and 12th centuries) it reflects a line of thought anchored in an ancient 'history of cultural ideas' and derives itself from the very core of its European values. In 2008, we celebrated the 350 year anniversary of the conversion of  a "Danish" to "Swedish" Scanian identity of our founding ancestor and his appointment at St Nicolai, Simrishamn; and at the same time a centennial of one of our botanist professors who worked to introduce Charles Darwin and helped develop modern evolutionary biology in Swedish academia. (* * *)


Sources in contribution to a family tradition: This note on the Arreskow family history announces a forthcoming publication. Among our "Arelites" the botanist professors in the post-Linnean (and Darwinian) era are commemorated in articles of  public biographies including Swedish Men and Women ("Svenska Män och Kvinnor" "SMK", by Sigurd Lindman, ed. Nils Bohman & Oscar Wieselgren, 1942, pages 123-124) and of  the official Swedish Biographical Encyclopedia "SBL" (Svenskt Biografiskt Lexikon, Stockholm 1919, pages 144-158). More about the history (and its Judeo-Christian roots) to be published in "En Vandring i Are Skog: Arreskows rötter och kunskapens källa", chapter I: "Ätten Arreskows äldsta rötter - I Ares fotspår", lecture at the Arreskow Family Association (Arreskows släktförening) convention at Eksgården, Öland, Aug 13-14, 2005, headed by Professor emeritus Nils-Holger Areskog: excerpts and exhibits: (pages 1-14 © 2005-2008 by Nils-Göran Areskoug).


JE Areschoug - portrait 1839, Lund university (Botanic institute)

Johan Erhard Areschoug ("JE") (1811-1887). Professor of Botany and Practical Economy at Uppsala University. Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Presidency Commemoration Medal (1899). His achievements include collaboration in support of J.J. Berzelius (and of Karolinska Institutet) and the introduction (and donation) of microscopes for botanical anatomy at Uppsala university. His author name often appears abbreviated in botanical nomenclature: "Aresch." (Areschougiaceae * * , Areschougia), as compared to Linn. for Linnaeus. Biographies by N. E. Svedelius (in SBL 1919 Vol 2, 144-149), and by V. B. Wittrock in Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences proceedings ("Lefnadsteckningar" KVA Vol 4: 1, 1899). His extensive international correspondence was reviewed by H Schmiterlöw (KVA Årsbok 1947 pages 375-407). JE Areschoug was instrumental in the establishment of the Museum of Natural History and the Botanic Garden in Gothenburg, Göteborg Naturhistoriska Museum and Trädgårdsföreningen i Göteborg.

                     Reference to The Complete Works of Charles Darwin Online (Herbarium Areschoug)                     Laminaria japonica J.E. Areschoug from AlgaeBase; its nucleotide sequence

Fredrik Wilhelm Christian ("FWC" or "Fritz") Areschoug (1830-1908), professor of Botany at Lund university, was awarded the Older Linnaeus Gold Medal, in 1904, by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. Botanic name: "F.Aresch."). Biographies are included in SBL by Gunnar Andersson (1919 Vol 2, 149-158), and by Th. Wulff in Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences yearbook, "Årsbok" (1910). Some of his achievements were recently covered by Nils Uddenberg in Idéer om Livet - en biologihistoria (2003) who appreciates his introduction of Darwin into Swedish academia. The Lund Botanic Association (Lunds botaniska förening) and Scanian Gardening Association (Skånska Trädgårdsföreningen) were founded or co-founded by FWC, in, respectively, 1858 and 1876 when he was also invited as a Fellow to join "KVA". Fredrik continued JE's promotion of the development of a modern institute for medicine, Karolinska Institutet, in Stockholm, and assessed the candidates to a professorship in anatomy at that institute. The intellectual climate, and the debate on science philosophy of its time, was much inspired by his enthusiasm and by a professional acumen extending far beyond his discipline; composer and conductor Alfred Berg ("Fader Berg"); author, social activist and professor of botany Bengt Lidforss were among the beneficiaries of his influence. See also "Hvar 8:e Dag", Jan 3 1909, page 209-210, with portrait: * *  (published at Projekt Runeberg; * * * ).

