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Iron Curtain

 

 
 
WHO:  soviet union created it
 

WHAT: Iron curtain was a boundary that separated the Warsaw pact countries from NATO countries about 1945 until the end of the cold war in 1991

 

WHEN:  1945 to 1991

 

WHERE: - was a barrier in Europe

 

WHY:  so it can separate Europe into 2 areas after world war two  

 

 

 

 

Summary: 2 page paragraph

    

The iron curtain

The political, military, and ideological barrier erected by the soviet union after world war two to seal of itself and its dependent eastern European allies from open contact from the west and other non-communist areas. The term iron curtain has been used as a metaphor in the 19th century but it came to prominence only after the British Prime Minister Winston Churchill in a speech Churchill gave the speech at Westminster College, in Fulton, Missouri, after receiving an honorary degree and was introduced by Missourian, President Harry Truman. on march 5, 1946 , when he said of the communist states he said From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent.



- Less than a year after the end of the World War II, the great wartime leader of Britain, Winston Churchill, delivered this speech coining the term "iron curtain" to describe the line in Europe between self-governing nations of the West and those in Eastern Europe under Soviet Communist control.



- The restrictions of the iron curtain were reduced after the death of Stalin in 1953. Although the construction of the Berlin wall in 1961 restored them the iron curtain largely ceased to exist in 1989 to 1990 with the communist abandonment of one party rule in Eastern Europe.



- Churchill gave his now famous iron Curtain speech to a crowd of 40,000. In addition to accepting an honorary degree from the college, Churchill made one of his most famous post-war speeches.



- It was Churchill's speech, which he titled "The Sinews of Peace," that changed the way the democratic West viewed the Communist East. Many people consider Churchill's "iron curtain speech" the beginning of the cold war

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Iron Curtain Paper link:

 

                                                                                                    The Iron Curtain.

World War II was a global military conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945 which involved most of the world's nations, including all of the great powers, organized into two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. It was the most widespread war in history, with more than 100 million military personnel were mobilized. The war ended when the Axis powers Japan, Germany, surrendered. This was the background to which the iron curtain was developed. The Iron Curtain was a speech by Winston Churchill on March 5, 1946. He made the speech at west Minister College in Fulton Missouri.  The Iron curtain represents the political, military, and ideological barrier erected by the Soviet Union after World War II to seal of itself and its dependent eastern European allies from open contact from the west and other non-communist areas. While he was saying the speech this quote was made From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent.

The Iron Curtain was divided into two parts capitalism and communism. In capitalism all industries and business were privately owned by people neither the government nor the state. One other thing is that people were allowed to start their own industry, and who ever made a profit through their business kept his reward. They had a democracy, which was a free economy with an average standard of living other than under communism but widespread between rich and poor.

Where as in communist countries people were not allowed to benefit form their own profit that they made. All the profits they made through work went to the government or the state and everyone profited. They also had very low average standards of living with a controlled economy. They only had one part of government, with fairness and equality for all. Also everything in their economy was owned by the state and should be run by the government on behalf of the people. And lastly they had a classless society achieved by overthrowing capitalism by revolution.

There were many countries involved with the iron curtain like the United States of America, and the USSR. It was Churchill's speech, which he titled The Sinews of Peace, that changed the way the democratic West viewed the Communist East. Many people consider Churchill's iron curtain speech the beginning of the cold war.  His speech was given to a crowd of forty thousand people. In addition to accepting an honorary degree from the college, Churchill made one of his most famous post-war speeches.

            In conclusion the Iron curtain affected a lot of countries, a lot of countries wished to be on the capitalism side while others were having a nightmare on the communism side. Capitalism gave people so much freedom while on communism everything was owned by the state and the government. So people were unlucky to be on the communism side. This all took affect after Stalin died. And that’s when the nightmare started.

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