Reference to The Complete Works of Charles Darwin Online

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Presently the Oresund University at Lund, this classicist architecture inaugurated in 1891 after a series of Parliamentary grants for the establishment of the first modern Institute of Botany, was constructed on the initiative of Professor Fredrik Wilhelm Christian Areschoug (1830-1908), post-Linnean professor of Botany at Lund university, who was awarded the Older Linnaeus Gold Medal, in 1904, by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences


In contribution to the celebration in 2008 of the Fritz Areschoug centennial a few of the foremost sources in history of science and ideas, and of cultural studies, relating to his biography (and to the Arreskow cultural idiom) are listed here:

(1) Ulf Danielsson "Darwinismens inträngande i Sverige", Lychnos - Lärdomshistoriska samfundets årsbok, 1963-64:157-210 esp. Ch 1 "Darwinismens spridning under 1860-talet i svensk naturvetenskap", "Fredrik Areschoug och andra Lundabotanister" 179-181 and  1965-66:261-334 esp. Ch 4 "Darwinismen i svensk naturvetenskap 1884-95", "Darwinismen som katederlära" 284-288;

(2) Nils Uddenberg Ideer om livet: "Mångfald och utveckling", 234 and 236-241, and "En svensk  darwinist ser på Darwin", 240-241;

(3) Tore Frängsmyr on a few of FWC's evolutionist ideas in Svensk idéhistoria - Bildning och vetenskap under tusen år, Vol 2 1809-2000, (2000:118-119). For the cultural environment, Fredrik Areschoug's roots in the Österlen nature, on the family values and culture among his ancestors at the Kiviks Äsperöd manor, these two books give a background:

(4) Nils-Arvid Bringéus "Herrskap och hushållning på Kiviks Äsperöd - med C.F. Falléns anteckningar 1821", Kungliga Gustav Adolfs Akademin för svensk folkkultur, Uppsala (2000);

(5) Erland Aspelin "Karl Aspelin. Den förste målaren på Österlen", Malmströmer (2002);

(6) Ragnhild Karlsson provides an account on the relations Darwin - Areschoug and Linné - Areschoug and to his student Bengt Lidforss in "Bengt Lidforss och botaniken - en studie av hans populära och vetenskapliga arbeten mot bakgrund av dåtida filosofi och naturvetenskap", dissertation, Lund university (1983: on Darwin and Areschoug and on Linné and Areschoug pages 42-43 and 72);

(7) Carl Fehrman, Håkan Westling and Göran Blomqvist in "Lärdomens Lund - Lunds universitets historia 1666-2004", chapter on paradigm shift in natural sciences, "Naturvetenskapligt paradigmskifte", pages 138-140 (et passim), Lund (2004).

(8) Lennart Engstrand & Marie Widén "Botans första 322 år - Lunds universitets botaniska trädgård", Lunds Universitetshistoriska Sällskap, p. 45  (2012);

In connection with the Linnaeus celebration, the role of "FWC" in establishing Darwin studies, is frequently mentioned, e.g. in: Jarl S Torgerson "Darwins utskällda teori livsduglig i långa loppet", Läkartidningen, 2009, no 20 vol 106, pp.  1411-1413.

Collections of original documents at Lunds universitetsbibliotek (brevsamling), Lunds Landsarkiv, Kungliga Biblioteket, Kungliga Vetenskaps-Akademien, Hagströmer Medico-Historical Library (KI) and Riksarkivet (archive of the Arreskow family assocation, Arreskows släktförening).


Catalogue of Scientific Papers compiled and published by Royal Society of London: Vol XII (1800-1883), p. 21; Vol. VII (1864-1873), 1877, p. 44; Vol. IX (1874-1883), p. 64; XIII (1881-1900), p. 145 (titles by F.W.C. Areschoug, J.E. Areschoug, and Carl Areskog).

Farr, Ellen R, Leussink, Jan A & Stafleu, Frans A (Eds): Index Nominum Genericorum (Plantarum), Vol 1: Areschougia, pages 126-127; Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema, Utrecht; dr. W Junk b.v., Publishers, The Hague, (1979).

Krok, Thorgny O.B.N. (posthum.): Bibliotheca Botanica Suecana ab antiquissimis temporibus ad finem anni MCMXVIII - Svensk Botanisk litteratur från äldsta tider t.o.m. 1918: pages 44-48 (Areschoug, Fredric Wilhelm Christian), pages 48-51 (Areschoug, John Erhard), pages 51-52 (Areskog, Carl); Almqvist & Wiksells, Uppsala och Stockholm , (preface dated - förord daterat 1923).

Holmberg, Arne (1933) Bibliografi över J.J. Berzelius, Stockholm och Uppsala, Almqvist & Wiksells: Brev till Berzelius från: Areschoug, J.E. 1836: 22.12; 1841:20.1;, 27.1; 1842: 11.1;  page 31 (No. 471); Personregister, page 714.

Nissen, Claus (1951) Die botanische Buchillustration - Ihre Geschichte und Bibliographie, Band I: Geschichte, Hiersmann, Stuttgart: Bibliographie: page 45-55: "Areschoug, Johan Erhart", No 49 & 50.

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Lunds university Laurel honoring Magnus Edvard ("M.E.") Areskoug ("hedrad som Jubeldoktor", 1889)

Magnus Edvard ("M.E.") Areskoug or Areschoug (1813-1891), professor, clergyman and matematician. After a doctorate on "Tacitus, Historiarum liber primus Suethice versus", in 1838, he translated the Euklidean Geometry into Swedish. It was published in many editions and widely used in high schools and colleges during a century. He compiled biographic notes on the life and destiny of thousands of his many students at Malmö Högre Allmänna Läroverket för Gossar i Malmö, Malmö Latinskola (Malmö Latin School) founded in 1406 by the Pope's Decree. The notes of lector Areskoug, "Areskougska elevanteckningarna", archived by Lunds landsarkiv (LLA), are described by Göran Forsberg, in Lundagenealogen 1991 No 1 pages 8-10. Magnus Edvard Areskoug made a donation in name of a lost son to the school. After collaboration with Peter Wieselgren Lund university honored him a demicentenary postdoctoral celebration (the "jubeldoktorat"), in 1889 (Laurel, above, and photo, below, properties of Are Akademi) ***  


Magnus Edvard ("M.E.") Areskoug (Areschoug) 1813-1891


Hjalmar Areschoug (1828-1909) veterinary doctor at the Royal Court, Stockholm. Memorial and bio in an academic paper in economic history on the status of the veterinarian profession in Sweden during the 19-20th. centuries; search on name in the document: *.

Gertrud Areskog (Gertrud Elin Clementine; 1901-1969) author, professor and rector in Stockholm, born in Kalmar. Her PhD dissertation in Nordic Languages 1936 at Stockholm Högskola (later Stockholm university), Östra Smålands folkmål : inledning, översikt av ljudläran, formlära: verbböjningen, was published by Kungliga Gustav Adolfs Akademien. Her collection of sagas, Brudkronan och andra sagor, was published in Stockholm 1927, illustrated by Erik O. Strandman.

Valborg Areschoug (Valborg Karin Kerstin; 1885-1941) was a teacher in Saltsjöbadens Samskola. She also wrote a drama in 3 scenes, Den gamla sagan om den underbara skjortan, published 1937, performed at Amatörteatern, Stockholm (Fritze). She edited and published a number of literary anthologies, including "Seven short stories by six modern authors" (1925,), "Transatlantic short stories by modern authors" (1928) to which the authored "Introduction and notes...", in 1928.


Kaj Areskoug (1933-1998) - A Legacy of Defending Individual Rights. Kaj Areskoug earned a degree in law at Lund university, and a PhD in economics at Columbia University. During his career as an economist in U.S.A. he taught at New York University, Columbia University, the University of Texas at Dallas, and Fordham University and served as a research economist for banks and corporations. Among his many articles (e.g.  in "IDEAS") and books, "International Economics" (coauthored with Ingo Walter, 1981) and "Equal Opportunity in a Free Society - The Libegalitarian System" (1991) were widely disseminated, and highly influencial, among professionals. His interest extends into the realm of philosophy of economic thought, e.g. in publications like "Reason Papers - A Journal of Interdisciplinary Normative Studies" where he investigates issues relating to the works by John Rawls and Robert Nozick ("The Intertemporal Dimension of Distributive Justice", No 3, Fall 1976, 1-14). In 2001, Dr. Areskoug bequested a generous legacy for the benefit of defending individual rights and freedom in an open society to the Center for Individual Rights (CIR), a U.S. nonprofit organization in Washington D.C. Among obituaries, "In Memory of Kaj Areskoug - A Legacy of Defending Individual Rights" (page 16, last page in the Docket report) was published by CIR who dedicated their Board Room at its Washington D.C. headquarters to his name. Worldcat library database lists 21 titles: * . In his young years he, a "beautiful Swede", became the inspiring model for the character "Herbert" in "Forgetting Elena" (1973) by novelist Edmund White.


 Carl Areskog (1867-1941), clergyman, botanist, author and designer, served in Kalmar and Glömminge kyrka, Öland. Studied the flora and geocultural history of this island in "En Bok om Öland" (published 1941) and authored biographic memories of his clerical colleagues in Småland and on Öland. In "Växjö stifts hembygdskalender", 1924, his article on Axel Oxenstierna (121-127) contains this photo of him (127) ***


Hugo Areskoug (1902-1979) earned his doctorate in linguistics by studying the endangered idioms of Österlen in southern Scania ("Studier över sydöstskånska folkmål" of which part I, 760 pages, was published as his Thesis, Lund 1957). He investigated the etymology of Nordic roots such as "Ale" (Ale stonehenge) and "Arve" (Arre, Are) in two articles, in "Ales stenar..." Sydsvenska ortnamnssällskapets årsskrift 1978.:54-86, and in "Några skånska och danska ortnamn på Arve-" (ibid. 1983 pages 59-65, edited by Göran Hallberg); he left extensive research notes unpublished. Hugo Areskoug maintained a close friendship to his academic fellow in Nordic language studies at Lund university Ernst Wigforss (1881-1977) who later became finance minister during 1925-49 governments.

Hugo Areskoug 1902-1979


Nils-Holger Areskog (left), 1929-2010, with Mats Hammar (right)

Nils-Holger Areskog (1929-2010; photo above left), physician and professor in physiology, formerly Dean of Medical Faculty at Linköping university, received  a royal award from the hands of the Swedish king (comment by Bertil Torekull, Svenska Dagbladet 31 Jan 1991)  and was celebrated as one of the leading initiators of the Medical Faculty (Hälsouniversitetet) in Linköping, 2006 (Photo above, left; with Mats Hammar) and a pioneering reformer of medical pedagogy for the new MD program at that university. He developed clinical physiology in close interdisciplinary collaboration with cardiology, leading his discipline into a new and dynamically expanding field of research and practice, according to Eva Nylander (Obituary in: Barometern, 18 Aug 2010). He is presented among Swedish Professors at Wikipedia (with further sources) and in Vem är det, Nationalencyklopedin (Malmö 2007, page 38). Nils-Holger Areskog, fellow of SHT and Sancte Christophers gille in Kalmar, died on 20 July 2010 in his home at Stora Rör on island Öland, Southern Sweden. Obituaries by Bertil Torekull published in Svenska Dagbladet 9 August 2010 and by Dean of Medical Faculty Mats Hammar on the website of Linköping university. Glömminge kyrka and hembygdsförening, the church and rural society at Glömminge on island Öland, remains a site associated with Nils-Holger Areskoug and Carl Areskog (se above). Reference to these and other memoires available here (6 pages, Aug 18, 2010). The title of the student theater tradition at Linköping university - Holgerspexet - bears the name of Nils-Holger Areskog in honor his lifelong passion and charismatic support and deep commitment for student issues at the university. Sources: Who's Who in Science in Europe (1995), 9th ed., Cartermill Publ Int Ltd (UK): p. 45 (ISBN 1-86067-023-7, ISSN 1-56159-132-7) * * *

Are Areschoug (left) and Nils-Holger Areskog (right), both deceased in summer 2010. Here at the Arreskow Family Association convention, Eksgården, Öland (summer 2005)

Holger Erik Areschoug (1920-2007). Holger was an outstanding pianist, celebrated for his mature excellence in performance from early years and on, who served at the Royal Opera in Stockholm as repetitor with notable opera singers, working together with Swedish singer celebrities Hjördis Schymberg and Birgit Nilsson with their parts, to guide them through the higher school of opera repertoire. Less known, he was also a talented composer whose works remain to be reevaluated in a post-modern context. Obituary by Louise Eulau in Svenska Dagbladet (Jan. 21, 2008). To commemorate Holger Erik a poem by his father Holger Erhard Areschoug (1880-1967) where the father is contemplates the birth of his musical son, is cited from: "Kom vårliga dagar och dikter till Maybe", Stockholm 1971: * * *

Stig Areskoug (1920-2008) colonel, Stockholm: memorial in document from Royal Swedish Military Academy KRVA *.

Kjell Areskoug (1906-1996) was an award winning elite sportsman of whom a Wikipedia article and a Google search tells the story.*

Kjell Areskoug 1906-1996

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Katarina Areskoug Mascarenhas (1965) State Secretary in Prime Minister's Office (Statsrådsberedningen) since 7th October 2010 responsible for Foreign and EU Affairs of the Swedish government under PM Fredrik Reinfeldt. Sources, primary: Swedish government press release  (2010-10-07); secondary: Swedish wikipedia.*.

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 Order of the Arelites (ordo arelites)

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